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Related terms: Voluntary starvation, Eating disorder, anorexia

Eating Disorders Seem More Common in Schools Where Girls Predominate

Posted 21 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, April 20, 2016 – Eating disorders may be more prevalent at schools where a greater portion of the student body is female, a new study suggests. British and Swedish researchers analyzed data from Sweden, and also found the risk increased when more of the students' parents had a university education. "Eating disorders have an enormous effect on the lives of young people who suffer from them – it is important to understand the risk factors so that we can address them," said study leader Dr. Helen Bould. Bould is a child and adolescent psychiatrist at the University of Oxford in England. "For a long time, clinicians in the field have noted that they seem to see more young people with eating disorders from some schools than others, but this is the first empirical evidence that this is the case," she said in a university news release. However, the study did not prove that these ... Read more

Related support groups: Anxiety and Stress, Social Anxiety Disorder, Binge Eating Disorder, Eating Disorder, Psychiatric Disorders, Anorexia, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa, Anorexia/Feeding Problems

Underweight or Obese Women Who Drink and Smoke May Have Higher Asthma Risk

Posted 10 Apr 2016 by Drugs.com

SATURDAY, April 9, 2016 – Researchers say they have pinpointed several factors that increase asthma risk in women and – to a lesser extent – in men. They analyzed data from about 175,000 people between the ages of 18 and 44 in 51 countries. They found that underweight or obese women who drank and smoked were twice as likely to have asthma as those with a healthy weight who didn't drink or smoke. Underweight or obese women who smoked and drank were also two to three times more likely to have wheezing, according to the study published April 4 in the journal BMJ Open Respiratory Research. But the study did not prove that these factors cause asthma, it only showed an association. "Although individual physical and behavioral factors associated with asthma have been examined before, people are often exposed to multiple risk factors so it's important we understand the combined impact," lead ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Alcohol Dependence, Eating Disorder, Anorexia, Alcoholism, Bulimia, Hangover, Anorexia nervosa, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Brain Stimulation May Help People With Anorexia

Posted 28 Mar 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, March 25, 2016 – Brain stimulation may ease major symptoms of the eating disorder anorexia nervosa, a typically hard-to-treat condition, a new study suggests. British researchers evaluated anorexia patients before and after they underwent repetitive transcranial stimulation (rTMS), a treatment approved for depression. "With rTMS we targeted ... an area of the brain thought to be involved in some of the self-regulation difficulties associated with anorexia," study first author Jessica McClelland, a postdoctoral researcher at King's College London, said in a school news release. The treatment delivers magnetic pulses to specific areas of the brain. It feels like a gentle tapping sensation on the side of the head, McClelland explained. The treatment alters the activity of the nerve cells in the brain, she said. "We found that one session of [brain stimulation] reduced the urge to ... Read more

Related support groups: Anorexia, Anorexia nervosa

Study Confirms Eating Disorders' Deadly Toll

Posted 29 Jan 2016 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Jan. 29, 2016 – New research assesses the often fatal outcomes for people with eating disorders, particularly anorexia. The study found that people with anorexia nervosa were five times more likely to die early than those in the general population. Most of the deaths among people with anorexia, which involves a low body weight and an intense fear of gaining weight, were due to natural causes associated with the disorder. Suicide was the leading cause of non-natural death. People with bulimia nervosa, which usually involves binge-eating and purging, and other types of eating disorders also had higher-than-normal death rates, but not as high as those with anorexia, the investigators said. Risk factors for premature death among people with eating disorders included a high number of hospitalizations for the disorder, being discharged from a hospital program too soon, developing an ... Read more

Related support groups: Binge Eating Disorder, Eating Disorder, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency, Anorexia, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa, Anorexia/Feeding Problems

Bullies May Face Higher Odds of Eating Disorders: Study

Posted 29 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 27, 2015 – Bullies may be at increased risk for eating disorders, a new study suggests. Previous research has found that victims of bullying are more likely to have these disorders, but the finding that bullies are also at risk came as a surprise, the researchers said. "For a long time, there's been this story about bullies that they're a little more hale and hearty," study author William Copeland, an associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, N.C., said in a university news release. "Maybe they're good at manipulating social situations or getting out of trouble, but in this one area it seems that's not the case at all. Maybe teasing others may sensitize them to their own body image issues, or afterward, they have regret for their actions that results in these symptoms like binge eating followed by purging or ... Read more

Related support groups: Binge Eating Disorder, Eating Disorder, Anorexia, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa, Anorexia/Feeding Problems

Teasing Girls About Weight May Cause Lasting Harm

Posted 20 Nov 2015 by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Nov. 20, 2015 – Teasing overweight girls about their weight can cause lasting harm to their self-image and might increase their risk of eating disorders, a new study suggests. "Weight status may be a more sensitive issue for children who are overweight or obese, and being teased about it may elicit a stronger response from them as opposed to children who are not overweight or obese," Norma Olvera, a professor and health educator at the University of Houston, said in a university news release. The research included 135 black and Hispanic girls about age 11 who were overweight or obese. Eighty-one percent of the girls were obese. All of them said they were unhappy about their body weight and wished they were thinner, the researchers said. "The study focused on black and Hispanic girls because they are at a higher risk of obesity, which may increase their desire to be thinner and ... Read more

Related support groups: Obesity, Weight Loss, Binge Eating Disorder, Eating Disorder, Anorexia, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa, Anorexia/Feeding Problems

Health Tip: Talking to Your Child About Eating Disorders

Posted 17 Aug 2015 by Drugs.com

-- If you're concerned that your child may have an eating disorder, having the conversation can be difficult. The University of Michigan Health System suggests: Explain to your child in a caring, loving way about your concerns. Listen carefully to your child's response. Be aware that teens with eating disorders may be ashamed, afraid or out of control. Explain to your child that you want to help. You may need to bring up the conversation more than once if your child denies the behavior or gets angry. Monitor your child's Internet use, as there are sites that promote eating disorders. Seek professional help if you think your child needs it. Read more

Related support groups: Binge Eating Disorder, Eating Disorder, Anorexia, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa, Anorexia/Feeding Problems

Study: Family-Based Therapy Can Aid Those With Anorexia

Posted 24 Sep 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 – Family-based therapies can benefit teens with the eating disorder anorexia nervosa, a new study suggests. "The take-away message for parents is that, first, there is good treatment available for their child who is struggling with anorexia," study author Dr. Stewart Agras, professor emeritus of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Stanford University, said in a university news release. "Second, the preferred treatment is family-based therapy in which parents help their child regain weight," Agras added. "For a long time, people blamed families for causing anorexia and thought they should be left out of treatment," study co-author Dr. James Lock, a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Stanford, said in the news release. "But this study suggests that, however you involve them, families can be useful, and that more focused family treatment works ... Read more

Related support groups: Anorexia, Anorexia nervosa

Pride Over Weight Loss May Help Drive Anorexia

Posted 6 Aug 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 6, 2014 – Women with the eating disorder anorexia nervosa feel a sense of pride about their weight loss, and this positive emotion may play a major role in the deadly condition, according to a new study. "What we think happens is that positive emotions become exaggerated and are rewarding these maladaptive behaviors," study author Edward Selby, an assistant professor in the psychology department at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, N.J., said in a university news release. Over two weeks, the researchers assessed the emotional states of 118 women, ages 18-58, being treated for anorexia nervosa. Along with negative emotions, the women also felt positive about being able to meet or exceed their weight-loss goals. The study was published in the July issue of the journal Clinical Psychological Science. People with anorexia often starve themselves or exercise obsessively ... Read more

Related support groups: Anorexia, Anorexia nervosa

Eating Disorders Can Last Well Beyond Teen Years

Posted 28 Dec 2011 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28 – Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia are typically thought to be diseases of young women and men. But researchers are finding that the personal demons that drive a young person to an eating disorder may linger into adulthood. More and more middle-aged and older people are coming forward to receive treatment for eating problems that began in their youth and have been reignited by adult stress or personal crises. "Some had actual eating disorders" when they were younger, and "others had aspects of an eating disorder but were never fully treated," said Dr. Ed Tyson, an eating disorders specialist in Austin, Texas. "Then something happens later in life that stresses them to a point where the eating disorder becomes engaged." The Renfrew Center, which operates a number of eating disorder clinics in the United States, has seen a 42 percent increase in ... Read more

Related support groups: Eating Disorder, Anorexia, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa

Aging Brain's Decline May Hinge on a Gene

Posted 25 Oct 2011 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Oct. 25 – Researchers have identified a gene variation that seems to have a major effect on the rate at which men experience an age-related decline in intellectual function. The study included 144 experienced U.S. male pilots over the age of 40 who took a Federal Aviation Administration-approved flight simulator test three times over two years. The participants included recreational pilots, certified flight instructors and airline pilots. Using blood and saliva samples from the pilots, the researchers also conducted genetic analyses, looking for the gene that produces a protein called brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF). The BDNF gene is considered critical to the development and maintenance of the central nervous system. Levels decline gradually with age, but the findings of this study suggest that a variant of the gene hastens that process. To test their theory, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Ischemic Stroke, Schizophrenia, Anorexia nervosa

Eating Disorders Can Harm Women's Fertility

Posted 4 Aug 2011 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 4 – Women with the eating disorders anorexia and bulimia may take a bit longer to get pregnant than other women, a new study has found. U.K. researchers asked 11,088 pregnant women to complete questionnaires at 12 and 18 weeks of gestation. Of those women, 171 (1.5 percent) had anorexia at some point in their lives, 199 (1.8 percent) had bulimia, and another 82 (0.7 percent) had experienced both conditions. A larger proportion of the women with the eating disorders took more than six months to conceive compared to those with no history of eating disorders (39.5 percent vs 25 percent). However, women with eating disorders weren't more likely to take longer than 12 months to conceive, the investigators found. Women with anorexia or bulimia were more than twice as likely to have received treatment or help to get pregnant, 6.2 percent vs. 2.7 percent. The study also found ... Read more

Related support groups: Female Infertility, Anorexia, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa

Eating Disorders Appear to Raise Risk of Death

Posted 5 Jul 2011 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, July 5 – People with eating disorders, especially those with anorexia nervosa, have an increased risk of death, a new study indicates. English researchers analyzed 36 English-language studies – published between January 2006 and September 2010 – that looked at anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and eating disorders not otherwise specified. Anorexics mistakenly believe they are fat and deny themselves food. Bulimics overeat and purge, usually by vomiting or using laxatives. There were a total of 17,272 patients in the studies, which reported 755 deaths. The meta-analysis revealed that for each 1,000 person-years, 5.1 deaths occurred among anorexia patients (1.3 of which were suicide), 1.7 deaths among bulimia patients, and 3.3 deaths among patients with other eating disorders. (A meta-analysis pools and analyzes statistical data from different studies investigating similar ... Read more

Related support groups: Anorexia nervosa

Eating Disorders More Prevalent Than Thought Among American Teens

Posted 8 Mar 2011 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, March 7 – Many American adolescents suffer from an eating disorder and struggle with related psychiatric disorders, including suicidal tendencies, new research reveals. "The prevalence of these disorders is higher than previously expected in this age range, and the patterns of [co-existing illnesses], role impairment and suicidality indicate that eating disorders represent a major public health concern," the researchers wrote. "This article aptly points out that we should not dismiss eating disorders as a public health problem simply because their prevalence is lower than some other major mental illnesses," said Mary Tantillo, director of the Western New York Comprehensive Care Center for Eating Disorders and an associate professor of clinical nursing at the University of Rochester School of Nursing. "The magnitude of what happens because of eating disorders – severe mental ... Read more

Related support groups: Psychiatric Disorders, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa

Self-Drawings May Reveal Hidden Eating Disorders

Posted 16 Feb 2011 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 – The way women draw themselves may help reveal whether they have an eating disorder, researchers suggest. They found that women with anorexia or bulimia draw themselves with different characteristics than women without eating disorders. The study, by Israeli researchers, included 36 women with anorexia or bulimia and 40 women with no eating disorder, half of them overweight and half normal weight. The women were asked to draw themselves, and the researchers found various differences between the groups in four areas: Women with anorexia or bulimia tended to portray themselves with a larger neck, a disconnected neck or no neck. The mouth was more emphasized by women with anorexia or bulimia. Depictions of wider thighs were more common among participants with eating disorders. Women with anorexia or bulimia tended to draw pictures without feet or with disconnected ... Read more

Related support groups: Anorexia, Bulimia, Anorexia nervosa

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