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Related terms: Alcohol Use Disorder, AUD

Obesity, Smoking, Drinking, Depression: All Linked to Low Back Pain

Posted 3 days ago by

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2015 – People suffering from lower back pain who smoke, drink, are depressed or are obese may be able to ease their agony by making some lifestyle changes, a new study suggests. "If you have lower back pain that is not explained by a spinal problem but is more of a muscle pain, things like obesity, alcohol abuse, smoking and depression, factors that you can affect, can be contributing to it," explained lead researcher Dr. Scott Shemory, an orthopedic surgeon with Summa Health System in Akron, Ohio. Of all these risks, obesity is most obviously associated with back pain, he said. "It puts stress on all the joints and the lower back as well," he said. Also, smoking can decrease blood flow, which can also contribute to pain, he said. As for depression, it might contribute to the pain. On the other hand, lower back pain might contribute to depression, Shemory said. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Back Pain, Obesity, Smoking, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Could In-Car Breathalyzers Slash Rate of Booze-Linked Crashes?

Posted 9 days ago by

THURSDAY, March 19, 2015 – In-car breathalyzers automatically prevent ignition when they detect blood-alcohol levels that exceed legal limits. Now, new research suggests that if the devices were installed in every new U.S. car, deaths linked to drunk driving would plummet by 85 percent over a 15-year period. Installation of the "interlock" devices would also eliminate between 84 to 88 percent of nonfatal drunk driving accidents, the analysis determined. "This amounts to an estimated 59,000 lives saves and more than 1.25 million serious injuries prevented," said study lead author Dr. Patrick Carter, an assistant professor with the University of Michigan Injury Center in Ann Arbor. The study was funded by the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, and published March 19 in the American Journal of Public Health. According to the researchers, over the last two decades ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

YouTube Videos of Drunkenness Don't Show Alcohol's Harms

Posted 20 Feb 2015 by

FRIDAY, Feb. 20, 2015 – YouTube videos of drunkenness are popular, but fail to show the harms of too much drinking, a new study finds. "There has been little research examining Internet-based, alcohol-related messaging," study author Dr. Brian Primack, director of the University of Pittsburgh's Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health, said in a university news release. "While we know that some viewers may be savvy enough to skeptically view music videos or advertisements portraying intoxication as fun, those same viewers may be less cynical when viewing user-generated YouTube videos portraying humorous and socially rewarding escapades of a group of intoxicated peers," he noted. In the study, the researchers used five terms – drunk, buzzed, hammered, tipsy and trashed – to search YouTube and found that the 70 most popular videos depicting drunken behavior had a total of ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

TV Alcohol Ads Tied to Problem Drinking for Teens, Study Finds

Posted 19 Jan 2015 by

MONDAY, Jan. 19, 2015 – A new study finds a link between the number of TV ads for alcohol a teen views, and their odds for problem drinking. Higher "familiarity" with booze ads "was associated with the subsequent onset of drinking across a range of outcomes of varying severity among adolescents and young adults," wrote a team led by Dr. Susanne Tanski of Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire. Their work involved nearly 1,600 participants, aged 15 to 23, who were surveyed in 2011 and again in 2013. Alcohol ads on TV were seen by about 23 percent of those aged 15 to 17, nearly 23 percent of those aged 18 to 20, and nearly 26 percent of those aged 21 to 23, the study found. The study wasn't designed to prove cause-and-effect. However, the more receptive the teens were to alcohol ads on TV, the more likely they were to start drinking, or to progress from drinking ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Ethanol, Dehydrated Alcohol, Ethyl Alcohol, Denatured Alcohol, Alcohol 5% in Dextrose 5%, Lavacol, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcare Plus

Many Americans Who Drink Also Take Prescription Medications: Study

Posted 16 Jan 2015 by

FRIDAY, Jan. 16, 2015 – A substantial number of Americans who drink also take medications that should not be mixed with alcohol, new government research suggests. The study, of nearly 27,000 U.S. adults, found that among current drinkers, about 43 percent were on prescription medications that interact with alcohol. Depending on the medication, that mix can cause side effects ranging from drowsiness and dehydration to depressed breathing and lowered heart rate. It's not clear how many people were drinking and taking their medications around the same time – or even on the same day, the researchers stressed. "But this does tell us how big the problem could potentially be," said study co-author Aaron White, a neuroscientist at the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). He and his colleagues report the findings in the February online edition of the journal ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism, Ethanol, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Ethyl Alcohol, Dehydrated Alcohol, Alcohol 5% in Dextrose 5%

Smoking May Make It Tougher to Quit Problem Drinking: Study

Posted 12 Dec 2014 by

FRIDAY, Dec. 12, 2014 – Smoking might hamper treatment for alcohol abuse, a new study indicates. "The data suggest that smoking is associated with difficulties in alcohol treatment. Tobacco smokers had shorter treatment durations and were less likely to have achieved their alcohol-related goals at discharge relative to their nonsmoking counterparts," study leader Kimberly Walitzer, deputy director and senior research scientist at the Research Institute on Addictions at University at Buffalo, said in a university news release. "This should be a major concern for treatment providers, as the majority of people with alcohol disorders are, in fact, smokers," she added. Researchers examined data from more than 21,000 adults who sought alcohol abuse treatment at outpatient clinics in New York State. Compared with men, women who seek treatment for problem drinking are slightly more likely to ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Alcoholism

Many People Who Drink a Lot Aren't Alcoholics: CDC

Posted 20 Nov 2014 by

THURSDAY, Nov. 20, 2014 – Most people who drink to excess or binge drink are not alcoholics, a new U.S. government report says. In fact, 90 percent of those who drink too much aren't dependent on alcohol. But one in three adults drinks to excess, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "A lot of people mistakenly assume that people who drink too much are alcoholics," said study co-author Dr. Robert Brewer, the leader of CDC's alcohol program. "The surprising finding was that nine out of 10 people who drink too much do not meet the diagnostic criteria for alcoholism," he said. Brewer said that some excessive drinkers are "self-medicating." "But a lot of it is a reflection of the fact that we live in a society where people get a lot of mixed messages about drinking," he said. "A lot of people have been led to believe that drinking, and often drinking a large ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Alcoholism Damages Brain's White Matter, Scans Show

Posted 18 Nov 2014 by

TUESDAY, Nov. 18, 2014 – Alcoholism damages white matter throughout the brain and this damage can be detected with brain scans, researchers report. Heavy drinking may be especially damaging to white matter in the frontal areas of the brain, which can interfere with the impulse control needed to stop drinking, according to the study. The findings were published in the December online issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research. The researchers used high-resolution structural magnetic resonance scans to compare the brains of 20 light drinkers and 31 abstinent alcoholics who drank for an average of 25 years and had been sober for about five years. "There were two key findings to our study," Catherine Brawn Fortier, a neuropsychologist at the VA Boston Healthcare System and an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School, said in a journal news release. "First, recovered ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Civilian Life, Not Combat, May Drive Many Veterans to Drink

Posted 31 Jul 2014 by

THURSDAY, July 31, 2014 – Difficulties in civilian life, rather than war experiences, are a source of drinking problems among U.S. National Guard soldiers back at home, a new study suggests. Setbacks such as job loss, divorce and financial problems – all common for returning vets – may make as many as 13 percent of vets turn to drink, researchers found. "Exposure to combat-related traumatic events has an important effect on mental health in the short term, but what defines long-term mental health problems among Guardsmen is having to deal with a lot of daily life difficulties that arise in the aftermath of deployment when soldiers come home," said lead researcher Magdalena Cerda, an assistant professor of epidemiology at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in New York City. These difficulties don't just aggravate existing drinking problems; "they may lead to new ... Read more

Related support groups: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism

Adults Who've Abused Alcohol May Be at Risk for Memory Problems

Posted 30 Jul 2014 by

WEDNESDAY, July 30, 2014 – Middle-aged adults with a history of alcohol abuse are more than twice as likely as others to develop severe memory problems later in life, according to a new study. The British researchers said their findings could help doctors identify those at risk for memory problems who might benefit from help for problem drinking. "We already know there is an association between dementia risk and levels of current alcohol consumption – that understanding is based on asking older people how much they drink and then observing whether they develop problems," said the study's leader, Dr. Iain Lang of University of Exeter Medical School in England, in a university news release. But little is known about the consequences of alcohol consumption earlier in life, he said. "What we did here is investigate the relatively unknown association between having a drinking problem at ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Science Finds Way to Block Booze's Effect -- in Worms

Posted 16 Jul 2014 by

WEDNESDAY, July 16, 2014 – Scientists who created worms that can't get drunk say their research could lead to new ways to treat people with drinking problems. The research team inserted a modified human alcohol target into the worms. An alcohol target is a nervous system molecule that binds alcohol. There are many types of these molecules. "This is the first example of altering a human alcohol target to prevent intoxication in an animal," corresponding author Jon Pierce-Shimomura, an assistant professor in the College of Natural Sciences and Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research at the University of Texas at Austin, said in a university news release. Pierce-Shimomura even suggested that this target could be used to develop a "James Bond"-type spy drug that could allow someone to outdrink an opponent without feeling the effects of alcohol. An important feature of the ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

1 in 10 Deaths Among Adults Tied to Alcohol: CDC

Posted 28 Jun 2014 by

THURSDAY, June 26, 2014 – One in 10 deaths among U.S. adults is linked to excessive alcohol consumption, federal officials reported Thursday. While people often link drinking with deaths from motor vehicle accidents and chronic liver disease, many other conditions that can cause death are tied to alcohol, said lead researcher Mandy Stahre. "Excessive drinking is associated with a lot more causes of death than what we tend to focus on. Alcohol intake plays a role in at least 54 different conditions linked to death," said Stahre, an epidemiologist at the Washington state Department of Health who conducted the study while at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Among them: acute pancreatitis, psychosis, esophageal cancer, breast cancer, oral cancer, falling injuries, suicide and drowning. "Binge drinking is associated with 51 percent of all deaths due to excessive ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Scientists Find More Genes Tied to Alcoholism Risk

Posted 21 May 2014 by

TUESDAY, May 20, 2014 – New research pinpoints 11 gene variations that appear to be linked to a higher risk of alcoholism. However, their impact seems to be small in individuals, and the findings may be too limited to be immediately useful in terms of prevention or treatment, an expert said. Still, the results could provide more insight into the mysterious role that genes play in determining why some people drink and don't get addicted while others become alcoholics, the researchers said. It may be possible someday for young people to take a blood test and learn if they're susceptible to alcoholism, said study co-author Dr. Alexander Niculescu III, an associate professor of psychiatry and medical neuroscience at Indiana University School of Medicine. "Genes are not destiny, but knowing your genetic risk profile can empower you to make smart lifestyle choices," such as avoiding alcohol, ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Smartphone App May Help People Overcome Alcoholism

Posted 26 Mar 2014 by

WEDNESDAY, March 26, 2014 – A smartphone application, or "app," designed to tackle addiction has helped recovering alcoholics stay sober or reduce their risky drinking, a new clinical trial reports. Participants using the A-CHESS app were 65 percent more likely to abstain from drinking in the year following their release from a treatment center, compared to others who left the center without support from the app, researchers found. App users also experienced about half the episodes of "risky drinking" – consuming more than four drinks for men and three drinks for women during a two-hour period – compared to people who received traditional post-treatment support, according to the study. "These sort of systems have enormous potential," said lead author David Gustafson, a professor of industrial engineering and preventive medicine at the University of Wisconsin. "They are going to allow ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

Most Alcohol-Linked Deaths Occur Among Working-Age Adults: CDC

Posted 13 Mar 2014 by

THURSDAY, March 13, 2014 – Americans' excessive alcohol use contributes to thousands of deaths each year, and the majority who die are working-age adults, according to a new government report. More than two-thirds of these deaths and 80 percent of years of life lost come from the ranks of adults aged 20 to 64, said lead author Katy Gonzales, an alcohol epidemiologist with the Michigan Department of Community Health. "It's really important to drive home that excessive alcohol use is a leading cause of preventable death," Gonzales said. "It really is right up there with tobacco and physical inactivity, especially among working-age adults." The state-specific report, released Thursday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, found that, in the 11 states studied, alcohol caused a median of 1,650 deaths each year between 2006 and 2010. This equated to a median of 43,000 ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism

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Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Hangover, Alcohol Hepatitis, Alcoholic Gastritis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic Gastritis with Hemorrhage, Alcoholic Psychosis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse