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Ivermectin

Pronunciation

Generic Name: ivermectin (EYE-ver-MEK-tin)
Brand Name: Stromectol

Ivermectin is used for:

Treating infections caused by certain parasites.

Ivermectin is an anthelmintic. It works by killing sensitive parasites.

Do NOT use ivermectin if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in ivermectin

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

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Before using ivermectin:

Some medical conditions may interact with ivermectin. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have any other parasite infection (eg, Loa loa infection) or you have recently traveled to areas where parasite infection is likely
  • if you have asthma or a weakened immune system (eg, HIV infection)

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with ivermectin. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Warfarin because the risk of its side effects may be increased by ivermectin.

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if ivermectin may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use ivermectin:

Use ivermectin as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Take ivermectin by mouth on an empty stomach with water.
  • Some patients who take ivermectin will need repeated follow-up and retreatment to make sure the infection is cleared up completely. Follow your doctor's instructions. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
  • Ivermectin is usually given as a single dose. If you forget to take ivermectin, take it as soon as your remember.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use ivermectin.

Important safety information:

  • Ivermectin may cause dizziness or drowsiness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use ivermectin with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
  • Ivermectin may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.
  • Rarely, some patients taking ivermectin who have also had a certain other parasite infection (loiasis) have developed a serious and sometimes fatal brain problem. Tell your doctor if you have any other parasite infection. Tell your doctor if you have been in an area where Loa loa infection is likely (eg, West or Central Africa). Tell your doctor at once if you have symptoms such as unusual back pain, eye bleeding, shortness of breath, failure to control bladder or bowel, trouble walking or standing, mental changes (eg, confusion), unusual weakness, or seizures.
  • Lab tests, including stool examinations, may be performed while you use ivermectin. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
  • Ivermectin should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN weighing less than 33 pounds (15 kilograms); safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Do not use ivermectin if you are pregnant. If you think you may be pregnant, contact your doctor right away. Ivermectin is found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use ivermectin, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of ivermectin:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Diarrhea; dizziness; nausea.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); eye pain, swelling, or redness; fainting; fast heartbeat; fever; joint pain; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; seizures; severe dizziness or lightheadedness; swelling of the skin, arms, legs, ankles, or feet; tender or swollen lymph glands (eg, in the neck, groin, underarms); vision changes; yellowing of the eyes or skin.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include abnormal skin sensations; diarrhea; loss of coordination; nausea; seizures; severe headache or dizziness; stomach pain; swelling; trouble breathing; unusual weakness; vomiting.

Proper storage of ivermectin:

Store ivermectin at room temperature, below 86 degrees F (30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep ivermectin out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about ivermectin, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Ivermectin is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take ivermectin or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about ivermectin. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to ivermectin. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using ivermectin.

Issue Date: September 3, 2014
Database Edition 14.3.1.003
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

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