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Related terms: Major Depression, Unipolar Depression

'Exposure Therapy' May Relieve Prolonged Grief Disorder

Posted 2 days 6 hours ago by

THURSDAY, Oct. 23, 2014 – Reliving the death of a loved one may help people with prolonged grief disorder, a new study suggests. Exposure therapy, as this approach is called, appears to help survivors struggling with prolonged grief better than another type of therapy alone, the study found. Prolonged grief disorder, also called complicated grief, is an ongoing yearning for a dead loved one. It's associated with emotional pain, difficulty accepting the death, a sense of meaninglessness and bitterness, and difficulty engaging in new activities. "Prolonged grief disorder is a big public health issue," said lead researcher Richard Bryant, a professor of psychology at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. "We know that 7 to 10 percent of all bereaved people will develop prolonged grief disorder," he said. Prolonged grief disorder leads to mental health problems, suicidal ... Read more

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Teen Conflicts Spill Over to Other Areas of Their Lives

Posted 2 days 7 hours ago by

THURSDAY, Oct. 23, 2014 – Teens' conflicts at home increase the risk of problems at school for up to two days, according to a new study. The research also found that the reverse is true: school problems can create issues at home. Additionally, the study found that bad mood and mental health symptoms such as depression and anxiety are important factors in what's referred to as "spillover effect." Problems that can spill over between home and school include arguments between teens and their parents, skipping class, not completing assignments, difficulty understanding school work, and doing poorly on a quiz or test, the University of Southern California researchers explained. For example, failing a test could cause a teen to be irritable, which in turn could lead to an argument with parents. The researchers also found that teens with more symptoms of anxiety and depression were more ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety and Stress

Depression After Heart Attack May Be More Common for Women

Posted 3 days ago by

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22, 2014 – Women are at greater risk for anxiety and depression after a heart attack than men, a new study finds. Researchers looked at 160 patients in Lithuania who were interviewed at least one month after suffering a heart attack. About one-quarter of the patients were depressed and 28 percent of those had been treated with antidepressants. Women were more likely than men to have depression and anxiety, and the conditions were more severe in women, according to the findings presented Sunday in Geneva at the annual meeting of the Acute Cardiovascular Care Association of the European Society of Cardiology. Further research is needed to determine why women are more likely than men to develop anxiety and depression after a heart attack, study author Dr. Pranas Serpytis of Vilnius University in Lithuania said in an association news release. The study showed smokers were ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction

Upbeat Walking Style Might Lift Your Mood

Posted 8 days ago by

FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 – The way you walk can affect your mood, according to a new study. Previous research has shown that depressed people move differently from happy people, according to study co-author Nikolaus Troje, a senior fellow at the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. "It is not surprising that our mood, the way we feel, affects how we walk, but we want to see whether the way we move also affects how we feel," he said in an institute news release. For this study, participants were shown a list of positive and negative words – words like "pretty" and "afraid." They were then asked to walk on a treadmill in either a depressed style – with their shoulders rolled forward and limited arm movement – or in a bouncier, happier way. After they got off the treadmill, the volunteers were asked to recall the words they were shown before they began walking. Those who walked in a ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression

Family Acceptance Key to Curbing Teen Suicides, Study Shows

Posted 8 days ago by

FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 – Family rejection could be potentially deadly for teens already at risk for suicide, a new study has found. When teens were followed six months after discharge from a psychiatric unit for attempting suicide, the majority of boys and girls reported feeling family or peer "invalidation" at the time of discharge. "Family invalidation refers to a lack of acceptance of individuals' sense of self and their emotions," said lead researcher Shirley Yen, an associate professor of psychiatry at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University in Providence, R.I. "This could mean anything from not accepting an aspect of their child's identity or preferences, such as sexuality, to telling their child they should not feel the way they do, such as feeling depressed or anxious." Yen said that parents may actually be supportive of their teens in other ways but could still ... Read more

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More Evidence That Exercise May Help Fight Depression

Posted 9 days ago by

THURSDAY, Oct. 16, 2014 – Physically active people are less likely to show signs of depression, a new study finds. And exercise can help improve mood in people who already feel depressed, but there's a catch: Depressive symptoms appear to be a barrier to physical activity, the British researchers said. The findings, based on 11,000 adults ages 23 to 50, correlate with previous research suggesting that exercise can have a powerful effect on depression, although it's far from a cure-all. "Exercise is good for you," said Dr. Madhukar Trivedi, a leading researcher into the effects of physical activity who wasn't involved in the study. "It improves your mental health and lowers your chances of getting depressed." It may seem obvious that exercise improves mood, but it's been difficult to prove scientifically. One of the challenges is that depressed people tend to be withdrawn and don't want ... Read more

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Obesity and Depression Often Twin Ills, Study Finds

Posted 9 days ago by

THURSDAY, Oct. 16, 2014 – Depression and obesity tend to go hand in hand, U.S. health officials reported Thursday. The combination was so common that 43 percent of depressed adults were also obese, according to the report. That association was even more prevalent among those taking antidepressants: 55 percent of those patients were also obese. Report author Laura Pratt, an epidemiologist at the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, could not explain why or how obesity and depression are so often linked. "We are just describing the relationship, but we don't have anything in our data that would help us answer the why question," she said. The researchers do know that as the severity of depression increases so does the odds of being obese, Pratt said. However, the study did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship. In addition, gender and race played a role in the connection ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Obesity

Teen Girls May Face Greater Risk of Depression

Posted 10 days ago by

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 – Teen girls have more relationship-related stress than boys, which puts them at greater risk for depression, a new study finds. Nearly 400 white and black American teens underwent an assessment for depression and then had three follow-up assessments at about seven-month intervals. Girls tended to have more depressive symptoms during the follow-up than boys. Boys' depressive symptoms seemed to decrease during follow-up, while girls' depressive symptoms did not. Further investigation showed that girls had more relationship-related stress (such as fights with parents or friends) than boys, which increased their risk for depression, according to the authors of the study published online recently in the journal Clinical Psychological Science. "These findings draw our focus to the important role of stress as a potential causal factor in the development of ... Read more

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Exercise May Not Ward Off Teen Depression

Posted 11 days ago by

TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 – Although exercise has long been thought to help improve the symptoms of depression, teenagers may not reap these benefits, a new British study suggests. The study found that physical activity levels in early teen years didn't appear to affect rates of depression in later teen years. "Those participants who were more physically active in early adolescence did not subsequently have significantly lower (or higher) depressive symptoms or significantly altered odds of depressive disorders in later adolescence," the study authors wrote. "Although it is important to promote physical activity because of its well-documented effect on physical health, during adolescence, physical activity may not serve as a strong protective factor of developing depressive symptoms or disorders," they added. However, some U.S. experts questioned the findings based on the study's design, ... Read more

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Weight-Loss Surgery May Not Always Help With Depression

Posted 19 days ago by

FRIDAY, Oct. 3, 2014 – While most severely obese people get a mood boost after weight-loss surgery, some may have a recurrence of depression symptoms months after they have the procedure, a new study finds. The study included 94 women and 13 men who were asked about their mood before having weight-loss surgery, and again six and 12 months after the procedure. Most people had a normal or improved mood after weight-loss surgery, but some said they had negative mood changes. At 12 months after the operation, almost 4 percent of patients said they felt more depressed than before the procedure, the investigators found. Even more patients (about 13 percent) reported increases in depressive symptoms between six and 12 months after weight-loss surgery, according to the study published recently in the journal Obesity Surgery. There was also a significant association between negative mood ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Obesity

Nature Walks With Others May Keep Depression at Bay

Posted 26 Sep 2014 by

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 – Taking nature walks with other people may lower your stress levels and reduce your risk of depression, a new study suggests. The study included nearly 2,000 participants from the Walking for Health program in England, which organizes nearly 3,000 group walks each week. The researchers found that people who'd recently gone through a stressful event such as a serious illness, job loss, marriage breakup or death of a loved one had a significant mood boost after outdoor group walks. "We hear people say they feel better after a walk or going outside but there haven't been many studies of this large size to support the conclusion that these behaviors actually improve your mental health and well-being," study senior author Dr. Sara Warber, an associate professor of family medicine at the University of Michigan Medical School, said in a university news release. ... Read more

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Special Therapy May Help Relieve 'Complicated Grief'

Posted 25 Sep 2014 by

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 – For people mired in grief after a loved one's death, a specially designed therapy may work better than a standard treatment for depression, a new study finds. The debilitating condition, known as complicated grief, is often mistaken for depression, but is a different problem altogether, researchers say. Sufferers from complicated grief have intense yearning and longing for the person who died that doesn't lessen over time. "They have difficulty comprehending the reality of the death," said lead researcher Dr. M. Katherine Shear, a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University School of Social Work. "They are caught up in thinking about the person who died, sometimes daydreaming about them," said Shear, who is also director of the Center for Complicated Grief in New York City. They may blame themselves for the death and avoid doing things or going places they ... Read more

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One Dose of Antidepressant Changes Brain Connections, Study Says

Posted 18 Sep 2014 by

THURSDAY, Sept. 18, 2014 – Just a single dose of a common antidepressant can quickly alter the way brain cells communicate with one another, early research suggests. The findings, reported online Sept. 18 in Current Biology, are a step toward better understanding the brain's response to widely prescribed antidepressants. Experts said the hope is to eventually be able to predict which people with depression are likely to benefit from a drug – and which people would fare better with a different option. In a small study of healthy volunteers, researchers found that a single dose of the antidepressant escitalopram (Lexapro) seemed to temporarily reduce "connectivity" among clusters of brain cells in most regions of the brain. The exceptions were two brain areas – the cerebellum and thalamus – where the drug boosted connectivity. In simple terms, connectivity refers to how brain cells ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Lexapro, Zoloft, Prozac, Celexa, Paxil, Citalopram, Sertraline, Fluoxetine, Escitalopram, Paroxetine, Luvox, Brintellix, Paxil CR, Fluvoxamine, Sarafem, Luvox CR, Pexeva, Brisdelle, Vortioxetine

Blood Test Spots Adult Depression: Study

Posted 16 Sep 2014 by

TUESDAY, Sept. 16, 2014 – A new blood test is the first objective scientific way to diagnose major depression in adults, a new study claims. The test measures the levels of nine genetic indicators (known as "RNA markers") in the blood. The blood test could also determine who will respond to cognitive behavioral therapy, one of the most common and effective treatments for depression, and could show whether the therapy worked, Northwestern University researchers report. Depression affects nearly 7 percent of U.S. adults each year, but the delay between the start of symptoms and diagnosis can range from two months to 40 months, the study authors pointed out. "The longer this delay is, the harder it is on the patient, their family and environment," said lead researcher Eva Redei, a professor in psychiatry and behavioral sciences and physiology at Northwestern's Feinberg School of Medicine ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Diagnosis and Investigation

Sunny Skies Tied to Suicide Rates

Posted 12 Sep 2014 by

FRIDAY, Sept. 12, 2014 – Sunny days may be linked to suicide rates, but in a complicated way, new research suggests. In a study of more than 69,000 suicides spanning 40 years, Austrian researchers found two distinct correlations between sun-filled days and suicide rates. In the short term, sunny days were linked with an increase in suicide, but after two weeks of sunshine, the number of suicides dropped. The findings, reported online Sept. 10 in JAMA Psychiatry, point only to an association between sunny days and suicide risk. And it's "impossible" to directly attribute the changes in suicide rates to sunshine, according to the researchers. But in theory, there could be a role for the mood-regulating chemical serotonin, reported Dr. Benjamin Vyssoki and colleagues at the Medical University of Vienna. A number of studies have found a seasonal pattern to suicide rates in several ... Read more

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