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Cardiovascular Risk Reduction News

Many Manly Men Avoid Needed Health Care

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 – Macho men are less likely than women to visit a doctor, and more likely to request male physicians when they do make an appointment, researchers say. But these "tough guys" tend to downplay their symptoms in front of male doctors because of a perceived need to keep up a strong front when interacting with men, according to three recent studies. The results can be dangerous. "These studies highlight one theory about why masculinity is, generally, linked to poor health outcomes for men," said Mary Himmelstein. She is co-author of three recent studies on gender and medicine and a doctoral candidate in the department of psychology at Rutgers University in Piscataway, N.J. "Men who really buy into this cultural script that they need to be tough and brave – that if they don't act in a certain way they could lose their masculinity (or) 'man-card' (or) status – are ... Read more

Related support groups: Prostate Cancer, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Building Muscle Could Boost the Body's Most Important Muscle

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 28, 2016 – Having more muscle and less fat reduces the risk of early death in people with heart disease, a new study suggests. Doctors should encourage patients to do resistance exercises as part of a healthy lifestyle, rather than emphasizing and monitoring weight loss, the study authors advised. For the study, Dr. Preethi Srikanthan of the University of California, Los Angeles, and colleagues analyzed data gathered from more than 6,400 Americans with heart disease. The investigators found that people with higher amounts of muscle and lower levels of body fat were less likely to die of heart problems or any other causes than those in three other groups based on body composition. The groups were: low muscle/high fat; low muscle/low fat; or high muscle/high fat. Because people with more muscle were more likely to have a high body mass index (BMI, a measurement based on ... Read more

Related support groups: Muscle Pain, Heart Disease, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Night Shift Work May Be Tough on a Woman's Heart

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 – Women who work rotating night shifts may face a slightly increased risk of heart disease, a new study suggests. "We saw a modest increased risk of heart disease associated with longer duration of rotating night shift work, which appears to wane after stopping shift work," said lead researcher Celine Vetter. She is an instructor in medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. That increased risk ranged from 15 percent to 18 percent when compared to women who did not work rotating night shifts, the study found. But the more time that elapsed after quitting such night shift work, the lower the risk for heart disease, Vetter said. And this "further supports the hypothesis that the risk of coronary heart disease associated with shift work might wane over time when women stopped working [such] shifts. This is a new finding," she said. Rotating night shift ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis

Rates of Severe Obesity Among U.S. Kids Still Rising: Study

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 – Obesity continues to plague American kids, with a new study finding rates of severe obesity climbing over a 15-year period. Examining national data from 1999 through 2014, researchers found that one-third of American children aged 2 to 19 were overweight, nearly one-quarter were obese, and more than 2 percent were severely obese. "Despite other recent reports, all categories of obesity have increased from 1999 to 2014, and there is no evidence of a decline in the last few years," said lead researcher Asheley Skinner, who's with the Duke Clinical Research Institute in Durham, N.C. Treatment for the 4.5 million severely obese kids is urgently needed, Skinner said, noting their heightened risk for heart disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer compared with children with milder forms of obesity. "Unless we make big changes on a national level, we're not going to see ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Health Tip: Help Prevent High Blood Pressure

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

-- High blood pressure is sometimes called "the silent killer" because it can be deadly, and affected people may not know they have it. To help prevent high blood pressure, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises: Monitoring your blood pressure regularly. Keeping your blood sugar well controlled if you have diabetes, which is a risk factor for high blood pressure. Taking your meds for diabetes, blood pressure and other chronic health conditions exactly as prescribed. Discussing with your doctor any health issues that may contribute to high blood pressure. Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Hypertension, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Hypertensive Emergency, Hypertensive Heart Disease

Focus on Healthy Foods, Not Avoiding 'Bad' Ones, for Heart Health: Study

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 25, 2016 – Emphasizing healthy foods in your diet, not just banishing "bad" foods, may be the key to avoiding heart attack and stroke, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed the eating habits of thousands of older adults worldwide with heart disease and found results that might surprise you. "Eating a healthy diet seems to have protective effects, but unhealthy foods don't seem to cause any harm," said lead researcher Dr. Ralph Stewart, a cardiologist at Auckland City Hospital in New Zealand. Nutritionists didn't agree with the latter notion, however, stressing that more research is definitely needed. The new study found that for every 100 people eating the healthful, Mediterranean-style diet, three fewer heart attacks, strokes or deaths occurred, compared with the same number of adults eating the so-called Western diet, the study found. A Mediterranean diet is rich ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Rich-Poor Life Expectancy Gap Shrinking for U.S. Youth

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 21, 2016 – If you're an American aged 20 or under, your expected life span is now less affected by whether you're rich or poor than it used to be, a new study finds. Researchers at Princeton University report that the life expectancy gap between rich and poor youth in the United States narrowed between 1990 and 2010. "Our big message here is that the health of the next generation in the poorest areas of the United States has improved tremendously, likely due to social policies that helped the most disadvantaged families," study co-lead author Hannes Schwandt, an assistant professor at the University of Zurich, said in a Princeton news release. Schwandt and Princeton researcher Janet Currie led the study, which tracked U.S. Census data from 1990 to 2010, assessing changes in life expectancy of Americans from birth. Overall, the gap in life expectancy between rich and ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Lonely, Isolated People May Be Prone to Heart Disease, Stroke

Posted 14 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 19, 2016 – Lonely and isolated people may face a higher risk of heart disease and stroke, researchers report. Social isolation raised that risk by about 30 percent, exerting the same level of influence on heart health as risk factors such as anxiety and job stress, the British review found. "Addressing loneliness and social isolation could have an important role in the prevention of two of the leading causes of ill health and mortality worldwide," said lead researcher Nicole Valtorta, a research fellow in the department of health sciences at the University of York. "We take risk factors like obesity and physical inactivity for granted, whereas we do not yet with social isolation and loneliness," she said. "The data from our study support us taking it seriously." But this analysis could not prove that loneliness and social isolation caused heart problems or strokes, only ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Intracranial Hemorrhage

Metformin Safer for Heart Than Other Common Type 2 Diabetes Drugs: Study

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 18, 2016 – Metformin, the most frequently prescribed standalone drug for type 2 diabetes, is better for the heart than its closest competitors, a large analysis suggests. Metformin reduced the risk of dying from heart attack and stroke by about 30 percent to 40 percent compared with other commonly used drugs called sulfonylureas, such as glibenclamide, glimepiride, glipizide and tolbutamide, researchers report. "Pharmaceutical companies continue to make new drugs to reduce blood sugar and improve on safety concerns of the older drugs," said senior study author Dr. Shari Bolen. But, "while adults with diabetes often need more than one medication to control blood sugar, the newer medications do not appear to be safer than the older drugs," added Bolen. Metformin is still the safest and most effective type 2 diabetes medication, said Bolen. She is an assistant professor of ... Read more

Related support groups: Diabetes, Type 2, Metformin, Glucophage, Glipizide, Janumet, Glimepiride, Amaryl, Glucophage XR, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, GlipiZIDE XL, Glucotrol, ActoPlus Met, Glucotrol XL, Glumetza, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Glyburide/Metformin, Janumet XR, Avandamet, Glucovance, Jentadueto

Doctors May Be Ordering Too Many Neck Artery Scans: Study

Posted 15 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 18, 2016 – A new study suggests that many heart patients are scanned for potential blockages in their carotid arteries for uncertain or inappropriate reasons. The carotid arteries, which run up both sides of the neck, deliver blood to the brain. If they become blocked, that can cause a stroke. Once spotted, a blockage can be treated with surgery or medication, the researchers said. But among more than 4,000 VA patients in the study, scans for uncertain reasons happened more than 83 percent of the time, while scans for inappropriate reasons happened 11 percent of the time. Only slightly over 5 percent of these patients were screened for appropriate reasons, the study found. "The vast majority were done for uncertain or inappropriate reasons," said Dr. Larry Goldstein, chairman of the department of neurology at the University of Kentucky School of Medicine. He wrote a ... Read more

Related support groups: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Head & Neck Surgery, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Diagnosis and Investigation, Body Imaging, Head Imaging

Study Questions Health Value of Switching From Butter to Vegetable Oils

Posted 13 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 12, 2016 – A controversial new study challenges the idea that heart health will improve if people cut saturated fat – typically from animal sources – from their diets in favor of vegetable oil. The new research found that while people who were briefly forced to change their diets using corn oil in place of saturated fats did lower their cholesterol, their risk of dying prematurely actually increased. However, at least three nutrition researchers expressed concerns about the study, and said the findings are wrongheaded in many ways. They each urged people to stick with current nutritional guidelines that recommend lower consumption of saturated fat. "This research cannot be used to draw any conclusions about a healthy diet," said Maryam Farvid, a visiting scientist at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. "From the large amount of information from other ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Expert Panel Reaffirms Daily Aspirin's Use Against Heart Disease, Colon Cancer

Posted 12 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 11, 2016 – People in their 50s who are at increased risk of heart disease should take a low-dose aspirin each day to reduce their risk of both heart disease and colon cancer, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends. Americans in their 60s who are at increased risk of heart disease can also benefit from taking aspirin, the influential expert panel said, but the benefit is somewhat smaller for this age group. Therefore, the decision to take low-dose aspirin between age 60 to 69 should be made with a doctor, based on the patients' risk of heart disease and gastrointestinal bleeding, as well as their overall health and personal preferences. A low-dose aspirin is typically 81 milligrams. The USPSTF said that there is not enough evidence to determine the risks or benefits of daily low-dose aspirin in adults who are either younger than 50, or older than 70. ... Read more

Related support groups: Aspirin, Heart Disease, Excedrin, Colorectal Cancer, Aggrenox, Alka-Seltzer, Fiorinal, Excedrin Migraine, Ecotrin, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Fiorinal with Codeine, Arthritis Pain Formula, Norgesic, Soma Compound, Bayer Aspirin, Excedrin Extra Strength, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Arthritis Pain, Norgesic Forte, Percodan

Health Tip: Exercise for a Healthier Heart

Posted 11 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

-- It's common knowledge that exercise helps you shed pounds. But it also can help your heart. The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute says exercise: Boosts lung function and makes your heart stronger, allowing more oxygen-rich blood to be pumped throughout your body. Reduces the risk of plaque formation inside your arteries, which can lead to coronary heart disease and heart attack. Lowers blood pressure and blood fats, and helps regulate blood sugar. Helps reduce inflammation, control weight and boost healthy HDL cholesterol. Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders

Exercise May Counter Harms From Too Much Sitting, Study Says

Posted 8 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 8, 2016 – Regular exercise helps counteract the harmful health effects of too much sitting, a new British study suggests. "This research is significant because it demonstrates yet again why physical activity and exercise is so important. It shows that people who spend large amounts of time not moving, either through work, leisure or lifestyle, can counteract some of the negative effects of sedentary behavior by regularly exercising," study co-author Kishan Bakrania, a University of Leicester researcher, said in a university news release. Researchers analyzed data from a 2008 national health survey of adults in England. They grouped people according to their levels of physical activity and sitting time. Adults who sat a lot and didn't get any exercise had more heart disease and diabetes risk factors than those who spent a lot of time sitting but got regular exercise, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, High Cholesterol, Weight Loss, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease

A Few Key Steps Can Protect Your Heart and Kidneys

Posted 7 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 7, 2016 – Taking care of your heart may also help your kidneys, a new study suggests. The researchers looked at more than 14,800 adults, between the ages of 45 and 64, who were grouped by how closely they followed the American Heart Association ideals for heart health. Those ideals – dubbed Life's Simple 7 – include healthy blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar, diet and body weight, as well as getting sufficient exercise and not smoking. After an average follow-up of 22 years, one-third of participants who began the study with none of the ideals had developed chronic kidney disease, compared to 6.5 percent of participants who had at least six of the heart health ideals. While smoking, body fat, physical activity, blood pressure and blood sugar were associated with kidney disease risk, cholesterol and diet were not, the researchers found. The findings were ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Type 2, Obesity, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Smoking, High Cholesterol, Weight Loss, Renal Failure, Insulin Resistance, Pre-Diabetes, Chronic Kidney Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Ischemic Heart Disease, Abnormal Glucose Tolerance, Hypertensive Heart Disease

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