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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) News

Related terms: ADHD, Attention Deficit Disorder, Childhood hyperkinesis, ADD

For ADHD, Start With Behavior Therapy, Not Drugs: CDC

Posted 2 days 23 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 3, 2016 – Behavior modification therapy is preferable to drugs for treating children 2 to 5 years old who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, U.S. health officials say. "Behavior therapy has been shown to help improve symptoms in young children with ADHD and can be as effective as medicine, but without the side effects," said Dr. Anne Schuchat, principal deputy director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Research has shown that the benefits of behavior therapy can last for years," she said Tuesday during a midday media briefing. Medicines such as Ritalin are appropriate for some children, Schuchat said. But behavior therapy doesn't have the side effects such as stomach aches, irritability, appetite loss and sleep problems often associated with ADHD medications, she said. Also, the effects of long-term use of ADHD medications by young ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Agitation, Psychiatric Disorders, Agitated State, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Evekeo, Quillivant XR

More U.S. Kids Have Chronic Health Problems: Study

Posted 5 days ago by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, April 30, 2016 – The number of American kids suffering from asthma and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is on the increase, with poor children being hit the hardest, researchers report. Children living in extreme poverty who had asthma and ADHD were nearly twice as likely to have at least one other chronic medical condition. These conditions included developmental delays, autism, depression, anxiety, behavioral or conduct issues, speech and language problems, epilepsy and other seizure disorders, and learning disabilities. "These findings emphasize the importance of studying poverty and its impact on child health, as well as confirm the need for increased awareness to inform child health policy," said lead researcher Dr. Christian Pulcini, a resident at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. The reasons for the increase in chronic conditions aren't clear, but ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Asthma, Major Depressive Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Asthma - Maintenance, Autism, Asthma - Acute, Dysthymia

Spanking: More Harm Than Good?

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 27, 2016 – Spare the rod and spoil the child? Not so fast, suggests a new review that found spanking doesn't produce better behavior and may set up a child for psychological and learning problems later. "Spanking is not achieving parents' goals," said lead researcher Elizabeth Gershoff, a developmental psychologist at the University of Texas at Austin. "Children have more mental health problems the more they are spanked. They have lower cognitive ability, scoring lower on achievement tests." Another child development expert said the study findings, based on an analysis of five decades of research, should give parents pause when it comes to corporal punishment. "Parents need to reconsider the role of spanking in the disciplining of children," said Dr. Jefry Biehler, chair of pediatrics at Nicklaus Children's Hospital in Miami. "I think this is a pretty good study that ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitation, Agitated State, Delivery, Executive Function Disorder, Labor and Delivery including Augmentation

Could ADHD Drugs Lower Kids' Bone Density?

Posted 1 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 1, 2016 – Commonly prescribed drugs to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may affect bone density, a new study says. Researchers found that young people who take stimulants such as methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta) and Adderall have lower bone density than their peers. This could have serious consequences later in life, the study suggests. "Adolescence and young adulthood are critically important times for accruing peak bone mass – the largest and densest bone," said the study's lead investigator, Dr. Alexis Feuer, a pediatric endocrinologist at Weill Cornell Medicine in New York City. "Failure to obtain adequate bone mass by early adulthood may result in an increased fracture risk or even the development of osteoporosis later in adulthood." Using data from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, researchers examined the effects of ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Osteoporosis, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Fracture, bone, Prevention of Osteoporosis, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Evekeo, Quillivant XR

Pediatricians Vary Widely in Diagnosing ADHD, Depression

Posted 1 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, April 1, 2016 – There is a large variation in how often U.S. pediatricians diagnose and prescribe drugs for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other mental health conditions, a new study suggests. Researchers found that among children seen at pediatricians' offices in over a dozen U.S. states, 15 percent were diagnosed with a mental health condition over five years. Most often, that meant ADHD – which accounted for close to two-thirds of all of those cases. Just over 3 percent of kids were diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, and 2 percent with depression, the findings showed. However, there were large differences from one pediatrician's office to the next, the study found. The proportion of kids diagnosed with ADHD at each practice ran anywhere from 1 percent to 16 percent – making it the disorder with the greatest variability. For other conditions, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety and Stress, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Major Depressive Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Autism, Psychiatric Disorders, Dysthymia, Asperger Syndrome, Depressive Psychosis, Executive Function Disorder

Psychological Disorders Affect 1 in 7 U.S. Kids Under 9: CDC

Posted 19 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 18, 2016 – One in seven American children aged 2 to 8 suffers from a mental, behavioral or developmental problem, federal health officials report. Researchers analyzed data supplied by parents in the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health, looking for reported speech and language problems, learning disabilities, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder, anxiety and more. "Based on the number of kids affected, this is something we need to pay attention to," said lead researcher Jennifer Kaminski, team leader for child development studies at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The researchers found that young children with mental, behavioral or developmental disorders were less likely than others to have access to medical care that was family-centered, continuous, comprehensive, coordinated, compassionate and ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism, Psychiatric Disorders, Asperger Syndrome

Most Teens Who Abuse ADHD Meds Get Them From Others

Posted 8 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, March 8, 2016 – Abuse of ADHD stimulant drugs such Ritalin or Adderall is on the rise, and a new study finds that most teens who abuse the drugs get them from someone else. An expanding market for drugs to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), "coupled with the increasing rates of ADHD diagnosis, provides greater availability of these drugs," study lead author Yanning Wang, from the University of Florida in Gainesville, said in a university news release. "This raises concerns about the possible non-medical use or abuse of these medications," which include drugs such Adderall, Concerta and Ritalin, she added. According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health, when these drugs are abused they can boost blood pressure and heart rate, and interfere with sleep and appetite. The new study focused on surveys of more than 11,000 American children and teens conducted ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Drug Dependence, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Ritalin-SR, Evekeo, Quillivant XR, Dyanavel XR

ADHD Meds Tied to Lower Bone Density in Kids

Posted 3 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 3, 2016 – Children on medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have lower bone density than their peers, a new U.S. study suggests. Using data from a government health survey, researchers found that children taking ADHD medications had, on average, lower bone density in the hip and lumbar spine (lower back) than kids not on the drugs. These prescription medications included stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall, and nonstimulants, like Strattera. Experts said it's not clear that the medications themselves actually thin kids' bones, as the study only showed an association, and there could be other explanations for the connection. "I'm in no way saying that kids shouldn't be on these medications," said Dr. Jessica Rivera, the senior researcher on the study and an orthopedic surgeon with the U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research, at Fort Sam ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Strattera, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Atomoxetine, Ritalin-SR, Evekeo, Quillivant XR, Dyanavel XR

Fidgeting May Help Students With ADHD Learn

Posted 29 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 – Students who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often get into trouble for fidgeting in the classroom, but that fidgeting may help them learn, new research suggests. "The prevailing view has been and continues to be that hyperactivity is a core deficit in ADHD," said study author Michael Kofler, an assistant professor of psychology at Florida State University in Tallahassee. "When we think of it as a deficit, we are saying it's a bad thing and it's interfering [with schoolwork]. Our work has been challenging that thought." Kofler's team gave 25 boys and girls with ADHD, aged 8 to 12, a series of working memory tasks, observing the amount of fidgeting as the children did them. In one set, the students had to remember where a series of dots appeared on a screen and then reorder them mentally, based on color. They had to then remember a series of ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Executive Function Disorder

iPads Often Used to Pacify Difficult Kids

Posted 29 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, Feb. 29, 2016 – Some parents use mobile phones and tablets to calm young children with behavioral problems, a new study finds. "We know that parents of babies and toddlers with difficult behavior disproportionately use television and videos as calming tools. We wanted to explore whether the same might be true for mobile technology like phones and tablets," lead author Dr. Jenny Radesky, of C.S. Mott Children's Hospital at the University of Michigan, said in a university news release. "We found that the less control and more frustration parents felt over their children's behavior, the more likely they were to turn to mobile devices to help calm their kids down," Radesky said. The study included 144 children, aged 15 to 36 months, in low-income families. Their parents were asked how often they allowed use of mobile phones and tablets during different situations. The devices were ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Agitation, Agitated State, Executive Function Disorder

Could Adults' Expectations Drive Up ADHD Diagnoses in Kids?

Posted 23 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 – Rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have risen globally, and adults' unreasonable expectations of young children could be one reason why, researchers suggest. Reporting in the Feb. 22 issue of JAMA Pediatrics, researchers from the University of Miami point to evidence that the rise in ADHD diagnoses coincided with ever-growing demands on young children's attention and focus. Since the 1970s, the researchers said, elementary school children have been getting more and more homework, while preschoolers have spent more time in full-day programs – and getting coached in reading and numbers by mom and dad. During those same years, the prevalence of ADHD doubled in the United States. Of course, many other things have also changed since the 1970s, and it's not possible to pin the rise of ADHD on any one trend, said lead researcher Dr. Jeffrey ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Diagnosis and Investigation, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER, QuilliChew ER, Aptensio XR, Executive Function Disorder

Behavioral Therapy Beats Drugs as First-Line Treatment for ADHD: Researchers

Posted 18 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

Behavioral therapy should be used before medication in treating children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to new research. One paper found that children's ADHD problems improve faster when their first therapy is behavioral – such as being taught basic social skills – rather than medication, The New York Times reported. Another paper said using behavioral therapy first is less expensive over time. Medications were most effective when used as supplemental, second-line treatment for children with ADHD who required the drugs. In many cases, the drugs were effective at doses lower than normally prescribed, according to the findings in the Journal of Child & Adolescent Psychology. If the effectiveness of the behavior therapy-first approach is confirmed in larger studies, experts say it could change standard medical practice for children with ADHD, which ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Social Anxiety Disorder, Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Methylphenidate, Amphetamine, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Evekeo, Quillivant XR, QuilliChew ER, Metadate ER

More College Students Misusing ADHD Med as Study Aid

Posted 16 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Feb. 16, 2016 – College students aiming for an academic edge may explain a surge in the misuse of a stimulant commonly prescribed for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), new research suggests. Among U.S. adults, the number of Adderall prescriptions stayed stable from 2006 to 2011, but misuse of the drug jumped 67 percent and related visits to emergency rooms went up by 156 percent, researchers found. "The majority of adults who are using Adderall nonmedically are in the age range of 18 to 25," said lead researcher Dr. Ramin Mojtabai, a professor of mental health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore. Most get the pills from friends or relatives who have prescriptions, the study found. Mojtabai and his team suspect college students use Adderall to help them stay up all night to cram for exams. Similarly, young working adults may use it to ... Read more

Related support groups: Adderall, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Concerta, Ritalin, Adderall XR, Methylphenidate, Methylin, Daytrana, Metadate CD, Ritalin LA, Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine, Methylin ER, Ritalin-SR, Quillivant XR, Metadate ER, QuilliChew ER, Aptensio XR

Study Ties Parents' Criticism to Persistent ADHD in Kids

Posted 13 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 – Constant criticism from parents reduces the likelihood that children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) will have fewer symptoms by the time they reach their teens, a new study suggests. In many cases, ADHD symptoms decrease as children get older. But this doesn't occur in all cases. And the new study findings suggest that parental criticism may be a factor. For the study, researchers followed 388 children with ADHD and their families for three years. The parents' levels of criticism and overprotectiveness were assessed two times one year apart. To determine levels of parental criticism and overprotectiveness, the investigators asked parents to talk about their relationship with their child. Experts then rated the level of criticism by how many harsh, negative statements the parents made about their child, rather than about the child's ... Read more

Related support groups: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD Tied to Obesity Risk for Girls, Study Contends

Posted 4 Feb 2016 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 – Girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have their share of challenges. And new research suggests a tendency toward obesity may be one of them. In a 1,000-person study, Mayo Clinic researchers found that girls with ADHD may be twice as likely to be obese in childhood or early adulthood as girls without the disorder. This association was not linked to treatment with stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall, the researchers said. "There are a couple of biological mechanisms that underlie both obesity and ADHD," said Dr. Seema Kumar, a pediatrician and researcher at Mayo Clinic Children's Research Center in Rochester, Minn. The abnormalities in the brain that can cause ADHD can also cause eating disorders, Kumar said. "Girls with ADHD may not be able to control their eating and may end up overeating," she explained. "Because kids with ADHD don't ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Weight Loss, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Executive Function Disorder

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