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Related terms: Alcohol Use Disorder, AUD

'Moderate'Drinking Might Harm Older People's Hearts: Study

Posted 13 hours ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 26, 2015 – "Moderate" drinking might harm your heart if you're a senior citizen, a new study suggests. And women appear to be at greater risk for alcohol-related heart damage than men, the researchers found. "In an elderly population, increasing alcohol intake is associated with subtle alterations in heart structure and function, with women appearing more susceptible than men to the toxic effects of alcohol," said lead researcher Dr. Alexandra Goncalves. She is a postdoctoral research fellow at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston. The study involved more than 4,400 adults, average age 76. The investigators found that women who drank even moderately – one drink daily – experienced a small reduction in heart function. Among men, consuming more than 14 drinks a week – considered heavy drinking – was linked to enlargement of the heart's left ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Oxytocin, Alcohol Seem to Work on Brain in Similar Ways

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2015 – The so-called "love hormone" oxytocin affects human behavior in much the same way as alcohol does, British researchers report. Oxytocin is a hormone involved in mother-child bonding, social interactions and romance. Previous research has shown that oxytocin boosts socially positive behaviors such as generosity, empathy and altruism, and makes people more willing to trust others, the researchers said. The research team at the University of Birmingham analyzed existing research about oxytocin and alcohol and "were struck by the incredible similarities between the two compounds," researcher Ian Mitchell, from the School of Psychology, said in a university news release. "They appear to target different receptors within the brain, but cause common actions on GABA [an amino acid] transmission in the prefrontal cortex and the limbic structures. These neural circuits ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Oxytocin, Hangover, Pitocin, Syntocinon, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Nearly 1 in 5 Female College Freshmen Sexually Assaulted: Study

Posted 7 days ago by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, May 20, 2015 – Almost one out of every five young women was raped or experienced attempted rape during her freshman year at a large private university in upstate New York, a new study reports. Alcohol and/or drugs played a major role in sexual assaults, with as many as 15 percent of young women reporting that they had been subjected to "incapacitated" rape during their first year in college, according to the study. "We find that the likelihood of incapacitated rape compared with forcible rape is higher in college than in the community," based on these results and previous studies of sexual assault, said lead author Kate Carey, a professor of behavioral and social sciences at the Brown University School of Public Health in Providence, R.I. The study findings were published online May 20 in the Journal of Adolescent Health. The study also found that a sizable minority of young ... Read more

Related support groups: Drug Dependence, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

A Billion Smokers, 240 Million Alcohol Abusers Worldwide: Study

Posted 8 days ago by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 19, 2015 – Tobacco and alcohol take a big toll on the health of people around the world, a new global survey shows. The research suggests that about a billion people – more than 20 percent of the world's adult population – smoke, and 240 million, or almost 5 percent, suffer from alcoholism or a related disorder. The study, led by Linda Gowing, an associate professor at the University of Adelaide in Australia, reveals a much larger negative impact from alcohol use than from illegal drugs. In fact, the report estimates that alcohol's impact in terms of disability is more than three times higher. "The most striking thing to emerge is how much more damage is done to society by legal drugs than illegal ones," study co-author Robert West, editor-in-chief of the journal Addiction, said in a journal news release. The study was published in the journal recently. The report found ... Read more

Related support groups: Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Brain Differences Seen in Teenage Heavy Drinkers

Posted 9 days ago by Drugs.com

MONDAY, May 18, 2015 – Teens who drink heavily appear to have significant abnormalities in brain development, a new study finds. Heavy drinking by teens may also be associated with a gene mutation linked to impulsiveness, according to another new study. The studies, published in the American Journal of Psychiatry, were scheduled for presentation Monday at the annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, in Toronto. Research presented at meetings is considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal. The brain regions examined in these studies play a critical role in the addiction cycle of binge drinking and preoccupation with drinking, George Koob, director of the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, said in an association news release. In one study, brain scans of participants ages 12 to 24 found differences in brain development between ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Diagnosis and Investigation, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Psychosis

Health Tip: The Effects of Long-Term Alcohol Abuse

Posted 12 days ago by Drugs.com

-- Chronic excessive drinking can take a major toll on your health. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention mentions these possible examples: Increased likelihood of high blood pressure, liver disease, heart disease and stroke. Increased risk of certain cancers, including those of the esophagus, throat, mouth, breast, liver and colon. Reduced performance in school, and increased likelihood of dementia and other problems with memory and learning. Increased risk of anxiety and depression. Increased risk of alcohol dependency. Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Learn to Recognize the Signs of an Alcohol Problem

Posted 5 May 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, May 5, 2015 – More than 17 million Americans suffer from alcohol abuse or dependence. But not everyone can tell when heavy drinking crosses the line to alcoholism. To help people identify when drinking becomes a problem, Dr. William Jacobs, chief of addiction medicine at Georgia Regents University's Medical College of Georgia, outlined five major signs of alcohol abuse or dependence: One is a high tolerance for alcohol, which means a person drinks increasing amounts of alcohol. Someone with a high tolerance may drink more than others without showing obvious signs of intoxication. Another sign is having withdrawal symptoms when not drinking. These symptoms include anxiety, trembling, jumpiness, sweating, nausea and vomiting, insomnia, irritability, depression, fatigue, headaches and loss of appetite. Some people suffer potentially life-threatening withdrawal seizures, Jacobs ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcoholism, Hangover, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Moderate Drinking May Be Less Beneficial for Blacks

Posted 23 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, April 23, 2015 – Moderate drinking appears to offer greater health benefits to whites than to blacks, a new study suggests. Previous research found a link between moderate drinking and a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and premature death, but the participants in those studies were mostly white. "Current dietary guidelines recommend moderate consumption for adult Americans who consume alcoholic beverages. Our study suggests that additional refinements based on race/ethnicity may be necessary," study author Chandra Jackson, a research associate at Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, said in a Harvard news release. In this new study, the researchers analyzed data from more than 25,800 black adults and more than 126,300 white adults who took part in the National Health Interview Survey from 1997 to 2002. Follow-up lasted through 2006. Thirteen percent of ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Health Tip: Too Much Alcohol Can Affect Muscle Mass

Posted 16 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

-- If you're working out regularly and trying to bulk up, drinking too much alcohol may hinder your efforts. The American Council on Exercise says excessive drinking can: Cause muscles to weaken because of reduced blood flow. Affect hormone levels, particularly testosterone, which can lead to retaining fluids and fat. Affect the liver, resulting in low blood sugar, increased fat in the blood and fatty liver. Reduce oxygen supply to the brain, contributing to cell death. Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Pot Plus Booze Doubles Odds for Drunk Driving, Study Says

Posted 14 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 14, 2015 – Drinkers who smoke marijuana as they imbibe are twice as likely to drive drunk compared with people who stick to alcohol alone, a new study reports. These "simultaneous" users are also three times more likely to face social troubles as a result of drinking and marijuana – drunken brawls, broken marriages, damaged relationships and ruined careers among them. "There are a lot of problems related to alcohol, and marijuana seems to potentially enhance the effects of alcohol in causing these problems," said study co-author William Kerr, associate director of the Alcohol Research Group. Many states have authorized medical marijuana use, and four – Colorado, Washington, Oregon and Alaska – have legalized recreational pot. "If cannabis use becomes more prevalent as U.S. states and other countries continue to legalize it, then we need to be prepared to advise people ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism, Cannabis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Boozing in Movies May Boost Teen Drinking

Posted 13 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 13, 2015 – Seeing actors drink alcohol in movies seems to increase the likelihood that teens will drink and have alcohol-related problems, a new study suggests. The findings fit with a growing consensus of evidence that teens are more likely to engage in various risky behaviors that occur in the films and TV shows they watch, said study author Andrea Waylen, a senior lecturer in social sciences at the University of Bristol in England. But, this study doesn't prove that watching films with alcohol in them causes teens to drink, only that it's a possible factor. One expert pointed out another potential explanation for the findings. "Kids who are more likely to drink or are already drinking may seek out more films with drinking in them," said Dr. Victor Strasburger, an emeritus professor of pediatrics at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine. Yet, he added, a ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Alcoholics Face Greater Death Risk When Hospitalized

Posted 7 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

TUESDAY, April 7, 2015 – Hospital patients who are alcoholics have an increased risk of dying in the hospital, a new study finds. Researchers looked at about 12 years of data from more than 23,000 hospital patients with alcoholism and a "control group" of more than 233,000 hospital patients without the disorder. All of the patients were in various general hospitals in Manchester, England. One in five of the patients with alcoholism died while in the hospital, compared with one in 12 patients in the control group, according to the study. Additionally, the researchers found that, on average, those with alcoholism were likely to be about eight years younger when they died than people without a drinking problem. The study was published online recently in the journal European Psychiatry. The researchers pointed out that alcoholics are more likely to have liver, respiratory, nervous system, ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism

Higher Alcohol Taxes May Lead to Fewer Drunk-Driving Deaths: Study

Posted 6 Apr 2015 by Drugs.com

MONDAY, April 6, 2015 – Higher alcohol taxes in Illinois are associated with a decrease in alcohol-related car crash deaths, a new study finds. "Similar alcohol tax increases implemented across the country could prevent thousands of deaths from car crashes each year," Alexander Wagenaar, a professor in the department of health outcomes and policy at the University of Florida in Gainesville, said in a university news release. "If policymakers are looking to address dangerous drivers on our roads and reduce the number of fatalities, they should reverse the trend of allowing inflation to erode alcohol taxes," he added. In Illinois, alcohol-related traffic deaths fell 26 percent after the state boosted alcohol taxes in 2009. The decrease was highest among young people, at 37 percent, the study found. Fatal crashes involving alcohol-impaired and extremely drunk drivers fell 22 percent and ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Hangover, Ethanol, Ethyl Alcohol, Denatured Alcohol, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Dehydrated Alcohol, Palcohol, Alcohol 5% in Dextrose 5%, Lavacol, Alcare Plus

Obesity, Smoking, Drinking, Depression: All Linked to Low Back Pain

Posted 25 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2015 – People suffering from lower back pain who smoke, drink, are depressed or are obese may be able to ease their agony by making some lifestyle changes, a new study suggests. "If you have lower back pain that is not explained by a spinal problem but is more of a muscle pain, things like obesity, alcohol abuse, smoking and depression, factors that you can affect, can be contributing to it," explained lead researcher Dr. Scott Shemory, an orthopedic surgeon with Summa Health System in Akron, Ohio. Of all these risks, obesity is most obviously associated with back pain, he said. "It puts stress on all the joints and the lower back as well," he said. Also, smoking can decrease blood flow, which can also contribute to pain, he said. As for depression, it might contribute to the pain. On the other hand, lower back pain might contribute to depression, Shemory said. The ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Back Pain, Obesity, Smoking, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

Could In-Car Breathalyzers Slash Rate of Booze-Linked Crashes?

Posted 19 Mar 2015 by Drugs.com

THURSDAY, March 19, 2015 – In-car breathalyzers automatically prevent ignition when they detect blood-alcohol levels that exceed legal limits. Now, new research suggests that if the devices were installed in every new U.S. car, deaths linked to drunk driving would plummet by 85 percent over a 15-year period. Installation of the "interlock" devices would also eliminate between 84 to 88 percent of nonfatal drunk driving accidents, the analysis determined. "This amounts to an estimated 59,000 lives saves and more than 1.25 million serious injuries prevented," said study lead author Dr. Patrick Carter, an assistant professor with the University of Michigan Injury Center in Ann Arbor. The study was funded by the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, and published March 19 in the American Journal of Public Health. According to the researchers, over the last two decades ... Read more

Related support groups: Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholism, Acute Alcohol Intoxication

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Alcohol Withdrawal, Alcohol Dependence, Alcoholic Liver Damage, Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Alcohol Hepatitis, Hangover, Alcoholic Gastritis, Acute Alcohol Intoxication, Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic Gastritis with Hemorrhage, Alcoholic Psychosis, Toxic Reactions Incl Drug and Substance Abuse