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Spike in Newborn Drug-Withdrawal Tied to Prenatal Painkiller Use

Posted 13 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 – More babies are being born with drug withdrawal syndrome, possibly due to increased use of powerful prescription painkillers by pregnant women, according to the director of the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse. It's estimated that 14 percent to 22 percent of pregnant women in the United States are prescribed narcotic ("opioid") painkillers. These drugs include brands such as OxyContin and Percocet. In addition, there has reportedly been an increase in the rate of painkiller abuse among pregnant women. Between 2000 and 2009, the incidence of drug withdrawal syndrome among newborns – also called neonatal abstinence syndrome – rose from 1.2 to 3.4 per 1,000 live births, NIDA Director Dr. Nora Volkow reported in an article published in the Jan. 12 issue of the BMJ. "The steep increase in the number of opioid prescriptions dispensed in the United States has ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Methadone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, Tramadol, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, Roxicodone

Florida 'Pill Mill' Crackdown May Have Curbed Painkiller ODs

Posted 22 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 – A crackdown on "pill mills" in Florida appears to have led to fewer overdose deaths from narcotic painkillers, and may have helped reduce heroin overdose deaths as well, researchers report. Pill mills are clinics run by doctors who purportedly write large numbers of prescriptions for narcotic painkillers for cash, often without examining the patient, the researchers said. These painkillers include Oxycontin, Percocet and Vicodin. After Florida officials began their crackdown on pill mills, more than 1,000 fewer deaths occurred over 34 months, the study revealed. "Curbing the operation of pill mills may be an effective way for states to reduce prescription narcotic overdose death rates and total narcotic overdose death rates," said lead researcher Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, an assistant scientist at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Suboxone, Oxycodone, Methadone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, Back Pain, Tramadol, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Chronic Pain, Subutex

Drug Overdoses Hit Record High: CDC

Posted 18 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 18, 2015 – Drug overdose deaths reached record highs in 2014, fueled largely by the abuse of narcotic painkillers and heroin, U.S. health officials reported Friday. In 2014, more than 47,000 Americans died from drug overdoses – a 14 percent increase over 2013. Since 2000, nearly half a million people have died from overdoses, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. More than six out of 10 drug overdose deaths involved narcotics, including prescription painkillers and heroin, the report found. "The increasing number of deaths from opioid [narcotic] overdose is alarming," CDC director Dr. Tom Frieden said in a statement. "The opioid epidemic is devastating American families and communities. To curb these trends and save lives, we must help prevent addiction and provide support and treatment to those who suffer from opioid use ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Methadone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, Tramadol, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Heroin, Opana ER

Abuse of Prescription Painkillers, Stimulants Ups Sexual Risks for Teens

Posted 14 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 – Teens who use abuse prescription drugs such as narcotic painkillers are more likely to have sex or to participate in risky sexual behaviors, a new study suggests. These risky behaviors included having sex with multiple partners, using drugs or alcohol before having sex or having sex without the use of a condom, the research revealed. The study looked at a variety of prescription drugs that might be used recreationally by teens. These included the prescription painkillers Oxycontin, Vicodin, Percocet or codeine; sedatives such as Xanax or Ativan; or stimulant drugs used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), such as Adderall or Ritalin. "About 1 out of every 5 high school students reported non-medical use of prescription drugs," said study author Heather Clayton, a health scientist in the division of adolescent and school health at the U.S. ... Read more

Related support groups: Birth Control, Suboxone, Contraception, Oxycodone, Methadone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, Tramadol, OxyContin, Vicodin, Emergency Contraception, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex

Not Enough Needle Exchange Programs Outside Cities: Study

Posted 10 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 10, 2015 – Injection drug users in rural and suburban areas have less access to needle exchange programs than those in cities do, even though addiction rates are rising in non-urban areas, a new study shows. Providing injection drug users with new, sterile needles and syringes in exchange for used ones reduces their risk of contracting or spreading infections such as HIV and hepatitis C, the researchers explained. Many needle exchange programs also provide naloxone, a medication that can reverse overdoses from heroin and narcotic painkillers. The researchers found that 69 percent of needle exchange programs in the United States were in cities, with only 20 percent in rural areas and 9 percent in suburban areas. The range of services provided by the programs in different locations also varied. For example, only 37 percent in rural areas offered naloxone, compared with 61 ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Heroin, Drug Dependence, Opiate Adjunct, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, C-Topical Solution

Bullying Can Leave Lasting Mental Scars

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 – Bullying can lead to lasting psychological effects for both victims and tormentors, researchers report. More than 20 percent of children who have suffered bullying are prone to depression serious enough to require medical help by their late 20s, researchers from Finland said. "Frequent victimization at age 8 is associated with adult psychiatric disorders needing treatment," said lead researcher Dr. Andre Sourander, a professor in the department of child psychiatry at the University of Turku. Besides depression, researchers found that bullying or being bullied were associated with psychosis, anxiety, and drug and alcohol abuse. "We need to understand the importance of early peer and school experiences for children," Sourander said. "We should integrate a mental health perspective to anti-bullying campaigns, because early intervention can prevent long-term ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Opiate Dependence, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Opiate Withdrawal, Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Borderline Personality Disorder, Schizoaffective Disorder, Paranoid Disorder, Drug Dependence, Alcohol Dependence, Agitation, Alcohol Withdrawal, Psychosis

Those in Their 50s Now Largest Group Battling Addiction to Narcotics: Study

Posted 25 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 – Older adults are now the largest age group seeking help in narcotic painkiller and heroin treatment programs, a study based in New York City found. Narcotic painkillers include prescription painkillers, such as morphine, oxycodone (Oxycontin), and hydrocodone (Vicodin, Percocet). These medications are also known as opioids. The researchers' analysis of data revealed a "pronounced age trend in those utilizing opioid treatment programs from 1996 to 2012, with adults aged 50 and older becoming the majority treatment population," principle investigator Dr. Benjamin Han, from New York University, said in a university news release. People aged 50 to 59 accounted for about 8 percent of narcotic painkiller and heroin treatment patients in 1996, but they represented nearly 36 percent in 2012. The proportion of patients aged 60 to 69 also rose dramatically, from 1.5 ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Methadone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, Tramadol, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, Roxicodone

Drug Overdose Rates Soaring Among U.S. Youth

Posted 19 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 – Drug overdose deaths have skyrocketed among teens and young adults in the United States, with rates tripling or quadrupling in one out of every three states, a new report says. Nationwide, the drug overdose death rate has more than doubled during the past decade among people aged 12 to 25 – rising from 3.1 deaths per 100,000 in 1999-2001 to 7.3 deaths in 2011-2013, according to the Trust for America's Health report. These deaths are largely due to the nation's epidemic of prescription drug abuse, and a subsequent rise in heroin use, said Jeffrey Levi, executive director of the Trust for America's Health, a non-profit health advocacy group. "These twin epidemics have contributed to the recent tragic rise in overdose deaths," Levi said. The death toll from drug overdose is soaring in specific pockets of the nation. For instance, the rates have: More than ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Methadone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, Tramadol, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Heroin, Opana ER

Narcotic Painkiller Use in Adolescence May Raise Risk of Adult Addiction

Posted 28 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 28, 2015 – Teens who are given prescription narcotic painkillers may run a higher risk of abusing narcotics after high school, a new study suggests. Researchers said teen painkiller use was associated with a 33 percent increased risk of later abuse. And it was seen mostly among those with little to no history of drug use and those who strongly disapproved of illegal drug use. "A prescription for a pain reliever can put adolescents at risk for future pain reliever misuse," said study author Richard Miech, a research professor at the Survey Research Center at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. For the study, Miech and his colleagues used data that tracked more than 6,200 high school seniors until they were 23. At first glance, it seems counterintuitive that the increased risk was concentrated among teens who had little experience with illegal drugs, Miech ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Suboxone, Oxycodone, Methadone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, Back Pain, Tramadol, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Chronic Pain, Subutex

Genetic Makeup May Help Explain Methadone Overdoses

Posted 27 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 27, 2015 – Researchers say they've identified genetic variations that affect how quickly people metabolize the synthetic drug methadone. Methadone is used to treat pain or addiction to powerful narcotic pain drugs and heroin. However, methadone can be deadly if it remains in the body too long. "A person's genetic makeup influences how an enzyme in the liver metabolizes methadone," said principal investigator Dr. Evan Kharasch, professor of biochemistry and molecular biophysics at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. "This explains why some people can have very high levels of methadone in their blood – high enough to trigger a potential overdose – even if they have received the same dose of the drug as others who are not affected the same way," he said in a university news release. It was known that people metabolize methadone differently, but it was ... Read more

Related support groups: Methadone, Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Drug Dependence, Diskets, Methadose, Methadone Diskets, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Dolophine, Dolophine Hydrochloride, Methadose Sugar-Free

Obama Administration Takes Aim at Epidemic of Heroin, Painkiller Abuse

Posted 21 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2015 – President Barack Obama on Wednesday will announce a major new initiative aimed at fighting the ongoing epidemic of prescription painkiller and heroin abuse. Dozens of major medical groups, leading pharmacy chains, law enforcement agencies, media outlets and anti-drug groups will take part in the nationwide effort, the White House said in a statement. In 2016 alone, $133 million is earmarked towards the effort, the White House said. "Prescription drug abuse and heroin use have taken a heartbreaking toll on too many Americans and their families, while straining law enforcement and treatment programs," the White House said. The new programs are "aimed at addressing the prescription drug abuse and heroin epidemic." The widespread use of these so-called "opioid" drugs – pills such as Oxycontin, Vicodin and Percocet, along with heroin – continues unabated across ... Read more

Related support groups: Oxycodone, Methadone, Hydrocodone, Tramadol, OxyContin, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Fentanyl, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Heroin, Opana ER, Roxicodone, MS Contin, Ultram, Drug Dependence, Butrans

Prescription Painkiller Abuse Rate Down, But Many Are Addicted: Study

Posted 13 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 13, 2015 – The percentage of American adults who are abusing prescription narcotic painkillers has dipped slightly in the last decade, a new survey reveals. That's the good news. The bad news: Those who do abuse these powerful drugs are doing so more frequently and they are more likely to become addicted. "It is encouraging that the percentage of nonmedical use of opioids [narcotics] decreased," said study author Dr. Beth Han, a statistician with the Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality at the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. But at the same time, the mixed results "underscore the importance of treatment for substance use disorders," Han added. "Most adults with prescription opioid [narcotic] use disorders or other substance use disorders neither receive treatment nor perceive a need for treatment," said Han. Her team's report ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Methadone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, Tramadol, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, Roxicodone

Americans Concerned About Prescription Painkiller Addiction

Posted 12 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 – Most Americans are concerned about the abuse of narcotic painkillers, despite widespread use of these legal medications, new research suggests. About one in four Americans reported taking a prescription painkiller – such as hydrocodone (Vicodin) or oxycodone (Percocet, Oxycontin) – within the past year, the study said. Around 70 percent of Americans said they've been prescribed narcotic painkillers at some point in their life. And almost 20 percent admit they've taken painkillers prescribed for someone else, the study revealed. "This study shows that many Americans have had direct experience using prescription pain relievers and a sizable share have misused or abused these medications themselves, or have close friends or family members who have done so," study leader Colleen Barry, an associate professor at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, said ... Read more

Related support groups: Suboxone, Oxycodone, Methadone, Hydrocodone, Percocet, Tramadol, OxyContin, Vicodin, Norco, Opiate Dependence, Morphine, Fentanyl, Lortab, Codeine, Opiate Withdrawal, Opana, Subutex, Dilaudid, Opana ER, Roxicodone

Infants Born to Drug-Abusing Mothers Often Readmitted to Hospital

Posted 6 Oct 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 – Newborns with drug withdrawal syndrome are more likely to be readmitted to the hospital than those without the condition, a new study finds. Drug withdrawal syndrome can occur shortly after birth in babies whose mothers abuse narcotic painkillers during pregnancy. These infants are at increased risk for breathing and feeding problems, seizures and low birth weight, researchers from Vanderbilt University in Nashville explained. Drug withdrawal syndrome among babies is becoming more of an issue in the United States due to the epidemic of prescription narcotic painkiller abuse, previous studies have reported. In this study, the researchers reviewed information from more than 750,000 births in New York state between 2006 and 2009. They found more than 1,600 infants with drug withdrawal syndrome. These babies were nearly 2.5 times more likely to be readmitted to the ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Drug Dependence, Benzodiazepine Withdrawal, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse

8 of 10 People in Addiction Treatment Smoke, Study Finds

Posted 25 Sep 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2015 – People in addiction-treatment programs are about two to three times more likely to smoke than other people, a new study finds. Researchers reviewed 54 studies that included more than 37,000 people in 20 countries and found that 84 percent of those in treatment for drug and alcohol problems were smokers. Only 31 percent of people in the general population smoke. "When people come into treatment for drugs and alcohol, we are not treating another addiction that has a significant chance of eventually killing them, which is tobacco use," study leader Joseph Guydish, a professor of medicine and health policy at the University of California, San Francisco, said in a university news release. "At a public health level, this means that our addiction-treatment efforts should address smoking and tobacco use better than they do now," he added. This study did not include ... Read more

Related support groups: Opiate Dependence, Opiate Withdrawal, Smoking, Drug Dependence, Benzodiazepine Withdrawal, Alcohol Dependence, Substance Abuse, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Substance Abuse - Cocaine

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