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Related terms: Alcohol Use Disorder, AUD

Smoking May Make It Tougher to Quit Problem Drinking: Study

Posted 6 days ago by Drugs.com

FRIDAY, Dec. 12, 2014 – Smoking might hamper treatment for alcohol abuse, a new study indicates. "The data suggest that smoking is associated with difficulties in alcohol treatment. Tobacco smokers had shorter treatment durations and were less likely to have achieved their alcohol-related goals at discharge relative to their nonsmoking counterparts," study leader Kimberly Walitzer, deputy director and senior research scientist at the Research Institute on Addictions at University at Buffalo, said in a university news release. "This should be a major concern for treatment providers, as the majority of people with alcohol disorders are, in fact, smokers," she added. Researchers examined data from more than 21,000 adults who sought alcohol abuse treatment at outpatient clinics in New York State. Compared with men, women who seek treatment for problem drinking are slightly more likely to ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Alcoholism

Many People Who Drink a Lot Aren't Alcoholics: CDC

Posted 20 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 – Most people who drink to excess or binge drink are not alcoholics, a new U.S. government report says. In fact, 90 percent of those who drink too much aren't dependent on alcohol. But one in three adults drinks to excess, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "A lot of people mistakenly assume that people who drink too much are alcoholics," said study co-author Dr. Robert Brewer, the leader of CDC's alcohol program. "The surprising finding was that nine out of 10 people who drink too much do not meet the diagnostic criteria for alcoholism," he said. Brewer said that some excessive drinkers are "self-medicating." "But a lot of it is a reflection of the fact that we live in a society where people get a lot of mixed messages about drinking," he said. "A lot of people have been led to believe that drinking, and often drinking a large ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Alcoholism Damages Brain's White Matter, Scans Show

Posted 18 Nov 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 – Alcoholism damages white matter throughout the brain and this damage can be detected with brain scans, researchers report. Heavy drinking may be especially damaging to white matter in the frontal areas of the brain, which can interfere with the impulse control needed to stop drinking, according to the study. The findings were published in the December online issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research. The researchers used high-resolution structural magnetic resonance scans to compare the brains of 20 light drinkers and 31 abstinent alcoholics who drank for an average of 25 years and had been sober for about five years. "There were two key findings to our study," Catherine Brawn Fortier, a neuropsychologist at the VA Boston Healthcare System and an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School, said in a journal news release. "First, recovered ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Civilian Life, Not Combat, May Drive Many Veterans to Drink

Posted 31 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, July 31, 2014 – Difficulties in civilian life, rather than war experiences, are a source of drinking problems among U.S. National Guard soldiers back at home, a new study suggests. Setbacks such as job loss, divorce and financial problems – all common for returning vets – may make as many as 13 percent of vets turn to drink, researchers found. "Exposure to combat-related traumatic events has an important effect on mental health in the short term, but what defines long-term mental health problems among Guardsmen is having to deal with a lot of daily life difficulties that arise in the aftermath of deployment when soldiers come home," said lead researcher Magdalena Cerda, an assistant professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in New York City. These difficulties don't just aggravate existing drinking problems; "they may lead to new ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism

Adults Who've Abused Alcohol May Be at Risk for Memory Problems

Posted 30 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 30, 2014 – Middle-aged adults with a history of alcohol abuse are more than twice as likely as others to develop severe memory problems later in life, according to a new study. The British researchers said their findings could help doctors identify those at risk for memory problems who might benefit from help for problem drinking. "We already know there is an association between dementia risk and levels of current alcohol consumption – that understanding is based on asking older people how much they drink and then observing whether they develop problems," said the study's leader, Dr. Iain Lang of University of Exeter Medical School in England, in a university news release. But little is known about the consequences of alcohol consumption earlier in life, he said. "What we did here is investigate the relatively unknown association between having a drinking problem at ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Science Finds Way to Block Booze's Effect -- in Worms

Posted 16 Jul 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, July 16, 2014 – Scientists who created worms that can't get drunk say their research could lead to new ways to treat people with drinking problems. The research team inserted a modified human alcohol target into the worms. An alcohol target is a nervous system molecule that binds alcohol. There are many types of these molecules. "This is the first example of altering a human alcohol target to prevent intoxication in an animal," corresponding author Jon Pierce-Shimomura, an assistant professor in the College of Natural Sciences and Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research at the University of Texas at Austin, said in a university news release. Pierce-Shimomura even suggested that this target could be used to develop a "James Bond"-type spy drug that could allow someone to outdrink an opponent without feeling the effects of alcohol. An important feature of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

1 in 10 Deaths Among Adults Tied to Alcohol: CDC

Posted 28 Jun 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, June 26, 2014 – One in 10 deaths among U.S. adults is linked to excessive alcohol consumption, federal officials reported Thursday. While people often link drinking with deaths from motor vehicle accidents and chronic liver disease, many other conditions that can cause death are tied to alcohol, said lead researcher Mandy Stahre. "Excessive drinking is associated with a lot more causes of death than what we tend to focus on. Alcohol intake plays a role in at least 54 different conditions linked to death," said Stahre, an epidemiologist at the Washington state Department of Health who conducted the study while at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Among them: acute pancreatitis, psychosis, esophageal cancer, breast cancer, oral cancer, falling injuries, suicide and drowning. "Binge drinking is associated with 51 percent of all deaths due to excessive ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Scientists Find More Genes Tied to Alcoholism Risk

Posted 21 May 2014 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 20, 2014 – New research pinpoints 11 gene variations that appear to be linked to a higher risk of alcoholism. However, their impact seems to be small in individuals, and the findings may be too limited to be immediately useful in terms of prevention or treatment, an expert said. Still, the results could provide more insight into the mysterious role that genes play in determining why some people drink and don't get addicted while others become alcoholics, the researchers said. It may be possible someday for young people to take a blood test and learn if they're susceptible to alcoholism, said study co-author Dr. Alexander Niculescu III, an associate professor of psychiatry and medical neuroscience at Indiana University School of Medicine. "Genes are not destiny, but knowing your genetic risk profile can empower you to make smart lifestyle choices," such as avoiding alcohol, ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Smartphone App May Help People Overcome Alcoholism

Posted 26 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 26, 2014 – A smartphone application, or "app," designed to tackle addiction has helped recovering alcoholics stay sober or reduce their risky drinking, a new clinical trial reports. Participants using the A-CHESS app were 65 percent more likely to abstain from drinking in the year following their release from a treatment center, compared to others who left the center without support from the app, researchers found. App users also experienced about half the episodes of "risky drinking" – consuming more than four drinks for men and three drinks for women during a two-hour period – compared to people who received traditional post-treatment support, according to the study. "These sort of systems have enormous potential," said lead author David Gustafson, a professor of industrial engineering and preventive medicine at the University of Wisconsin. "They are going to allow ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Most Alcohol-Linked Deaths Occur Among Working-Age Adults: CDC

Posted 13 Mar 2014 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 13, 2014 – Americans' excessive alcohol use contributes to thousands of deaths each year, and the majority who die are working-age adults, according to a new government report. More than two-thirds of these deaths and 80 percent of years of life lost come from the ranks of adults aged 20 to 64, said lead author Katy Gonzales, an alcohol epidemiologist with the Michigan Department of Community Health. "It's really important to drive home that excessive alcohol use is a leading cause of preventable death," Gonzales said. "It really is right up there with tobacco and physical inactivity, especially among working-age adults." The state-specific report, released Thursday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, found that, in the 11 states studied, alcohol caused a median of 1,650 deaths each year between 2006 and 2010. This equated to a median of 43,000 ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Drug Might Help Heavy Drinkers Limit Their Booze

Posted 19 Feb 2014 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 19, 2014 – An anti-epilepsy drug might help problem drinkers reduce their alcohol consumption, according to new research. The study of the drug topiramate (Topamax) included 138 heavy drinkers who were divided into two groups. About half took Topamax for 12 weeks at a maximum dose of 200 milligrams a day, while the other half took an inactive placebo. Both groups of patients underwent brief counseling to help them reduce their drinking. By the end of the study period, patients in the placebo group were five times more likely to have had a heavy drinking day than those in the treatment group. In addition, more than twice as many patients in the Topamax group had no heavy drinking days during the last four weeks of the study compared to the placebo group. The patients in the treatment group also had more days without any drinking compared to those in the placebo group, ... Read more

Related support groups: Topamax, Topiramate, Alcoholism, Topamax Sprinkle, Topiragen

Those Rocked by Recession Most Likely to Hit the Bottle: Study

Posted 19 Nov 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Nov. 19, 2013 – Some Americans hardest-hit by the recent recession may have turned to alcohol to deal with their problems, a new study suggests. The study, of almost 5,400 U.S. adults, found that those who lost a job or a home during the 2008-2009 recession had higher rates of problem drinking – such as getting drunk or getting into accidents. The problem was mainly seen among people in their 30s and 40s, and men were more affected than women. The findings do not prove that the recession is to blame for people's alcohol problems, according to lead researcher Nina Mulia, a scientist with the Alcohol Research Group in Emeryville, Calif. "The most obvious alternative explanation would be that pre-existing drinking problems led people to lose their job and housing," Mulia said. On the other hand, she added, "we also know that people drink to relax or to cope with stress and ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Genetic Risks for Eating Disorders, Alcoholism May Be Connected

Posted 21 Aug 2013 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21 – Alcoholism and certain types of eating disorders share common genetic risk factors, according to a new study. Researchers looked at nearly 6,000 adult fraternal and identical twins in Australia. Of those, nearly 25 percent of men and 6 percent of women were alcoholics, nearly 11 percent of men and 13 percent of women reported binge eating, and about 14 percent of women reported purging tactics such as self-induced vomiting or laxative abuse. Genes appeared to account for 38 percent to 53 percent of the risk of developing these conditions, and some of the same genetic risk factors that make people susceptible to alcoholism also make them vulnerable to binge eating or purging, according to the study in the September issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. The findings support "the idea that there are common genetic factors contributing to alcohol ... Read more

Related support groups: Eating Disorder, Alcoholism

CDC: Heavy Drinking a Costly Burden to U.S.

Posted 13 Aug 2013 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, Aug. 13 – Excessive drinking is a major economic problem in the United States, costing billions of dollars in health care costs, lost worker productivity and other consequences involved, the federal government reported Tuesday. The nationwide economic burden of excessive drinking in 2006 was $223.5 billion. The cost for each state ranged from $420 million in North Dakota to $32 billion in California. The median cost per state for each single alcoholic drink was $1.91, the report said. The highest per-person cost from excessive drinking was $1,662 in Washington, D.C. Meanwhile, Utah had the highest cost per drink at $2.74. The government paid for about $2 of every $5 in state costs, ranging from 37 percent of costs in Mississippi to 45 percent of the costs in Utah, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report. Binge drinking – defined as having five ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Early Discipline Tied to Less Use of Drugs, Alcohol in Teens

Posted 8 Aug 2013 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, Aug. 8 – Correcting disruptive behavior in young children could help prevent them from using alcohol and drugs when they're teens, researchers report. Their study included 172 boys with disruptive behavior in kindergarten who were divided into three groups. All of the boys came from low-income families in Montreal. One group of 46 boys took part in a two-year intervention program when they were ages 7 to 9. The program included training to help the boys learn self-control and reduce impulsive and antisocial behavior. Their parents were taught to recognize problem behaviors in their sons, set clear goals and reinforce appropriate behaviors. A second group of 84 boys were assigned to an intensive observation group. They attended a half-day laboratory testing session, were observed at school, and their families were visited in their homes by researchers. A third group of 42 boys ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism, Substance Abuse

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Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Alcohol Hepatitis, Hangover, Alcoholic Gastritis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic Gastritis with Hemorrhage, Alcoholic Psychosis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse