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Sexually Transmitted Diseases Blog

Related terms: STD, Venereal Disease, STI

Did Columbus Really Bring Syphilis to Europe?

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 3, 2014 – A new study is intensifying the debate over whether Christopher Columbus or his crews brought syphilis from the New World to Europe, setting the stage for hundreds of years of illness and death. Researchers in Bosnia report that an ancient skeleton of a young Croatia-area man shows signs of the disease. That would mean that the sexually transmitted infection existed there long before the era of the great explorers, they said. Two specialists questioned the study's findings. They said it's still most likely that the crews of Columbus' ships are responsible for spreading the sexually transmitted disease across Europe. "Despite the many efforts to suggest otherwise, there is no Old World evidence of syphilis prior to 1492," said Dr. Bruce Rothschild, a professor of medicine at the University of Kansas who studies the origins of diseases like syphilis. But study ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Syphilis - Early, Syphilis - Latent

CDC Endorses Circumcision for Health Reasons

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 2, 2014 – U.S. health officials are poised to endorse circumcision as a means of preventing HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Tuesday released its first-ever draft guidelines on circumcision that recommend that doctors counsel parents and uncircumcised males on the health benefits of the procedure. The guidelines do not outright call for circumcision of all male newborns, since that is a personal decision that may involve religious or cultural preferences, Dr. Jonathan Mermin, director of the CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, told the Associated Press. But "the scientific evidence is clear that the benefits outweigh the risks," Mermin said. Circumcision involves the surgical removal of the foreskin covering the tip of the penis. Germs can collect and multiply under ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Multiple Drug Use Raises Infection Risk for 'Swinging' Couples

Posted 24 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 24, 2014 – Multiple drug use put couples who "swing" at increased risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), a new study shows. Swingers are defined as heterosexual couples who have group sex, swap partners and/or visit sex clubs for couples. Researchers looked at 289 people, average age 49, in the Netherlands who said they were swingers and visited an STD clinic between 2009 and 2012. Half of the participants said they'd had six or more sex partners in the last six months, and had not used a condom during vaginal sex. More than half said they'd had group sex during the same time, and half of them did not use condoms. One quarter of the men reported having sex with other male swingers in the last six months, according to the study published Oct. 23 in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. Overall, rates of chlamydia and/or gonorrhea were 13 percent, but no other ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Nearly 5 Percent of Young U.S. Women Have Chlamydia: CDC

Posted 26 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 – An estimated 1.8 million Americans aged 14 to 39 are infected with the sexually transmitted disease chlamydia, and many don't know it, federal health officials reported Thursday. Rates of infection are highest among young women. An estimated 4.7 percent of women aged 14 to 24 were infected with the easily treated disease in 2012, which often has no symptoms. But, if left untreated, chlamydia can lead to infertility, problems during pregnancy and other health threats. "Chlamydia is common, and it's especially common in young women. Most young women who are infected don't know they have it," said study author Elizabeth Torrone, an epidemiologist with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's division of STD prevention. "This report really underscores the need for young women to be screened for chlamydia annually," she said. The report was based on ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chlamydia Infection

Behavioral Counseling Urged for Teens, Young Adults at Risk for STDs

Posted 23 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 – Teens and young adults at risk for sexually transmitted infections should undergo "intensive" behavioral counseling to help prevent risky sexual behaviors, according to new recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Every year, about 20 million new sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea and chlamydia occur in the United States. About half involve people between 15 and 24 years old, according to the task force. Its new report, published Sept. 22 in Annals of Internal Medicine, updates its 2008 guidelines. The task force is an independent panel of health experts that reviews a broad range of preventive health care services and develops recommendations for health care providers. Adults at risk for sexually transmitted infections include those who've had one within the past year, those who don't always wear condoms and those with ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Many STDs May Go Undiagnosed, U.S. Report Finds

Posted 10 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 10, 2014 – About 400,000 Americans may have the sexually transmitted disease chlamydia, but not know they have it, new research suggests. The new government report estimates that 1.8 million people in the United States have chlamydia, but that only 1.4 million infections have been reported. Women, particularly young women, seem to have an even greater risk of harboring this often symptomless infection, according to the U.S. National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention news release. Researchers analyzed data from the 2007 to 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and found that 1.7 percent of men and women aged 14 to 39 have chlamydia, which works out to about 1.8 million infections in the United States. However, only about 1.4 million chlamydia infections are reported each year, which indicates that many chlamydia infections go ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Chlamydia Infection

STD Education Must Start Long Before Kids Engage in Sex

Posted 17 Feb 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 17, 2014 – Having a stable home life as a child, nice friends and success at school reduces the odds of getting sexually transmitted diseases as a young adult, according to a new study. The University of Washington researchers said the findings show that efforts to prevent STD infections should begin years before most young people start having sex. "Kids don't engage in risky behaviors in a vacuum. There are environmental opportunities that have to be created," study lead author Marina Epstein said in a university news release. "Monitor your kid more generally, and make sure they're engaged in school and have friends who don't get into trouble." The researchers analyzed data from nearly 2,000 Seattle-area participants in two youth-development studies that began in the mid-1980s and early 1990s. At age 24, the participants had been with an average of eight sexual partners. ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Talking to Partners About STDs Often Awkward: Survey

Posted 6 Nov 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 6 – Many people find it difficult to talk with their partners about sexually transmitted diseases, and public health campaigns need to find better ways to promote these types of conversations, according to a new study. The study included 181 sexually active men and women with an average age of 26, who completed an anonymous online questionnaire. Just more than half of participants said they felt "very comfortable" talking to their partners about how to prevent STDs. Less than half felt "very comfortable" talking with a partner about sexual histories. Comfort levels rose and conversations grew easier when people felt better informed about STDs and had practice talking about them with their partners. "Take time to get informed. It will only make your conversation more comfortable and ensure that you are really protecting your health," study lead researcher Margo Mullinax, ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Counseling With HIV Testing May Not Help Prevent Future STDs

Posted 22 Oct 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 22 – Contrary to what experts have believed, briefly counseling people who take a rapid HIV test on how to reduce their risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is not effective, a new study shows. Counseling for these at-risk patients did not reduce the incidence of STDs up to six months after patients were tested for HIV, the study found. A more focused approach to providing information at the time of testing may be needed, the authors said, since counseling requires valuable resources of time, money and personnel. "Overall, these study findings lend support for reconsidering the role of counseling as an essential adjunct to HIV testing," study author Lisa Metsch, at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, and colleagues wrote in the Oct. 23 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. "This inference is further buttressed by the ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases

New Treatments Show Promise Against Drug-Resistant Gonorrhea

Posted 15 Jul 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 15 – Two new promising treatments for gonorrhea may help fight the growth of drug-resistant strains of the sexually transmitted bacteria, according to a new U.S. government study. The two antibiotic regimens use existing drugs in new combinations – injectable gentamicin with azithromycin pills, or gemifloxacin pills with azithromycin pills. Gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the United States, with more than 800,000 new infections estimated to occur each year, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Untreated, it can lead to problems with the prostate and testicles for men, and infertility in women. This is why its increasing antibiotic-resistance is a serious concern. The U.S. government study included more than 400 men and women, aged 15 to 60, with untreated gonorrhea infection. The injectable gentamicin/oral ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Zithromax, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Gentamicin, Zithromax Z-Pak, Gemifloxacin, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Garamycin, Zithromax TRI-PAK, Factive, Zithromax IV, Gonococcal Infection, Zmax, Septopal, Cidomycin

Women May Have Natural Defense Against Common STD

Posted 30 May 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 30 – Women appear to have a natural defense against the world's most common sexually transmitted infection, a new study says. This natural protective barrier consists mainly of lactic acid bacteria – called lactobacilli. The finding appears online May 29 in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. The discovery could lead to new treatments for "trich," which affects an estimated 174 million women and men around the world each year, according to a journal news release. Trich is caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis or T. vaginalis. Symptoms of the infection include pain, irritation and discharge. About 50 percent of all people who have this condition, however, don't develop symptoms and are unaware that they are infected. Researchers Augusto Simoes-Barbosa, of the University of Auckland in New Zealand, and colleagues examined how easily three different strains ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Trichomoniasis

More Than 110 Million Americans Have an STD: Report

Posted 14 Feb 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 14 – Here's a new, and sobering, government statistic to ponder on Valentine's Day: More than 110 million men and women in the United States have a sexually transmitted infection. In two studies published online Feb. 13 in the journal Sexually Transmitted Diseases, estimates of the prevalence and cost of treating STDs are tallied. The numbers are not good. One of the more concerning findings was that there are nearly 20 million new infections each year, and half of those occur among young people (aged 15 to 24). And the cost of treating STDs is substantial: The lifetime cost of treating 20 million infections a year comes close to $16 billion, the report showed. Eight STDs were included in the analysis, conducted by researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. They included chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis B virus (HBV), herpes simplex virus type 2 ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Is 'Untreatable' Gonorrhea On the Way?

Posted 8 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 8 – The sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea is becoming increasingly resistant to available antibiotics, including the last oral antibiotic used to treat the bacterium, new Canadian research shows. In a study of nearly 300 people infected with Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the researchers found a treatment failure rate of nearly 7 percent in people treated with cefixime, the last available oral antibiotic for gonorrhea. "Gonorrhea is a bacterium that's phenomenal in its ability to mutate quickly, and we no longer have the same abundance of options anymore," said study author Dr. Vanessa Allen, a medical microbiologist with Public Health Ontario in Toronto. "We need to start thinking about how we give antibiotics in view of a pipeline that's ending. I think gonorrhea will become a paradigm for drug resistance in general." Another expert agreed. "We've been lucky. For quite ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Gonococcal Infection

Dad's Advice Could Be Key to Teens' Sexual Activity

Posted 18 Oct 2012 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 18 – The idea that fathers play a significant role in the development of their kids' approach to sex has received some support in a new evidence review. Studies in the review suggest that adolescents have less sex if their fathers talk to them more about sexual matters. There are caveats. The review only looked at a few studies because there's little research into the role of fathers – as compared to mothers – when it comes to the decisions that teens make about sex. And it's possible that some other factor could explain the apparent link between more fatherly communication and less sexual activity. Still, the review suggests that "fathers do make a difference. It's not just about mothers," said lead author Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, a professor and co-director of New York University's Center for Latino Adolescent and Family Health. It's important to understand how parents ... Read more

Related support groups: Sexually Transmitted Diseases

New Vaccine Strategy May Fight Genital Herpes, Mouse Study Suggests

Posted 17 Oct 2012 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17 – A new vaccination approach may provide protection against genital herpes as well as other sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, according to a new study involving mice. The vaccination model developed by researchers at Yale University focuses on tissue in the vagina where viral exposure occurs, rather than the immune system's antibodies, known as T-cells, which circulate throughout the body. In conducting the study, the researchers recruited T cells to vaginal tissue using what they called a "prime and pull" strategy. They first primed the mice's immune systems by triggering a system-wide T-cell response. Then, they recruited activated T cells to vaginal tissue by topically applying chemokines, substances that help mobilize immune cells. The researchers said the strategy could offer protection against genital herpes, caused by the herpes simplex virus, by ... Read more

Related support groups: HIV Infection, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Herpes Simplex

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Chlamydia Infection, Herpes Simplex, Trichomoniasis, Syphilis, Gonococcal Infection, Infections