Generic Name: tacrolimus (ta-KROE-li-mus)
Brand Name: Prograf
Tacrolimus decreases the action of the immune system. This may increase your risk of infection. It may also increase your risk of developing certain types of cancer (eg, lymphoma, skin cancer). Tell your doctor right away if you notice signs of infection (eg, fever, chills, persistent sore throat) or any changes in the appearance or size of a mole, night sweats, unusual growths or lumps, or unusual tiredness or weakness.
Tacrolimus is used for:
Preventing organ rejection in certain patients following liver, kidney, or heart transplant. It may be used along with other medicines. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Tacrolimus is an immunosuppressant. It blocks the action of certain blood cells (eg, T lymphocytes) that can cause the body to reject the transplanted organ.
Do NOT use tacrolimus if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in tacrolimus, including castor oil
- you are taking asenapine, cisapride, citalopram, a potassium-sparing diuretic (eg, spironolactone), mifepristone, a streptogramin (eg, dalfopristin, quinupristin), or ziprasidone
- you have taken cyclosporine within the last 24 hours
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using tacrolimus:
Some medical conditions may interact with tacrolimus. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have any type of infection, or a history of chronic (long-term) infection
- if you have diabetes or high blood sugar, high blood potassium levels, high blood pressure, or a weakened immune system
- if you have a history of a certain type of anemia (pure red cell aplasia [PRCA]); heart, kidney, or liver problems; skin cancer; or if a member of your family has had skin cancer
- if you have recently received or will be receiving a live vaccine (eg, measles, mumps), or if you will be in close contact with anyone who has received a live vaccine
- if you are taking other medicines to suppress your immune system
- if you are taking a medicine that may increase the risk of a certain type of irregular heartbeat (QT prolongation). Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure if any of your medicines may increase the risk of this type of irregular heartbeat
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with tacrolimus. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Many prescription and nonprescription medicines (eg, used for birth control, cancer, infections, inflammation, aches and pains, heartburn or reflux, hepatitis, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, HIV infection, hormone replacement therapy, Huntington disease, immune system suppression, irregular heartbeat or other heart problems, mental or mood problems, nausea and vomiting, pain, Parkinson disease, seizures, stomach or bowel problems, ulcers), multivitamin products, and herbal or dietary supplements (eg, herbal teas, coenzyme Q10, garlic, ginseng, ginkgo, St. John's wort) because they may interact with tacrolimus. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure if any of your medicines might interact with tacrolimus.
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if tacrolimus may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use tacrolimus:
Use tacrolimus as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- An extra patient leaflet is available with tacrolimus. Talk to your pharmacist if you have questions about this information.
- Tacrolimus is usually given as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic.
- Do not use tacrolimus if it contains particles, is cloudy or discolored, or if the vial is cracked or damaged.
- Do not eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice while you use tacrolimus.
- Continue to use tacrolimus even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
- Keep this product, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and pets. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Ask your health care provider how to dispose of these materials after use. Follow all local rules for disposal.
- If you miss a dose of tacrolimus, contact your doctor right away.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use tacrolimus.
Important safety information:
- Tacrolimus may cause drowsiness and dizziness. These effects may be worse if you use it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use tacrolimus with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Do NOT stop taking tacrolimus or change your dose without checking with your doctor.
- Tacrolimus may increase your risk of developing skin cancer or certain other types of cancer (eg, lymphoma). To decrease your risk of skin cancer, avoid using sunlamps or tanning booths. Limit your exposure to the sun. Use a sunscreen or wear protective clothing if you must be outside for more than a short time. Tell your doctor right away if you notice a change in the appearance or size of a mole, unusual itching, fever, night sweats, unexplained weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, or unusual growths or lumps.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take tacrolimus before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Check with your doctor before you drink alcohol while you are using tacrolimus.
- Check with your doctor before you use a salt substitute or a product that has potassium in it.
- Tacrolimus may lower the ability of your body to fight infection. Avoid contact with people who have colds or infections. Tell your doctor if you notice signs of infection like fever; sweats or chills; severe or persistent sore throat; cough or flu-like symptoms; muscle aches; or warm, red, or painful areas on your skin.
- Tacrolimus may increase the risk of severe and sometimes fatal viral infections (eg, JC virus or BK virus infection). JC virus infection may lead to a serious effect called progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). BK virus may cause kidney problems or loss of a transplanted kidney in kidney transplant patients. Tell your doctor right away if you notice symptoms of PML (eg, confusion; disorientation; depression; changes in thinking, strength, or vision; one-sided weakness; trouble walking or talking; loss of balance or coordination) or kidney problems (eg, change in the amount of urine produced, difficult or painful urination, blood in the urine).
- Some patients treated with tacrolimus have developed a type of anemia called PRCA. Contact your doctor right away if you experience severe or persistent tiredness or weakness, sluggishness, or unusually pale skin. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- Do not receive a live vaccine (eg, measles, mumps) while you are taking tacrolimus. Talk with your doctor before you receive any vaccine.
- Patients who use tacrolimus after an organ transplant may have an increased risk of developing high blood sugar or diabetes. The risk is higher among black and Hispanic patients after a kidney transplant. High blood sugar may make you feel confused, drowsy, hungry, or thirsty. It can also make you flush, breathe faster, urinate more often, or have a fruit-like breath odor. If these symptoms occur, tell your doctor right away.
- Diabetes patients - Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.
- Lab tests, including blood potassium or glucose levels; blood levels of tacrolimus; heart, liver, or kidney function; and blood pressure may be performed while you take tacrolimus. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Caution is advised when using tacrolimus in CHILDREN; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
- Tacrolimus should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN who have had a heart or kidney transplant; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Tacrolimus has been shown to cause harm to the fetus. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using tacrolimus while you are pregnant. Tacrolimus is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while using tacrolimus.
Possible side effects of tacrolimus:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Back pain; constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; headache; heartburn; joint pain; loss of appetite; mild stomach pain or upset; nausea; trouble sleeping; vomiting; weakness.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blurred vision or other vision changes; burning, numbness, or tingling; changes in the appearance or size of a mole; chest pain; confusion; decreased coordination; fainting; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; memory problems; mental or mood changes (eg, agitation, anxiety, depression); muscle cramps, pain, or weakness; night sweats; one-sided weakness; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; seizures; severe or persistent dizziness, light-headedness, or headache; shortness of breath; sluggishness; swelling of the hands, ankles, feet, or legs; swollen lymph nodes; symptoms of high blood sugar (eg, increased hunger, thirst, or urination; confusion; loss of appetite; unusual drowsiness); symptoms of kidney or urinary problems (eg, change in the amount of urine produced; difficult or painful urination; dark or bloody urine; pain in the groin, side, or lower back); tremor; trouble speaking; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual growths or lumps; unusual or persistent weakness or tiredness; unusually pale skin; yellowing of the skin or eyes.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include decreased urination; hives; severe dizziness or headache; sluggishness; swelling of the hands, ankles, feet, or legs; tremors.Proper storage of tacrolimus:
Tacrolimus is usually handled and stored by a health care provider. If you are using tacrolimus at home, store tacrolimus as directed by your pharmacist or health care provider. Keep tacrolimus out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about tacrolimus, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Tacrolimus is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take tacrolimus or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about tacrolimus. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to tacrolimus. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using tacrolimus.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.
More tacrolimus resources
- tacrolimus Intravenous Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information
- Tacrolimus Prescribing Information (FDA)
- Tacrolimus Monograph (AHFS DI)
- Tacrolimus Professional Patient Advice (Wolters Kluwer)
- Astagraf XL Prescribing Information (FDA)
- Astagraf XL Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information
- Hecoria Prescribing Information (FDA)
- Prograf Consumer Overview
- Prograf Prescribing Information (FDA)