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Heart Attack Blog

Diabetes Treatment Falls Short as Heart Failure Drug in Study

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 31, 2014 – A drug commonly used to treat diabetes does not help prevent heart failure in non-diabetics who've had a heart attack, according to a new study. Researchers said results from the rigorous clinical trial dispute previous findings that showed the drug, metformin, could have a protective effect on the heart. "While this glucose-lowering drug is very effective in patients with diabetes and can be safely used in patients with a heart attack, [our data show] it is not of additional benefit in protecting the heart from damage resulting in decreased pump function of the heart," said the study's lead investigator, Dr. Chris Lexis, of University Medical Center Groningen in the Netherlands. Heart attacks often damage heart muscle, which leads to reduced functioning of the left ventricle. This affects the ability of the heart to pump blood. Several animal studies have ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Glucophage, Myocardial Infarction, Glucophage XR, Glumetza, Fortamet, Riomet

Can Diet Soft Drinks Contribute to Heart Trouble in Women?

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, March 29, 2014 – Women who are heavy consumers of diet drinks might be more likely to experience heart attacks, dangerous blood clots and other cardiovascular problems than those who rarely or never consume artificially sweetened beverages, according to a large, new study. The findings come from a study of nearly 60,000 healthy postmenopausal women in the United States. Participants were asked to estimate how many artificially sweetened drinks they'd had each day for the past three months. Diet soft drinks and low-calorie fruit drinks were counted toward the daily total. Researchers divided the women, whose average age was 63, into four groups based on their overall consumption. The heaviest consumers had two or more diet drinks a day. The next group had five to seven artificially sweetened drinks a week. The third group had one to four drinks a week. The least frequent ... Read more

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Study Ties Daylight Saving Time Change to Rise in Heart Attacks

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, March 29, 2014 – Setting the clocks ahead one hour in the spring may not only force you to wake up earlier – it may also increase your short-term risk of a heart attack, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed 2010-2013 data from hospitals in Michigan and found that they admitted an average of 32 heart attack patients on any given Monday. However, there was an average of eight additional heart attack patients (25 percent more) on the Monday immediately after Daylight Saving Time began. There was also a 21 percent decrease in the number of heart attack patients on the Tuesday after clocks were turned back an hour in the fall, according to the study scheduled for presentation Saturday at the American College of Cardiology (ACC) annual meeting in Washington, D.C. The study also appears online March 29 in the journal Open Heart. "What's interesting is that the total number of ... Read more

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Weight-Loss Surgery Cuts Risk for Heart Attack, Death: Study

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 28, 2014 – Weight-loss surgery, such as gastric banding, can dramatically reduce the rate of heart attacks and deaths among people who are obese, a new study shows. Researchers in the United Kingdom said their findings suggest that obese people at high risk for heart disease should seriously consider undergoing this type of procedure to lose weight. The researchers also said their study is the first comprehensive review of weight-loss surgery – known as bariatric surgery – on heart disease, stroke and death. "We looked at the outcomes for patients who undergo bariatric surgery, and compared them to figures for obese people who had not received surgery. We saw that surgery was potentially lifesaving and could lower the risk of having a heart attack and stroke by almost 50 percent," study senior author Dr. Yoon Loke, of the University of East Anglia's Norwich Medical ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Gastric Bypass Surgery

Heart Attack Risk Rises in Hours After Angry Outburst: Study

Posted 3 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 3, 2014 – A new study might supply another reason to keep your cool under stress. Researchers say angry outbursts may raise your odds for a heart attack or stroke in the hours after the incident. The investigators were quick to point out that the absolute risk to any one person of a having heart trouble after an outburst remains very low. However, the review of multiple studies found that the risk did rise considerably compared to periods of calm. "It is not surprising that such an association is seen since we know that anger is associated with increased reaction of the body's nervous system to stress," said one expert, Dr. Sripal Bangalore, associate professor of medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City. This unhealthy reaction includes "increases in heart rate and blood pressure – both of which can have immediate adverse consequences," said Bangalore, ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Acute Coronary Syndrome

Death of Partner Boosts Risk for Heart Attack, Stroke, Study Says

Posted 24 Feb 2014 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2014 – It's often said that the loss of a spouse or partner leaves "a broken heart." That notion might have some scientific validity, with new evidence suggesting the risk for a heart attack or stroke goes up during the first few weeks of bereavement. "Our study shows the likelihood of a heart attack or stroke doubles in the crucial 30-day period after a partner's death for those experiencing loss of a loved one," said study co-author Sunil Shah. Bereavement has long been known as a risk factor for death. Prior work has suggested that grief has a direct negative impact on blood clotting risk, blood pressure, stress hormone levels and heart rate control, said Shah, a senior lecturer in public health at St. George's University of London in England. But citing a lack of sufficient information on the specific impact of bereavement on heart disease, Shah and his colleagues ... Read more

Related support groups: Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction

Smog Linked to Higher Heart Attack Risk

Posted 22 Jan 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 22, 2014 – Long-term exposure to smog increases the risk of heart attack and angina, the chest pain associated with heart disease, a new study suggests. Smog – also known as particulate air pollution – is made up of tiny particles that can easily travel into the lungs. For the study, researchers analyzed data from more than 100,000 people in Europe with no history of heart disease who were followed for an average of 11.5 years. During the follow-up period, more than 5,100 of the participants had coronary events such as heart attack or angina. After accounting for several other risk factors such as smoking and other health problems, the researchers concluded that a 5 micrograms per cubic meter (mcg/m3) increase in particulate matter with a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or less (PM2.5) was associated with a 13 percent increased risk of coronary events. Meanwhile, a 10 ... Read more

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'Stress Gene' Might Raise Odds for Heart Attack, Death, Study Shows

Posted 18 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2013 – A genetic variant occurring in a significant number of people with heart disease appears to raise the odds for heart attack or death by 38 percent, a new study suggests. This "stress reaction gene," which Duke University scientists previously linked to an overproduction of cortisol, a stress hormone that can affect heart risks, was found in about 17 percent of men and 3 percent of women with heart disease. The new finding, also from Duke researchers, offers a potential new explanation for a biological predisposition to heart disease and early death, the study authors said. The research may eventually lead to personalized therapies for heart disease patients. "This is very exciting, but it's very preliminary. It certainly merits further investigation," said study author Beverly Brummett, an associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Duke ... Read more

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Heartening Drop in Diabetes Complications Seen Among Seniors

Posted 10 Dec 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2013 – Better diabetes treatment has slashed rates of complications such as heart attacks, strokes and amputations in older adults, a new study shows. "All the event rates, if you look at them, everything is a lot better than it was in the 1990s, dramatically better," said study author Dr. Elbert Huang, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Chicago. The study also found that hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar – a side effect of medications that control diabetes – has become one of the top problems seen in seniors, suggesting that doctors may need to rethink drug regimens as patients age. The findings, published online Dec. 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine, are based on more than 72,000 adults aged 60 and older with type 2 diabetes. They are being tracked through the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Diabetes Registry. Researchers tallied diabetic ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction

FDA Medwatch Alert: Nitroglycerin in 5% Dextrose Injection by Baxter: Recall - Particulate Matter

Posted 27 Nov 2013 by Drugs.com

ISSUE: Baxter International Inc has initiated a voluntary recall of one lot of Nitroglycerin in 5% Dextrose Injection due to particulate matter found in one vial. If infused, particulate matter could lead to potential venous and/or arterial thromboembolism (blockage of blood vessels). Other adverse events associated with injection of particulate matter include inflammation due to foreign material, particularly in the lungs, and local irritation of blood vessels.  BACKGROUND: Nitroglycerin in 5% Dextrose Injection (Intravenous) is indicated for treatment of peri-operative hypertension (treatment of high blood pressure before, during and after surgery); for control of congestive heart failure in the setting of acute myocardial infarction (during a new onset heart attack, a weakness of the heart muscle may cause fluid to build up in the lungs and other body tissues); for treatment of ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Nitroglycerin, Myocardial Infarction, Nitro-Bid, Nitrostat, NitroQuick, Nitro-Dur, Nitrolingual Pumpspray, Transderm-Nitro, Nitrogard, Tridil, Nitro-Bid IV, Nitrol Appli-Kit, Nitro-Par, Deponit, NitroMist, Nitrocot, Nitrek, Nitrostat Tablets, Nitrol

Women's Chest Pain Unreliable Indicator of Heart Attack: Study

Posted 25 Nov 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 25, 2013 – Chest pain is not a symptom that doctors can use to accurately diagnose a woman suffering a major heart attack, according to new research. A survey of about 800 women and 1,700 men found that women tend to suffer the same types of chest pain as men during a heart attack, Swiss researchers from the University Hospital Basel said. However, most of the chest pain symptoms reported by women could not be used to tell a heart attack from some other cause of severe chest pain. Doctors said the study, which was published Nov. 25 in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine, provides further evidence that emergency-room doctors should use concrete heart tests to diagnose a heart attack. These tests include the electrocardiogram (EKG), which checks the heart's electrical activity, and the cardiac troponin test, which is a blood test that checks for proteins called troponins that ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction

Women More Likely to Die in Hospital After Heart Attack

Posted 19 Nov 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 19, 2013 – Younger Hispanic, black and white women are more likely to die in the hospital after a heart attack than white men are, a new study finds. Researchers examined data from about 207,000 American adults hospitalized for heart attack – including more than 6,500 Hispanic and black women younger than 65 – and found significant racial, gender and age disparities. Younger Hispanic, black and white women were 1.5, 1.4 and 1.2 times, respectively, more likely to die in a hospital than white men, the investigators found. The study also found that Hispanic and black women were significantly younger than white women when they were hospitalized after a heart attack. Younger Hispanic women had a higher rate of diabetes (56 percent) than black women (46 percent) or white women (36 percent). In addition, the findings indicated that white men were more likely than women to ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction

Sudden Cardiac Arrest May Have Early Warning Signs

Posted 19 Nov 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 19, 2013 – A new study counters the commonly held belief that when most middle-aged men suffer cardiac arrest, it typically comes completely out of the blue. Researchers found that the majority of victims have symptoms in the days and weeks before the emergency. Most had chest pains between four weeks and one hour before a sudden cardiac arrest – when the heart stops abruptly – the study found. Others had noted shortness of breath, while a small percentage experienced dizziness, fainting or heart palpitations. The study authors said that although middle-aged people are considered to be in the prime of life, they are not immune to cardiac emergencies. "At least a third of cardiac arrests in men are happening in middle age," said study lead author Dr. Sumeet Chugh, a cardiologist at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. The recent death of The Sopranos star James ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Could Vaccines Someday Improve Heart Health?

Posted 18 Nov 2013 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Nov. 18, 2013 – People routinely get vaccinations to ward off the flu or prevent infectious diseases such as measles and whooping cough. Could there be a vaccine in the future that would prevent a heart attack? Two animal studies suggest that vaccines might someday be used to reduce high cholesterol levels and lower blood pressure, according to findings presented Monday at the American Heart Association (AHA) annual meeting in Dallas. In both cases, the vaccines interrupt processes in the body that, if left alone, can lead to high cholesterol and elevated blood pressure. The first study, out of Vienna, found that mice and rats had lower cholesterol levels for a year following treatment with a vaccine that protects a cell's ability to remove "bad" LDL cholesterol from the bloodstream. "This is one of the most exciting things that's now under development in the controllability of ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Vaccination and Prophlaxis

Text Message From Your Heart Doc: 'Take Your Medicine'

Posted 17 Nov 2013 by Drugs.com

SUNDAY, Nov. 17, 2013 – In the future, better care for heart patients may be just a text message away. So says a new study that found patients recovering from heart attack took more of their medicines on time when they received regular text messages reminding them to do so. People who received the text reminders were 16 percent to 17 percent better at taking anti-clotting medicines at the right time and in the correct dosage, according to a study to be presented Sunday at the annual meeting of the American Heart Association in Dallas. "These medications are critical because patients can have serious life-threatening complications if they don't take them," explained study lead author Linda Park, a post-doctoral fellow at the San Francisco VA Medical Center. The study followed 90 heart patients, averaging 59 years of age, for 30 days. All of the patients had either had a heart attack, ... Read more

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