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Kids Prescribed Antibiotics Twice as Often as Needed, Study Finds

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Sept. 15, 2014 – Pediatricians prescribe antibiotics about twice as often as they're actually needed for children with ear and throat infections, a new study indicates. More than 11 million antibiotic prescriptions written each year for children and teens may be unnecessary, according to researchers from University of Washington and Seattle Children's Hospital. This excess antibiotic use not only fails to eradicate children's viral illnesses, researchers said, but supports the dangerous evolution of bacteria toward antibiotic resistance. "I think it's well-known that we prescribers overprescribe antibiotics, and our intent was to put a number on how often we're doing that," said study author Dr. Matthew Kronman, an assistant professor of infectious diseases at Seattle Children's Hospital. "But as we found out, there's really been no change in this [situation] over the last ... Read more

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Antibiotic Resistance Among Foodborne-Illness Germs a Mixed Bag: CDC

Posted 1 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 – There's good news and bad news about antibiotic resistance among the germs that cause foodborne illnesses, a new U.S. government report released Tuesday shows. "Our latest data show some progress in reducing resistance among some germs that make people sick, but unfortunately we're also seeing greater resistance in some pathogens, like certain types of salmonella," Dr. Robert Tauxe, deputy director of the division of foodborne, waterborne and environmental diseases at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said in an agency news release. Each year, antibiotic-resistant infections from foodborne germs cause about 430,000 illnesses in the United States, according to the CDC. The agency's latest data, from 2012, show that multidrug-resistant salmonella, which causes about 100,000 illnesses a year, decreased during the past 10 years and resistance to ... Read more

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U.S. Hospitals Overuse, Misuse Antibiotics, CDC Says

Posted 4 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 4, 2014 – Many hospitals across the United States overuse or misuse antibiotics, which fuels the growth of drug-resistant bacteria, federal health officials warned Tuesday. Doctors in some hospitals prescribe three times more antibiotics than doctors in the same departments at other medical centers, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "We have to protect patients by protecting antibiotics," CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said during a noon press briefing Tuesday. "The drugs we have today are in danger, and any new drugs we get could be lost just as quickly if we don't improve the way we prescribe and use them." The agency outlined ways hospitals can improve their prescribing practices through recommended "antibiotic stewardship" programs. The CDC also is seeking a $30 million increase in the fiscal 2015 budget to help ... Read more

Related support groups: Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Keflex, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Clarithromycin, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Biaxin, Tetracycline

Study Clears Certain Antibiotics of Serious Eye Risk

Posted 26 Nov 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 26, 2013 – Cipro and other drugs in the same class of antibiotics don't appear to raise the risk of an eye problem called retinal detachment, according to a new study that contradicts previous research. Retinal detachment – separation of the retina from its connection to the back of the eye – can cause vision loss. A group of researchers recently concluded that use of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones was associated with a significantly increased risk of retinal detachment. This new study challenges that finding. The latest investigation involved an analysis of data from millions of people in Denmark. Of nearly 600 people diagnosed with retinal detachment, 72 had used fluoroquinolones. Most had taken Cipro (ciprofloxacin), while others had used ofloxacin (Floxin, Ocuflox), fleroxacin (Quinodis and Megalocin) or moxifloxacin (Moxeza, Avelox, Vigamox). People who used ... Read more

Related support groups: Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Ofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Retinal Disorders, Gatifloxacin, Gemifloxacin, Factive, Norfloxacin, Sparfloxacin, Floxin, Noroxin, Lomefloxacin, Nalidixic Acid, Maxaquin, Cipro IV, Cipro XR

'Cycling' Antibiotics Might Help Combat Resistance, Study Suggests

Posted 26 Sep 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 26 – Doctors might be able to overcome antibiotic-resistant bacteria by swapping out the antibiotics used to treat a patient, providing a "one-two" punch that keeps the germs reeling, a new Danish study suggests. The strategy relies on a concept called "collateral sensitivity," in which bacteria that become resistant to one antibiotic also become more vulnerable to other antibiotics. The researchers argue that by swapping between antibiotics that play well off each other, doctors can stay one step ahead of bacteria and continuously avoid resistance. "You cycle between drugs that have reciprocal sensitivities," explained study co-author Morten Sommer, a lead researcher with the Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Biosustainability at the Technical University of Denmark. "If you become resistant to drug A, you will become more sensitive to drug B. That way, you can cycle ... Read more

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Informed Patients Can Help Stem Antibiotic Overuse

Posted 13 Sep 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 13 – A local, low-cost information campaign that was primarily aimed at patients – although involving doctors and pharmacists as well – helped reduce antibiotic prescribing, according to a new study from Italy. Overuse of antibiotics is considered a major global public health concern because it can lead to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Unnecessary and inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics is common. This study, published Sept. 12 on BMJ.com, looked at an antibiotic education campaign implemented by local health officials in the provinces of Modena and Parma in 2011 to 2012. Nearby provinces where no such campaigns were implemented acted as a control group. Italy has one of the highest levels of antibiotic use in Europe, according to a journal news release. The campaign was designed to inform the general population that antibiotics are necessary in ... Read more

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FDA Medwatch Alert: Fluoroquinolone Antibacterial Drugs: Drug Safety Communication- Risk for possibly permanent nerve damage

Posted 15 Aug 2013 by Drugs.com

ISSUE: FDA has required the drug labels and Medication Guides for all fluoroquinolone antibacterial drugs be updated to better describe the serious side effect of peripheral neuropathy. This serious nerve damage potentially caused by fluoroquinolones may occur soon after these drugs are taken and may be permanent. BACKGROUND: The risk of peripheral neuropathy occurs only with fluoroquinolones that are taken by mouth or by injection.  Approved fluoroquinolone drugs include levofloxacin (Levaquin), ciprofloxacin (Cipro), moxifloxacin (Avelox), norfloxacin (Noroxin), ofloxacin (Floxin), and gemifloxacin (Factive).  The topical formulations of fluoroquinolones, applied to the ears or eyes, are not known to be associated with this risk. RECOMMENDATION: Make sure your patients know to contact you if they develop symptoms of peripheral neuropathy. Make sure your patients receive the Medication ... Read more

Related support groups: Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Ofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Gatifloxacin, Gemifloxacin, Sparfloxacin, Factive, Floxin, Norfloxacin, Noroxin, Lomefloxacin, Nalidixic Acid, Maxaquin, Cipro IV, Cipro XR, Tequin Teqpaq

Certain Antibiotics Tied to Blood Sugar Swings in Diabetics

Posted 15 Aug 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 15 – Diabetes patients who take a certain class of antibiotics are more likely to have severe blood sugar fluctuations than those who take other types of the drugs, a new study finds. The increased risk was low but doctors should consider it when prescribing the class of antibiotics, known as fluoroquinolones, to people with diabetes, the researchers said. This class of antibiotics, which includes drugs such as Cipro (ciprofloxacin), Levaquin (levofloxacin) and Avelox (moxifloxacin), is commonly used to treat conditions such as urinary tract infections and community-acquired pneumonia. One expert said the study should serve as a wake-up call for doctors. "Given a number of alternatives, physicians may consider prescribing alternate antibiotics ... in the place of fluoroquinolones (particularly moxifloxacin) to patients with diabetes," said Dr. Christopher Ochner, ... Read more

Related support groups: Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Ofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Gatifloxacin, Gemifloxacin, Sparfloxacin, Factive, Floxin, Norfloxacin, Noroxin, Lomefloxacin, Nalidixic Acid, Maxaquin, Cipro IV, Cipro XR, Tequin Teqpaq

Probiotics Not Warranted for Seniors Taking Antibiotics: Study

Posted 8 Aug 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 8 – Giving probiotics to older adults who are prescribed antibiotics does not reduce their risk of diarrhea, a new study finds. Diarrhea is a common and sometimes life-threatening side effect of antibiotics in elderly patients. Some previous research has suggested that giving these patients probiotic supplements might lower the risk of diarrhea, and the practice has become routine in some hospitals. This study included nearly 3,000 hospital patients, aged 65 and older, in Great Britain who had been prescribed one or more antibiotics. About half of the patients took one probiotic capsule a day for 21 days, while the other patients took a placebo. Both groups of patients had similar rates of diarrhea (about one in 10), and its frequency and severity were similar in both groups, according to the study, which was published Aug. 7 in the journal The Lancet. It is believed ... Read more

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7 out of 10 Americans Take a Prescription Drug: Study

Posted 27 Jun 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 27 – Nearly 70 percent of Americans take prescription drugs, with antibiotics, antidepressants and painkillers being the most widely used, according to a new study. Researchers also found that more than half of patients take two prescription drugs, while 20 percent take five or more prescription medications. One other key finding: "As you get older you tend to get more prescriptions, and women tend to get more prescriptions than men," study author Dr. Jennifer St. Sauver, of the Mayo Clinic Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, said in a Mayo news release. The findings come from an analysis of 2009 statistics from people living in Olmsted County, Minn., near the Mayo Clinic. St. Sauver believes the findings are comparable to people living elsewhere in the United States. According to the study, 17 percent of patients took antibiotics, 13 percent took ... Read more

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Antibiotic Prescribing Rates Vary by Region: Report

Posted 10 Apr 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 10 – The chances that your doctor will give you antibiotics when you're sick may be influenced by geography, new research reveals. It's tough to know exactly what factors contributed to the regional variations the research team found in antibiotic prescription rates, said study author Lauri Hicks, medical director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Why is West Virginia more than double compared to Alaska? I imagine there are provider factors, patient factors and cultural factors that are all shaping the impact," Hicks said. Some patients may pressure physicians to give them what they perceive as a "quick fix" so they can get back to work sooner or return their sick child to day care, Hicks added. Unfortunately, that contributes to the growing problem of antibiotic resistance, she said. "We should be thinking of antibiotics not as a magic bullet, ... Read more

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Patient Education Helps Prevent Overuse of Antibiotics for Cough, Study Finds

Posted 18 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 18 – Patient education in the form of brochures and posters helps reduce the overuse of antibiotics to treat bronchitis in teens and adults, according to a new study. The overuse of antibiotics to treat bronchitis could worsen trends in antibiotic resistance, the researchers noted. They said computer prompts alerting nurses to the need for patient education on the difference between bronchitis and pneumonia also are effective in reducing reliance on antibiotics. The study, led by Dr. Ralph Gonzales of the University of California, San Francisco, involved 33 primary care practices that are part of an integrated health care system in central Pennsylvania. At 11 practices, printed materials – including educational brochures and posters explaining the difference between bronchitis and pneumonia – were routinely offered to patients suffering from a cough. In 11 more ... Read more

Related support groups: Cough, Doxycycline, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Bronchitis, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Clarithromycin, Levofloxacin, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Avelox, Biaxin, Tetracycline, Sulfasalazine

Health Tip: Take Antibiotics Only When Needed

Posted 17 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

-- The more you take an antibiotic unnecessarily, the more likely bacteria can adapt and become resistant to the drug. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers this advice to help prevent antibiotic resistance: Ask your doctor whether you need an antibiotic to treat your illness. Consider whether there are other ways to help you feel better that don't involve an antibiotic. Never take an antibiotic to treat a viral infection, such as the flu or common cold. An antibiotic can only treat infections that are bacterial, not viral. Always take an antibiotic exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Never skip a dose or stop taking it before your prescription is finished. Never take an antibiotic that was prescribed for someone else. Read more

Related support groups: Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Penicillin, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Sulfamethoxazole, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Clarithromycin, Levofloxacin, Avelox, Biaxin, Tetracycline, Sulfasalazine, Doryx

Unneeded Antibiotics May Lead to Diarrheal Illness, Study Finds

Posted 15 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 15 – Medical officials have long warned about the overuse of antibiotics, whose germ-killing powers have boosted the prevalence of deadly infections by eliminating good bacteria and allowing stronger bugs to prosper. Now, a new study suggests that many patients with a diarrhea-causing infection are prescribed antibiotics that lead to repeated bouts of illness. At issue is the Clostridium difficile infection, also known as C. difficile. It usually affects people who have used antibiotics or been hospitalized, and can lead to mild to severe diarrhea and even death in more vulnerable people. It's one of the most common infections people get from health care, and patients often suffer from it repeatedly, especially if they take antibiotics again. Researchers at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center looked at cases of patients with the infection and found that 57 ... Read more

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Health Tip: Use Antibiotics Wisely

Posted 22 Nov 2012 by Drugs.com

-- Your child must take an antibiotic according to a doctor's prescription or label instructions, to make sure the medicine works properly and doesn't foster drug-resistant bacteria. The American Academy of Pediatrics offers these tips for parents: Make sure your child takes the entire course of medication exactly as prescribed. Give your child an antibiotic prescribed just for him or her; never share an antibiotic prescribed for someone else. Schedule any follow-up appointment recommended by your pediatrician after the antibiotic is finished – for example, an ear exam after an ear infection. Be sure to call the pediatrician if your child has finished an antibiotic and still isn't feeling well. Read more

Related support groups: Doxycycline, Cephalexin, Penicillin, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Levaquin, Zithromax, Keflex, Sulfamethoxazole, Trimethoprim, Erythromycin, Minocycline, Bactrim DS, Clarithromycin, Macrobid, Nitrofurantoin, Levofloxacin, Avelox

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