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Childhood Vaccines Vindicated Once More

Posted 1 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 – Parents worried about getting young children vaccinated against infectious diseases have fresh cause for reassurance, researchers say. A new review of existing scientific evidence has concluded that childhood vaccines are safe and don't cause serious health problems such as autism or leukemia. "Our findings support that vaccines are very safe for children, and add to a substantial body of evidence that the benefits of vaccination outweigh the very low risks," said senior author Dr. Courtney Gidengil, an associate physician scientist at RAND Corporation and an instructor at Harvard Medical School. "Hopefully, this will engage hesitant parents in discussions with their health care providers." The review found strong evidence that the MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine is not associated with autism, which is consistent with previous reviews of this rumored ... Read more

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Hepatitis B Screening Proposed for All High-Risk Adults

Posted 11 Feb 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2014 – Adults at high risk for hepatitis B should be screened for the viral infection, according to a draft recommendation from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Although most people born in the United States are vaccinated against hepatitis B, there are still nearly 1 million infected people in the United States. Of those with chronic hepatitis B infection, 15 percent to 25 percent die from serious liver disease or liver cancer. "The good news is that evidence shows we can catch the disease early in many people who are already infected by screening for hepatitis B virus infection in persons at high risk for infection," task force member Dr. Douglas Owens, a professor of medicine at Stanford University, said in a task force news release. "And treatment can help prevent liver cancer in people who have chronic hepatitis B infection." Screening consists of a blood ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis

Hepatitis B Vaccination Cuts Deaths From Liver Disease, Cancer: Study

Posted 4 Sep 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Sept. 3 – Taiwanese researchers report a 90 percent reduction in deaths from complications of hepatitis B since the country began its infant vaccination program in 1984. Vaccinations have also decreased the spread of hepatitis B, which can cause liver damage, liver cancer and a deadly reaction in babies called infant fulminant hepatitis, the researchers said. "Immunization has provided 30-year protection against acute hepatitis and end-stage chronic liver diseases, including cirrhosis and liver cancer," said lead researcher Chien-Jen Chen, a vice president at the Genomics Research Center at Academia Sinica in Taipei. The implications of the findings are global. Chen said there are 350 million chronic carriers of hepatitis B in the world, with the highest prevalence in the Asia-Pacific region and sub-Saharan Africa. The infection can be spread from mothers to newborns. "All ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Hepatitis B Prevention, Engerix-B, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Recombivax HB, Engerix-B Pediatric, Hepatitis B Pediatric Vaccine

Whooping Cough Cases Rise as Parents Opt Out of Vaccine

Posted 3 Jun 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 3 – Parents who opt out of vaccinating their children are putting their own kids and others around them at risk of serious illness, finds a study conducted in New York. Almost twice as many parents in New York sought religious exemptions from vaccination in 2011 compared to 12 years earlier, and cases of whooping cough (pertussis) increased simultaneously, the study found. "The reason for the rising rates for religious exemptions is unknown. Our preliminary results suggest that it's not for religious reasons alone," said study senior author Dr. Jana Shaw, an assistant professor of pediatrics at SUNY Upstate Medical University in Syracuse. Counties with exemption rates of 1 percent or more experienced higher rates of whooping cough in both unvaccinated and vaccinated children – 33 cases per 100,000 children on average compared to 20 cases per 100,000 in counties with lower ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Pertussis, Acellular, Influenza Prophylaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis

Parents Who Veto Vaccinations Often Seek Like-Minded Opinions

Posted 15 Apr 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 15 – Friends and family may be key in parents' decisions on whether to vaccinate their young children, a small study suggests. The study, of about 200 parents, found that those who had opted not to follow the standard vaccine schedule often sought advice from anti-vaccine friends and family. Experts said it's not certain that the advice actually steered parents in an anti-vaccine direction: Parents who were already prone to shunning vaccines may have turned to like-minded people for reinforcement. "It's the chicken-and-egg question," said researcher Emily Brunson, an assistant professor of anthropology at Texas State University, in San Marcos. "The answer is, we don't know which came first." To be more sure, Brunson said, parents would have to be followed over time, to see whether undecided parents actually base vaccine decisions on advice from other people. But Brunson ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Hepatitis A Prophylaxis

Too Few Adults Get Recommended Vaccines: CDC

Posted 29 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Jan. 29 – Vaccines aren't just for kids, and most American adults aren't getting their recommended vaccinations, federal health officials said Tuesday. "In general, too few adults are taking advantage of the protection of vaccines, leaving themselves and those around them at greater risk of vaccine-preventable diseases," Dr. Howard Koh, assistant secretary for health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, said during a news conference. For example, Koh said, in 2011, the most recent year for which data are available, there were some 37,000 cases of preventable pneumococcal pneumonia that resulted in 4,000 deaths. The majority of deaths occurred among adults 50 and older, and the highest rates were seen among those 65 years and older. Almost everyone who gets invasive pneumococcal disease needs treatment in the hospital, and that's why people 65 and older should ... Read more

Related support groups: Gardasil, Tetanus Toxoid, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Twinrix, Human Papillomavirus Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Prevention, Cervarix, Pneumococcal 23-Valent Vaccine, Prevnar, Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, Engerix-B, Prevnar 13, Havrix, Boostrix (Tdap), Tetanus Toxoid Adsorbed, Pertussis, Acellular, Pneumococcal 7-Valent Vaccine, Daptacel (DTaP), Tripedia (DTaP), Influenza Prophylaxis

Study Finds Nearly Half of U.S. Kids Are Under-Vaccinated

Posted 21 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Jan. 21 – In recent years, nearly half (49 percent) of U.S. children under the age of 2 did not receive all the recommended vaccinations or received some vaccinations late, a new study shows. All these children are considered under-vaccinated, according to the Kaiser Permanente researchers who analyzed the immunization records of more than 320,000 children born between 2004 and 2008. The investigation revealed a significant increase in the number of under-vaccinated children during the study period, and also found that one in eight under-vaccinated children's parents decided not to follow Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) childhood vaccination guidelines, according to a Kaiser news release. Those decisions meant that children went a longer time between vaccinations or received fewer vaccinations in a single office visit, leaving them under-vaccinated, ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis

Childhood Vaccine Schedule Is Safe, Report Says

Posted 16 Jan 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16 – The standard vaccine schedule for young children in the United States is safe and effective, a new review says. The report, issued Wednesday by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) at the request of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is the first to look at the entire vaccine schedule as opposed to just individual vaccines. The current vaccine schedule entails 24 vaccines given before the age of 2, averaging one to five shots during a single doctor visit. "The committee found no evidence that the childhood immunization schedule is not safe," said Ada Sue Hinshaw, chair of the committee that produced the report and dean of the Graduate School of Nursing at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Md. "The evidence repeatedly points to the health benefits of the schedule, including preventing children and their communities from ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Influenza Prophylaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis, Tetanus Prophylaxis, Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Pertussis Prophylaxis

Follow-Up Lacking for Babies After Hepatitis B Vaccination: CDC

Posted 27 Sep 2012 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 27 – Many U.S. babies born to mothers infected with hepatitis B do not receive recommended follow-up testing after vaccination, a new study finds. About 25,000 infants are born to hepatitis B-infected mothers each year in the United States, according to background information in the study. Without vaccination, 40 to 90 percent of those infants would become infected. Up to 90 percent of those who contracted the virus would develop chronic infection and possibly die from cirrhosis or liver cancer. Infants born to mothers infected with hepatitis B should receive the hepatitis B vaccine and hepatitis B immune globulin within 12 hours of birth, the federal Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends. Infants should complete the three-dose hepatitis B series, which is up to 95 percent effective in preventing infections. Between ages 9 months and 18 months, these ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B, Hepatitis B Prevention, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Pediatric Vaccine

Childhood Vaccination Rates Remain High, CDC Says

Posted 6 Sep 2012 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 6 – Almost all toddlers in the United States are getting their recommended childhood vaccinations, despite some parents' concerns about giving so many shots to the very young in such a short period of time. A new government report shows immunization rates for many routine vaccines in 2011 were 90 percent or more among kids aged 19 months to 35 months. The breakdown: Coverage for the birth dose of hepatitis B increased from 64.1 percent in 2010 to 68.6 percent in 2011, coverage for the recommended two doses of hepatitis A vaccine increased from 49.7 percent to 52.2 percent in the same period, coverage for rotavirus vaccines increased from 59.2 percent to 67.3 percent and coverage for the full series of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine increased from 66.8 percent to 80.4 percent. Vaccination coverage remained above the Healthy People 2020 target of 90 percent ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis, Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis, Diphtheria Prophylaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis

Vaccinations Belong on Parents' Back-to-School Checklists

Posted 20 Aug 2012 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 20 – Vaccinations among school-aged children can save lives and parents should be sure their children are fully immunized as part of their back-to-school preparations, according to a pediatric infectious disease specialist. "These vaccines save children's lives; parents interested in keeping their child alive should have them vaccinated," Dr. David Kimberlin, a University of Alabama at Birmingham professor of pediatrics, said in a university news release. "At any given time, all of these vaccine-preventable diseases are at most 18 hours away. For example, one of the few remaining places where polio circulates is Afghanistan, and U.S. troops return home from there daily; anyone exposed could inadvertently pass polio to a child." Kimberlin is also president-elect of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports there ... Read more

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Poor Sleep Hampers Vaccine Effectiveness: Study

Posted 1 Aug 2012 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1 – Lack of sleep can reduce the effectiveness of vaccinations, according to a new study. Researchers measured the sleep patterns of 125 adults who received the three-shot course of the vaccine to protect against hepatitis B. The immune systems of participants who slept less produced fewer antibodies in response to the vaccine and blood tests showed that they did not meet the standard of protection from the virus. People who slept less than six hours per night were nearly 12 times more likely to be left unprotected by the vaccine than those who slept more than seven hours per night. Only the amount of sleep, not the quality of sleep, affected the amount of antibodies produced in response to the vaccine. "Given that more and more Americans are grappling with chronic sleep deprivation, these findings should be a wake-up call to the public health community about the clear ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Vaccination and Prophlaxis

Many U.S. Adults Not Vaccinated for Hepatitis B

Posted 22 Jan 2012 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 20 – More than half (51.4 percent) of American adults at risk for hepatitis B infection have not been vaccinated, a new study says. People at risk for hepatitis B infection, which can lead to liver disease, include those who share needles when using injectable drugs and those who engage in certain risky sexual practices. Previous research shows that 95 percent of new hepatitis B infections occur among people with these types of behavioral risk factors. The finding about vaccination rates comes from researchers at Brown University in Providence, R.I., who analyzed data from 15,000 adults who took part in the 2007 U.S. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. The study also found that more than half of those who weren't vaccinated had the potential to receive the vaccine. These missed opportunities are a reason why hepatitis B infections persist, the researchers said. ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B, Hepatitis B Adult Vaccine, Hepatitis B Prevention, Engerix-B, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis

Hepatitis B Vaccine Recommended for Adults With Diabetes

Posted 22 Dec 2011 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Dec. 22 – Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for all unvaccinated adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes aged 19 to 59, say new guidelines from the U.S. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). The vaccination should be done as soon as possible after adults in this age group are diagnosed with diabetes. Unvaccinated adults with diabetes who are older than 59 can receive hepatitis B vaccination at the discretion of their doctor, the ACIP advises. The recommendations are outlined in the Dec. 23 issue of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Between 700,000 and 1.4 million people in the United States are infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV), according to background information in the report. Chronic HBV infection damages the liver and can lead to serious illness and death. More than 15 ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Diabetes, Type 1, Diabetes Mellitus, Hepatitis B Prevention, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis

Childhood Vaccination Rates Remain High in U.S.

Posted 16 Sep 2010 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Sept. 16 – U.S. childhood immunization rates remain high, with coverage for most routine vaccines at or over 90 percent, a new federal report shows. Among children aged 19 to 35 months, less than 1 percent had not received any vaccinations, according to the 2009 National Immunization Survey of more than 17,000 households with children born between January 2006 and July 2008. Coverage for vaccination against poliovirus, hepatitis B, chickenpox, and measles, mumps and rubella remained relatively stable and near or above the national Healthy People 2010 target of 90 percent or higher, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study. Rates of vaccination for hepatitis A and the birth dose of hepatitis B increased by more than 6 percent and 5 percent, respectively, from the previous year. Forty-four percent of the children had received rotavirus vaccine ... Read more

Related support groups: Hepatitis B Prevention, Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis, Poliomyelitis Prophylaxis, Hepatitis B Prophylaxis, Mumps Prophylaxis, Rubella Prophylaxis, Varicella-Zoster - Prophylaxis, Measles Prophylaxis

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