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Is Smoking During Pregnancy Tied to Offspring's Schizophrenia Risk?

Posted 23 hours ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 27, 2016 – Smoking during pregnancy may increase the risk that a child could develop schizophrenia, new research suggests. "This is, so far, the largest study to show an association between prenatal nicotine exposure and schizophrenia," said study author Dr. Solja Niemela. She is a professor of psychiatry and addiction medicine at the University of Oulu, Lapland Hospital District, in Rovaniemi, Finland. Although the study didn't prove cause and effect, the finding is the first to be based on blood sample analyses that provided evidence of nicotine exposure in the womb, rather than on less reliable maternal recollections of smoking behavior, Niemela added. Still, she added that "the causes of schizophrenia are multifaceted." "It is likely that prenatal smoking exposure alone does not cause schizophrenia," said Niemela. "Rather, there is [probably] an interplay of genetic and ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Schizophrenia, Smoking Cessation, Schizoaffective Disorder, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Lifestyle Change May Cut Risk for Women With Breast Cancer Genes

Posted 1 day 21 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 – Women who carry common gene variants linked to breast cancer can still cut their risk of the disease by following a healthy lifestyle, a large new study suggests. In fact, lifestyle might be especially powerful for women at relatively high genetic risk of breast cancer, researchers found. "Those genetic risks are not set in stone," said senior researcher Nilanjan Chatterjee, a professor at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. The study found that four lifestyle factors were key: Maintaining a healthy weight; not smoking; limiting alcohol; and not using hormone therapy after menopause. The researchers estimated that if all white U.S. women did those things, almost 30 percent of breast cancer cases could be avoided. And a majority of those averted cancers would be among women at increased risk because of family history and the gene ... Read more

Related support groups: Hot Flashes, Smoking, Breast Cancer, Menopausal Disorders, Smoking Cessation, Alcoholism, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

1.2 Million U.S. College Students Boozing on Average Day

Posted 1 day 21 hours ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 – When they're not hitting the books, many U.S. college students are hitting the bars or getting high, a new government report shows. About 1.2 million full-time college students, aged 18 to 22, drink alcohol, and nearly 704,000 use marijuana on an average day, researchers from the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) found. "Substance misuse at any age can jeopardize one's health and long-term well-being, but college students may be particularly at risk because of the pressures they face at this critical juncture of their lives," said Frances Harding, director of SAMHSA's Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. "College administration, faculty and staff; students; parents; and the surrounding community must work to ensure that college students get the effective prevention programming and treatment services they need," Harding ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Drug Dependence, Smoking Cessation, Alcohol Dependence, Substance Abuse, Alcoholism, Hangover, Cannabis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Smoking Harms Black Americans' Kidneys, Study Suggests

Posted 2 days 21 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 – Smoking may pose a significant risk to kidney health for black Americans, new research suggests. The study included more than 3,600 black adults, aged 21 to 84, from Jackson, Miss., and the surrounding area. The researchers followed their health for 12 years. During that time, the researchers found that, overall, study participants who were current smokers had an 83 percent greater decline in kidney function than those who never smoked. The more a person smoked, the greater their rate of kidney decline, the findings showed. People who smoked up to 19 cigarettes a day had a 75 percent greater decline in kidney function. People who had 20 or more cigarettes a day had a 97 percent greater decline in kidney function, the study found. Though the study wasn't designed to prove cause-and-effect, the researchers said that current smokers had 38 percent higher ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Renal Failure, Chronic Kidney Disease, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Anemia Associated with Chronic Renal Failure, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Nephropathy, Renal and Genitourinary Disorders

Pot While Pregnant May Raise Premature Birth Risk: Study

Posted 2 days 23 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 – Smoking pot while pregnant may increase the risk of premature delivery, a new study suggests. Women who continue using marijuana up to 20 weeks' gestation have a five times greater increase in the risk of preterm birth, independent of other risk factors, the researchers report. "Not only did continued use of marijuana increase risk for preterm birth, but it also made these births 5 weeks earlier, on average, with a greater number of women delivering very preterm," said senior researcher Claire Roberts, a professor at the University of Adelaide School of Pediatrics and Reproductive Health in Australia. "That is much more dangerous for the baby, who inevitably would require admission to a neonatal intensive care unit," Roberts continued. "Earlier delivery would be expected to increase the baby's risk for dying and having long-term disabilities." The more often ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Cannabis, Premature Labor, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Why Heavy Drinking Seems to Boost Desire to Smoke More

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 18, 2016 – The reason alcoholics struggle to stop smoking may be because their heavy drinking speeds up how quickly their body breaks down nicotine, a new study suggests. "Our study showed that chronic heavy alcohol consumption may lead to an increase in the rate of nicotine metabolism, which could be one contributing factor to the poor smoking cessation rates in smokers addicted to alcohol," said senior study author Maciej Goniewicz. Nicotine metabolism is the term used to describe how quickly a body breaks down this addictive substance. People who break down nicotine more slowly may have an easier time quitting because the nicotine stays in their body longer. But, the investigators found, alcohol appears to speed up the breakdown of nicotine. For the study, the researchers measured markers (such as cotinine) that indicated nicotine levels among male smokers in Poland ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Alcohol Dependence, Nicotine, Alcoholism, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Hangover, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol NS, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Alcoholic Gastritis, Nicorette DS, ProStep

Stoned Stoners OK With Driving While High

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 – Marijuana users are more likely to say it's acceptable to drive while stoned if they're asked the question while high, a new study finds. Researchers surveyed 865 marijuana users in Colorado and Washington who said they had used marijuana or hashish in the past 30 days. More than 16 percent said they were high at the time they completed the survey. Those who were high at the time of the survey were more likely to believe it was safe to drive while under the influence of marijuana, to say they might drive high in certain situations, and to claim they would not get caught while driving high. The RTI International study was published in the May issue of the journal Health Education Research. "When people are sober, most acknowledge they can't safely drive under the influence of alcohol or marijuana. The problem is, being intoxicated affects our perceptions of risk," ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Substance Abuse, Cannabis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Inactive Women May Face Higher Risk for Cervical Cancer

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 13, 2016 – Women who are sedentary appear more likely to develop cervical cancer, but just 30 minutes of exercise each week might significantly reduce that risk, new research suggests. "We think that this study sends a powerful public health message: that a complete lack of exercise is associated with the greater likelihood of developing a serious disease," said senior study author Kirsten Moysich. She is a distinguished professor of oncology in the department of cancer prevention and control at Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, N.Y. "Our findings show that any amount of exercise can reduce cervical cancer risk," Moysich said in a Roswell release. According to study author Dr. J. Brian Szender, the researchers believe that "this is the first U.S.-based study looking at the associations between physical inactivity and cervical cancer." Szender is a fellow in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Cervical Cancer

If 1 in 10 U.S. Smokers Quits, $63 Billion Saved

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 – Kicking the smoking habit boosts more than just your health – it also saves money. That's because health care costs plummet just one year after stopping, new research shows. A 10 percent decline in smoking would reduce U.S. health care costs by $63 billion the following year, a study from University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) estimated. "Our study shows that significant changes in health care expenditures begin to appear quickly after changes in smoking behavior," study first author James Lightwood, an associate professor in the UCSF School of Pharmacy, said in a university news release. The researchers reviewed health care costs linked with smoking in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. They looked at the time period between 1992 and 2009. In addition to the direct effects that cigarettes have on smokers, the study also included the indirect ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation

Pot-Linked Fatal Car Crashes Doubled in One State After Legalization

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 – The number of fatal car crashes involving marijuana more than doubled after Washington state legalized the sale of the drug, a new study finds. Marijuana became legal in Washington in December 2012, researchers said. Between 2013 and 2014, the percentage of drivers in Washington involved in fatal car accidents after using marijuana rose from 8 percent to 17 percent, according to the study from the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. In 2014 alone, one in six drivers involved in a deadly crash had recently used the drug, researchers found. "The significant increase in fatal crashes involving marijuana is alarming," Peter Kissinger, president of the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, said in an AAA news release. "Washington serves as an eye-opening case study for what other states may experience with road safety after legalizing the drug," he added. At least 20 ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Head Injury, Fracture, bone, Cannabis, Compression Fracture of Vertebral Column, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness, Prevention of Fractures

Study Links Excess Pre-Pregnancy Weight, Smoking to Heavy Kids

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 – British researchers say two key reasons explain why kids from disadvantaged families are more often overweight and obese than other children: mom smoking in pregnancy and being overweight before pregnancy. The findings suggest "a considerable amount of the social inequalities in pre-adolescent overweight can be explained by these two variables," said David Taylor-Robinson, of the University of Liverpool's department of public health and policy, and colleagues. It's known that overweight and obesity are more common among children in lower-income families, but exactly why wasn't clear, the researchers said. Using data on children born in the United Kingdom, the researchers checked the weight of nearly 10,000 11-year-olds. The study authors also analyzed information provided by mothers about their education levels, pregnancy, the child's birth and delivery, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Labor Induction, Premature Labor, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

E-Cigarette Poisonings Skyrocket Among Young Kids: Study

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 – Calls to poison control centers about young children's exposure to e-cigarettes have skyrocketed in recent years, new research shows. And those kids who are exposed seem to suffer worse health effects than those exposed to traditional cigarettes, the study authors added. The biggest threat with e-cigarettes appears to be the nicotine liquid inside the devices, the researchers said. "If this were an infectious disease, this would be headlines across the country," said Dr. Gary Smith, director of Nationwide Children's Hospital's Center for Injury Research and Policy in Ohio. He noted that the number of e-cigarette exposures in kids jumped 1,500 percent from 2012 to 2015. "E-cigarettes and liquid nicotine can cause serious poisoning, and even death, among young children," he said. "Like other dangerous poisons, they should be kept out of sight and reach of children, ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Nicorette, Poisoning, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Habitrol, Nicotrol NS, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, ProStep

Health Tip: Are E-Cigarettes Safe?

Posted 6 May 2016 by Drugs.com

-- People may turn to electronic cigarettes thinking they are a healthier alternative to smoking. Not so fast, says the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. E-cigarettes can: Encourage use of tobacco products, either by former smokers or by those who have never smoked. Cause harm to pregnant women and fetuses. Cause nicotine poisoning from accidental ingestion, inhalation or absorption of the nicotine liquid in e-cigarettes. Expose non e-cigarette users to secondhand nicotine emissions. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is particularly concerned about users under the age of 18: On Thursday, the agency said it will ban the sale of e-cigarettes to minors. The move is part of its long-awaited plan to extend the agency's regulatory powers across all tobacco products. Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol NS, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, ProStep

Young LGBT Adults Target of FDA Stop-Smoking Campaign

Posted 6 May 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 6, 2016 – Hoping to reduce tobacco use by young lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender adults, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has launched an LGBT stop-smoking campaign. "We know LGBT young adults in this country are nearly twice as likely to use tobacco as other young adults," said Mitch Zeller, director of the FDA's Center for Tobacco Products. "We want LGBT young adults to know that there is no safe amount of smoking. Even an occasional cigarette can have serious health implications and lead to addiction," he said in an agency news release. The campaign specifically targets 18- to 24-year-old LGBT smokers. At least 800,000 of the more than 2 million LGBT young adults in the United States are occasional or social smokers, according to the FDA. A key reason for high tobacco use among this group of young adults is the real and perceived social stigma, discrimination ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Gender Dysphoria

FDA Banning E-Cigarette Sales to Minors

Posted 5 May 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday that it is banning the sale of e-cigarettes to minors, as part of its long-awaited plan to extend the agency's regulatory powers across all tobacco products. The new rules would halt the sale of e-cigarettes and any other tobacco product to anyone younger than 18. The regulations also would require photo IDs to buy e-cigarettes, and ban retailers from handing out free samples or selling them in all-ages vending machines. The rules will go into effect in 90 days, the FDA said, and also cover other alternative forms of tobacco like cigars, hookah tobacco and pipe tobacco. Electronic cigarettes are battery-operated devices designed to create an aerosol that delivers nicotine, flavor and other chemicals when inhaled by the user. Manufacturers have marketed the products as a way to help smokers quit cigarettes, but ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Nicotine, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Nicotrol NS, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief, Nicorette DS, ProStep

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