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Related terms: Alcohol Use Disorder, AUD

Smartphone App May Help People Overcome Alcoholism

Posted 26 Mar 2014 by

WEDNESDAY, March 26, 2014 – A smartphone application, or "app," designed to tackle addiction has helped recovering alcoholics stay sober or reduce their risky drinking, a new clinical trial reports. Participants using the A-CHESS app were 65 percent more likely to abstain from drinking in the year following their release from a treatment center, compared to others who left the center without support from the app, researchers found. App users also experienced about half the episodes of "risky drinking" – consuming more than four drinks for men and three drinks for women during a two-hour period – compared to people who received traditional post-treatment support, according to the study. "These sort of systems have enormous potential," said lead author David Gustafson, a professor of industrial engineering and preventive medicine at the University of Wisconsin. "They are going to allow ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Most Alcohol-Linked Deaths Occur Among Working-Age Adults: CDC

Posted 13 Mar 2014 by

THURSDAY, March 13, 2014 – Americans' excessive alcohol use contributes to thousands of deaths each year, and the majority who die are working-age adults, according to a new government report. More than two-thirds of these deaths and 80 percent of years of life lost come from the ranks of adults aged 20 to 64, said lead author Katy Gonzales, an alcohol epidemiologist with the Michigan Department of Community Health. "It's really important to drive home that excessive alcohol use is a leading cause of preventable death," Gonzales said. "It really is right up there with tobacco and physical inactivity, especially among working-age adults." The state-specific report, released Thursday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, found that, in the 11 states studied, alcohol caused a median of 1,650 deaths each year between 2006 and 2010. This equated to a median of 43,000 ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Drug Might Help Heavy Drinkers Limit Their Booze

Posted 19 Feb 2014 by

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2014 – An anti-epilepsy drug might help problem drinkers reduce their alcohol consumption, according to new research. The study of the drug topiramate (Topamax) included 138 heavy drinkers who were divided into two groups. About half took Topamax for 12 weeks at a maximum dose of 200 milligrams a day, while the other half took an inactive placebo. Both groups of patients underwent brief counseling to help them reduce their drinking. By the end of the study period, patients in the placebo group were five times more likely to have had a heavy drinking day than those in the treatment group. In addition, more than twice as many patients in the Topamax group had no heavy drinking days during the last four weeks of the study compared to the placebo group. The patients in the treatment group also had more days without any drinking compared to those in the placebo group, ... Read more

Related support groups: Topamax, Topiramate, Alcoholism, Topamax Sprinkle, Topiragen

Those Rocked by Recession Most Likely to Hit the Bottle: Study

Posted 19 Nov 2013 by

TUESDAY, Nov. 19, 2013 – Some Americans hardest-hit by the recent recession may have turned to alcohol to deal with their problems, a new study suggests. The study, of almost 5,400 U.S. adults, found that those who lost a job or a home during the 2008-2009 recession had higher rates of problem drinking – such as getting drunk or getting into accidents. The problem was mainly seen among people in their 30s and 40s, and men were more affected than women. The findings do not prove that the recession is to blame for people's alcohol problems, according to lead researcher Nina Mulia, a scientist with the Alcohol Research Group in Emeryville, Calif. "The most obvious alternative explanation would be that pre-existing drinking problems led people to lose their job and housing," Mulia said. On the other hand, she added, "we also know that people drink to relax or to cope with stress and ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Genetic Risks for Eating Disorders, Alcoholism May Be Connected

Posted 21 Aug 2013 by

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21 – Alcoholism and certain types of eating disorders share common genetic risk factors, according to a new study. Researchers looked at nearly 6,000 adult fraternal and identical twins in Australia. Of those, nearly 25 percent of men and 6 percent of women were alcoholics, nearly 11 percent of men and 13 percent of women reported binge eating, and about 14 percent of women reported purging tactics such as self-induced vomiting or laxative abuse. Genes appeared to account for 38 percent to 53 percent of the risk of developing these conditions, and some of the same genetic risk factors that make people susceptible to alcoholism also make them vulnerable to binge eating or purging, according to the study in the September issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. The findings support "the idea that there are common genetic factors contributing to alcohol ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism, Eating Disorder

CDC: Heavy Drinking a Costly Burden to U.S.

Posted 13 Aug 2013 by

TUESDAY, Aug. 13 – Excessive drinking is a major economic problem in the United States, costing billions of dollars in health care costs, lost worker productivity and other consequences involved, the federal government reported Tuesday. The nationwide economic burden of excessive drinking in 2006 was $223.5 billion. The cost for each state ranged from $420 million in North Dakota to $32 billion in California. The median cost per state for each single alcoholic drink was $1.91, the report said. The highest per-person cost from excessive drinking was $1,662 in Washington, D.C. Meanwhile, Utah had the highest cost per drink at $2.74. The government paid for about $2 of every $5 in state costs, ranging from 37 percent of costs in Mississippi to 45 percent of the costs in Utah, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report. Binge drinking – defined as having five ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Early Discipline Tied to Less Use of Drugs, Alcohol in Teens

Posted 8 Aug 2013 by

THURSDAY, Aug. 8 – Correcting disruptive behavior in young children could help prevent them from using alcohol and drugs when they're teens, researchers report. Their study included 172 boys with disruptive behavior in kindergarten who were divided into three groups. All of the boys came from low-income families in Montreal. One group of 46 boys took part in a two-year intervention program when they were ages 7 to 9. The program included training to help the boys learn self-control and reduce impulsive and antisocial behavior. Their parents were taught to recognize problem behaviors in their sons, set clear goals and reinforce appropriate behaviors. A second group of 84 boys were assigned to an intensive observation group. They attended a half-day laboratory testing session, were observed at school, and their families were visited in their homes by researchers. A third group of 42 boys ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism, Substance Abuse

Alcoholics Who Smoke May Face Early Brain Aging

Posted 19 May 2013 by

FRIDAY, May 17 – Alcoholics who smoke have more problems with memory, problem solving and quick thinking than those who are nonsmokers, researchers have found. This "early aging" of the brain gets worse over time, according to the study published online May 17 and in the October print issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research. The study measured mental or "cognitive" functioning. "The independent and interactive effects of smoking and other drug use on cognitive functioning among individuals with [alcohol dependence] are largely unknown," Alecia Dager, an associate research scientist in the department of psychiatry at Yale University, said in a journal news release. "This is problematic because many heavy drinkers also smoke. Furthermore, in treatment programs for alcoholism, the issue of smoking may be largely ignored," she noted. For the study, adult participants were ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism

College Women More Prone to Problem Drinking Than Men: Study

Posted 19 May 2013 by

FRIDAY, May 17 – It comes as little surprise that college students sometimes binge drink, but new research shows that college women are more likely to drink unhealthy amounts of alcohol on a weekly basis than are college men. Much of this difference is probably because the amount of alcohol that's considered safe on a weekly basis is much lower for women than it is for men: seven drinks for women versus 14 for men. But, there's good reason for that difference. Women don't metabolize alcohol in the same way as men, and lesser amounts of alcohol can increase the risk of breast cancer and liver disease in women. Throughout the study, 15 percent of women exceeded weekly drinking limits compared to 12 percent of men. In addition, men's weekly drinking appeared to go down throughout the year, but not so for women. "College women adopt a drinking style that will cause toxicity soon. Overall, ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism

New Guidelines Say Doctors Should Screen All Adults for 'Risky' Drinking

Posted 13 May 2013 by

MONDAY, May 13 – Primary care doctors should screen all adults for drinking problems, and offer them counseling if needed, new guidelines from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force suggest. Based on years of research, there is enough evidence that a quick screen at the doctor's office can spot "risky" drinking, according to the task force, an independent panel of medical experts that makes recommendations on screening and other preventive health services. The new guidelines, published online May 14 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, are the panel's "final" recommendations on screening for problem drinking. The last recommendations came out in 2004. Since then, more research has been conducted, explained task force member Dr. Michael LeFevre, a professor of family and community medicine at the University of Missouri School of Medicine in Columbia. In particular, LeFevre said, there's ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Mother's Drinking Increases Risk of Infant's Death: Study

Posted 26 Feb 2013 by

TUESDAY, Feb. 26 – Children of women who are diagnosed with an alcohol disorder during pregnancy or within a year after giving birth have a three-fold higher risk of dying from SIDS – sudden infant death syndrome – compared to babies whose mothers do not have alcohol issues, according to a new Australian study. In the study, a mother's problem drinking was implicated in about one out of every six SIDS deaths, according to the researchers. Alcohol abuse by the mothers was also linked with about 3 percent of the deaths caused by something other than SIDS, the researchers found. "Maternal alcohol-use disorder is a significant risk factor for SIDS and infant mortality excluding SIDS," wrote researcher Colleen O'Leary, of Curtin University in Perth, and colleagues. The study was published online Feb. 25 and in the March print issue of the journal Pediatrics SIDS is defined as the sudden ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Drug, Alcohol Abuse More Likely Among High School Dropouts

Posted 19 Feb 2013 by

TUESDAY, Feb. 19 – The link between poor academic performance and substance abuse just got stronger, with a new U.S. government report showing ties between the two. High school seniors who dropped out of school before graduating were more likely to drink, smoke cigarettes and use marijuana and other illegal drugs, according to a new report from the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. The researchers said their findings should prompt communities to develop strategies to keep teens in school and prevent problems with substance abuse. "The fact that nearly one in seven students drops out of high school has enormous public health implications for our nation," SAMHSA Administrator Pamela Hyde said in an agency news release. "Dropouts are at increased risk of substance abuse, which is particularly troubling given that they are also at greater risk of poverty, not ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Alcohol Blamed for 1 in Every 30 Cancer Deaths: Study

Posted 14 Feb 2013 by

THURSDAY, Feb. 14 – For anyone who still thinks that drinking does not contribute to cancer, a new report finds that alcohol is to blame for one in every 30 cancer deaths each year in the United States. The connection is even more pronounced with breast cancer, with 15 percent of those deaths related to alcohol consumption, the researchers added. And don't think that drinking in moderation will help, because 30 percent of all alcohol-related cancer deaths are linked to drinking 1.5 drinks or less a day, the report found. Alcohol is a cancer-causing agent that's in "plain sight," but people just don't see it, said study author Dr. David Nelson, director of the Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program at the U.S. National Cancer Institute. "As expected, people who are higher alcohol users were at higher risk, but there was really no safe level of alcohol use," he stressed. Moderate drinking ... Read more

Related support groups: Cancer, Breast Cancer, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Drinking Imbalance Could Put Marriage on the Rocks

Posted 5 Feb 2013 by

TUESDAY, Feb. 5 – Spouses who have very different drinking habits could have a rocky marriage, a new study finds. Researchers in Norway found the risk for divorce increases when one person drinks more than the other. For instance, compared to couples who both drink lightly, a couple's risk for divorce could triple when the husband's level of drinking is low but the wife is a heavy drinker, they said. "The risk of divorce is lowered if the spouses drink approximately the same amount of alcohol," said Fartein Ask Torvik, a corresponding author for the study and a researcher at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. "This is not only true for those who drink excessively, there is also a reduced risk of divorce if both spouses abstain totally from alcohol. " Torvik said that, on average, divorced people drink more than married people. "To some extent, this is due to increased drinking ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Solo Rock Stars Die Sooner Than Those in Bands

Posted 20 Dec 2012 by

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 – Rock and pop stars with a successful solo career are about twice as likely to die early as those in famous bands, according to a new study. The study also found that rock and pop stars who died of drug and alcohol abuse were more likely to have had a difficult or abusive childhood than those who died of other causes. Researchers looked at nearly 1,500 North American and European rock and pop stars between 1956 and 2006 and found that about 9 percent of them died during that time. The average age of death was 45 for North American stars and 39 for European stars. Performers included in the study included U.S. legend Elvis Presley and British singer Amy Winehouse. The difference in life expectancy between rock and pop stars and the general population widened until 25 years after stars achieved fame. It was only then that the death rate among European stars, but not ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Substance Abuse

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Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Hangover, Alcohol Hepatitis, Alcoholic Gastritis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic Psychosis, Alcoholic Gastritis with Hemorrhage, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse