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Pneumocystis Pneumonia News

Steroids May Help Speed Pneumonia Recovery, Study Finds

Posted 10 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2015 – Steroid treatment may hasten pneumonia patients' recovery and cut their risk of complications, a new review suggests. The findings "should lead to an important change in treatment for pneumonia," lead author Dr. Reed Siemieniuk, a physician and graduate student at McMaster University in Hamilton, Canada, said in a university news release. "Corticosteroids are inexpensive and readily available around the world. Millions of patients will benefit from this new evidence," he said. But one expert said a bit more research may be needed first. "With such modest – though measurable – effects of treatment, a large multi-center randomized clinical trial," would still be necessary to confirm the new findings and "perhaps justify a change in the standard of care," said Dr. Bruce Polsky. He is chair of the department of medicine at Winthrop-University Hospital in Mineola, ... Read more

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Many U.S. AIDS Patients Still Die When 'Opportunistic' Infections Strike

Posted 1 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2015 – Even after the advent of powerful medications for suppressing HIV, a new study finds that more than one-third of people in San Francisco who were diagnosed with an AIDS-related infection died within five years. "The main cause of mortality arises from people stopping treatment entirely," said Dr. Robert Grant, a professor at the University of California, San Francisco, who reviewed the findings but was not involved in the research. When HIV treatment lapses, so-called "opportunistic" infections and illnesses can arise, posing a real threat to patients' health, he explained. The bottom line, according to Grant, is that there is still "a long way to go" in prolonging the lives of Americans with HIV/AIDS. The new study was led by Dr. Sandra Schwarcz, associate professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at the University of California, San Francisco. She and her ... Read more

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Scientists Shed Light on Fungus Behind Deadly Pneumonia Strain

Posted 28 Dec 2012 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 – Researchers report that they've sequenced the genome of a fungus called Pneumocystis jirovecii, potentially laying the groundwork for new ways to treat a strain of pneumonia that can kill people with weakened immune systems. The strain is known as Pneumocystis pneumonia. First noticed among malnourished babies, it gained attention during the AIDS epidemic because it struck HIV-infected patients. It also strikes other patients whose immune systems don't work properly, such as those who receive organ transplants, are undergoing treatment for blood cancer or have autoimmune disorders. The sequencing of the genome revealed that the fungus is a parasite that must live within the human body to survive. "This has been quite an important finding which implied that human beings represent the reservoir of this pathogen," study co-author Philippe Hauser of the Centre Hospitalier ... Read more

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