Hydroxocobalamin

Generic Name: hydroxocobalamin (hye-drox-oh-koe-BAL-a-min)
Brand Name: Generic only. No brands available.

Hydroxocobalamin is used for:

Treating anemia and vitamin B12 deficiency due to a number of conditions, including poor diet, and for the Schilling test.

Hydroxocobalamin is a vitamin. It works by increasing levels of vitamin B12 in conditions in which it is needed.

Do NOT use hydroxocobalamin if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in hydroxocobalamin

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

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Before using hydroxocobalamin:

Some medical conditions may interact with hydroxocobalamin. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with hydroxocobalamin. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Omeprazole because the effectiveness of hydroxocobalamin may be decreased

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if hydroxocobalamin may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use hydroxocobalamin:

Use hydroxocobalamin as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Hydroxocobalamin is usually administered as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic. If you are using hydroxocobalamin at home, carefully follow the injection procedures taught to you by your health care provider.
  • If hydroxocobalamin contains particles or is discolored, or if the vial is cracked or damaged in any way, do not use it.
  • Keep this product, as well as syringes and needles, out of the reach of children and away from pets. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Dispose of properly after use. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain local regulations for proper disposal.
  • If you miss a dose of hydroxocobalamin, use it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not use 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use hydroxocobalamin.

Important safety information:

  • Do not take large doses of vitamins (megadoses or megavitamin therapy) unless directed to by your doctor.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking hydroxocobalamin, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using hydroxocobalamin during pregnancy. It is unknown if hydroxocobalamin is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using hydroxocobalamin, check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of hydroxocobalamin:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. When used in small doses, no COMMON side effects have been reported with this product. Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); changes in blood pressure; diarrhea; fainting; flushing; itching; leg pain; pain or redness at the injection site; swelling.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of hydroxocobalamin:

Hydroxocobalamin is usually handled and stored by a health care provider. If you are using hydroxocobalamin at home, store hydroxocobalamin as directed by your pharmacist or health care provider. Keep hydroxocobalamin out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about hydroxocobalamin, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Hydroxocobalamin is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take hydroxocobalamin or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about hydroxocobalamin. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to hydroxocobalamin. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using hydroxocobalamin.

Issue Date: April 2, 2014
Database Edition 14.2.1.001
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

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