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Cardiovascular Risk Reduction News

Elderly Benefit From Intensive Blood Pressure Treatment

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, May 20, 2016 – Intensive treatment of high blood pressure reduces older adults' risk of heart disease without increasing their risk of falls or other complications, a new study shows. "These findings have substantial implications for the future of high blood pressure therapy in older adults because of its high prevalence in this age group, and because of the devastating consequences high blood pressure complications can have on the independent function of older people," said study author Dr. Jeff Williamson. He is a professor of gerontology and geriatric medicine at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, in Winston-Salem, N.C. These new results come from the U.S. National Institutes of Health's Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT). The study included more than 2,600 patients, aged 75 and older. They were randomly assigned to one of two groups: either an intensive ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Asian-Americans in Better Health Than Other U.S. Adults

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 19, 2016 – Asian-Americans are healthier than other U.S. adults. So say federal health officials who added that, compared to other Americans, most Asian-Americans are less likely to report that they're in fair or poor health, have multiple chronic conditions or serious psychological problems. They're also less likely to say they must limit work or social activities compared to others their age, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday. Perhaps this report provides a window on the opportunities of health through heritage, "with a family's culture defending them against a culture of fast food, soda, stress and insomnia," said Dr. David Katz. Director of the Yale University Prevention Research Center, he wasn't involved in the new study. Asian-Americans make up about 5 percent of the U.S. population, according to the CDC. For the ... Read more

Related support groups: Psychiatric Disorders, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Joe Montana Scoring Points Against Heart Disease

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 17, 2016 – After retiring from a long and illustrious pro football career that included four Super Bowl championships, quarterback Joe Montana abandoned his decades-long habit of daily exercise. And it was just a few years later when the Hall of Famer was diagnosed with two major risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure and high cholesterol. That news, coupled with a family history of heart disease – which claimed a grandfather and two uncles before age 55 – jolted Montana to realize that his physical prowess on the gridiron couldn't protect him from heart disease. Montana knew he had to change course and once again become physically fit. Now 59, the three-time Super Bowl MVP counteracts his family history of heart disease – America's leading killer – by biking frequently with his wife and grown children, and limiting salty foods and red meat. "I didn't ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, High Cholesterol, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Sleep Apnea May Raise Risks for Angioplasty Patients

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 – Scientists say they now have more evidence that sleep apnea might worsen heart disease. Sleep apnea leads to interrupted breathing during sleep. In their study, the researchers found that patients with the condition who had a form of the heart procedure called angioplasty were much more likely to suffer heart attacks or strokes after their procedure. The big difference held up even when the researchers adjusted their findings so they wouldn't be thrown off by factors like obesity and high blood pressure, which are common in these patients. While the study did not prove sleep apnea caused heart disease to worsen, the authors think the first one probably exacerbates the second one. "For cardiologists inserting stents for coronary artery disease, it is important to screen the patients for obstructive sleep apnea," said study author Dr. Lee Chi-Hang. "And patients ... Read more

Related support groups: Sleep Disorders, Insomnia, Heart Disease, Sleep Apnea, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome

Half of Heart Attacks Might Be 'Silent'

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 – As many as half of all heart attacks may be "silent" – without the typical crushing chest pain, shortness of breath and cold sweats, new study findings suggest. Among nearly 9,500 Americans included in the study, 45 percent of all heart attacks were silent, investigators found. And, the study authors said, these silent heart attacks triple the odds of dying from heart disease. "Silent heart attacks are almost as common as heart attacks with symptoms and just as bad," said senior study author Dr. Elsayed Soliman. He is director of the epidemiological cardiology research center at Wake Forest School of Medicine in Winston-Salem, N.C. Heart attacks reduce or stop blood flow to the heart muscle. Because silent heart attacks often go undiagnosed, people don't get the medical care needed to prevent another heart attack, or even death, the study authors explained. ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Dyspnea, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Post MI Syndrome

Devout Women May Enjoy Better Health

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 16, 2016 – Routinely attending religious services may confer a halo of better health around American women, a new study suggests. Harvard researchers found that women who went to religious services at least twice a week were one-third less likely to die over the 20-year study period, compared to women who never attended services. Is this a case of divine intervention, or is there another reason behind the improved longevity? "The association between religious participation and mortality probably has more to do with religious practice and specifically, communal practice, like attending religious services, than with religious belief," said study author Tyler VanderWeele. "Something about the communal religious experience seems to be powerful for health," said VanderWeele, a professor of epidemiology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston. VanderWeele said ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

More Support for Aggressive Blood Pressure Treatment for Elderly

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, May 14, 2016 – People who get their high blood pressure down to normal levels may substantially cut their risk of heart disease – even if they're elderly or have already had heart problems, new research suggests. The study results, from a major clinical trial called SPRINT (Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial), add to evidence that aggressively treating high blood pressure in older adults can pay off. Specifically, experts said, the benefits appear to extend to elderly and less-healthy patients. That might sound obvious. But for years there has been "major controversy" over whether such intensive treatment is even safe for older people, explained Dr. Dalane Kitzman, a cardiologist at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, in Winston-Salem, N.C. Kitzman is one of the researchers who will present the latest SPRINT findings Saturday at the annual meeting of the American ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Heart Attack, Transient Ischemic Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Watch Walking to Gauge Health After Heart Surgery

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 11, 2016 – Assessing the prognosis of a loved one who's scheduled for heart surgery may be as easy as watching them walk, a new study suggests. Patients who aren't able to walk a short distance at a comfortable pace before heart surgery are at greater risk for death following heart procedures, says a team of Canadian researchers. One U.S. doctor wasn't surprised by the finding. "We knew people with a slower gait speed would have a harder time recovering, and it's helpful that these initial impressions are now supported with data," said Dr. Scott Schubach, chair of cardiovascular surgery at Winthrop-University Hospital, in Mineola, N.Y. For the study, researchers led by Dr. Jonathan Afilalo of McGill University in Montreal assessed heart patients' gait speed – the ability to walk about 16 feet in a reasonable amount of time. Gait speed, the researchers explained, reveals ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiothoracic Surgery

Clues to How Popular Heartburn Drug Might Harm Arteries

Posted 13 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 – A popular over-the-counter heartburn medication accelerated aging of blood vessel cells in lab tests, raising red flags about its long-term effect on heart health, researchers say. Faster aging of blood vessel cells exposed to the antacid Nexium (esomeprazole) might potentially hinder the tasks these cells perform to prevent heart attack and stroke, the new study suggests. These lab results could explain why other studies have shown increased risk of heart disease in people who use proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) – the class of heartburn medication that includes Nexium, said study senior author Dr. John Cooke. "Our finding that the lining of blood vessels is impaired by proton pump inhibitors is a unifying mechanism for the reports that PPI users are at increased risk for heart attack, stroke and renal failure," said Cooke, chair of cardiovascular sciences at the ... Read more

Related support groups: GERD, Omeprazole, Nexium, Prilosec, Protonix, Indigestion, Pantoprazole, Dexilant, Prevacid, Lansoprazole, Tums, Milk of Magnesia, Aciphex, Caltrate, Duodenitis/Gastritis, Calcium Carbonate, Zegerid, Sodium Bicarbonate, Esomeprazole, Rabeprazole

FDA to Re-examine What Makes a Food 'Healthy'

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 10, 2016 – Which of these foods, if any, should be labeled "healthy"? Raisin bran? Avocados? Granola bars? Going by current – and perhaps outdated – U.S. food-labeling regulations, it's impossible to know, food makers and legislators contend. But that's about to change under a U.S. Food and Drug Administration plan to redefine the definition of "healthy" foods. "We believe now is an opportune time to reevaluate regulations concerning nutrient content claims, generally, including the term 'healthy,'" the FDA said in a statement to the Wall Street Journal. The process could take years, and will likely rely on public input. A bill in Congress, if approved, would urge the FDA to make this matter a priority, according to the news report. The nutritional landscape and knowledge of what constitutes a healthy diet has changed considerably since 1994, when the FDA first ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation during Pregnancy/Lactation, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Dietary Fiber Supplementation

Cutting Brand-Name Drug Use Could Save U.S. $73 Billion: Study

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 9, 2016 – Overuse of brand-name drugs may be part of the reason why the United States spends more on medication than any other country, a new study contends. Too many brand-name drugs also contribute to greater out-of-pocket expenses for American consumers, researchers said. "We wanted to see how much patients and society as a whole could save through the use of therapeutic substitution, in terms of both overall and out-of-pocket expenses on brand drugs, when a generic drug in the same class with the same indication was available," said lead investigator Dr. Michael Johansen. He is a family medicine physician with the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, in Columbus. What the researchers found was that Americans could save tens of billions of dollars with more efficient drug use. That means replacing brand-name drugs with their generic equivalents whenever possible. ... Read more

Related support groups: Infections, Psychiatric Disorders, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Weight Loss Surgery May Boost Good Cholesterol in Obese Boys

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, May 5, 2016 – Weight loss surgery could help severely obese teenage boys reduce their risk for heart disease by increasing their levels of "good" cholesterol, a preliminary study suggests. The surgery also enhances the protective effects of HDL cholesterol, the researchers said. "We already knew that weight loss surgery improves weight and cholesterol numbers. This new research shows that there are actually changes in the way HDL functions in adolescents, which may lead to a reduction in long-term cardiovascular risk," study author Dr. Amy Shah, a pediatric endocrinologist at the Cincinnati Children's Hospital, said in an American Heart Association news release. The small study involved 10 severely obese teen boys. The participants had an average age of 17 and weighed an average of 367 pounds. The researchers noted that 90 percent of the boys were white. The teens underwent a ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, High Cholesterol, Weight Loss, Hypertriglyceridemia, Gastric Bypass Surgery, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Hyperlipoproteinemia

CPR Help as Near as Your Phone

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 – A stranger or someone you love suddenly collapses with cardiac arrest, but you don't know CPR. New research shows that help – and CPR instruction – may be just a cellphone call away. This is "a real-world approach that the majority of communities can adopt to help improve survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest," said one expert, emergency room physician Dr. Robert Glatter. The new study was led by Dr. Bentley Bobrow of the Arizona Department of Health Services in Phoenix. His team noted that fewer than half of Americans who suffer cardiac arrest in public places receive CPR – cardiopulmonary resuscitation – from bystanders, and survival rates are very low. When cardiac arrest strikes, "time is cardiac muscle," said Glatter, of Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "The sooner we can initiate effective chest compressions and defibrillation ... the better ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Arrhythmia, Tachyarrhythmia, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiac Arrhythmia, Ventricular Tachycardia, Bradyarrhythmia, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Ventricular Arrhythmia, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, AV Heart Block, Atrial Tachycardia, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Asystole, Post MI Syndrome

Many Heart Bypass Patients Don't Take Needed Meds

Posted 20 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 4, 2016 – Many heart bypass patients are skipping medications meant to maintain smooth blood flow in their repaired veins, a new study finds. "It is important for patients to understand that bypass surgery is a second chance, not a cure for their disease," Dr. Michael Savage, a professor of cardiology at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia, said in a university news release. Research has shown that taking statins and aspirin helps keep vein grafts used in bypass surgery open over the long term, and the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association recommend taking both medications unless they are unsafe for a patient. But among the more than 400 patients in the study, only 52 percent were taking the recommended combination of statins and aspirin. Sixty-seven percent were taking just a statin and 75 percent were using aspirin only. Those who ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Heart Attack, High Cholesterol, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Atorvastatin, Pravastatin, Angina, Excedrin, Zocor, Lovastatin, Aggrenox, Myocardial Infarction, Alka-Seltzer, Rosuvastatin, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Pravachol

Many Manly Men Avoid Needed Health Care

Posted 29 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 – Macho men are less likely than women to visit a doctor, and more likely to request male physicians when they do make an appointment, researchers say. But these "tough guys" tend to downplay their symptoms in front of male doctors because of a perceived need to keep up a strong front when interacting with men, according to three recent studies. The results can be dangerous. "These studies highlight one theory about why masculinity is, generally, linked to poor health outcomes for men," said Mary Himmelstein. She is co-author of three recent studies on gender and medicine and a doctoral candidate in the department of psychology at Rutgers University in Piscataway, N.J. "Men who really buy into this cultural script that they need to be tough and brave – that if they don't act in a certain way they could lose their masculinity (or) 'man-card' (or) status – are ... Read more

Related support groups: Prostate Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

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Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

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simvastatin, ramipril, Micardis, Zocor, telmisartan, Altace, Praluent, alirocumab, simvastatin / sitagliptin, Juvisync