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Pneumonia Blog

Related terms: Bronchopneumonia, Community-acquired pneumonia

Viruses Increasingly Behind Child Pneumonia Cases

Posted 2 days 9 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 25, 2015 – Young children are at increased risk of becoming seriously ill with pneumonia – but unlike in years past, the cause is usually a respiratory virus, a large U.S. study finds. The researchers found that 66 percent of pneumonia cases in the more than 2,000 children in the study were caused by viruses alone. Just 8 percent had solely bacterial causes, and 7 percent were known to be caused by both bacteria and viruses. And, those infections can end up being serious, the study authors said. "Pneumonia is one of the most common causes of hospitalizations among children," said the study's lead author, Dr. Seema Jain, a researcher at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Pneumonia is a general term for an infection of the lungs, and it can be caused by a range of viruses, bacteria or even fungi. The disease is often thought of as a problem ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Viral Infection, Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Pneumonia Raises Heart Disease Risk for Years: Study

Posted 20 Jan 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 20, 2015 – Older patients hospitalized with pneumonia appear to have an increased risk of heart attack, stroke or death from heart disease for years afterward, a new study finds. This elevated risk was highest in the first month after pneumonia – fourfold – but remained 1.5 times higher over subsequent years, the researchers say. "A single episode of pneumonia could have long-term consequences several months or years later," said lead researcher Dr. Sachin Yende, an associate professor of critical care medicine and clinical and translational sciences at the University of Pittsburgh. This year's flu season is particularly hard on older adults, and pneumonia is a serious complication of flu, he said. Getting a flu shot and the pneumonia vaccine "may not only prevent these infections, but may also prevent subsequent heart disease and stroke," Yende said. Pneumonia, which ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Pneumonia

Preterm Birth, Pneumonia Leading Causes of Death for Children Under 5

Posted 1 Oct 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 – Nearly 2 million children younger than 5 died worldwide in 2013 of complications from premature birth and pneumonia, a new study shows. In all, 6.3 million children under 5 died in 2013, said researchers who examined the leading causes of death. They were complications from premature birth, resulting in 965,000 deaths; pneumonia, which caused 935,000 deaths, and childbirth complications, which led to 662,000 deaths. Nearly 52 percent of children died from infectious diseases such as pneumonia, malaria and diarrhea, according to the study published Sept. 30 in The Lancet. "Although great progress has been made in child survival in the past two decades, with most of this progress in the past decade, it has not been enough," the study authors, led by Dr. Robert Black, of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, said in a journal news release. The highest ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Prematurity/Underweight in Infancy

Scientists Spot How Bacterial Pneumonia Damages the Heart

Posted 19 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 – Doctors have known that bacterial pneumonia can raise your risk of heart problems, but new research pinpoints why. The bacteria actually invade and kill heart cells, increasing the chances of heart failure, abnormal heart rhythms and heart attacks in patients, scientists report. In mice, monkeys and human heart tissue, researchers found direct evidence of heart damage caused by the bacteria, and they tried a vaccine that might one day prevent such an attack. But they also discovered that an antibiotic currently used to treat pneumonia may actually make it easier for the bacteria to damage the heart. "When people are hospitalized for pneumonia, about 20 percent of them have something happen to their hearts, and those people are much more likely to die," explained lead researcher Carlos Orihuela, an associate professor in the department of microbiology and ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia

Study Finds Drop in Kids' Hospital-Related Infections

Posted 8 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 8, 2014 – Fewer children are developing infections related to their care in the hospital than they were seven years ago, according to a new study. The rate of bloodstream infections and pneumonia associated with critically ill children's health care in intensive care units fell by more than 50 percent between 2007 and 2012, researchers found. "We're recognizing that there are things that happen at hospitals that are preventable and there are things we can do to make being in the hospital safer, including for our most vulnerable patients," said lead researcher Dr. Stephen Patrick, assistant professor of pediatrics and health policy at Vanderbilt University in Nashville. "These are preventable complications that can be deadly or have life-long consequences, and I think this is a nice success story of providers getting together and saying the status quo is not acceptable," ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Sepsis

Common Respiratory Diseases Tied to Lung Cancer Risk

Posted 15 Aug 2014 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Aug. 15, 2014 – Three common respiratory diseases seem to be associated with an increased risk of lung cancer, researchers report. The investigators analyzed data from seven studies that included more than 25,000 people and found that chronic bronchitis, emphysema and pneumonia were linked with a greater risk of developing lung cancer. Having asthma or tuberculosis was not associated with a higher lung cancer risk, according to the study published in the Aug. 15 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. People who had all three – chronic bronchitis, emphysema and pneumonia – had a higher risk of lung cancer than those with chronic bronchitis only. There was no increased risk of lung cancer among those who had chronic bronchitis along with asthma or tuberculosis, the study found. In a journal news release, study author Ann Olsson said the reason ... Read more

Related support groups: Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Lung Cancer

Antibiotic Lowers Death Risk for Elderly Patients With Pneumonia: Study

Posted 3 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 3, 2014 – The antibiotic Zithromax (azithromycin) significantly lowers older pneumonia patients' risk of death but slightly increases their risk of heart attack, a new study indicates. Researchers analyzed data from more than 65,000 patients aged 65 and older who were treated for pneumonia at Veterans Administration hospitals between 2002 and 2012. About half of them received azithromycin and half did not. Ninety days after hospital admission, death rates were just over 17 percent for patients in the azithromycin group and about 22 percent in the other group. The patients who received azithromycin had a slightly higher risk of heart attack (5.1 percent versus 4.4 percent), but nearly the same risk for any cardiac event (about 43 percent), heart rhythm disorders (about 26 percent) and heart failure (26 percent), the investigators found. For every 21 patients treated with ... Read more

Related support groups: Azithromycin, Pneumonia, Zithromax, Zithromax Z-Pak, Z-Pak, Azithromycin Dose Pack, Zithromax TRI-PAK, Zithromax IV, Zmax

Infant Vaccines Also Protect Seniors Against Pneumonia: Study

Posted 11 Jul 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 11 – Vaccines given to infants to prevent blood and ear infections also seem to protect older people from pneumonia, a new study indicates. Researchers from Vanderbilt University found childhood vaccinations against pneumococcal bacteria have reduced pneumonia hospitalizations by 10 percent, particularly among older adults. They noted that this so-called "herd immunity" is more effective than the vaccine that is recommended for adults to prevent the spread of pneumonia. "Pneumonia is a leading cause of hospitalization in the United States. The protective effect we saw in older adults, who do not receive the vaccine but benefit from vaccination of infants, is quite remarkable. It is one of the most dramatic examples of indirect protection or herd immunity we have seen in recent years," study author Dr. Marie Griffin, a professor of preventive medicine and medicine at ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Vaccination and Prophlaxis

Vibativ Approved for Certain Bacterial Pneumonia

Posted 24 Jun 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 24 – The antibiotic Vibativ (telavancin) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat pneumonia caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria when other treatments aren't suitable. Pneumonia, a lung infection, can be caused by different bacteria and viruses. S. aureus infection often affects people in hospitals, notably those on ventilators. Such infections can be serious, since people on a ventilator often have a weakened immune system and are unable to fight an infection, the FDA said in a news release. Vibativ's safety and effectiveness were evaluated clinically among 1,532 people. The studies found the drug was about as effective in treating S. aureus pneumonia as another approved antibiotic, vancomycin. However, the studies found that more people treated with Vibativ died if they also had kidney problems, compared to kidney patients who took ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Vibativ, Telavancin

FDA Approves Vibativ for Hospitalized Patients with Bacterial Pneumonia

Posted 23 Jun 2013 by Drugs.com

June 21, 2013 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today expanded the approved use of the antibiotic Vibativ (telavancin) to treat patients with hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (HABP/VABP) caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Vibativ should be used for the treatment of HABP/VABP only when alternative treatments are not suitable. Bacterial pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by many different types of bacteria. Vibativ is approved only to treat S. aureus, not other bacteria that cause pneumonia. HABP/VABP, also known as nosocomial pneumonia, is a particularly serious lung infection because patients in the hospital and especially those on ventilators are often already very sick and usually cannot fight the infection. “Today’s approval demonstrates the FDA’s commitment to making available new therapeutic options to treat serious diseases like ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Vibativ, Telavancin

Pneumonia May Lead to Serious Aftereffects for Seniors

Posted 23 Mar 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 22 – Seniors who are hospitalized for pneumonia are at high risk for long-term physical and mental problems that can impair their ability to care for themselves, according to a new study. The study looked at data on about 1,400 adults older than 50 who survived more than 1,700 hospitalizations for pneumonia, heart attack or stroke. The effects of pneumonia were comparable to those seen in people who survive a heart attack or stroke, the researchers said. Patients who required hospital care for pneumonia – including those hospitalized just once during a nine-year period and those who did not require critical care – had a more than two-fold increased risk of a decline in mental abilities. The effects could be so severe that they led to disability and admission to a nursing home. The study also found that patients hospitalized for pneumonia had a nearly two times increased ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia

Scientists Shed Light on Fungus Behind Deadly Pneumonia Strain

Posted 28 Dec 2012 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 – Researchers report that they've sequenced the genome of a fungus called Pneumocystis jirovecii, potentially laying the groundwork for new ways to treat a strain of pneumonia that can kill people with weakened immune systems. The strain is known as Pneumocystis pneumonia. First noticed among malnourished babies, it gained attention during the AIDS epidemic because it struck HIV-infected patients. It also strikes other patients whose immune systems don't work properly, such as those who receive organ transplants, are undergoing treatment for blood cancer or have autoimmune disorders. The sequencing of the genome revealed that the fungus is a parasite that must live within the human body to survive. "This has been quite an important finding which implied that human beings represent the reservoir of this pathogen," study co-author Philippe Hauser of the Centre Hospitalier ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia, Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Sedatives May Raise Pneumonia Risk

Posted 5 Dec 2012 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 – People taking the widely prescribed sedatives known as benzodiazepines may be putting themselves at greater risk for developing pneumonia, British researchers report. Moreover, they may also face an increased risk of dying from the disease, the investigators added. Benzodiazepines such as Halcyon, Librium, Valium and Xanax are commonly prescribed for anxiety, epilepsy, muscle spasm and insomnia. "Our study calls into question the safety of benzodiazepine drugs in the context of infection," said study author Dr. Robert Sanders, a senior clinical research associate at the Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience at the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience at University College London. "While further study is required, this initial analysis suggests that benzodiazepine exposure may increase the risk of developing pneumonia or dying from pneumonia," he said. Sanders ... Read more

Related support groups: Xanax, Klonopin, Clonazepam, Ativan, Valium, Alprazolam, Lorazepam, Diazepam, Pneumonia, Temazepam, Restoril, Xanax XR, Librium, Oxazepam, Halcion, Serax, Triazolam, Midazolam, Versed, Chlordiazepoxide

Postoperative Program Prevents Respiratory Complications: Study

Posted 4 Oct 2012 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Oct. 4 – A simple and inexpensive program can reduce the risk of life-threatening and costly respiratory complications that are common after surgery, according to a new study. Pneumonia and ventilator dependency are among the most common complications that occur after surgery. A postoperative pulmonary program called I COUGH reduces those risks, researchers found. I COUGH stands for: incentive spirometry; coughing/deep breathing; oral care; understanding (patient and staff education); getting out of bed at least three times daily; head of bed elevation. The program was developed by a team at the Boston University School of Medicine and assessed for one year at the Boston University Medical Center. I COUGH reduced the risk of pneumonia, unplanned intubation and blood clots after surgery. The study was to be presented Oct. 4 at the American College of Surgeons' annual Clinical ... Read more

Related support groups: Pneumonia

High Blood Sugar May Make Pneumonia Deadlier

Posted 30 May 2012 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 30 – Elevated blood sugar levels may help predict death in pneumonia patients, researchers say. The new study included nearly 6,900 patients, average age 60, with community-acquired pneumonia who were admitted to hospitals and private practices in Austria, Germany and Switzerland between 2003 and 2009. Community-acquired pneumonia, one of the leading infectious diseases in industrialized nations, is a major cause of illness and death, according to background information in the study published online May 29 in the journal BMJ. Compared to patients with normal glucose levels at admission, those with elevated levels had a higher risk of death within 28 and 90 days. The higher a patient's glucose levels, the greater the risk of death, the investigators said in a journal news release. The death rate within 90 days was 3 percent for patients without diabetes and normal glucose ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Pneumonia

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Pneumocystis Pneumonia, Pneumonia with Cystic Fibrosis, Streptococcal Pneumonia, Pleuropulmonary Infection

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