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Cardiovascular Risk Reduction News

Sharp Spike Seen in Statin Use in Elderly Without Heart Disease

Posted 4 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 24, 2015 – There has been a sharp rise in the use of cholesterol-lowering statins among elderly patients who do not have heart disease, a new study finds. But there is little research to guide the use of these medicines in this group of patients, the investigators added. In the study, researchers analyzed data from more than 13,000 people who took part in an annual national survey between 1999 and 2012. "We found high rates of statin use in primary prevention among patients older than 79 years old who didn't have vascular disease," lead investigator Dr. Michael Johansen, a family medicine physician at Ohio State University's Wexner Medical Center, said in a university news release. Rates of heart disease among the very elderly people rose from about 28 percent in 1999-2000 to nearly 44 percent in 2011-12, but this increase was believed to be related to survey methods. Over ... Read more

Related support groups: High Cholesterol, Lipitor, Simvastatin, Crestor, Pravastatin, Atorvastatin, Zocor, Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, Hypertriglyceridemia, Red Yeast Rice, Livalo, Pravachol, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Hyperlipoproteinemia, Lescol, Lescol XL, Mevacor, Baycol, Fluvastatin

Weight Loss While You Relax? Mouse Study Hints It Could Happen

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2015 – Fat-burning that leads to weight loss while you sleep or relax sounds like a promise from a quack fad diet, but new genetic research into the causes of obesity suggests it might be possible. Researchers have found a genetic "switch" inside fat cells that can speed up metabolism, prompting the body to burn off excess fat as heat energy even without exercising, according to a report in the Aug. 19 New England Journal of Medicine. Laboratory mice lost half their body weight after researchers flipped that genetic switch. And examination of human fat cells has indicated that the process could work much the same in people, said senior author Manolis Kellis, a professor of computer science and computational biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Mass. "They were eating the same amount. They were not exercising more," Kellis said of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Insulin Pumps Nearly Halve Risk of Heart Disease Death for Type 1 Diabetics

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2015 – People with type 1 diabetes who use insulin pumps seem to have a much lower risk of dying from heart disease or stroke prematurely than those who rely on multiple daily injections of insulin, new research suggests. "As done in Sweden at the time of this study, insulin pump treatment almost halved cardiovascular mortality," said study author Dr. Isabelle Steineck, from Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark. The researchers found a 45 percent lower risk of dying from heart disease early for insulin pump users. And the risk of dying early from heart disease or stroke was 42 percent lower for insulin pump users, while the risk of all-cause death was 27 percent lower during the seven-year study period. Because this was only an observational study, the authors can't say for sure that insulin pumps lowered death risk during the study, although they did find a ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Insulin, Ischemic Stroke, Lantus, Diabetes, Type 1, Novolog, Humalog, Transient Ischemic Attack, Lantus Solostar, Levemir, Novolin R, Novolin N, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Humulin N, Lantus Solostar Pen, Humulin R, NovoLog FlexPen, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Humalog KwikPen, Apidra

Health Tip: Strive to Lose Weight

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

-- Keeping off pounds you've shed can be tougher than losing the weight in the first place. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics offers these suggestions: Weigh yourself regularly, preferably daily. Keep up good habits, such as logging your diet, eating breakfast, practicing portion control and exercising regularly. Find ways to avoid the temptation to eat. Maintain a positive attitude. Keep a journal of your efforts to lose weight and keep it off. Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Could Your Smartphone Help Boost Your Heart Health?

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2015 – Smartphones could become a high-tech tool to help boost heart health, experts say. The apps and wearable sensors on many cellphones can track exercise, activity and heart rates, and while evidence of their effectiveness in reducing risk factors for heart disease and stroke is limited, they could prove useful, a new American Heart Association scientific statement said. Currently, 20 percent of American adults use some type of technology to track their health data. The most popular health apps are associated with exercise, counting steps or tracking your heart rate, the heart association said. The authors of the statement reviewed the small number of published, peer-reviewed studies about the effectiveness of mobile health technologies in managing weight, boosting physical activity, quitting smoking, and controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol and ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Pre-Diabetes, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Moderate Exercise May Reduce Men's Heart Failure Risk

Posted 16 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2015 – Men who get regular, moderate exercise, such as walking or cycling 20 minutes daily, seem to have a lower risk of heart failure than inactive men or those who have higher levels of activity, according to new research. The researchers found that those who exercised by walking or cycling at least 20 minutes a day had a 21 percent lower risk of heart failure. Exercising more than an hour a week decreased risk by 14 percent, the study found. The least-active group had a 69 percent higher risk for developing heart failure, while the highest-intensity group had a 31 percent higher risk of heart failure, the study revealed. There was no information on whether the high-intensity exercisers did marathons or other similar activities, Rahman said. "We found both high and low extreme levels of total physical activity to be associated with an increased risk of heart ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Jury Still Out on Whether Saturated Fat Is Bad for You, Researchers Say

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2015 – A new review suggests that saturated fats, like those found in many dairy products and meat, may not be the big contributors to heart disease or early death that many think they are. However, the Canadian researchers who did the review did find a clear link between heart troubles and trans fats, which are found in highly processed foods such as snacks, margarine and baked goods. "Not all the studies we looked at reached the same conclusion, but generally what we found is that the association between a higher consumption of trans fats and a higher risk for heart disease and [early] death was very consistent," said study author Russell de Souza. "And because we found no evidence that trans fat offers any health benefit, removing it from the foods we eat is the right idea," added de Souza, a registered dietician and an assistant professor of clinical epidemiology ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Screen Teens With Depression for Heart Disease, Experts Say

Posted 17 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2015 – Teens with major depression or bipolar disorder may face a higher risk for heart disease and they need to be followed closely, new recommendations from the American Heart Association state. "Youth with mood disorders are not yet widely recognized as a group at increased risk for excessive and early heart disease. We hope these guidelines will spur action from patients, families and health care providers to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease among these youth," Dr. Benjamin Goldstein, a child-adolescent psychiatrist at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center at the University of Toronto, said in a heart association news release. Goldstein and his colleagues reviewed published studies and found that teens with major depression or bipolar disorder were more likely than other teens to have: high blood pressure; high cholesterol; obesity, especially around the ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Diabetes, Type 2, Hypertension, Smoking, Heart Disease, Major Depressive Disorder, High Cholesterol, Angina, Dysthymia, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease

Exercise Boosts Obese Kids' Heart Health

Posted 18 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2015 – When obese kids get moving, their cardiovascular health quickly improves even if they don't lose weight, a new review finds. Australian researchers looked at six studies on the effects of exercise for obese children and teenagers. On average, the studies found no impact on kids' weight in the short term – six to 12 weeks. There was, however, a clear benefit seen when it came to kids' fitness levels and blood vessel function. That's important because cardiovascular health in childhood often "tracks" into adulthood, said senior researcher Jeff Coombes, a professor in the School of Human Movement Studies at the University of Queensland, in Brisbane. Past studies, he said, have shown that obese children often become obese adults, when they'll face heightened risks of type 2 diabetes and heart disease. But boosting kids' fitness levels and blood vessel function may ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Obesity, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Ischemic Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Too Few Heart Attack Patients Get Cardiac Rehab, Study Finds

Posted 5 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2015 – Cardiac rehabilitation programs are considered a key part of recovering from a heart attack – but only a small minority of patients ever attend one, a new study finds. Of the thousands of older Americans who'd suffered a heart attack in the study, only about 62 percent were referred to a cardiac rehab program, researchers found. And just one-third of those patients actually went. Cardiac rehab programs include supervised exercise, diet counseling, and help with issues such as quitting smoking and managing medications. Guidelines from the American College of Cardiology say that cardiac rehab should be a standard part of heart attack recovery. Despite that, research has shown that few patients actually attend the programs. The new study, published in this week's JAMA Internal Medicine, suggests that the situation is not improving much. "Participation in cardiac ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Hysterectomy at Younger Age Tied to Heart Disease Risks

Posted 5 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2015 – Hysterectomy is associated with an increased likelihood of cardiovascular risk factors and disease, especially among younger women, a new study suggests. Mayo Clinic researchers looked at data from more than 7,600 women. Half of the group had a hysterectomy, while the other half (the "control" group) didn't have the procedure. Women who had a hysterectomy before age 35 were much more likely to have a stroke than age-matched women in the control group, the investigators found. In addition, among women aged 35 to 40, high blood pressure was much more common among those in the hysterectomy group than those in the control group. Although the study found an association between menopause and cardiovascular problems, the study wasn't designed to prove a cause-and-effect relationship. The study was recently published in Menopause: The Journal of the North American ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Heart Disease, Hysterectomy, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders

Spicing Up Your Meals Might Extend Your Life

Posted 5 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2015 – Some like it hot, and a new study finds that folks who favor spicy foods might also have a lower risk of premature death. The study was based on a large multi-year food analysis. It found that adults who reported eating spicy foods – such as fresh and dried chili pepper – as little as three days per week were less likely to die during the study period than those who consumed such foods less than once a week. "The finding is very simple," said study lead author Dr. Lu Qi, an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School in Boston. "If you eat more spicy food, it's better for your health and lowers the risk for mortality, especially as it relates to cancer and heart disease." However, the study authors cautioned that their investigation was not able to draw a direct cause-and-effect link between the consumption of spicy foods and lower mortality. ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Many Older Americans Feel Prepared for Aging

Posted 31 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, July 31, 2015 – Most older Americans feel they are prepared for the process of aging, but many have concerns about maintaining their physical and mental health as they get older, a new survey finds. The 2015 United States of Aging Survey of 1,000 adults 60 and older found that 86 percent felt prepared overall for the process of aging, and 42 percent said they are "very prepared" to age. Forty percent said they are most concerned about maintaining their physical health, while more than one-third were concerned about maintaining their mental health and their memory as they get older. More than two-thirds of respondents said the keys to good health include a healthy diet, having a good attitude and getting enough sleep. Fifty-eight percent said they had not changed residences in more than 20 years, and three-quarters said they intend to live in their current home for the rest of ... Read more

Related support groups: Mild Cognitive Impairment, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Stand, Don't Sit, to Get Healthier, Scientists Say

Posted 30 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 30, 2015 – Sitting too long may be hazardous to your health, even if you exercise regularly, Australian researchers report. A new study found that sitting appears to be linked to increased blood sugar and cholesterol levels, which can lead to added weight, diabetes and heart ills. But standing more helps improve all these measures and can give you a trimmer waist to boot, the researchers said. "Switching some of your sitting time to standing could have benefits for your heart and metabolism," said lead author Genevieve Healy, a senior research fellow at the University of Queensland in Herston. "More time spent standing rather than sitting could improve your blood sugar, fats in the blood and cholesterol levels, while replacing time spent sitting with time walking could have additional benefits for your waistline and body mass index," she said. However, the study did not ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

New Drug Lowers Levels of Triglyceride Blood Fats: Study

Posted 29 Jul 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 29, 2015 – An experimental drug dramatically lowers blood levels of potentially harmful triglycerides, a new study finds. Triglycerides are a type of blood fat created by the food you eat. At very high levels, they can cause heart problems and pancreatitis, an inflammation of the pancreas. "Current treatment for elevated triglyceride [levels] leaves a lot to be desired," said researcher Dr. Joseph Witztum, a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Diego. "This drug holds the promise that it will be the most effective therapy we have." The new drug – called ISIS 304801 for now – lowers triglyceride levels by as much as 71 percent without unpleasant side effects, the study found. Elevated triglycerides can be caused by genetics as well as obesity, smoking, drinking too much alcohol and a diet very high in carbohydrates, the American Heart Association ... Read more

Related support groups: High Cholesterol, Hypertriglyceridemia, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

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