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Related terms: Depression, Postnatal, Depression, Postpartum, Postnatal Depression, PDD, PND, Postnatal, Postpartum

States With More Gun Owners Have More Gun-Related Suicides: Study

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 – In states where there are more gun owners, there are also more gun-related suicides, a new U.S. study finds. Looking at 33 years' worth of data, the researchers found that states with more gun owners generally had more suicides by firearm among both men and women. Men in those states also had higher overall suicide rates. The findings do not prove that guns lead to more suicides, said lead researcher Dr. Michael Siegel, a professor at the Boston University School of Public Health. However, his team considered many other factors that could affect a state's suicide patterns – including unemployment levels, divorce rates, crime and residents' typical alcohol intake. And still, suicide rates rose in tandem with gun ownership, Siegel noted. For every 10-percentage-point increase in a state's gun ownership level, the rate of gun-related suicides among men rose by 3 ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Neurotic Depression

Scientists Test 'Magic Mushroom' Chemical for Tough-to-Treat Depression

Posted 11 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 – A hallucinogenic compound found in "magic mushrooms" shows promise in treating depression, a small, preliminary study found. "Depression continues to affect a large proportion of the population, many of whom do not respond to conventional treatments," said Dr. Scott Krakower, a psychiatrist who reviewed the study. "Although this was a small study, it does offer hope for new, unconventional treatments, to help those who are battling with severe depression," said Krakower, who is chief of psychiatry at Zucker Hillside Hospital in Glen Oaks, N.Y. The new trial included 12 people with moderate to severe depression who had been resistant to standard treatment. All of the patients were given the compound psilocybin, found in hallucinogenic mushrooms. Three months after treatment, seven patients had reduced symptoms of depression, according to a team led by Dr. Robin ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis

Could Inducing Brief, Mild 'Fever' Help Ease Depression?

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 – Temporarily raising the body temperature of people who are depressed seems to ease symptoms for up to six weeks, a small new study finds. The treatment, known as whole-body hyperthermia, essentially gives patients a mild, transient fever, the researchers explained. Similar to some antidepressant drugs, the treatment is thought to work by activating a part of the brain that produces the chemical serotonin. This brain region is less active in people with depression, the researchers explained. "Our hope is to find better and faster-acting treatments for depression than the antidepressants currently in use," said lead researcher Dr. Charles Raison of the University of Wisconsin. "We think that using heat to stimulate the skin activates serotonin-producing cells in the mid-brain, which then produce a change in how the brain functions," he explained in a university ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Trazodone, Major Depressive Disorder, Sertraline, Pristiq, Fever, Amitriptyline, Bupropion, Viibryd, Fluoxetine, Effexor XR

Study: Ex-NFL Players Aren't at Greater Risk for Suicide

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 – Professional football players aren't at greater risk of suicide than the general U.S. population, federal health officials report, although players are far likelier to suffer concussions. For the study, the researchers calculated the suicide death rate for 3,439 retired National Football League players who played for at least five seasons between 1959 and 1988. Previous studies have suggested that different football positions carry different risks. To account for this possibility, the researchers divided the players into two groups. The first group included athletes who played positions involving speed, such as running back, wide receiver and quarterback. The other group included those who played positions that didn't rely on speed, such as offensive and defensive linemen. Punters and kickers were excluded from the study because these positions rarely involve ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Head Injury, Dysthymia, Head Injury with Intracranial Hemorrhage, Head Injury w/ Intracranial Hemorrhage and Loss of Consciousness, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Depressive Episode May Not Always Follow Mania in Bipolar Disorder

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 – While many may associate bipolar disorder with episodes of mania followed by periods of depression, a new study suggests that's often not the case. Researchers say states of anxiety are equally as likely as to follow manic episodes as depression. The finding might have implications for better treatment, the research team said. "For years, we may have missed opportunities to evaluate the effects of treatments for bipolar disorder on anxiety," said study lead author Dr. Mark Olfson, a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University Medical Center in New York City. "The results of our study suggest that researchers should begin to ask whether, and to what extent, treatments for bipolar disorder relieve anxiety as well as mania and depression," he added in a university new release. According to the study authors, about 5.7 million Americans have bipolar disorder, which ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Mania, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis

Mindfulness Therapy May Help Ease Recurrent Depression

Posted 27 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 27, 2016 – Mindfulness therapy may help reduce the risk of repeated bouts of depression, researchers report. One expert not connected to the study explained the mindfulness approach. "Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy enhances awareness of thoughts and emotions being experienced, and enables development of skills to better cope with them," said Dr. Ami Baxi, a psychiatrist who directs adult inpatient services at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. In the new study, a team led by Willem Kuyken, of the University of Oxford in England, analyzed the findings of nine published studies. The research included a total of almost 1,300 patients with a history of depression. The studies compared the effectiveness of mindfulness therapy against usual depression care and other active treatments, including antidepressants. After 60 weeks of follow-up, those who received ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Depressive Psychosis

Omega-3 Fish Oil Supplements Might Boost Antidepressants' Effects

Posted 26 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 – Omega-3 fish oil supplements may improve the effectiveness of antidepressants, new research suggests. Researchers reviewed the findings of eight clinical trials worldwide, as well as other evidence, and concluded that the supplements appear to help battle depression in people already on medication. "Omega-3 fish oil – in combination with antidepressants – had a statistically significant effect over a placebo," said study leader Jerome Sarris. He is head of the ARCADIA Mental Health Research Group at the University of Melbourne in Australia. The study looked at the result of trials where patients battling depression took either a standard antidepressant plus a form of omega-3 fish oil, versus the antidepressant plus an inactive placebo. "The difference for patients taking both antidepressants and omega-3, compared to a placebo, was highly significant," Sarris ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Major Depressive Disorder, Sertraline, Pristiq, Fluoxetine, Effexor XR, Venlafaxine, Mirtazapine, Savella, Remeron, Escitalopram, Paroxetine

ER Screenings Could Help Prevent Suicide: Study

Posted 11 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 11, 2016 – Routine screening of emergency room patients for suicide risk might be an effective way to prevent it, a new study suggests. Nurses at eight ERs were trained to screen patients for three suicide risk factors: depression, suicidal thoughts and previous suicide attempts. Over five years, suicide screenings rose from 26 percent to 84 percent, and detection of patients at risk of suicide increased from nearly 3 percent to 5.7 percent, the University of Massachusetts Medical School researchers found. The study was published in the April issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. "Our study is the first to demonstrate that near-universal suicide risk screening can be done in a busy [emergency department] during routine care," lead author Edwin Boudreaux said in a university news release. Boudreaux is vice chairman of research in the department of emergency ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis

Genes May Link Risks for Pot Use, Depression

Posted 30 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 30, 2016 – A genetic risk for marijuana dependence may be associated with a higher inherited risk for major depression, according to a new study. Researchers analyzed the gene profiles of more than 14,000 people and identified several genetic variants that significantly boost the risk of marijuana dependence. According to the researchers, it's the first study to pinpoint those variants. The investigators also examined whether people with some forms of mental illness might also be at higher risk for marijuana dependence, as they are for alcohol and other substances. "We were surprised to find a genetic risk overlap between cannabis dependence and major depression," said study senior author Dr. Joel Gelernter, a professor of psychiatry, genetics and of neuroscience at Yale University, in New Haven, Conn. The findings might also help explain why many people with ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Cannabis, Neurotic Depression, Depressive Psychosis

ER Docs Only Ask Half of Suicidal Patients About Guns, Study Shows

Posted 28 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 – Only half of suicidal patients in U.S. emergency departments (EDs) are asked if they have access to guns, a new study finds. National guidelines say doctors should ask suicidal patients about their access to guns or other deadly items, the researchers noted. They interviewed more than 1,300 emergency department patients in seven states who had either attempted suicide or were thinking about it. The investigators also examined the patients' medical charts. "We found in about 50 percent of cases there is no documentation by the doctor that anyone asked the patients about firearms access. That means there is a large group of patients we are missing a chance to intervene for," study lead author Dr. Emmy Betz, from the University of Colorado School of Medicine, said in a university news release. About 25 percent of the patients who had guns at home said they kept at ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Depressive Psychosis

'Love Hormone' Levels in Pregnancy May Point to Risk for Postpartum Depression

Posted 24 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 24, 2016 – Higher levels of the mother-child bonding hormone oxytocin during pregnancy may be associated with increased risk of postpartum depression in some women, researchers say. The findings suggest it may eventually be possible to develop a test to predict postpartum depression and provide preventive treatment during pregnancy. The study results are "not ready to become a new blood test yet," said lead investigator Dr. Suena Massey, an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine, in Chicago. "But it tells us that we are on the track to identifying biomarkers to help predict postpartum depression," she said. According to background notes with the study, oxytocin is a hormone that plays a role in aiding delivery and lactation, social bonding and stress management. The study included 66 healthy ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Postpartum Depression, Delivery, Oxytocin, Labor Induction, Pitocin, Postpartum Bleeding, Cervical Ripening, Labor Pain, Syntocinon, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation, Hyperemesis Gravidarum with Metabolic Disturbance

Women Who've Battled Postpartum Depression Often Limit Family Size

Posted 19 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 – Women who've had postpartum depression may not have more than two children, a new study suggests. Researchers examined data from more than 300 mothers born in the early to mid-20th century. Most of them lived in developed nations while raising their children, researchers said. The investigators – led by Sarah Myers from the University of Kent in the United Kingdom – concluded that postpartum depression leads to lower fertility levels in women. They said this was especially true when the postpartum depression occurred after the birth of a first child. Higher levels of emotional distress after a first child reduced the likelihood of having a third child, but not a second child, researchers suggested. Postpartum depression after both the first and second child appeared to reduce the chances of having a third child to the same extent as major birth complications, ... Read more

Related support groups: Postpartum Depression

Most Pediatricians Don't Ask About Mom's Depression

Posted 8 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 7, 2016 – Fewer than half of pediatricians in the United States ask mothers about depression, even though the condition affects many women with young children, a new study reveals. "Maternal depression is often overlooked and untreated because women with mental health issues do not routinely access health care for themselves," study co-author Dr. Ruth Stein, an attending physician at the Children's Hospital at Montefiore in New York City, said in a hospital news release. "The pediatrician's office is a frequently visited venue for mothers, offering invaluable opportunities for pediatricians to identify the condition and connect moms with services that can help families thrive," she added. For the study, researchers reviewed surveys conducted by the American Academy of Pediatrics. More than 450 pediatricians responded in 2004, and more than 300 participated in 2013. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Delivery, Dysthymia, Premature Labor, Depressive Psychosis, Cesarean Section, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Many Suicidal People Make Long-Term Recovery, Study Shows

Posted 17 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 – Nearly four in 10 people who seriously consider suicide end up recovering long-term, achieving a mental state that's free of suicidal symptoms or thoughts, a new Canadian study finds. Certain factors help, however: The chances of recovery are more than seven times greater when a patient has a close confidant to trust and count on, researchers from the University of Toronto reported. "Most people will eventually have to deal with tragedy," said study co-author Philip Baiden, a doctoral candidate and graduate fellow at the university's Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work. "So this speaks to the general importance of having somebody to confide in. It can be challenging to find these people, even if you have a lot of friends. But having people you can draw on to have an intimate personal conversation with, and who can offer you some support, can be very ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, Citalopram, Paxil, Trazodone, Major Depressive Disorder, Sertraline, Pristiq, Amitriptyline, Bupropion, Viibryd, Fluoxetine, Effexor XR, Venlafaxine

Depression May Boost Seniors' Risk for Heart Disease, Stroke

Posted 4 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 – Depression increases the risk of heart disease and stroke in older adults, a new study indicates. The researchers looked at more than 7,300 seniors in France with no history of heart disease, stroke or dementia at the start of the study period. Participants were assessed again two, four and seven years later. Initially, about 30 percent of the women and 15 percent of the men had high levels of depression symptoms. At each follow-up visit, about 40 percent of those with high levels of depression symptoms had recovered, while the same percentage had new depression symptoms, the study authors said. At all assessments during the study, less than 10 percent of participants were taking antidepressant medications, according to the report published online recently in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. Study participants who had high levels of depression ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Major Depressive Disorder, Heart Disease, Postpartum Depression, Dysthymia, Neurotic Depression, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Depressive Psychosis, Ischemic Heart Disease

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Zoloft, Effexor, Prozac, Celexa, citalopram, Paxil, sertraline, fluoxetine, Effexor XR, venlafaxine, paroxetine, Paxil CR