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Infections News

Skin Infections Common in High School Wrestlers, Study Finds

Posted 1 day 9 hours ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 10, 2016 – Wrestlers are much more likely to suffer skin infections than other U.S. high school athletes, new research shows. The study authors examined five years of data on skin infections among athletes in 22 high school sports. Nearly 74 percent of skin infections occurred among wrestlers, and just under 18 percent among football players, the investigators found. The actual rates of skin infections per 100,000 exposures (one athlete participating in one practice, competition or performance) were 28.5 among wrestlers and 2.3 among football players. Rates in most other sports were less than 1 per 100,000, and eight sports had none, according to the report. "Given the nature of the sport, it's not surprising that wrestlers suffer the most skin infections," study senior author Dr. Robert Dellavalle, an associate professor of dermatology at the University of Colorado ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Tinea Corporis, Fungal Infections, Skin and Structure Infection, Tinea Cruris, Candida Infections, Tinea Pedis, Fungal Infection Prophylaxis, Fungal Infection Prevention

Why Americans Have Shorter Lifespans Than People in Similar Nations

Posted 2 days 14 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 9, 2016 – Car crashes, shootings and drug overdoses, which cause more than 100,000 deaths a year in the United States, may explain why Americans' life expectancy is lower than in similar countries, a new study suggests. Americans' life expectancy is about two years shorter than residents of Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. For U.S. men, that difference translates into 76.4 years versus 78.6 years, while it means 81.2 years versus 83.4 years for women, the researchers reported. "About 50 percent of the gap for men and about 20 percent for women is due just to those three causes of injury," said lead researcher Andrew Fenelon. He is a senior service fellow at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. Although shootings, car crashes and ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Cancer, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Head Injury, Spinal Cord Trauma

Text Messages May Prompt People to Take Their Meds

Posted 10 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 - When patients with chronic diseases get text reminders from their doctor's office to take their medicines, it doubles the chances they will take those drugs as prescribed, a new analysis finds. "Text messaging support programs have immense potential in health care," said lead researcher Clara Chow, director of the cardiovascular division at The George Institute for Global Health, in Sydney, Australia. Chow and her team reviewed the results of 16 randomized clinical trials that assessed the effect of text messaging on the adherence of taking medication by those with chronic diseases. The problem of medication adherence is well known, Chow said, with many patients not sticking to the schedule. As a result, their disease may not be under good control. "It is difficult to remain committed to long-term medication therapy for patients with chronic disease, and as many ... Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Infections, Chronic Pain, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Blood Test Might Predict When Antibiotics Won't Help

Posted 20 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 20, 2016 – Researchers say they're closer to developing a blood test that distinguishes between viral and bacterial respiratory infections. This would help doctors predict when antibiotics will and will not work. Such a test, done right in the doctor's office, might also help curb overuse of antibiotics – a practice that has led to drug-resistant bacteria, experts suggest. When diagnosing respiratory infections – such as colds, pneumonia and bronchitis – it helps to know whether the illness is caused by a virus or bacteria, explained study lead author Dr. Ephraim Tsalik. He is assistant professor of medicine at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C. "Antibiotics treat bacteria, but they do not treat viruses. That's why distinguishing between these various causes of illness is very important to get the right treatment to the right patient, and to offer a ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Diagnosis and Investigation

FDA Approves Redesign of Endoscope Tied to Infections

Posted 18 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 18, 2016 – A redesigned Olympus TJF-Q180V duodenoscope (a type of endoscope) that has a reduced chance of spreading infection has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. According to an FDA news release, Olympus is voluntarily recalling the older version of the duodenoscope, an instrument used to drain fluid from blocked pancreatic and biliary ducts without the need for more invasive surgery. These ducts could be blocked by cancerous tumors, gallstones or other gastrointestinal conditions, the agency said. Duodenoscopes are used in more than a half-million procedures each year. The Olympus device was redesigned because "there is evidence that some have been associated with the transmission of infectious agents, including antibiotic-resistant infections," the FDA said. The device's "elevator channel sealing mechanism" was modified to "create a tighter seal ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Endoscopy, Diagnosis and Investigation

Families Like Looser ICU Visitation Policies

Posted 4 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 4, 2016 – Many hospitals still restrict who can visit critically ill patients and when. But new survey results suggest that lifting such restrictions can improve family satisfaction and patient well-being. "The term 'visiting hours' is obsolete due to the growing evidence related to the wide-ranging benefits of open access for ICU [intensive-care unit] families," said senior study author Dr. Samuel Brown. He is director of the Center for Humanizing Critical Care at Intermountain Medical Center in Murray, Utah. The study involved 103 family members visiting patients in the intensive care unit and 128 ICU nurses. About half were surveyed before an unrestricted patient visitation policy was implemented at the medical center and half were questioned after. With the new policy, visitors are allowed at all times, if patients agree and are well enough. Previously, visits were ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Sepsis, Septicemia, ICU Agitation

Families of Critically Ill Patients Need Extra Support, Too

Posted 31 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 31, 2015 – When a loved one is admitted to a hospital intensive care unit (ICU), family members need support, too. "Families are totally unprepared for a sudden injury and overwhelmed when it is a very serious injury. Families need a road map to guide them through their worst moments, and that is my job," said Kelly McElligott, a clinical social worker in the burn center at Loyola University Health System in Maywood, Ill. Each year, roughly 2.1 million patients are transferred from an emergency room to an intensive care unit, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. McElligott described several ways people can deal with the sudden hospitalization of a critically ill loved one, including: Take care of yourself. "If you do not take care of yourself, you cannot take care of someone else," she said. "Many family members, especially parents, feel ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Sepsis, Septicemia

Patients Can Self-Administer IV Antibiotics at Home: Study

Posted 25 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 24, 2015 – Patients can be taught to safely self-administer long-term intravenous antibiotics at home, without the help of a health care worker, a new study suggests. The finding could have a significant impact on uninsured patients who might otherwise spend weeks in a hospital receiving IV care, according to researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. "This really taps into human potential, giving a voice to the uninsured at the same time that it offers an opportunity for enormous cost savings to hospitals," study first author Dr. Kavita Bhavan, assistant professor of internal medicine, said in a medical center news release. Some infections require treatment with IV antibiotics for six weeks or more. Patients with insurance typically go home or to a nursing home and have their antibiotics administered by a home health care worker or ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Bacterial Infection, Cephalexin, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Keflex, Zithromax, Trimethoprim, Erythromycin, Sulfamethoxazole, Nitrofurantoin, Clarithromycin, Minocycline, Macrobid

Tiny Turtles Carry Salmonella Threat

Posted 23 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 – Although they've been banned as pets in the United States since 1975, small turtles are still causing salmonella infections, mostly in children, researchers report. The turtles, less than 4 inches long, remain popular pets, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. In a new report released Wednesday, CDC researchers identified eight salmonella outbreaks between 2011 and 2013, causing 473 illnesses across the country. "Salmonella from small turtles is a significant public health issue," said study lead researcher Maroya Walters, an epidemiologist with the CDC. "These outbreaks were in 41 states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico, so this is a big, widespread issue," she said. Walters said that although the small turtles have been banned as pets, they are still available for education, display or research purposes. And they're also sold ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Salmonella Enteric Fever, Salmonella Gastroenteritis

U.S. Teen Treated for Rare Rat-Bite Fever

Posted 23 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 – A U.S. teenager was diagnosed with rat-bite fever after being bitten by her pet rodent, a new report reveals. The 17-year-old was treated for the rare and serious condition after developing pain in her right hip and lower back that affected her ability to walk, doctors said. Over two weeks, the teen also experienced pain in her right leg, discomfort in a joint in her pelvis, fever, nausea and vomiting. She also developed a pink rash on her hands and feet, according to the report. Once doctors learned the teen had several pets, including three pet rats who lived in her bedroom, she had a blood test, which was positive for Streptobacillus moniliformis – the most common cause of rat-bite fever. Left untreated, the disease has a death rate as high as 13 percent, according to the research led by Dr. Carina Brown, an intern/resident in the University of Virginia ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Diagnosis and Investigation

Child Paralysis Cases Spiked During Virus Outbreak: Study

Posted 22 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 22, 2015 – Doctors have learned more about a "polio-like" mystery illness that has stricken dozens of American children, but its exact cause remains elusive, according to a new report. At least 120 children in 34 states have fallen ill with so-called acute flaccid myelitis since August 2014, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The disease involves a sudden onset of paralysis or weakness in one or more limbs. It turns out that acute flaccid myelitis cases in California spiked significantly during a national outbreak of enterovirus D68, a virus in the same family as polio, researchers report in the Dec. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. But doctors were unable to find any traces of the virus in spinal fluid samples taken from kids with muscle weakness or paralysis, and could directly link only a handful of cases to ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Enterovirus D68 Infection

Health Tip: Keeping Kids in Pain Comfortable

Posted 18 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- Pain may slow a child's recovery from illness or injury. Medication can help, but there are other ways to keep kids comfortable. The University of Michigan Health System advises: Offer plenty of love, comfort and support. Soothe your child with extra hugs and cuddles. Keep your child calm and don't let him or her feel anxious, which can worsen pain. Try heat therapy or cold packs, soothing music or gentle massage. Read more

Related support groups: Pain, Infections, Headache, Back Pain, Migraine, Muscle Pain, Chronic Pain, Bacterial Infection, Influenza, Sciatica, Neck Pain, Head Injury, Breakthrough Pain, Pain/Fever, Postoperative Pain, Head Injury with Loss of Consciousness

Serious Illness Affects Bone Health

Posted 12 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 11, 2015 – A critical illness can lead to bone loss, a new study finds. The research included 66 seniors who spent at least 24 hours on a breathing machine in an intensive care unit (ICU). One year after their ICU stay, the patients had 1.6 percent less bone density in their lower spines and 1.2 percent less bone density in their thigh bones than would be expected. This bone loss may increase their risk of fractures, according to study author Neil Orford, ICU director at University Hospital Geelong in Australia, and colleagues. The researchers said critical illness may accelerate bone resorption. This is a process that occurs when bone is broken down, and calcium and other minerals are released into the bloodstream. A year after an ICU stay, the patients' resorption had returned to normal, but they were left with lower bone density, the study showed. The impact of this ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Bacterial Infection, Osteoporosis, Fracture, bone, Prevention of Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Viral Infection, ICU Agitation, Osteomalacia, Prevention of Fractures

Health Tip: Understanding Antibiotics

Posted 9 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

-- By taking an antibiotic as prescribed, you can get well faster and help prevent germs from becoming resistant to your medication. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers these antibiotic guidelines: Never skip a dose of antibiotic. Always take it on schedule, as directed. Never stop taking an antibiotic early. Always take the entire prescription, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Never save any antibiotic medication for a future illness. Never take an antibiotic that was prescribed for another person. Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Amoxicillin, Doxycycline, Metronidazole, Bacterial Infection, Clindamycin, Cephalexin, Bactrim, Azithromycin, Cipro, Ciprofloxacin, Augmentin, Levaquin, Flagyl, Keflex, Zithromax, Valtrex, Acyclovir, Trimethoprim, Erythromycin

Many U.S. Primary Care Docs Feel Unprepared for Complex Cases: Survey

Posted 7 Dec 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Dec. 7, 2015 – Compared to their international peers, doctors on the front lines of U.S. medicine feel they aren't prepared to treat the sickest patients, a new survey finds. Nearly one in four U.S. primary care doctors said their practices aren't well-prepared to care for patients with complex medical needs. In both Germany and the Netherlands, just 12 percent of primary care doctors reported that their practices weren't well-prepared. The United States has the highest incidence of chronic disease in the 10-nation survey. Yet, on many measures of care management, the United States ranks in the middle or bottom of the pack. "We need a strong primary care infrastructure and we don't have it, and we haven't had it for a long time, and it's actually getting worse," said Dr. David Blumenthal, president of The Commonwealth Fund. The survey was published in the December issue of ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Respiratory Tract Disease, Diagnosis and Investigation, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders

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