Generic Name: ceftizoxime (SEFF-tih-ZOX-eem)
Brand Name: Cefizox
Ceftizoxime is used for:
Treating serious infections caused by certain bacteria.
Ceftizoxime is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It works by interfering with the formation of the bacteria's cell wall so that the wall ruptures, resulting in the death of the bacteria.
Do NOT use ceftizoxime if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in ceftizoxime or any other cephalosporin antibiotic (eg, cephalexin, cefprozil)
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using ceftizoxime:
Some medical conditions may interact with ceftizoxime. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have diarrhea, a stomach or intestinal infection, or a blood clotting problem
- if you have had a severe allergic reaction (eg, a severe rash, hives, breathing difficulties, dizziness) to a penicillin antibiotic (eg, amoxicillin) or other beta-lactam antibiotic (eg, imipenem)
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with ceftizoxime. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Aminoglycosides (eg, gentamicin) because side effects, such as kidney toxicity, may be increased by ceftizoxime
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if ceftizoxime may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use ceftizoxime:
Use ceftizoxime as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Ceftizoxime is usually administered as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic.
- If you are using ceftizoxime at home, carefully follow the injection procedures taught to you by your health care provider.
- If the medicine contains particles or is discolored, or if the vial/container is cracked or damaged in any way, do not use it.
- Ceftizoxime works best when taken at the same time(s) each day.
- To clear up your infection completely, continue using ceftizoxime for the full course of treatment even if you feel better in a few days. Do not miss any doses.
- Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials. Dispose of properly after use. Ask your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist to explain local regulations for selecting an appropriate container and properly disposing of the container when full.
- If you miss a dose of ceftizoxime, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use ceftizoxime.
Important safety information:
- If severe diarrhea, stomach pain/cramps, or bloody stools occur, contact your doctor at once. This could be a symptom of a serious side effect requiring immediate medical attention. Do not treat diarrhea without consulting your doctor.
- Ceftizoxime is effective only against bacteria. It is not effective for treating viral infections (eg, the common cold).
- It is important to use ceftizoxime for the full course of treatment. Failure to do so may decrease the effectiveness of ceftizoxime and may increase the risk that the bacteria will no longer be sensitive to ceftizoxime and will not be able to be treated by this or certain other antibiotics in the future.
- LAB TESTS may be performed to monitor your progress or to check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using ceftizoxime during pregnancy. Ceftizoxime is excreted in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking ceftizoxime.
Possible side effects of ceftizoxime:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Fever; mild diarrhea; nausea; vomiting.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); bloody stools; pain, swelling, or redness at the injection site; seizures; severe diarrhea; stomach cramps/pain; vaginal irritation or discharge; yellowing eyes and skin.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include muscle spasms; seizures.Proper storage of ceftizoxime:
Ceftizoxime is usually handled and stored by a health care provider. If you are using ceftizoxime at home, store ceftizoxime as directed by your pharmacist or health care provider. Keep ceftizoxime, as well as needles and syringes, out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about ceftizoxime, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Ceftizoxime is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about ceftizoxime. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.