FLUOROURACIL 50 MG/ML SOLUTION FOR INJECTION OR INFUSION

Active substance: FLUOROURACIL

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Package leaflet: Information for the patient

Fluorouracil 50 mg/ml
Solution for Injection or
Infusion
Fluorouracil

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this
medicine because it contains important information for you
• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist or nurse
• This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on
to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the
same as yours.
• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist or
nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this
leaflet. See Section 4.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Fluorouracil Injection is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you use Fluorouracil Injection
3. How to use Fluorouracil Injection
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Fluorouracil Injection
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Fluorouracil Injection is and what it
is used for
The name of your medicine is ‘Fluorouracil 50 mg/ml Solution for
Injection or Infusion’ but in the rest of the leaflet it will be called
‘Fluorouracil Injection’.
What Fluorouracil Injection is
Fluorouracil Injection contains the active ingredient Fluorouracil. It is
an anti-cancer medication.
What Fluorouracil Injection is used for
Fluorouracil Injection is used to treat many common cancers,
particularly cancers of the large bowel, oesophagus, pancreas,
stomach, head and neck and breast. It may be used in combination
with other anti-cancer medicines and radiotherapy.

2. What you need to know before you use
Fluorouracil Injection
Do not use Fluorouracil Injection
• if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to Fluorouracil or any of the
other ingredients of Fluorouracil Injection (listed in section 6).
• if you have serious infections (e.g. Herpes zoster, chickenpox)
• if your tumour is non-malignant.
• if you have been very much weakened by long illness.
• if your bone marrow has been damaged by other treatments
(including radiotherapy).
• if you are taking brivudin, sorivudin and analogues (an antiviral drug)
• if you are pregnant or breast feeding women
• if you have serious impaired liver function
• if you are homozygotic for dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD)
enzyme

The following information is intended for
medical or healthcare professionals only:
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE/HANDLING, PREPARATION AND
DISPOSAL GUIDE FOR USE WITH FLUOROURACIL INJECTION
Cytotoxic Handling Guidelines
Fluorouracil should be administered only by or under the supervision
of a qualified physician who is experienced in the use of cancer
chemotherapeutic drugs.
Preparation guidelines:
Contamination
In the event of contact with the skin or eyes, the affected area should
be washed with copious amounts of water or normal saline.
Hydrocortisone cream 1% may be used to treat the transient stinging

Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist or nurse before using Fluorouracil
Injection. Take special care with Fluorouracil Injection:
• if the number of cells in your blood become too low (you will have
blood tests to check this)
• if you have oral ulceration, fever or hemorrhage at any site or
weakness (these symptoms may be the consequence of the very
low number of cells in your blood),
• if you have any problems with your kidneys
• if you have any problems with your liver including jaundice
(yellowing of the skin)
• if you problem with your heart. Tell your doctor if you experience
any chest pain during treatment.
• if you have reduced activity/deficiency of the enzyme DPD
(dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase).
• If you have had high-dose pelvic radiation.
• if you have gastrointestinal side effects (stomatitis, diarrhoea,
bleeding from the G.I. tract) or hemorrhage at any site.
Other medicines and Fluorouracil Injection
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or
might take any other medicines.
• Methotrexate (an anti-cancer medicine)
• Metronidazole (an antibiotic)
• Calcium leucovorin (also called calcium folinate - used to reduce
the harmful effects of anti-cancer medicines)
• Allopurinol (used to treat gout)
• Cimetidine (used to treat stomach ulcers)
• Warfarin (used to treat blood clots)
• Interferon alpha 2a; brivudin, sorivudin and analogues (an antiviral)
• Cisplatin (an anticancer medicine)
• Phenytoin (used to control epilepsy/fits and irregular heart rhythm)
• Vaccines
• Vinorelbine (an anti-cancer medicine)
• Cyclophosphamide (an anti-cancer medicine)
• Levamisol (medicine used to treat worm infection)
• Tamoxifen (an anti-cancer medicine)
The above medicines affect the effect of Fluorouracil.
Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
You must not take this drug if you are pregnant or planning to become
pregnant. If you are a women of childbearing potential you must use
an effective method of contraception while taking this drug and atleast
for 6 months afterwards. If pregnancy occurs during your treatment
you must inform your doctor and should use genetic counsellation.
Since it is not known whether fluorouracil passes into breast milk,
breast-feeding must be discontinued if the mother is treated with
Fluorouracil Injection.
If you are a man you should avoid father a child during and for up to 6
months following cessation of treatment with Flurouracil Injection. You
are advice to sought conservation of sperm prior to treatment
because of the possibility of irreversible infertility due to therapy with
Flurouracil Injection.
Ask your doctor for advice before taking any medicine.
Driving and using machines
Do not drive or use machines because fluorouracil may produce side
effects like nausea and vomiting. It can also produce adverse event
on your nervous system and visual changes. If you experience any of
this effect, do not drive or use any tools or machines, it may impair
your ability to drive or use machines.

3. How to use Fluorouracil Injection
The dose of medicine given to you will depend on your medical
condition, your body weight, if you have had recent surgery and how
well your liver and kidneys are working. It will also depend on the
results of your blood tests. Your first course of treatment may be
given daily or at weekly intervals. Further courses may be given
according to your response to treatment. You may also receive
treatment in combination with radiotherapy.
The medicine may be diluted with glucose solution, sodium chloride
solution or Water for injections before it is given to you. It will be given into
a vein either as a normal injection or a slow injection via a drip (infusion).
If you are given more Fluorouracil Injection than you should
As this medicine will be given to you whilst you are in hospital is
unlikely that you will be given too little or too much, however, tell your
doctor or pharmacist if you have any concerns.
You will need to have blood tests during and after treatment with
fluorouracil Injection to check the levels of cells in your blood.
Treatment may have to be stopped if the level of white blood cells
drops too low.
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, severe mucositis and gastrointestinal
ulceration and bleeding may occur if you have too much Fluorouracil. If
you have any further question on the use of this product ask your doctor.

4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not
everybody gets them.
If any of the following happen, tell your doctor immediately:
- severe allergic reaction – you may experience a sudden itchy rash
(hives), swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, face, lips, mouth or
throat (which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing), and
you may feel you are going to faint.
- chest pains
- your bowel motions are bloodstained or black
- your mouth becomes sore or develops ulcers
- numbness, tingling or tremor in the hands or feet
- quickening of your heart rate and breathlessness
- feeling confused or feeling unsteady on your feet, coordination
problems in arms and legs, thinking/speech difficulties,
vision/memory problems
These are serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention.
Very common side effects (more than 1 in 10 patients):
• Ischemic ECG abnormalities (an insufficient supply of blood to an
organ, usually due to a blocked artery)
• Neutropenia (an abnormally low level of neutrophils in the blood)
• Leucopenia (an abnormally low number of white blood cells in the
circulating blood)
• Anemia
(condition in which the circulating red cell mass is insufficient)
• Pancytopenia (a disorder in which the bone marrow greatly
decreases or stops production of blood cells)
• Decrease in the production of blood cells
• High fever and a sharp drop in circulating granular white blood cells
• The inflammation of the lining of the mouth and digestive tract
• Pharyngitis (inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the
pharynx)
• Inflammation of the rectum or anus
• Loss of appetite
• Watery diarrhoea

of the skin. Medical advice should be sought if the eyes are affected
or if the preparation is inhaled or ingested.
In the event of spillage, operators should put on gloves, face mask,
eye protection and disposable apron and mop up the spilled material
with an absorbent material kept in the area for that purpose. The area
should then be cleaned and all contaminated material transferred to a
cytotoxic spillage bag or bin and sealed for incineration.

impervious container, marked as cytotoxic waste and incinerated at a
minimum of 700°C.
Chemical inactivation can be achieved by 5% sodium Hypochlorite
over 24 hours.
a) Chemotherapeutic agents should be prepared for administration
only by professionals who have been trained in the safe use of the
preparation.

First Aid
Eye contact: Irrigate immediately with water and seek medical advice.
Skin contact: Wash thoroughly with soap and water and
remove-contaminated clothing.
Inhalation, Ingestion: Seek medical advice.

b) Operations such as reconstitution of powder and transfer to
syringes should be carried out only in the designated area.

Disposal
Syringes, containers, absorbent materials, solution and any other
contaminated material should be placed in a thick plastic bag or other

c) The personnel carrying out these procedures should be adequately
protected with special clothing, two pairs of gloves one latex, one
PVC, (the latex being worn beneath the PVC), this covers
differences in permeabilities to the various antineoplastics, and eye
shields. Luerlock syringes and fittings should always be used both
in the preparation of cytotoxic products and for their administration.













Nausea
Vomiting
Hair loss
Hand-foot syndrome is a toxic skin reaction
Delayed wound healing
Bleeding from the nose
Fatigue
General weakness
Tiredness
Lack of energy
Inflammation of the mucous lining of any of the structures in the
mouth
• Inflammation of the esophagus.
• Increase in uric acid in the blood
Common side effects (less than 1 in 10 patients):
• Angina pectoris (Severe pain in the chest associated with an
insufficient supply of blood to the heart)
Uncommon side effects (less than 1 in 100 patients):
• Abnormality in the heart's rhythm
• Heart attack
• Myocardial ischemia (a loss of oxygen to the heart muscle)
• Myocarditis (inflammatory disease of the heart muscle)
• Heart insufficiency
• Dilative cardiomyopathy (a type of heart disease in which the heart
muscle is abnormally enlarged, thickened and/or stiffened)
• Cardiac shock
• Low blood pressure
• Sleepiness
• Dehydration
• Bacterial infection in the bloodstream or body tissues
• Gastrointestinal ulceration and bleeding, casting off the skin
• Rhythmic motions of the eyes
• Headache
• Sensations of imbalance and unsteadiness
• Symptoms of Parkinson's disease (a progressive movement
disorder marked by tremors, rigidity, slow movements)
• Pyramidal signs
• Feeling of being sick
• Inflammation of the skin
• Skin alterations e.g. dry skin, fissure erosion, Redness of the skin,
pruritic maculopapular rash (rash that had originated on the lower
extremities and had progressed to the arms, and then to the chest)
• A skin eruption accompanying certain infectious diseases
• Appearance of itchy weals on the skin
• Photosensitivity
• Hyperpigmentation of the skin
• Streaky hyperpigmentation or depigmentation near the veins.
• Changes in the nails (e.g. diffuse superficial blue pigmentation,
hyperpigmentation; nail dystrophy, pain and thickening of the nail
bed.
• Paronychia (Inflammation of the tissue surrounding a fingernail)
• An inflammation of the matrix of the nail with formation of pus and
shedding of the nail
• Sperm or ovum production disorder
• Secretion of tears
• Blurred vision,
• Inflammation or redness of the lining of the white part of the eye
and the underside of the eyelid.
• Eye movement disturbance
• Optic neuritis (a vision disorder characterized by inflammation of
the optic nerve)
• double vision
• decrease in visual sharpness

d) Pregnant personnel are advised not to handle chemotherapeutic
agents.
(e) Refer to local guidelines before commencing.
Instructions for use
Fluorouracil Injection can be given by intravenous injection, or
intravenous or intra-arterial infusion.
Incompatibilities
Fluorouracil is incompatible with calcium folinate, Carboplatin,
Cisplatin, Cytarabine, Diazepam, Doxorubicin, Droperidol, Filgrastim,
Gallium nitrate, Methotrexate, Metoclopramide, Morphine,
Ondansetrone, parenteral nutrition, Vinorelbin, other Anthracyclines.
Formulated solutions are alkaline and it is recommended that
admixture with acidic drugs or preparations should be avoided.
In the absence of compatibility studies, this medicinal product must

• excessive sensitivity to light and the aversion to sunlight or well-lit
places
• ocular disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the eyelid
margins
• lower eyelid turns outwards
• Blocked tear ducts
• A layer or mass of dead tissue separated from surrounding living
tissue, as in a wound, a sore, or an inflammation.
• liver cell damage
Rare side effects (more than 1 in 10,000 but less than 1 in 1,000
patients):
• Generalized allergic reaction
• Insufficient blood flow in brain, intestine and peripheral organs
• discoloration of the fingers, toes, and occasionally other areas
• Development of a clot within blood vessels, can occur in arteries or
veins
• swelling (inflammation) of a vein caused by a blood clot
• severe, whole-body allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
• systemic vasodilation (widening of blood vessels) which results in
low blood pressure
• confusion
• Increase of T4 (total thyroxin), increase of T3 (total trijodthyronin)
Very rare side effects (less than 1 in 10,000 patients):
• Cardiac arrest (sudden cessation of heartbeat and cardiac function)
• Sudden cardiac death (unexpected death due to heart problems)
• Symptoms of leucoencephalopathy (diseases affecting the white
substance of the brain) including ataxia (loss of the ability to
coordinate muscular movement)
• Difficulty in articulating words
• Confusion
• Mental confusion or impaired awareness especially regarding to
time, place or identity
• Abnormal muscular weakness or fatigue
• Acute cerebellar syndrome
• Partial or total loss of the ability to communicate verbally or using
written words.
• Convulsion or coma in patients receiving high doses of
5-fluorouracil
and in patients with dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency
• kidney failure
• Damage of liver cells (cases with fatal outcome)
• inflammation of the gall bladder
• slow progressive destruction of the small bile ducts
Not Known (Frequency can not be estimated):
• fever
• numbness or weakness of the arms and legs
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist or nurse.
This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. By
reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the
safety of this medicine.
For UK - You can also report side effects directly
via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
For Malta- ADR Reporting
The Medicines Authority
Post-Licensing Directorate
203 Level 3, Rue D'Argens, GŻR-1368 Gżira
Website: www.medicinesauthority.gov.mt
e-mail: postlicensing.medicinesauthority@gov.mt

5. How to store Fluorouracil Injection
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date, which is stated on the
Label and carton after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of
that month.
Store below 25°C. Do not refrigerate or freeze.
Keep container in the outer carton in order to protect from light.
Single use only. Discard any unused portion.
Shelf Life after dilution
Chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for 24
hours at 25°C with Glucose 5% or Sodium Chloride 0.9% Injection
B.P or Water for Injections B.P at concentration 0.98 mg/ml of
Fluorouracil. However from a microbiological point of view, the
product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use
storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the
user and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2-8°C, unless
dilution has taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.
• Do not use if the product appears brown or dark yellow in solution.
• Do not use if you notice that the container is damaged or particles/
crystals are visible.
• Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household
waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines no
longer used. These measures will help to protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other
information
What Fluorouracil Injection contains:
- The active substance in fluorouracil Injection is Fluorouracil.
- The other ingredients are water for injections, sodium hydroxide
and hydrochloric acid.
What Fluorouracil Injection looks like and content of the pack
1ml of solution contains 50 mg of fluorouracil (as sodium salt formed
in situ).
Fluorouracil solution for Injection or Infusion is a clear, almost
colourless solution in a Ph.Eur Type I clear glass vial with rubber
closure.
Each 5 ml vial contains 250 mg of fluorouracil
Each 10 ml vial contains 500 mg of fluorouracil
Each 20 ml vial contains 1000 mg of fluorouracil
Each 50 ml vial contains 2500 mg of fluorouracil
Each 100 ml vial contains 5000 mg of fluorouracil
Not all pack sizes may be marketed
Marketing Authorization Holder and Manufacturer:
Accord Healthcare Limited
Sage House, 319, Pinner Road,
North Harrow, Middlesex, HA1 4HF,
United Kingdom
The leaflet was last revised in 02/2014.

not be mixed with other medicinal products.

of Fluorouracil.

Shelf Life and storage
Shelf-life of unopened vial
2 years. Single use only. Discard any unused portion.

From a microbiological point of view, the product should be used
immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and
conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and would
normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2-8°C, unless dilution has
taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.

Store below 25°C. Do not refrigerate or freeze. Keep container in the
outer carton in order to protect from light.
If a precipitate has formed as a result of exposure to low temperature,
redissolve by heating to 60°C accompanied by vigorous shaking.
Allow to cool to body temperature prior to use. The product should be
discarded if it appears brown or dark yellow in solution.
Shelf Life after dilution
In use: Chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated
for 24 hours at 25°C with Glucose 5% or Sodium Chloride 0.9%
Injection B.P or Water for Injections B.P at concentration 0.98 mg/ml

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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