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Anthrax Prophylaxis Blog

FDA Approves Raxibacumab to Treat Inhalational Anthrax

Posted 17 Dec 2012 by Drugs.com

December 14, 2012 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved raxibacumab injection to treat inhalational anthrax, a form of the infectious disease caused by breathing in the spores of the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Raxibacumab also is approved to prevent inhalational anthrax when alternative therapies are not available or not appropriate. Raxibacumab is a monoclonal antibody that neutralizes toxins produced by B. anthracis that can cause massive and irreversible tissue injury and death. A monoclonal antibody is a protein that closely resembles a human antibody that identifies and neutralizes foreign material like bacteria and viruses. Anthrax is a potential biological terrorism threat because the spores are resistant to destruction and can be easily spread by release in the air. The FDA granted raxibacumab fast track designation, priority review, and orphan product ... Read more

Related support groups: Anthrax, Anthrax Prophylaxis

Anthrax Vaccine Shows Promise in Monkeys

Posted 22 Jan 2012 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 20 – Monkeys vaccinated with an anthrax capsule vaccine were protected against lethal anthrax infection, a new study has found. The anthrax capsule is a naturally occurring component of Bacillus anthracis, the bacterium that causes anthrax. This is the first successful use of a non-toxin vaccine to protect monkeys from anthrax, which is regarded as one of the most serious bioterrorism threats, according to the U.S. Army scientists who conducted the study. Bacillus anthracis produces three main components that enable it to cause harm – lethal toxin, edema toxin and the capsule. During anthrax infection, the capsule surrounds the bacterium and protects it from destruction by the body's white blood cells. In this study, the researchers found that the anthrax capsule vaccine induced anti-capsule antibody responses in both rabbits and monkeys. Vaccinated rabbits were not ... Read more

Related support groups: Anthrax, Anthrax Prophylaxis

Vaccinations Aren't Just for Kids

Posted 16 Sep 2011 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Sept. 16 – Public health experts often focus immunization awareness efforts toward protecting children, and with good reason: Facing a potentially bewildering schedule of vaccinations for their young ones, parents usually need all the help they can get. But vaccinations aren't just kid stuff. Medical science is creating an increasing number of immunizations targeted at adults, to help them avoid life-threatening diseases in middle-age and opportunistic infections when they're older. "Immunization is a life-long issue that we need to pay a lot of attention to," said Dr. Georges C. Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association. Some adult vaccinations are very well-known, like the annual shot that aims to prevent the spread of influenza. "You need an influenza shot every year," Benjamin said. "Part of that is because the virus changes every year, ... Read more

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