Mineral oil enemaPronunciation
Generic Name: mineral oil (MIN-uh-ral)
Brand Name: Fleet
Mineral oil enema is used for:
Relieving occasional constipation or fecal impaction (severe constipation). It may also be used to cleanse and remove residue from the bowel in certain situations (eg, after using a barium enema).
Mineral oil enema is a lubricant laxative that works by slowing the absorption of water from the bowel, which softens the stool.
Do NOT use mineral oil enema if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in mineral oil enema
- you have appendicitis or a blockage in your intestines
- you are bedridden
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using mineral oil enema:
Some medical conditions may interact with mineral oil enema. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have heart failure, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, rectal bleeding, or kidney problems
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with mineral oil enema. However, no specific interactions with mineral oil enema are known at this time.
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if mineral oil enema may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use mineral oil enema:
Use mineral oil enema as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- To use mineral oil enema, lie on your left side with your knee bent and your arms resting comfortably. You may also kneel, then lower your head and chest forward until the left side of your face is resting on the surface with your left arm folded comfortably.
- Remove the orange protective shield from the enema tip before inserting. With steady pressure, gently insert the enema tip into the rectum with a slight side to side movement. Insertion may be easier if you bear down, as if having a bowel movement. This helps to relax the muscles around the anus.
- Do not force the enema tip into the rectum. This may cause injury.
- Squeeze the bottle until nearly all of the liquid is gone, unless directed otherwise by your doctor or the dosing instructions on the package labeling. It is not necessary to empty the bottle completely.
- Remove the enema tip from your rectum, then hold in the medicine according to your doctor's instructions.
- Take mineral oil enema at least 2 hours before bedtime.
- If you miss a dose of mineral oil enema and you are using it regularly, use it as soon as possible. If several hours have passed or if it is nearing time for the next dose, do not double the dose to catch up, unless advised by your health care provider. Do not use 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use mineral oil enema.
Important safety information:
- Do not use mineral oil enema or any laxative for more than 1 week unless directed to do so by your health care provider.
- Do not exceed the recommended dose or use mineral oil enema for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
- Use of mineral oil enema for a long time may result in loss of normal bowel function.
- Do not take additional laxatives or stool softeners with mineral oil enema unless directed by your doctor.
- If you notice a sudden change in bowel habits that lasts for 2 weeks or more, do not continue using mineral oil enema. Instead, check with your doctor.
- Stop use and contact your doctor immediately if you experience rectal bleeding or failure to have a bowel movement after using a laxative. This may be a sign of a serious condition.
- If you develop nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain, stop using mineral oil enema and contact your doctor immediately.
- Mineral oil enema is not recommended for use in CHILDREN younger than 2 years of age. Safety and effectiveness in this age group have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using mineral oil enema during pregnancy. It is unknown if mineral oil enema is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding, check with your doctor to discuss the risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of mineral oil enema:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Bloating; diarrhea; gas; nausea; stomach cramps.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); dizziness; failure to have a bowel movement within 6 to 8 hours after using mineral oil enema; fainting; muscle cramps or pain; rectal bleeding; swelling, pain, or irritation; weakness.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch .
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include diarrhea; stomach cramps.Proper storage of mineral oil enema:
Store mineral oil enema at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) in a tightly closed container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Protect from freezing. Keep mineral oil enema out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about mineral oil enema, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Mineral oil enema is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take mineral oil enema or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about mineral oil enema. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to mineral oil enema. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using mineral oil enema.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.