WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
Bladder cancer is a cancer that starts in the cells that line your bladder.
You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
Surgery may cause you to bleed more than expected, or get an infection. Even with treatment, cancer may return or spread. You may get a blood clot in your leg or arm. The clot may travel to your heart or brain and cause life-threatening problems, such as a heart attack or stroke.
WHILE YOU ARE HERE:
is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
Intake and output:
Caregivers will keep track of the amount of liquid you are getting. They also may need to know how much you are urinating. Ask how much liquid you should drink each day. Ask caregivers if they need to measure or collect your urine.
- Antibiotics: This medicine is given to help treat or prevent an infection caused by bacteria.
- Pain medicine: You may be given a prescription medicine to decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.
- Blood tests: These may be taken to check for signs of infection or to check your blood cell count.
- Urine sample: A sample of your urine is collected to check for blood, an infection, or abnormal cells.
- Chest x-ray: This is a picture of your heart and lungs. It is used to see if the cancer has spread to these organs.
- Intravenous pyelogram: This is an x-ray of the kidneys, bladder, and ureters (tubes that carry urine). Dye is used to make these organs show up better in pictures. Tell the caregiver if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast dye.
- CT scan: This test is also called a CAT scan. An x-ray machine uses a computer to take pictures of your abdomen and pelvis. The pictures may show the size of the tumor and where it is located. You may be given a dye to help caregivers see the pictures better. Tell the caregiver if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast dye.
- MRI: This scan uses powerful magnets and a computer to take pictures of your abdomen and pelvis. You may be given dye to help the pictures show up better. Tell the caregiver if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast dye. Do not enter the MRI room with anything metal. Metal can cause serious injury. Tell the caregiver if you have any metal in or on your body.
- Transurethral resection: This is also called a TUR. An instrument called a cystoscope is inserted through the urethra. The tumor is then burned off by electrical current or by laser.
- Surgery: You may need to have your bladder removed. Caregivers will then need to make an opening to the outside of your body for urine to pass through. Surrounding organs and lymph nodes may also be removed.
- Immunotherapy: This is medicine given directly into the bladder to help your immune system fight the cancer.
- Chemotherapy: These medicines kill cancer cells.
- Radiation therapy: This uses high-energy beams of x-rays to kill cancer cells.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.