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When Bystanders Give CPR Right Away, Lives Are Saved, Study Shows

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 21, 2015 – Many lives could be saved if more people performed CPR immediately after seeing someone go into cardiac arrest, a new study contends. To come to that conclusion, the researchers looked at the results of a four-year program in North Carolina that promoted bystander CPR. "During that time, survival with good brain function increased from 7 to 10 percent for those who received bystander CPR," said lead researcher Dr. Carolina Malta Hansen, of the Duke Clinical Research Institute in Durham, N.C. In addition, patients who received CPR or defibrillation from bystanders, or defibrillation from first responders – such as police or firefighters – were more likely to survive, she said. "Early intervention, whether it's by bystanders or first responders, is associated with increased survival compared to EMS [emergency medical services]," Hansen said. Hansen pointed out ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Asystole

Blacks at Higher Risk of Sudden Cardiac Arrest Than Whites: Study

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, July 20, 2015 – Black Americans are more likely than whites to experience sudden cardiac arrest, according to a new study. The study also found that sudden cardiac arrest often occurs at an earlier age in blacks than in whites. Sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the electrical system of the heart malfunctions. This causes the heart to beat erratically or to stop beating. As a result, blood isn't pumped throughout the body. "Sudden cardiac arrest is significantly higher in black Americans compared to whites, at least twofold higher," said study researcher Dr. Sumeet Chugh, associate director of the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute in Los Angeles. Blacks in the United States tend to have sudden cardiac arrest an average of six years earlier than whites, Chugh said. In his study, he found other major differences as well. "Blacks, in addition to being younger, tended to have more ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Asystole, Cardiogenic Shock

Aspirin Use Common Among Americans With Heart Trouble

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 16, 2015 – About seven in 10 Americans who've had heart disease or a stroke regularly take aspirin, U.S. health officials report. Low-dose aspirin is promoted as an inexpensive, effective way to prevent cardiovascular disease. Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention wanted to know who takes it regularly (daily or every other day) and why. "Overall, 70.8 percent of adult respondents with existing [cardiovascular disease] reported using aspirin regularly (every day or every other day)," the researchers found. Nearly 94 percent of regular low-dose aspirin (or baby aspirin) users with a history of heart problems said they take it for heart attack prevention. Four out of five said they take it for stroke prevention, and 76 percent for both heart attack and stroke prevention, the study authors reported Thursday. The study was based on an analysis ... Read more

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Wildfires May Spark Heart Hazards for Miles Around

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2015 – Wildfires create air pollution that fuels the risk for heart hazards, including heart attacks, especially in older adults, researchers report. Wildfires that raged in Victoria, Australia, for two months several years ago were associated with a 7 percent increase in sudden cardiac arrests – an electrical malfunction that causes the heart to stop beating. Hospitalizations for heart disease rose nearly 2 percent and emergency room visits for heart disease increased more than 2 percent, researchers reported. Men and people 65 and older were most at risk for cardiac arrests, the study found. "Where there's fire, there's smoke, and the pollutants in the smoke can potentially have an impact on health," said lead researcher Anjali Haikerwal, from Monash University in Melbourne, Australia. The report was published July 15 online in the Journal of the American Heart ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Angina, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Heart Disease

Breast Cancer Survivors Tend to Gain Weight: Study

Posted 19 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 15, 2015 – Among women with a family history of breast cancer, breast cancer survivors tend to gain more weight than women who are free of the disease, new research suggests. And that added weight might increase the risk of heart disease and diabetes, as well as recurrence of the cancer, the researchers said. The researchers compared 303 breast cancer survivors with 307 women who were cancer-free. All were participants in a study of women with a familial risk of breast and ovarian cancer. They included women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations that can raise breast cancer risk. "We found that breast cancer survivors, especially those with chemotherapy [treatment], gained more weight compared to cancer-free women," said lead researcher Amy Gross, a doctoral candidate at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. The study was published July 15 in the ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Weight Loss, Breast Cancer, Heart Attack, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Myocardial Infarction, Diabetes Mellitus, Breast Cancer, Prevention, Breast Cancer - Palliative, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance

Smoking, Preterm Births Increase a Woman's Heart Disease Risk

Posted 9 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 9, 2015 – Women who smoke and have had a premature baby are at significantly higher risk for heart disease, a new study finds. Researchers examined data from more than 900,000 mothers and found that those who smoked and also had a preterm birth were nearly three-and-a-half times more likely to develop heart disease than nonsmokers who had full-term births. That risk is 29 percent higher than the risk associated with either smoking or preterm birth alone, according to the study published July 9 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. The risk of heart disease was even higher among mothers who smoked and had multiple or extremely premature births. "Fertility treatment is pushing up rates of preterm birth and smoking in pregnant women remains high, so knowledge of the impact of these conditions on [heart disease] is important for prevention efforts. Our research ... Read more

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Chronic Ills May Add Up to a Shortened Life Span

Posted 7 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 7, 2015 – While having one major health problem – such as diabetes, heart disease or stroke – can increase your risk for an early death, new research warns that the risk of dying prematurely goes up significantly if you have more than one of these conditions. Investigators determined that someone with one of those conditions faces double the risk of early death compared to people who have no such "cardiometabolic" problems. But, those coping with two conditions at the same time were found to face quadruple the risk. And having all three bumps up premature death risk eightfold, the study found. "Somewhat surprised" is how study lead author Dr. Emanuele Di Angelantonio, a university lecturer in medical screening with the department of public health and primary care at the University of Cambridge in England, described his team's reaction to the findings. Di Angelantonio ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease

Menopausal Women at Lower Heart Risk Than Men of Similar Age

Posted 1 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 1, 2015 – Menopause is commonly considered a risk factor for heart disease, as the protective effect of estrogen declines. However, in a new study, researchers found that postmenopausal women had a lower risk of dying from heart attack than did men of similar ages. "Women have lower cardiovascular disease risk than men, even after menopause," said the study's lead researcher, Dr. Catherine Kim, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. "But the advantage is seen primarily in white women compared to white men; black women have less of an advantage compared to black men." Although some research has suggested that natural menopause does not boost heart disease risk but surgically induced (after hysterectomy and ovary removal) menopause does, Kim did not find much difference in risk between menopause types. Her long-term study found: ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Menopausal Disorders, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Make CPR, Defibrillator Training Mandatory for High School Graduation: Experts

Posted 30 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 30, 2015 – Far too few Americans are surviving cardiac arrest, and a new report issued Tuesday by a federally appointed panel of experts sets out ways to boost survival rates. One recommendation: Make a working knowledge of CPR and the use of an automated electronic defibrillator (AED) a graduation requirement for all middle- and high-school students. One expert in emergency care applauded the proposal. "By teaching laypersons in public settings the proper use of such devices, we may be able to effectively increase survival rates from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest," said Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. According to the new Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, less than 6 percent of the 395,000 Americans who suffer cardiac arrest outside a hospital each year will survive. And even in a hospital setting, cardiac arrest ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Heart Block, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Asystole

Trauma, PTSD May Raise Women's Odds of Heart Attack, Stroke: Study

Posted 29 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 29, 2015 – Women who have been through a traumatic event or developed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) face an increased risk of heart attack or stroke, a new large study suggests. For women with severe PTSD, the study found a 60 percent higher risk of heart attack or stroke compared to women who hadn't experienced any trauma. The risk was increased 45 percent for women who experienced a traumatic event but didn't develop PTSD, the researchers added. "Our study is the first to look at trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms and new cases of cardiovascular disease in a general population sample of women," said lead researcher Jennifer Sumner, an epidemiologist at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in New York City. It's important to note, however, that while this study found an association between trauma and a higher risk of stroke and heart attack, it ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Too Few Older Heart Attack Patients Get Implanted Defibrillators, Study Finds

Posted 23 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, June 23, 2015 – Fewer than one in 10 older heart attack survivors gets a potentially lifesaving implantable defibrillator, a new study finds. This small, battery-powered device sits under the skin in the chest. If the heart starts beating abnormally or stops altogether, the defibrillator shocks the heart to restore a normal rhythm. Heart doctors say many heart attack survivors – but not all – would benefit from such a device. "We do not think that 100 percent of patients with weak hearts after heart attacks should be getting implanted defibrillators," said study lead researcher Dr. Sean Pokorney, a cardiology fellow at Duke University School of Medicine, in Durham, N.C. However, he added, "sometimes heart function recovers, but this is uncommon and does not fully explain the very low implantation rates observed in our study." Even among those who would benefit most – ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Post MI Syndrome

More Than Two-Thirds of U.S. Adults Now Overweight or Obese: Study

Posted 22 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 22, 2015 – Fewer than one-third of Americans are currently at a healthy weight, with the rest of the population either overweight or obese, a new report finds. About 35 percent of men and 37 percent of women are obese. Another 40 percent of men and 30 percent of women are overweight, researchers said in the June 22 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine. "Obesity is not getting better. It's getting worse, and it's really scary. It's not looking pretty," said Lin Yang, a postdoctoral research associate at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Obesity has been linked to a number of chronic health conditions, including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, certain cancers and arthritis, Yang said. "This generation of Americans is the first that will have a shorter life expectancy than the previous generation, and obesity is one of the biggest contributors to this ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Cancer, Osteoarthritis, Heart Disease, Weight Loss, Heart Attack, Angina, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease

Seeing Their Clogged Arteries Can Spur Healthy Changes in Patients

Posted 15 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, June 15, 2015 – Seeing images of their narrowed heart arteries may convince some heart disease patients to adopt a healthier lifestyle and take prescribed medications, a new study suggests. "Seeing their calcified coronary arteries on the CT image was clearly an eye-opener for patients. We received comments such as, 'It is my coronary artery and my coronary artery calcification and I am facing a real risk and challenge,' " said study author Rikke Elmose Mols, a nurse and Ph.D. student at Aarhus University Hospital-Skejby in Denmark. "This may be the wake-up call patients need to take their medication and modify their behaviors to reduce their risk of having a coronary artery event," Mols said in a European Society of Cardiology news release. The research included 189 people recently diagnosed with early stage heart disease. Half were shown a CT image of calcium buildup on the ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Pravastatin, Atorvastatin, Angina, Zocor, Lovastatin, Myocardial Infarction, Rosuvastatin, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Red Yeast Rice, Livalo, Pravachol, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Lescol, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

FDA Ban on Harmful Trans Fats Expected Soon

Posted 15 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, June 14, 2015 – Harmful trans fats may soon be banished from America's food supply, following a U.S. Food and Drug Administration announcement expected any day now. The move could prevent as many as 20,000 heart attacks and 7,000 deaths from heart disease a year, the FDA says. Most trans fats in food come from partially hydrogenated oils. Up to now, the FDA has designated these oils with "generally recognized as safe" status. That allows manufacturers to use the oils in food without prior FDA approval. But under the proposed rule on the verge of finalization, the FDA would reclassify partially hydrogenated oils as food additives. This means companies would need federal approval before including them in food products. "This is going to be a huge public health victory," said Jim O'Hara, director of health promotion for the Center for Science in the Public Interest, which ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, High Cholesterol, Heart Attack, Angina, Myocardial Infarction, Hypertriglyceridemia, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Early CPR Spurred by Smartphone Alerts Saves Lives

Posted 10 Jun 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, June 10, 2015 – Starting cardiopulmonary resuscitation early and using smartphone alerts to increase rates of bystander CPR can save people with cardiac arrest, two new studies find. When CPR was started before an ambulance arrived, twice as many cardiac-arrest patients lived to leave the hospital than when CPR was delayed, researchers said. And alerting people trained in CPR that their help was needed nearby greatly increased the rate of early CPR. "We have proved what has been thought before – that early CPR is associated with improved survival," said lead researcher Dr. Jacob Hollenberg, from the department of cardiology at South Hospital at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. He said a mobile phone app that alerted laypeople trained in CPR that their help was needed nearby increased the rate of early CPR by 30 percent. Both studies were published June 11 in the New ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Angina, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiac Arrhythmia, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease, AV Heart Block, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders

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