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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Blog

Related terms: Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome, PTSD, PSTD

Mini-Strokes May Lead to PTSD, Study Finds

Posted 3 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 2, 2014 – A mini-stroke may not cause lasting physical damage, but it could increase your risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a small, new study suggests. Almost one-third of patients who suffered a mini-stroke – known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA) – developed symptoms of PTSD, including depression, anxiety and reduced quality of life, the researchers said. "At the moment, a TIA is seen by doctors as a fairly benign disorder," said study co-author Kathrin Utz, a researcher in the department of neurology at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg in Germany. However, Utz and colleagues found that from a patient's perspective, a TIA is not so benign. "We found one in three patients develop PTSD, which is perhaps better known as a problem found in survivors of war zones and natural disasters," Utz said. PTSD can develop when a person experiences ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Transient Ischemic Attack

Research Shows Possible Neurological Patterns for PTSD Symptoms

Posted 18 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 18, 2014 – Imaging technology has shed new light on how certain symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) manifest in the brain, according to a new study. PTSD is a mental health condition that can cause a wide range of debilitating symptoms, such as flashbacks to a traumatic event, being in a constant state of stress and avoiding certain situation and people, according to background information from the study. Researchers identified a specific opioid receptor in the brain linked to emotion that is also associated with a specific group of PTSD symptoms, including listlessness and emotional detachment. They suggested their findings could help doctors develop targeted, or personalized treatments for the condition. "Our study points toward a more personalized treatment approach for people with a specific symptom profile that's been linked to a particular ... Read more

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PTSD Link to Food Addiction Seen in Report

Posted 17 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 17, 2014 – Women who have the largest number of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms are almost three times more likely to develop an addiction to food, a new study suggests. The findings don't prove a direct link between PTSD and women overeating or becoming addicted to food. And it's also possible that certain women are prone to food addiction and experiencing trauma, PTSD, or both. Still, the research seems to add to existing evidence connecting PTSD to overeating and obesity, although the overall risk is fairly low, the researchers from the University of Minnesota said. The findings can be helpful, said the study's lead author, Susan Mason, an assistant professor with the university's division of epidemiology and community health. "If clinicians providing mental health care are aware that PTSD is sometimes accompanied by problematic eating behaviors, then they ... Read more

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Civilian Life, Not Combat, May Drive Many Veterans to Drink

Posted 31 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 31, 2014 – Difficulties in civilian life, rather than war experiences, are a source of drinking problems among U.S. National Guard soldiers back at home, a new study suggests. Setbacks such as job loss, divorce and financial problems – all common for returning vets – may make as many as 13 percent of vets turn to drink, researchers found. "Exposure to combat-related traumatic events has an important effect on mental health in the short term, but what defines long-term mental health problems among Guardsmen is having to deal with a lot of daily life difficulties that arise in the aftermath of deployment when soldiers come home," said lead researcher Magdalena Cerda, an assistant professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in New York City. These difficulties don't just aggravate existing drinking problems; "they may lead to new ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism

Too Little Known About PTSD Treatments for Veterans, Experts Say

Posted 22 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 20, 2014 – U.S. government agencies must do more to determine whether treatments are actually helping veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), an expert advisory panel contends. The report from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) committee says that the effectiveness of PTSD therapies remains unknown because they are not tracked by the Departments of Defense and Veterans Affairs. "Given that the DoD and VA are responsible for serving millions of service members, families and veterans, we found it surprising that no PTSD outcome measures are used consistently to know if these treatments are working or not," committee chair Sandro Galea, professor and chair of the department of epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, said in an institute news release. Symptoms of PTSD include re-experiencing an event (such as having a flashback), ... Read more

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More U.S. Service Members in Treatment for Mental Health Disorders

Posted 15 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, June 13, 2014 – About 3.5 percent of U.S. military personnel were in treatment for mental health conditions in 2012 – up from just 1 percent in 2000, a new military study finds. Experts said the rise is likely due to two factors: an actual increase in mental health disorders since Sept. 11, 2001, and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq; as well as the military's efforts to get more soldiers into treatment. "That second factor is the positive part of this," said Dr. Jeffrey Borenstein, a psychiatrist and president of the New York-based Brain & Behavior Research Foundation, which studies post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among service members. "The military has become more sensitive to the needs of personnel and their families," said Borenstein, who was not involved in the research. "It's been making an effort to ensure that people who need treatment receive treatment." That ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders

ICU Patients at Much Greater Risk for PTSD: Study

Posted 19 May 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 19, 2014 – After being discharged from an intensive care unit (ICU), patients are at much greater risk for developing symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a new review finds. "An ICU stay can be traumatic for both patients and their families," researcher Dr. Ann Parker, a pulmonary and critical care medicine fellow at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, said in a news release. "In our analysis of more than 3,400 ICU patients, we found that one quarter of ICU survivors exhibited symptoms of PTSD." People with PTSD may experience flashbacks, nightmares or angry outbursts. In the review, which was to be presented Monday at the American Thoracic Society's annual meeting in San Diego, researchers reviewed 28 previous studies involving 3,428 adults who survived an ICU stay. Of these, 429 were evaluated for symptoms of PTSD one to six months after they were ... Read more

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Psychiatric Ills Widespread Among U.S. Soldiers: Studies

Posted 3 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 3, 2014 – Three new studies suggest that a sizeable percentage of American soldiers suffer from some type of mental health issue, at rates higher than those seen in the general population. "Some of the differences in disorder rates are truly remarkable," Ronald Kessler, a professor of health care policy at Harvard Medical School and senior author of one of the studies, said in a Harvard news release. "The rate of major depression is five times as high among soldiers as civilians, intermittent explosive disorder six times as high, and post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD] nearly 15 times as high." Two of the three studies relied on data from the STARRS survey, a major research effort involving almost 5,500 soldiers. The survey is a collaborative effort between the U.S. Army and the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). All of the studies were released online ... Read more

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Modern War Wounds Can Devastate Vets' Sexual, Emotional Health

Posted 21 Feb 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2014 – The tools of war have changed. With the increased use of powerful explosive devices, men and women patrolling on foot in bomb-laced areas of combat are increasingly suffering traumatic injuries to the groin and genitals, experts say. Those injuries can pose complex long-term sexual and psychological challenges. It is hard to even imagine having your genitals crushed, burned or ripped off in a blast by a makeshift bomb, said Dr. Chris Gonzalez, the lead author of a new review article published recently in The Journal of Men's Health. "For some, it's even worse than losing a limb," he said. The impact of so-called "improvised explosive devices" (IEDs) is different from gun fire encountered in earlier combat, explained Gonzalez, who is a professor of urology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, in Chicago. "The energy comes from the ground up, so ... Read more

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College Drinking May Aggravate PTSD Symptoms

Posted 31 Jan 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 31, 2014 – College students with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are likely to drink more alcohol than other students, potentially worsening their symptoms and leading them to drink even more, new research suggests. It's estimated that 9 percent of all college students suffer from PTSD, an anxiety disorder that can develop after seeing or living through a frightening event. People with PTSD may experience flashbacks, nightmares and angry outbursts. "College is a time of important developmental changes and a period of risk for heavy drinking, trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress symptoms," study principal investigator Jennifer Read, an associate professor of psychology at the University at Buffalo, said in a university news release. "Heavy drinking is common on college campuses and related to risk for sexual assault, interpersonal violence and serious injury, any ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Could Ecstasy Help People With Anxiety, PTSD?

Posted 17 Jan 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 17, 2014 – Researchers say they've discovered how the club drug Ecstasy acts on the brain, and their findings suggest the drug might be useful in treating anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. The study included 25 volunteers who underwent two functional MRI brain scans – one after taking Ecstasy (MDMA) and one after taking a placebo. Both times, the participants did not know which substance they had been given. Ecstasy decreased activity in the brain's limbic system, which is involved in emotional responses. The drug also reduced communication between the brain's medial temporal lobe and medial prefrontal cortex, which is involved in emotional control, according to the study, which was published online Jan. 13 in the journal Biological Psychiatry. These effects are the opposite of brain patterns that occur in people with anxiety, said the researchers, from Imperial ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Military Contractors Suffer High Rates of PTSD, Study Finds

Posted 10 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2013 – Private contractors who worked in Afghanistan, Iraq and other conflict zones over the past two years have high rates of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a new study finds. Researchers conducted an anonymous online survey of 660 contractors who had been deployed to a conflict zone at least once between early 2011 and early 2013, and found that 25 percent met the criteria for PTSD and 18 percent for depression. Half reported alcohol misuse. Despite these problems, few contractors received help before or after deployment, according to the study by the RAND Corp., a nonprofit research organization. Even though most of them had health insurance, only 28 percent of those with PTSD and 34 percent of those with depression reported receiving mental health treatment in the previous 12 months. Many contractors also reported physical health problems as ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD Might Lead to Sizable Weight Gain in Women

Posted 21 Nov 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 20 – Women with post-traumatic stress disorder are more likely to be overweight or obese than women without the condition, a new study suggests. According to the researchers, one in nine women will have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at some point in her life. That's twice as often as men. Women are more likely to experience traumatic events, such as rape, which carry a high risk for PTSD, the study authors said. "PTSD is not just about mental health, but also has physical health consequences," said lead researcher Karestan Koenen, an associate professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, in New York City. Women with PTSD gain weight faster than women who do not have the condition, Koenen said. "This, in turn, has consequences for the risk of heart disease and all the adverse outcomes associated with obesity," she said. How ... Read more

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New Test Spots Risk for PTSD in Injured Kids

Posted 5 Oct 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Oct. 4 – A simple, short mental health test already used for pediatric patients has been found effective at predicting post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) risk among preschoolers seriously injured by such things as a burn or car crash. "The most important point is that until now we had no evidence-based method to identify preschool-age children for their risk of long-term psychological problems early after accidents," said the study's lead author, Markus Landolt, head of pediatric psychology at University Children's Hospital Zurich. Such problems can manifest as repetitive nightmares or the "replaying" of the initial trauma, anxiety, aggressive behavior, temper tantrums and problems with concentration, according to the researchers. The Swiss effort centers around the "Pediatric Emotional Distress Scale" questionnaire (PEDS). This test was retooled into the PEDS-Early Screener ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Memory-Erasing Gene Discovered in Mice

Posted 20 Sep 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 20 – A newly identified gene that plays an important role in erasing old memories could point to new ways to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), researchers say. The role of the Tet1 gene in "memory extinction" was uncovered in experiments with mice. The gene appears to control a small group of other genes necessary for getting rid of old memories. Boosting the activity of the Tet1 gene may help people with PTSD by making it easier for them replace memories of traumatic events with more pleasant memories, said study senior author Li-Huei Tsai, director of the Institute for Learning and Memory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "If there is a way to significantly boost the expression of these genes, then extinction learning is going to be much more active," Tsai, a professor of neuroscience, said in an MIT news release. Scientists note, however, that ... Read more

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