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Dementia Blog

Related terms: Chronic Brain Syndrome, DLB

A Failing Mind May Mean Lower Cancer Death Risk, Study Suggests

Posted 7 days ago by

WEDNESDAY, April 9, 2014 – The scourge of dementia may come with a silver lining: Those with declining memory and thinking skills may be significantly less likely to die from cancer, new research indicates. Analyzing more than 2,600 Spaniards over the age of 65, scientists found that people experiencing the fastest decline in mental skills were about one-third less likely to die of cancer over an average of 13 years. The results echo those of numerous prior studies done worldwide suggesting an inverse relationship between Alzheimer's disease and cancer. Having one appears to markedly lower the odds of developing the other, though scientists don't yet know why that may be. "I wasn't surprised by the results since there were other papers that suggested dementia decreased the risk of cancer," said study author Dr. Julian Benito-Leon, a staff physician in neurology at Hospital ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Dementia

Aerobic Exercise May Help Older Women at Risk for Dementia

Posted 7 days ago by

WEDNESDAY, April 9, 2014 – Regular aerobic workouts increase the size of the brain's memory area in older women and may help slow the progression of dementia, according to a small new study. It included 86 women, aged 70 to 80, who had mild memory problems, also known as "mild cognitive impairment," which researchers say is a common risk factor for dementia. The women also underwent MRIs to assess the size of their hippocampus, the part of the brain involved in verbal memory and learning. The study, conducted by Teresa Liu-Ambrose and her colleagues at the physical therapy department of the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, was published online April 8 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. For six months, the women did twice weekly hour-long sessions of either aerobic exercise (brisk walking); resistance training such as weights, lunges and squats, or balance and muscle ... Read more

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More Research Links Poor Heart Health With Alzheimer's Risk

Posted 16 days ago by

MONDAY, March 31, 2014 – A new study links heart disease with increased odds of developing dementia. Researchers found that artery stiffness – a condition called atherosclerosis – is associated with the buildup of beta-amyloid plaque in the brain, a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. "This is more than just another example of how heart health relates to brain health. It is a signal that the process of vascular aging may predispose the brain to increased amyloid plaque buildup," said lead researcher Timothy Hughes, from the department of internal medicine at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, N.C. Plaque builds with age and appears to worsen in those with stiffer arteries, he said. "Finding and preventing the causes of plaque buildup is going to be an essential factor in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease and extending brain health throughout life," Hughes added. Alzheimer's ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease

Jury Still Out on Routine Dementia Screening for Seniors

Posted 24 Mar 2014 by

MONDAY, March 24, 2014 – There's not yet enough evidence to support screening all older adults for dementia or a less severe condition called "mild cognitive impairment," according to a statement released Monday by the influential U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Mild cognitive impairment is a type of mental decline that does not interfere with activities of daily life. General screening tests for dementia typically involve health professionals asking patients to perform a series of tasks to assess memory, attention, language, and visual-spatial and executive function. "We found there wasn't sufficient evidence to recommend for or against screening," said task force member Dr. Douglas Owens, a professor of medicine at Stanford University's Center for Health Policy. "This recommendation applies to people who are completely free of symptoms," Owens said. "If someone has symptoms, ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Diagnosis and Investigation

FDA Approves Neuraceq (florbetaben F18 injection) for PET Imaging of Beta-Amyloid Plaques

Posted 20 Mar 2014 by

Berlin/Boston, March 20, 2014‒ Piramal Imaging today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Neuraceq. This approval comes only four weeks after receiving marketing authorization for Neuraceq from the European Commission. Neuraceq is indicated for Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging of the brain to estimate beta-amyloid neuritic plaque density in adult patients with cognitive impairment who are being evaluated for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other causes of cognitive decline. There are an estimated 7.7 million new cases of dementia each year worldwide. 1 Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 60-80% of all dementia diagnoses. 2 However, a clinical diagnosis of probable AD is incorrect upon post-mortem histological investigation in 10-30% of cases.3 The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has declared it will cover a beta-amyloid PET scan fo ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, Diagnosis and Investigation, Positron Emission Tomography Imaging

Diabetes in Middle Age May Cause Memory Problems Later

Posted 19 Mar 2014 by

WEDNESDAY, March 19, 2014 – People who develop type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure in middle age appear more likely to suffer brain damage that can contribute to dementia as they grow older, a new study finds. Diabetes might actually shrink the brain over a long period of time, reducing the size of crucial areas like the hippocampus, which plays an important role in short- and long-term memory, according to the study. Additionally, diabetes and high blood pressure both seem to increase a person's risk of micro-strokes and other damage to the blood vessels that feed the brain, the study authors said. "People who had diabetes earlier in life had much worse brain [structure] than those who had it later in life," said lead author Dr. Rosebud Roberts, a Mayo Clinic researcher. "These scans are showing us that cognitive impairment happens over a long period of time. The earlier you ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Dementia

Lower IQ, Worse Heart Fitness in Teens Linked to Risk of Early Dementia in Men

Posted 17 Mar 2014 by

MONDAY, March 17, 2014 – Having a lower IQ or poorer fitness at age 18 might increase a man's risk of developing dementia before age 60, a new study suggests. The analysis of data from 1.1 million Swedish men suggested that the risk of early onset dementia was 2.5 times higher in those with poorer heart fitness, four times higher in those with a lower IQ and seven times higher in those with both risk factors. The men were first tested as part of Sweden's national military service conscription and followed for up to 42 years. The increased dementia risk remained even when the University of Gothenburg researchers took into account other risk factors, such as socioeconomic status and medical and family history, according to the study, which was published online recently in the journal Brain. "Previous studies have shown the correlation between cardiovascular fitness and the risk of ... Read more

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'Senior Moments' Don't Seem to Lead to Dementia for Most

Posted 10 Mar 2014 by

MONDAY, March 10, 2014 – Only about 20 percent of people who experience "senior moments" of forgetfulness, memory lapses and poor judgment will go on to development serious brain-related disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, according to a new German study. Although some people will be stricken with Alzheimer's or dementia, many will see their symptoms remain the same or disappear, the researchers said. It's all part of a condition called "mild cognitive impairment," they added. "Patients should not be alarmed unnecessarily by receiving a diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment," said lead researcher Dr. Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, of the Institute of Primary Medical Care in Kiel, Germany. During three years of study of people with mild cognitive impairment, 42 percent returned to normal mental function, 36 percent retained their mild impairment and only 22 percent developed dementia, ... Read more

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Simple Blood Test May Have Power to Predict Dementia Risk

Posted 10 Mar 2014 by

SUNDAY, March 9, 2014 – A blood test has been developed that can predict with 90 percent certainty whether a senior will suffer from dementia within the next few years, researchers report. The test relies on levels of 10 lipids, or fats, in the bloodstream to estimate the chances of either mild cognitive impairment – which involves memory loss and a decline in thinking ability – or the beginnings of Alzheimer's disease. Low levels of these 10 blood fats can predict impending dementia symptoms with remarkable accuracy, said study author Dr. Howard Federoff, executive dean of the Georgetown University School of Medicine. "We do not know why all 10 of those lipids are lower in individuals who are predisposed to go on to cognitive impairment," Federoff said. "We can't directly link this to our current understanding of the pathobiology of Alzheimer's disease." Maria Carrillo, vice ... Read more

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Poor Fitness in Middle Age Tied to Higher Risk of Dementia

Posted 5 Mar 2014 by

WEDNESDAY, March 5, 2014 – How middle-aged people rate their own physical fitness could provide clues about their risk for future dementia, Finnish researchers report. Among people aged about 50, those who self-rate their level of fitness as poor are four times more likely to develop dementia within 30 years than those who say they have a good level of fitness, the study suggests. "Previous research has shown that self-rated health is a strong indicator of adverse health events," study author Jenni Kulmala, a postdoctoral researcher from the Gerontology Research Center at the University of Jyvaskyla, said in an Academy of Finland news release. The new study, which followed more than 3,500 adults, "is the first large population-based study investigating associations between self-rated physical fitness during the three decades from midlife to later life and dementia risk," she said. The ... Read more

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High Estrogen Levels Plus Diabetes May Boost Dementia Risk

Posted 29 Jan 2014 by

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2014 – Older women with high levels of the hormone estrogen may be at a greater risk for dementia, especially if they also have diabetes, new research suggests. Using data from a large study that included more than 5,600 postmenopausal women aged 65 or older, French researchers measured estrogen levels in those without dementia who were not on hormone replacement therapy, medication that boosts estrogen levels. Four years later, the scientists followed up by comparing the baseline estrogen levels they'd taken of 543 women from the study who did not have dementia with 132 women who had been diagnosed with dementia. The investigators also looked at risk factors for dementia, including diabetes, high blood pressure and other heart health issues. The researchers said the risk of dementia more than doubled for women who had high estrogen levels, even after accounting for ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Dementia

For Seniors With Dementia, the Choice to Live Alone Can Be a Risky One

Posted 23 Jan 2014 by

Part one of a two-part series THURSDAY, Jan. 23, 2014 – For the millions of Americans with dementia, staying at home for as long as possible is a common goal. But independent living can pose certain risks for these adults – and prove challenging for family caregivers. A new study of more than 250 Baltimore residents with dementia found unmet needs, especially concerning safety, health and meaningful activities, in almost all cases. "Clearly, the biggest unmet need was in the area of personal and home safety," said lead researcher Betty Black, an associate professor in the department of geriatric psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore. "Ninety percent of people in our sample needed to address safety issues at home," Black said. "That included things like fall risk management and wander risk management that really could be addressed perhaps by making alterations ... Read more

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Simple Steps Could Keep People With Dementia at Home Longer: Study

Posted 23 Dec 2013 by

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2013 – Most Americans with dementia who live at home have numerous health, safety and supportive care needs that aren't being met, a new study shows. Any one of these issues could force people with dementia out of the home sooner than they desire, the Johns Hopkins researchers noted. Routine assessments of patient and caregiver care needs coupled with simple safety measures – such as grab bars in the bathroom – and basic medical and supportive services could help prevent many people with dementia from ending up in a nursing home or assisted-living facility, the researchers added. "Currently, we can't cure their dementia, but we know there are things that, if done systematically, can keep people with dementia at home longer," said study leader Betty Black, an associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. ... Read more

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Dementia Risk Might Rise for Older Women With Heart Disease

Posted 18 Dec 2013 by

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2013 – Older women with heart disease might be at increased risk for dementia, according to a new study. Researchers followed nearly 6,500 U.S. women, aged 65 to 79, who had healthy brain function when the study started. Those with heart disease were 29 percent more likely to experience mental decline over time than those without heart disease. The risk of mental decline was about twice as high among women who'd had a heart attack as it was among those who had not. Women who had a heart bypass operation, surgery to remove a blockage in a neck artery or peripheral artery disease also were at increased risk for mental decline. Heart disease risk factors such as high blood pressure and diabetes also increased the risk for mental decline, but obesity did not significantly boost the risk, according to the study, which was published in the Dec. 18 issue of the Journal of ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Dementia

135 Million People Worldwide Will Have Dementia by 2050: Report

Posted 5 Dec 2013 by

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2013 – The number of people worldwide living with dementia could more than triple by 2050, a new report reveals. Currently, an estimated 44 million people worldwide have dementia. That number is expected to reach 76 million in 2030 and 135 million by 2050. Those estimates come from an Alzheimer's Disease International (ADI) policy brief for the upcoming G8 Dementia Summit in London, England. The projected number of people with dementia in 2050 is now 17 percent higher than ADI estimated in the 2009 World Alzheimer Report. The new policy brief also predicts a shift in the worldwide distribution of dementia cases, from the richest nations to middle- and low-income countries. By 2050, 71 percent of people with dementia will live in middle- and low-income nations, according to the experts. Research must become a global priority if improvements are to be made to the ... Read more

Related support groups: Dementia

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Related Condition Support Groups

Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Lewy Body Dementia, Arteriosclerotic Dementia, Central Nervous System Disorders

Related Drug Support Groups

Haldol, haloperidol, Haldol Decanoate, Hydergine, Gerimal, Hydergine LC, ergoloid mesylates