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Psychiatric Disorders News

Related terms: Mental Illness

Mental Disorders Increasing for Younger Smokers

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 28, 2016 – Although fewer Americans are smoking, the rates of psychiatric disorders among those who do – particularly more recent smokers – are on the rise, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed data from 25,000 people born in the 1940s, 1950s, 1960s, 1970s and 1980s and found that the national smoking rate has been falling since the 1960s. But the percentage of nicotine-dependent smokers has been rising. The study also found that the risk of substance-use disorders increased among all smokers with each decade, whether or not they were nicotine-dependent. But nicotine-dependent smokers who began smoking in the 1980s were more likely than older smokers to have psychiatric conditions such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, bipolar disorder or antisocial personality disorder, according to the study. It was published Jan. 26 in the journal Molecular ... Read more

Related support groups: Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Smoking, Borderline Personality Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Smoking Cessation, Psychosis, Nicotine, Psychiatric Disorders, Nicorette, Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Commit, Habitrol, Avoidant Personality Disorder, Nicotrol NS, Nicotrol TD, Nicorelief

Kindergartners With Traumatic Life Experiences Struggle More in School

Posted 14 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Jan. 14, 2016 – Childhood traumas of various sorts can cause kindergartners to struggle in class as well as life, new research contends. A study of more than 1,000 urban children showed those with difficult experiences up until age 5 had math and reading difficulties and difficulty focusing in kindergarten, and were also more likely to have social problems and to be aggressive toward others. The experiences included neglect or physical, sexual or psychological abuse. They also included living in a household with domestic abuse or with a household member who was in jail or prison, had a mental illness or had an addiction or substance abuse problem. "The first five years of a child's life are an incredible time of opportunity and vulnerability," said study lead author Dr. Manuel Jimenez, director of developmental and behavioral pediatrics education at Rutgers Robert Wood ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Agitated State, Avoidant Personality Disorder, Executive Function Disorder

Poor Circulation in Brain Linked to Psychosis in Alzheimer's Patients

Posted 5 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 5, 2016 – Psychosis, including delusions and hallucinations, affects about half of Alzheimer's disease patients. And researchers have set out to clarify the link between these two conditions. Canadian researchers said they found that cerebrovascular disease – a group of conditions that restrict the circulation of blood to the brain – appears to play a significant role in psychosis for those with Alzheimer's. About 19 percent of people with Alzheimer's living in the community (rather than in a nursing home) have delusions. Another 14 percent have hallucinations, the researchers said. Psychotic symptoms among people with Alzheimer's can cause added burdens on loved ones and caregivers. These symptoms can also speed up the progression of Alzheimer's disease, the study authors explained. For the study, the researchers analyzed autopsy data from more than 1,000 people who ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Alzheimer's Disease, Agitation, Psychosis, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Psychiatric Disorders, Agitated State, Diabetes Mellitus, Neurosis, Head Imaging

College Football Player's Autopsy May Offer Clues to Brain Trauma

Posted 4 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 4, 2016 – Former Missouri State linebacker Michael Keck quit football after three years of Division 1 play and might have faded into obscurity. But his death at age 25, in 2013, has opened a window on a poorly understood but increasingly scrutinized brain disorder. In death, Keck joined a tragic gridiron group, including once-great pro players Mike Webster and Junior Seau, all of whom developed chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) – a devastating disease caused by repeated blows to the head. "This is a relatively understudied disease," said Dr. Ann McKee, a professor of pathology at Boston University School of Medicine. "But the loss of memory, the behavioral problems, the depression, the difficulties with learning and planning can and do affect all kinds of athletes, both professional and amateur." McKee is co-author of a new case study, based on Keck's experience, ... Read more

Related support groups: Head Injury, Psychiatric Disorders, Diagnosis and Investigation, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Imaging, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

ADHD Meds May Raise Risk for Psychotic Side Effects in Some Kids: Study

Posted 30 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 30, 2015 – Stimulant medications, such as those used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), may raise the risk for psychotic side effects among young patients who have a parent with a history of serious mental illness, new research suggests. The study included 141 children and young adults aged 6 to 21. Nearly two-thirds of those prescribed stimulant medications had a psychotic side effect. These side effects included hallucinations, delusions, hearing voices, and/or perceptual disturbances, the researchers said. By comparison, psychotic effects affected just over one-quarter of those who had not taken a stimulant drug, the study showed. "These meds can be extremely helpful, including in kids with a family history of mental illness," said study lead author Dr. Rudolf Uher. He is an associate professor and Canada research chair in early intervention in ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Amphetamine, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Drug Psychosis, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER

Study Maps Areas of Brain Linked to PTSD

Posted 18 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 18, 2015 – Heightened fear responses occur in certain areas of the brain in people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a new study reports. The research included 67 U.S. military veterans who served in Iraq or Afghanistan after Sept. 11, 2001. All had been involved in traumatic events, and 32 of the veterans had been diagnosed with PTSD. The veterans underwent a series of tests, and had MRI brain scans during those tests. The tests revealed that veterans with PTSD had heightened activity in certain brain regions when shown images only vaguely similar to the event that triggered their PTSD. For example, the researchers saw heightened activity in an area called the visual cortex. This is significant because along with visual processing, that area of the brain also assesses threats, study leader Dr. Rajendra Morey, associate professor in the department of psychiatry ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Agitated State, Performance Anxiety, Diagnosis and Investigation

Bullying Can Leave Lasting Mental Scars

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 – Bullying can lead to lasting psychological effects for both victims and tormentors, researchers report. More than 20 percent of children who have suffered bullying are prone to depression serious enough to require medical help by their late 20s, researchers from Finland said. "Frequent victimization at age 8 is associated with adult psychiatric disorders needing treatment," said lead researcher Dr. Andre Sourander, a professor in the department of child psychiatry at the University of Turku. Besides depression, researchers found that bullying or being bullied were associated with psychosis, anxiety, and drug and alcohol abuse. "We need to understand the importance of early peer and school experiences for children," Sourander said. "We should integrate a mental health perspective to anti-bullying campaigns, because early intervention can prevent long-term ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Opiate Dependence, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Opiate Withdrawal, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Drug Dependence, Agitation, Psychosis, Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal

Living Together, Marriage Give Equal Boost to Women's Mental Health: Study

Posted 7 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 7, 2015 – Living together or getting married provides young adults – especially women – with a boost to emotional health, a new study finds. Researchers analyzed data from 8,700 Americans who were born between 1980 and 1984, and interviewed every other year from 2000 to 2010. The study authors found that single young women had a similar increase in emotional health whether they moved in with someone or got married for the first time. For men, marriage seemed to be the key to improving their emotional health. When it came to finding love the second time around, both men and women had similar improvements in emotional health when they moved in with someone or got married, the findings showed. The study was published online Dec. 3 in the Journal of Family Psychology. As recently as the early 1990s, getting married gave people a bigger emotional lift than living with ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders

Powerful New Pot May Harm the Brain, Researchers Say

Posted 2 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 2, 2015 – Smoking high-potency marijuana might damage nerve fibers that connect the brain's two hemispheres, a new study reports. MRI scans of nearly 100 people – including some diagnosed with psychosis – associated frequent use of high-potency "skunk" marijuana with damage to the corpus callosum, the largest white matter structure in the brain. "We found that frequent use of high-potency cannabis significantly affects the structure of white matter fibers in the brain, whether you have psychosis or not," said senior researcher Dr. Paola Dazzan, of the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King's College London. Further, her team said the damage appears to be dose-dependent. "This reflects a sliding scale where the more cannabis you smoke and the higher the potency, the worse the damage will be," Dazzan said in a college news release. This is vital ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Cannabis, Diagnosis and Investigation, Drug Psychosis

Doctor Burnout Rates on the Rise

Posted 1 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 1, 2015 – Burnout is a growing problem among American doctors, a new study indicates. Analyzing the results of 2011 and 2014 surveys of more than 6,000 doctors across the United States, researchers found that the number who met the criteria for burnout rose from 45 percent to 54 percent over that time. Burnout rates rose in nearly all specialties, but the highest rates of burnout were among those in general internal medicine, family medicine and emergency medicine. There was no increase in work hours or in rates of depression among doctors. Doctors' satisfaction with work-life balance fell between the two surveys, according to the study, which was published Dec. 1 in the journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings and conducted by Mayo Clinic researchers in partnership with the American Medical Association. "Burnout manifests as emotional exhaustion, loss of meaning in work, and ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Psychiatric Disorders, Performance Anxiety

Drug Helps Those With Tough-to-Treat Schizophrenia: Study

Posted 25 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 – The drug clozapine reduces symptoms in schizophrenia patients who don't benefit from other antipsychotic medications, a new study indicates. The finding, culled from an analysis of Medicaid data on more than 6,200 patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia, was published recently in the American Journal of Psychiatry. "These results give clinicians important guidance for how to help an extremely vulnerable group of people," said study author Dr. T. Scott Stroup, a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City and a research psychiatrist at New York State Psychiatric Institute. "By helping individuals with treatment-resistant schizophrenia get effective treatment sooner, we can expect better outcomes," Stroup said in a Columbia news release. Antipsychotic drugs relieve symptoms in most people with schizophrenia, but up to ... Read more

Related support groups: Seroquel, Abilify, Schizophrenia, Risperdal, Latuda, Zyprexa, Risperidone, Schizoaffective Disorder, Seroquel XR, Geodon, Saphris, Quetiapine, Agitation, Psychosis, Olanzapine, Invega, Psychiatric Disorders, Clozapine, Aripiprazole, Clozaril

Childhood Cancer Survivors May Suffer Physically, Mentally Decades Later

Posted 19 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 – Childhood cancer survivors can have poor mental and physical health as adults, according to two new studies. These health problems may be related to some of the toxic medications needed to treat cancer, experts say. "We are doing a lot better at curing childhood cancers, but there are a lot of late effects of treatment that need to be looked at," said Dr. Karen Effinger, a pediatrics instructor at Stanford School of Medicine. Because they are so young when treated, children and teens with cancer are the most vulnerable to long-term effects of treatment, she noted. In one study, Danish researchers found that cancer survivors were more likely to be hospitalized as adults. In the other, kids who survived bone cancer were more likely to have poor reading and thinking skills, investigators found. Both studies were published Nov. 19 online in JAMA Oncology. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Psychiatric Disorders, Poisoning, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

Almost 1 in 10 Americans Has Lifelong Drug Problem

Posted 18 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 18, 2015 – Nearly one in 10 Americans has some type of lifelong drug use disorder, a new federal government survey finds. But only a quarter of them get the treatment they need, researchers said. The findings stem from a large U.S. National Institutes of Health survey. It's the first survey based on updated mental health guidelines that set a higher bar for diagnosing drug addiction than previous guidelines. "But the seriousness and persistence of the situation doesn't appear to have changed all that drastically since our last look at this," said study lead author Bridget Grant. "What we see," Grant added, "is that a little over 23 million Americans are directly affected with a lifelong problem. And many more are affected when you consider that the issue involves not just the user but also the user's family and social network. And on top of that we also see that ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Opiate Dependence, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Drug Dependence, Agitation, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Dysthymia

Computer-Based Psychotherapy Not as Effective as Standard Care

Posted 12 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 – Computer-assisted cognitive behavioral therapy probably won't replace standard person-to-person therapy any time soon, new research suggests. The British study found that people did not follow through on computer-assisted therapy. Fewer than one in five completed six computer sessions, the researchers reported. Cognitive behavioral therapy – a form of talk therapy – is an effective treatment for depression. However, in-person therapy is not always available, so computer-assisted therapy was developed as a substitute. But until now, the effectiveness of computer-assisted therapy hadn't been studied. The study included almost 700 British patients with depression who were randomly assigned to receive either standard care from their doctor or standard care with one of two computer-assisted therapy packages – one a commercial product and the other a free online ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder

Too Few Psychiatric Patients Screened for Diabetes: Study

Posted 11 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 – Despite guidelines, diabetes screening rates are low among adults with severe mental illness who take antipsychotic medications, researchers find. In a new California study, fewer than one-third of mental health patients were screened for type 2 diabetes, despite an elevated risk for the disorder, the researchers reported in the Nov. 9 online edition of the journal JAMA Internal Medicine. Treatment with antipsychotic drugs contributes to this risk, the researchers explained. This class of drugs includes clozapine (Clozaril), olanzapine (Zyprexa) and risperidone (Risperdal), among others. Anyone taking them should undergo diabetes screening every year, the American Diabetes Association says. These drugs often cause weight gain, a contributing factor to type 2 diabetes, the study authors noted in a journal news release. "To improve care for persons with serious ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Diabetes, Type 2, Anxiety and Stress, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Borderline Personality Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Binge Eating Disorder, Agitation, Psychosis, Psychiatric Disorders

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