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Psychiatric Disorders News

Related terms: Mental Illness

Mixed Findings on Pot's Effect on the Developing Brain

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2015 – Marijuana's potential effect on brain structure remains a subject of intense scientific scrutiny, but mixed results have emerged from two of the latest studies on the topic. Researchers in one study have concluded that marijuana use likely does not directly affect the size of the amygdala, a brain site linked with emotion, emotional behavior and motivation. "We found that while cannabis users had lower amygdala volumes than nonusers, that difference appears to be linked to other predisposing factors," said senior author Arpana Agrawal, an associate professor of psychiatry at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. But researchers in the other study found that marijuana use in the teenage years could increase kids' risk for developing schizophrenia if they carry a high genetic risk for the mental illness. "If there is a family history of severe ... Read more

Related support groups: Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Cannabis

At Dutch Euthanasia Clinic, Requests From People 'Tired of Living'

Posted 10 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2015 – In Belgium and the Netherlands, where euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide are legal, doctors are increasingly confronted by requests for such services from people with psychological illnesses or people who say they are "tired of living," a new study finds. The majority of these requests are denied, according to two studies focused on such clinics. Still, some patients did get their wish granted and received help ending their life. The studies were published Aug. 10 in JAMA Internal Medicine. The findings highlight worries about a "slippery slope" in terms of the reasons for which euthanasia requests might be granted, two U.S. experts said. "Although neither article mentions the term 'slippery slope,' both studies report worrisome findings that seem to validate concerns about where these practices might lead," Drs. Barron Lerner and Arthur Caplan of New ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Depression, Panic Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Dysthymia, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis

Weight Loss Surgery May Boost Teens' Mental Health

Posted 5 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2015 – Weight loss surgery may improve obese teens' mental health, a new study finds. The research included 88 severely obese Swedish teens who had the weight-loss surgery known as gastric bypass. They were between the ages of 13 and 18. Researchers followed up with the teens for two years after the procedure. "Most young people felt significantly better two years after surgery. On average, they felt like most other adolescents, so their mental health had been normalized," study author Kajsa Jarvholm, a researcher and psychologist at Lund University in Sweden, said in a university news release. "There is also a big difference in how weight affected them in various social situations. Two years after the operation, they experienced far fewer limitations than before," she added. "Another important discovery was that some did not feel better. Just under 20 percent of ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety and Stress, Psychiatric Disorders, Gastric Bypass Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery

Too Much Facebook, Twitter Tied to Poor Mental Health in Teens

Posted 31 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 31, 2015 – Teens who frequently use social media are more likely to say they struggle with mental health concerns that are not being addressed, new Canadian research reveals. At issue is the amount of time adolescents spend browsing and posting on sites such as Facebook, Twitter or Instagram. "It is difficult to speculate what mechanisms may link the use of social networking sites to mental health problems," said study author Dr. Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, from the department of epidemiology at Ottawa Public Health in Ottawa, Canada. While the study did not prove a cause-and-effect link, Sampasa-Kanyinga noted that the "use of social networking sites can lead to poor mental health, and poor mental health may be a reason why youth use social networking sites. That said, it could be that kids with mental health problems are seeking out interactions as they are feeling isolated ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Eating Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders, Dysthymia

Early Birth Linked to Introversion, Neuroticism in Adult Life

Posted 27 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 27, 2015 – Adults who were severely underweight at birth or who were born very prematurely may be more likely to be introverted, neurotic and afraid to take risks, a new European study suggests. The findings may help explain why these adults are more likely to have relationship and career problems, the researchers contended. However, the study did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship. Babies born at less than 32 weeks of pregnancy were considered very premature in the study, while those born at about 3.3 pounds were considered a very low birth weight. Researchers led by Dieter Wolke, a professor in the psychology department at the University of Warwick in England, compared the personality traits of hundreds of 26-year-old men and women in Bavaria, Germany. Two hundred had been born very prematurely and/or severely underweight, while 197 were born at term and within ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Psychiatric Disorders, Neurotic Depression, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Expert Panel Recommends Questionnaire to Help Spot Depression

Posted 27 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 27, 2015 – Part of your next visit to your family doctor's office should be spent filling out a questionnaire to assess whether you're suffering from depression, an influential panel of preventive medicine experts recommends. What's more, people concerned that they might be depressed could download an appropriate questionnaire online, fill it out ahead of time and hand it over to their doctor for evaluation, the panel added. In an updated recommendation released Monday, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force urged that family doctors regularly screen patients for depression, using standardized questionnaires that detect warning signs of the mental disorder. If a patient shows signs of depression, they would be referred to a specialist for a full-fledged diagnosis and treatment using medication, therapy or a combination of the two, according to the recommendation. These ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Wellbutrin, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Paxil, Trazodone, Citalopram, Pristiq, Sertraline, Viibryd, Amitriptyline, Bupropion, Effexor XR, Fluoxetine, Major Depressive Disorder, Venlafaxine

Mental Illness Afflicts Many Juveniles in Jail

Posted 21 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 21, 2015 – Hospitalization for mental health problems is far more common among kids behind bars than among children and teens in the general population, a new study finds. Juvenile inmates also have longer hospital stays, which suggests they have more serious underlying mental health problems, according to the Stanford University School of Medicine researchers. "We know young people in the juvenile justice system have a disproportionate burden of mental illness, but I was really surprised by the magnitude of the problem, because hospitalizations typically occur for very severe illness," lead author Dr. Arash Anoshiravani, a clinical assistant professor of adolescent medicine, said in a university news release. The researchers analyzed nearly 2 million hospitalizations of children and teens in California over the age of 15. They found that mental health disorders accounted ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Autism, Psychosis, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Agitated State, Asperger Syndrome

Loneliness May Fuel Mental Decline in Old Age

Posted 20 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 20, 2015 – Loneliness and depression are linked to an increased risk of mental decline in the elderly, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed data from more than 8,300 American adults aged 65 and older who were assessed every two years between 1998 and 2010. Seventeen percent reported loneliness at the beginning of the study, and half of those who were lonely had depression. Over the course of the study, mental decline was 20 percent faster among the loneliest people than among those who weren't lonely. People who were depressed at the start of the study also had faster mental decline. However, lower mental function did not lead to worsening loneliness, according to the study scheduled for presentation Monday at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference in Washington, D.C. Data and conclusions presented at meetings are usually considered preliminary until ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders

Talk Therapy May Help Ease Insomnia, Even With Other Health Woes

Posted 17 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 17, 2015 – Talk therapy may help treat insomnia in people with physical or mental health problems, a new study suggests. With cognitive behavioral therapy, people talk with a therapist to identify the negative thoughts and feelings that cause them problems, and to learn ways to solve their problems, according to the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health. Past studies have found cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia can improve sleep. But, many of those studies didn't include people with psychiatric and medical conditions. For the new study, researchers from Rush University Medical Center in Chicago looked at 37 previous studies. The research included nearly 2,200 people and looked at cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in people who had depression, alcoholism and post-traumatic stress disorder and/or with medical conditions such as cancer, chronic pain and ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Depression, Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Anxiety and Stress, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Fatigue, Social Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Agitation, Alcohol Dependence, Psychiatric Disorders

Many Obese Teens Don't Think They're Fat, Study Shows

Posted 17 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 17, 2015 – A growing number of overweight and obese American teens don't think they have a weight problem, a new study shows. The finding is cause for concern because people have to admit they have a weight issue before they take action, the researchers noted. "Becoming conscious of one's excess weight is the precursor to adopting behavioral changes necessary for appropriate weight control," wrote lead investigator Dr. Jian Zhang, an epidemiologist from the College of Public Health at Georgia Southern University. His team analyzed data from thousands of youths aged 12 to 16 between 1988-1994 and 2007-2012 as part of the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. After accounting for factors such as age, race/ethnicity, gender and family income, the likelihood of overweight or obese teens who acknowledged having a weight problem fell 29 percent from 1988-1994 to ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Psychiatric Disorders

Newly Enlisted Army Soldiers at Risk of Attempted Suicide: Study

Posted 9 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 9, 2015 – Among U.S. Army personnel, enlisted soldiers on their first tour of duty appear to be most at risk for attempted suicide, a new study finds. Concerned by a spike in suicides and suicide attempts in the Army during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, researchers set out to identify key risks for suicide attempts between 2004 and 2009. "Those who were female, younger, early in their career, with a recent mental health problem, and never or previously deployed were at greatest risk," said study lead author Dr. Robert Ursano, chair of psychiatry at the Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Md. "By understanding who is at risk and when they are at risk, we can much better target treatments," Ursano said. The findings were published in the July 8 online issue of JAMA Psychiatry. In 2014, as part ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Agitated State, Dysthymia

Bad Neighborhoods May Make You Age Faster

Posted 23 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 23, 2015 – Living in a bad neighborhood can accelerate aging, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at more than 2,900 people in the Netherlands and found that those living in neighborhoods with high levels of noise, crime and vandalism were biologically 12 years older than those of similar chronological age living in other areas. Previous research has found links between living in a bad neighborhood and poorer mental and physical health, wrote study author Mijung Park, an assistant professor at the University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing. "Our team examined whether these environments also have a direct impact on cellular health. We found that indeed, biological aging processes could be influenced by socioeconomic conditions," Park said in a university news release. But, while the study found an association between living in a certain neighborhood and faster aging, ... Read more

Related support groups: Psychiatric Disorders, Mild Cognitive Impairment

Poor Health as Teen, Poor Job Prospects Later, Study Suggests

Posted 22 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 22, 2015 – Mental or physical health problems during the teen years may make it harder to get a good job or to complete higher education later on, a new research review suggests. "Chronic health conditions and particularly mental health conditions contribute substantially to education and employment outcomes," said study co-author Leonardo Bevilacqua, a researcher at the University College London Institute of Child Health in England. "This is extremely important for developing and implementing policies in and outside schools that promote health and support those with health conditions," he said. Teens' health needs to be a core focus in school to improve their educational and employment success, Bevilacqua added. Although the review found an association between mental or physical health problems in teens and greater difficulty pursuing a higher education or getting work, ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Depression, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders

Psychosis Rarely Linked to Violent Crime, Study Says

Posted 12 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 12, 2015 – It's rare that people with mental illness have hallucinations and delusions before they commit violent crimes, researchers say. "High-profile mass shootings capture public attention and increase vigilance of people with mental illness. But our findings clearly show that psychosis rarely leads directly to violence," said study lead author Jennifer Skeem, associate dean of research at University of California, Berkeley's School of Social Welfare. Researchers analyzed 305 violent incidents committed by high-risk psychiatric patients in the United States. They found that only 12 percent of the incidents were preceded by hallucinations and delusions, collectively referred to as psychosis. The study was recently published online in the journal Clinical Psychological Science. Numerous studies have found that violence is often associated with anger, access to guns and ... Read more

Related support groups: Paranoid Disorder, Psychosis, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Agitated State

Brains of Teens With Bipolar Disorder Develop Differently: Study

Posted 9 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 9, 2015 – Teens with bipolar disorder seem to have abnormal development in areas of the brain that help regulate emotions, researchers report. "In adolescence, the brain is very plastic so the hope is that one day we can develop interventions to prevent the development of bipolar disorder," senior study author Hilary Blumberg, a professor of psychiatry, diagnostic radiology, and of psychiatric neuroscience at the Yale Child Study Center in New Haven, Conn., said in a university news release. Bipolar disorder typically appears in the teens and causes severe swings in mood, energy and activity levels. Problems with impulse control are common among people with bipolar disorder. People with bipolar disorder are also at high risk for substance abuse and suicide, the researchers said. Over two years, the Yale School of Medicine team conducted a series of MRI scans on 37 teens ... Read more

Related support groups: Bipolar Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders

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Anxiety, Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Borderline Personality Disorder, Psychosis, Autism, view more... Paranoid Disorder, Dissociative Identity Disorder, Agitation, Mental Retardation, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Neurosis, Dependent Personality Disorder, Eating Disorder