Questions about Atrial Fibrillation? Get answers from our expert.

Potassium chloride powder

Pronunciation

Generic Name: potassium chloride (po-TAS-ee-um KLOR-ide)
Brand Name: Examples include Gen-K and Klor-con

Potassium chloride powder is used for:

Preventing or treating low blood potassium levels when the amount of potassium in the diet is inadequate. Low potassium levels may also be caused by some diseases, severe or prolonged episodes of vomiting or diarrhea, or by certain medicines (eg, diuretics). Symptoms of low potassium levels include weakness, fatigue, or weakening of reflexes.

Potassium chloride powder is an electrolyte that is needed for normal functioning of cells, nerve conduction, muscle contraction, kidney function, and acid-base balance.

Do NOT use potassium chloride powder if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in potassium chloride powder
  • you have a high blood potassium level
  • you are taking a potassium-sparing diuretic (eg, triamterene)

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using potassium chloride powder:

Some medical conditions may interact with potassium chloride powder. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have a high acidity of your body fluids (acidosis), adrenal gland problems, diarrhea, or kidney problems

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with potassium chloride powder. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Aldosterone blockers (eg, spironolactone), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (eg, enalapril), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (eg, ibuprofen), or potassium-sparing diuretics (eg, triamterene) because the risk of high blood potassium levels may be increased

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if potassium chloride powder may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use potassium chloride powder:

Use potassium chloride powder as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Potassium chloride powder may cause stomach upset. Take potassium chloride powder by mouth with food or after meals.
  • Dissolve potassium chloride powder in at least half a glass (4 oz/120 mL) of water or juice and drink.
  • Do not lie down for 30 minutes after taking potassium chloride powder.
  • If you miss a dose of potassium chloride powder, take it if you remember within 2 hours. If it is more than 2 hours since your missed dose, skip it and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use potassium chloride powder.

Important safety information:

  • Check with your doctor before you use a salt substitute or a product that has potassium in it.
  • Too much or too little potassium can adversely affect your heart. Be sure that your health care provider and pharmacist are aware of any heart medications that you are taking.
  • Lab tests, including blood electrolytes and kidney function, may be performed while you use potassium chloride powder. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
  • Use potassium chloride powder with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
  • Potassium chloride powder should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using potassium chloride powder while you are pregnant. It is not known if potassium chloride powder is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use potassium chloride powder, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of potassium chloride powder:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Diarrhea; nausea; stomach discomfort; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); black, tarry stools; bleeding in the stomach; chest pain; heart problems; irregular heartbeat; numbness or tingling in the hands or feet; stomach pain; vomit that looks like coffee grounds; weak or heavy legs.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include chest pain; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; limp muscles; listlessness; muscle weakness or paralysis; slow or difficult breathing.

Proper storage of potassium chloride powder:

Store potassium chloride powder at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C), in a tightly closed container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep potassium chloride powder out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about potassium chloride powder, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Potassium chloride powder is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take potassium chloride powder or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about potassium chloride powder. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to potassium chloride powder. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using potassium chloride powder.

Issue Date: April 2, 2014
Database Edition 14.2.1.001
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

Hide
(web3)