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Heart Attack News

After Heart Attack, Quitting Smoking Boosts Mental Health, Quality of Life

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2015 – A new study offers more evidence that quitting smoking after a heart attack is a no-brainer: Researchers found it reduces chest pain and boosts mental health and quality of life. The study looked at more than 4,000 American adults who were assessed one, six and 12 months after suffering a heart attack. It included patients who were smokers at the time of their heart attack (37 percent), smokers who quit before their heart attack (34 percent) and people who never smoked (29 percent). Forty-six percent of current smokers quit smoking within a year after their heart attacks, the researchers found. Patients who had never smoked had the best health by the end of the follow-up period. The health of smokers who didn't quit after their heart attack continued to decline. They were more likely to have chest pain, poorer physical functioning and quality of life, along ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Heart Attack, Smoking Cessation, Myocardial Infarction

Too Few Heart Attack Patients Get Cardiac Rehab, Study Finds

Posted 5 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2015 – Cardiac rehabilitation programs are considered a key part of recovering from a heart attack – but only a small minority of patients ever attend one, a new study finds. Of the thousands of older Americans who'd suffered a heart attack in the study, only about 62 percent were referred to a cardiac rehab program, researchers found. And just one-third of those patients actually went. Cardiac rehab programs include supervised exercise, diet counseling, and help with issues such as quitting smoking and managing medications. Guidelines from the American College of Cardiology say that cardiac rehab should be a standard part of heart attack recovery. Despite that, research has shown that few patients actually attend the programs. The new study, published in this week's JAMA Internal Medicine, suggests that the situation is not improving much. "Participation in cardiac ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Poor Thinking Skills in Seniors Linked to Heart Attack, Stroke Risks

Posted 5 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2015 – Older adults scoring poorly in higher-level thinking skills – those used to reason, plan and solve problems – are significantly more likely to suffer a heart attack or stroke, new research suggests. European scientists found that seniors with the lowest scores of so-called "executive function" thinking skills were at an 85 percent higher risk of heart attack and 51 percent increased risk of stroke compared to those with the highest scores. The study indicates heart and brain function are closely tied, said study author Dr. Behnam Sabayan, a post-doctoral research fellow at Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands. "This might reflect that damage to [blood] vessels is a global phenomenon in our body and when we see abnormalities in one organ, we should think about the other organs as well," Sabayan said. However, this study does not prove a ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders

Women and Blacks Fare Worse After Heart Attacks: Study

Posted 3 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2015 – Heart attacks take more years from the expected life spans of women and blacks than from white males, a new study suggests. On average, women lost 10.5 percent more of their expected life than men did, while blacks lost 6 percent more than whites, the study revealed. Why the gap? Differences in care may be account for some of the disparity, but not all. "Black patients had more risk factors, were sicker when they first presented to care, and received less treatment than white patients," said study lead author Dr. Emily Bucholz, a pediatric resident at Boston Children's Hospital. "However, we were not able to explain the sex differences in life years lost that we observed." For the study, the researchers analyzed almost 147,000 Medicare patients who'd been hospitalized for a heart attack from 1994 to 1995. Forty-eight percent of the group was female and 6 percent ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

When Bystanders Give CPR Right Away, Lives Are Saved, Study Shows

Posted 21 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 21, 2015 – Many lives could be saved if more people performed CPR immediately after seeing someone go into cardiac arrest, a new study contends. To come to that conclusion, the researchers looked at the results of a four-year program in North Carolina that promoted bystander CPR. "During that time, survival with good brain function increased from 7 to 10 percent for those who received bystander CPR," said lead researcher Dr. Carolina Malta Hansen, of the Duke Clinical Research Institute in Durham, N.C. In addition, patients who received CPR or defibrillation from bystanders, or defibrillation from first responders – such as police or firefighters – were more likely to survive, she said. "Early intervention, whether it's by bystanders or first responders, is associated with increased survival compared to EMS [emergency medical services]," Hansen said. Hansen pointed out ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Asystole

Blacks at Higher Risk of Sudden Cardiac Arrest Than Whites: Study

Posted 20 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 20, 2015 – Black Americans are more likely than whites to experience sudden cardiac arrest, according to a new study. The study also found that sudden cardiac arrest often occurs at an earlier age in blacks than in whites. Sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the electrical system of the heart malfunctions. This causes the heart to beat erratically or to stop beating. As a result, blood isn't pumped throughout the body. "Sudden cardiac arrest is significantly higher in black Americans compared to whites, at least twofold higher," said study researcher Dr. Sumeet Chugh, associate director of the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute in Los Angeles. Blacks in the United States tend to have sudden cardiac arrest an average of six years earlier than whites, Chugh said. In his study, he found other major differences as well. "Blacks, in addition to being younger, tended to have more ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Cardiogenic Shock, Asystole

Aspirin Use Common Among Americans With Heart Trouble

Posted 16 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 16, 2015 – About seven in 10 Americans who've had heart disease or a stroke regularly take aspirin, U.S. health officials report. Low-dose aspirin is promoted as an inexpensive, effective way to prevent cardiovascular disease. Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention wanted to know who takes it regularly (daily or every other day) and why. "Overall, 70.8 percent of adult respondents with existing [cardiovascular disease] reported using aspirin regularly (every day or every other day)," the researchers found. Nearly 94 percent of regular low-dose aspirin (or baby aspirin) users with a history of heart problems said they take it for heart attack prevention. Four out of five said they take it for stroke prevention, and 76 percent for both heart attack and stroke prevention, the study authors reported Thursday. The study was based on an analysis ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Heart Attack, Excedrin, Transient Ischemic Attack, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Myocardial Infarction, Fiorinal, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Excedrin Migraine, Ecotrin, Soma Compound, Arthritis Pain Formula, Fiorinal with Codeine, Bayer Aspirin, Norgesic, Percodan, Excedrin Extra Strength, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Wildfires May Spark Heart Hazards for Miles Around

Posted 15 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2015 – Wildfires create air pollution that fuels the risk for heart hazards, including heart attacks, especially in older adults, researchers report. Wildfires that raged in Victoria, Australia, for two months several years ago were associated with a 7 percent increase in sudden cardiac arrests – an electrical malfunction that causes the heart to stop beating. Hospitalizations for heart disease rose nearly 2 percent and emergency room visits for heart disease increased more than 2 percent, researchers reported. Men and people 65 and older were most at risk for cardiac arrests, the study found. "Where there's fire, there's smoke, and the pollutants in the smoke can potentially have an impact on health," said lead researcher Anjali Haikerwal, from Monash University in Melbourne, Australia. The report was published July 15 online in the Journal of the American Heart ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Angina, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Heart Disease

Breast Cancer Survivors Tend to Gain Weight: Study

Posted 15 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2015 – Among women with a family history of breast cancer, breast cancer survivors tend to gain more weight than women who are free of the disease, new research suggests. And that added weight might increase the risk of heart disease and diabetes, as well as recurrence of the cancer, the researchers said. The researchers compared 303 breast cancer survivors with 307 women who were cancer-free. All were participants in a study of women with a familial risk of breast and ovarian cancer. They included women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations that can raise breast cancer risk. "We found that breast cancer survivors, especially those with chemotherapy [treatment], gained more weight compared to cancer-free women," said lead researcher Amy Gross, a doctoral candidate at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. The study was published July 15 in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Weight Loss, Breast Cancer, Heart Attack, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Myocardial Infarction, Diabetes Mellitus, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance

Smoking, Preterm Births Increase a Woman's Heart Disease Risk

Posted 9 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 9, 2015 – Women who smoke and have had a premature baby are at significantly higher risk for heart disease, a new study finds. Researchers examined data from more than 900,000 mothers and found that those who smoked and also had a preterm birth were nearly three-and-a-half times more likely to develop heart disease than nonsmokers who had full-term births. That risk is 29 percent higher than the risk associated with either smoking or preterm birth alone, according to the study published July 9 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. The risk of heart disease was even higher among mothers who smoked and had multiple or extremely premature births. "Fertility treatment is pushing up rates of preterm birth and smoking in pregnant women remains high, so knowledge of the impact of these conditions on [heart disease] is important for prevention efforts. Our research ... Read more

Related support groups: Wellbutrin, Smoking, Heart Disease, Bupropion, Heart Attack, Chantix, Wellbutrin XL, Smoking Cessation, Wellbutrin SR, Nicotine, Zyban, Myocardial Infarction, Nicorette, Champix, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Nicoderm CQ, Nicotrol Inhaler, Aplenzin, Budeprion, Premature Labor

Chronic Ills May Add Up to a Shortened Life Span

Posted 7 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 7, 2015 – While having one major health problem – such as diabetes, heart disease or stroke – can increase your risk for an early death, new research warns that the risk of dying prematurely goes up significantly if you have more than one of these conditions. Investigators determined that someone with one of those conditions faces double the risk of early death compared to people who have no such "cardiometabolic" problems. But, those coping with two conditions at the same time were found to face quadruple the risk. And having all three bumps up premature death risk eightfold, the study found. "Somewhat surprised" is how study lead author Dr. Emanuele Di Angelantonio, a university lecturer in medical screening with the department of public health and primary care at the University of Cambridge in England, described his team's reaction to the findings. Di Angelantonio ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease

Menopausal Women at Lower Heart Risk Than Men of Similar Age

Posted 1 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2015 – Menopause is commonly considered a risk factor for heart disease, as the protective effect of estrogen declines. However, in a new study, researchers found that postmenopausal women had a lower risk of dying from heart attack than did men of similar ages. "Women have lower cardiovascular disease risk than men, even after menopause," said the study's lead researcher, Dr. Catherine Kim, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. "But the advantage is seen primarily in white women compared to white men; black women have less of an advantage compared to black men." Although some research has suggested that natural menopause does not boost heart disease risk but surgically induced (after hysterectomy and ovary removal) menopause does, Kim did not find much difference in risk between menopause types. Her long-term study found: ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Menopausal Disorders, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Make CPR, Defibrillator Training Mandatory for High School Graduation: Experts

Posted 30 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 30, 2015 – Far too few Americans are surviving cardiac arrest, and a new report issued Tuesday by a federally appointed panel of experts sets out ways to boost survival rates. One recommendation: Make a working knowledge of CPR and the use of an automated electronic defibrillator (AED) a graduation requirement for all middle- and high-school students. One expert in emergency care applauded the proposal. "By teaching laypersons in public settings the proper use of such devices, we may be able to effectively increase survival rates from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest," said Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. According to the new Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, less than 6 percent of the 395,000 Americans who suffer cardiac arrest outside a hospital each year will survive. And even in a hospital setting, cardiac arrest ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Heart Block, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Asystole

Trauma, PTSD May Raise Women's Odds of Heart Attack, Stroke: Study

Posted 29 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 29, 2015 – Women who have been through a traumatic event or developed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) face an increased risk of heart attack or stroke, a new large study suggests. For women with severe PTSD, the study found a 60 percent higher risk of heart attack or stroke compared to women who hadn't experienced any trauma. The risk was increased 45 percent for women who experienced a traumatic event but didn't develop PTSD, the researchers added. "Our study is the first to look at trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms and new cases of cardiovascular disease in a general population sample of women," said lead researcher Jennifer Sumner, an epidemiologist at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in New York City. It's important to note, however, that while this study found an association between trauma and a higher risk of stroke and heart attack, it ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Too Few Older Heart Attack Patients Get Implanted Defibrillators, Study Finds

Posted 23 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 23, 2015 – Fewer than one in 10 older heart attack survivors gets a potentially lifesaving implantable defibrillator, a new study finds. This small, battery-powered device sits under the skin in the chest. If the heart starts beating abnormally or stops altogether, the defibrillator shocks the heart to restore a normal rhythm. Heart doctors say many heart attack survivors – but not all – would benefit from such a device. "We do not think that 100 percent of patients with weak hearts after heart attacks should be getting implanted defibrillators," said study lead researcher Dr. Sean Pokorney, a cardiology fellow at Duke University School of Medicine, in Durham, N.C. However, he added, "sometimes heart function recovers, but this is uncommon and does not fully explain the very low implantation rates observed in our study." Even among those who would benefit most – ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Post MI Syndrome

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