Sodium Iodide, i-123

Dosage Form: capsule, gelatin coated

Sodium Iodide I 123
Diagnostic-Capsules
for Oral Administration

Sodium Iodide, i-123 Description

Sodium Iodide I 123 (Na123I) for diagnostic use is supplied in capsules for oral administration. The capsules are available in strengths of 3.7, 7.4 and 14.8 megabecquerels (MBq) (100, 200 and 400 µCi) I 123 at time of calibration. Each capsule contains 0.3 µg - 3 µg Sodium Thiosulfate as a stabilizer.

The radionuclidic composition at calibration is not less than 97.0 percent I 123, not more than 2.9 percent I 125 and not more than 0.1 percent all others (I 121 or Te 121.) The radionuclidic composition at expiration time is not less than 87.2 percent I 123, not more than 12.4 percent I 125 and not more than 0.4 percent all others. The ratio of the concentration of I 123 and I 125 changes with time. Graph 1 shows the maximum concentration of each as a function of time.

Graph 1 Radionuclidic Concentration of I 123 and I 125

Physical Characteristics

Sodium Iodide I 123 decays by electron capture with a physical half-life of 13.2 hours. The photon that is useful for detection and imaging studies is listed in Table 1.

Table 1 Principal Radiation Emission Data1
1 Kocher, David C., Radioactive Decay Data Tables, DOE/TIC-11026, 122, (1981)

           Radiation           

           Mean % / Disintegration           

           Mean Energy           
(keV)

Gamma-2

83.4

159

External Radiation

The specific gamma ray constant for I 123 is 1.6 R/hr-mCi at 1 cm. The first half value thickness of lead (Pb) for I 123 is 0.005 cm. A range of values for the relative attenuation of the radiation emitted by this radionuclide that results from the interposition of various thicknesses of Pb is shown in Table 2. For example, the use of 1.63 cm of lead will decrease the external radiation exposure by a factor of about 1,000.

Table 2 Radiation Attenuation by Lead Shielding2
2 Shleien, Bernard, The Health Physics and Radiological Health Handbook, Table 6.1.2, 169, (1992)

        Shield Thickness (Pb), cm        

        Coefficient of Attenuation        

0.036

0.5

0.120

10-1

0.240

10-2

0.358

10-3

0.477

10-4

Note that these estimates of attenuation do not take into consideration the presence of contaminants.

To correct for physical decay of I 123, the fractions that remain at selected intervals after the time of calibration are shown in Table 3.

Table 3 Sodium Iodide I 123 Decay Chart: Half-Life 13.2 Hours
*Time of Calibration

     Hours     

     Fraction Remaining     

     Hours     

     Fraction Remaining     

0*

1.000

18

.389

3

.854

21

.332

6

.730

24

.284

9

.623

27

.242

12

.535

30

.207

15

.455

Sodium Iodide, i-123 - Clinical Pharmacology

Sodium Iodide I 123 is readily absorbed from the upper gastrointestinal tract. Following absorption, the iodide is distributed primarily within the extracellular fluid of the body. It is trapped and organically bound by the thyroid and concentrated by the stomach, choroid plexus and salivary glands. It is excreted by the kidneys.

The fraction of the administered dose which is accumulated in the thyroid gland may be a measure of thyroid function in the absence of unusually high or low iodine intake or administration of certain drugs which influence iodine accumulation by the thyroid gland. Accordingly, the patient should be questioned carefully regarding previous medication and/or procedures involving radiographic media. Normal subjects can accumulate approximately 10-50% of the administered iodine dose in the thyroid gland, however, the normal and abnormal ranges are established by individual physician's criteria. The mapping (imaging) of Sodium Iodide I 123 distribution in the thyroid gland may provide useful information concerning thyroid anatomy and definition of normal and/or abnormal functioning of tissue within the gland.

INDICATION AND USE

Administration of Sodium Iodide I 123 is indicated as a diagnostic procedure to be used in evaluating thyroid function and/or morphology.

Contraindications

To date there are no known contraindications to the use of Sodium Iodide I 123 capsules.

Warnings

Females of childbearing age and children under 18 should not be studied unless the benefits anticipated from the performance of the test outweigh the possible risk of exposure to the amount of ionizing radiation associated with the test.

Precautions

General

The contents of the capsule are radioactive. Adequate shielding of the preparation must be maintained at all times.

Do not use after the expiration time and date (30 hours after calibration time) stated on the label.

The prescribed Sodium Iodide I 123 dose should be administered as soon as practical from the time of receipt of product (i.e., as close to calibration time as possible) in order to minimize the fraction of radiation exposure due to relative increase of radionuclidic contaminants with time.

Sodium Iodide I 123, as well as other radioactive drugs, must be handled with care and appropriate safety measures should be used to minimize radiation exposure to clinical personnel. Care should also be taken to minimize radiation exposure to the patient consistent with proper patient management.

Radiopharmaceuticals should be used only by physicians who are qualified by training and experience in the safe use and handling of radionuclides and whose experience and training have been approved by the appropriate government agency authorized to license the use of radionuclides.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

No long-term animal studies have been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential, mutagenic potential, or whether Sodium Iodide I 123 affects fertility in males or females.

Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with this drug. It is also not known whether Sodium Iodide I 123 can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproductive capacity. Sodium Iodide I 123 should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Ideally examinations using radiopharmaceuticals, especially those elective in nature, in women of childbearing capability should be performed during the first few (approximately ten) days following the onset of menses.

Nursing Mothers

Since I 123 is excreted in human milk, formula-feeding should be substituted for breast-feeding if the agent must be administered to the mother during lactation.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in children have not been established.

Adverse Reactions

Although rare, reactions associated with the administration of Sodium Iodide isotopes for diagnostic use include, in decreasing order of frequency, nausea, vomiting, chest pain, tachycardia, itching skin, rash and hives.

Sodium Iodide, i-123 Dosage and Administration

The recommended oral dose for the average patient (70 kg) is 3.7 to 14.8 MBq (100-400 µCi). The lower part of the dosage range 3.7 MBq (100 µCi) is recommended for uptake studies alone, and the higher part 14.8 MBq (400 µCi) for thyroid imaging. The determination of I 123 concentration in the thyroid gland may be initiated at six hours after administering the dose and should be measured in accordance with standardized procedures.

The patient dose should be measured by a suitable radioactive calibration system immediately prior to administration. The capsules can be utilized up to thirty (30) hours after calibration time and date. Thereafter, discard the capsules in accordance with standard safety procedures. The user should wear waterproof gloves at all times when handling the capsules or container.

Radiation Dosimetry

The estimated absorbed radiation doses to several organs of an average patient (70 kg) from oral administration of the maximum dose of 14.8 MBq (400 µCi) of I 123 are shown in Table 4 for thyroid uptakes of 5, 15, and 25%. For comparison at these three values of thyroid uptake, the estimated radiation doses from doses of 3.7 MBq (100 µCi) I 131, also used as thyroid imaging agent, are also included.

Table 4 Radiation Dose Estimates as a Function of Maximum Thyroid Uptake for I 123* Sodium Iodide At Time of Calibration and Expiry Compared to I 131
*Concentration at Time of Calibration: 97% I 123, 2.9% I 125, 0.1% Te 121
Concentration at Time of Expiry: 87.2% I 123, 12.4% I 125, 0.4% Te 121
All Iodine Kinetics treated as in MIRD Dose Estimate Report 5. Bladder voiding interval, 4.8 hours.
Tellurium 121 dosimetry taken from ICRP 30.

Target Organ

Maximum
Thyroid
     Uptake (%)     

Estimated Radiation Absorbed Doses

I 123
mGy/14.8 MBq
(rads/400 µCi)

I 131
mGy/3.7 MBq
(rads/100 µCi)

TOC

TOE

Thyroid

5

25

(2.5)

75

(7.5)

260

(26)

15

77

(7.7)

230

(23)

780

(78)

25

130

(13)

410

(41)

1300

(130)

Liver

5

0.089

(0.0089)

0.13

(0.013)

0.16

(0.016)

15

0.10

(0.010)

0.18

(0.018)

0.28

(0.028)

25

0.11

(0.011)

0.24

(0.024)

0.41

(0.041)

Ovaries

5

0.18

(0.018)

0.19

(0.019)

0.18

(0.018)

15

0.17

(0.017)

0.18

(0.018)

0.18

(0.018)

25

0.16

(0.016)

0.18

(0.018)

0.17

(0.017)

Red Marrow

5

0.12

(0.012)

0.16

(0.016)

0.15

(0.015)

15

0.12

(0.012)

0.18

(0.018)

0.21

(0.021)

25

0.13

(0.013)

0.19

(0.019)

0.27

(0.027)

Stomach Wall     

5

0.96

(0.096)

0.98

(0.098)

1.7

(0.17)

15

0.89

(0.089)

0.91

(0.091)

1.5

(0.15)

25

0.82

(0.082)

0.85

(0.085)

1.4

(0.14)

Small Intestine

5

0.70

(0.070)

0.71

(0.071)

1.2

(0.12)

15

0.65

(0.065)

0.67

(0.067)

1.1

(0.11)

25

0.60

(0.060)

0.62

(0.062)

     0.99     

     (0.099)     

Testes

5

0.076

(0.0076)

0.089

(0.0089)

0.12

(0.012)

15

0.072

(0.0072)

0.087

(0.0087)

0.12

(0.012)

25

     0.068     

     (0.0068)     

     0.085     

     (0.0085)     

0.12

(0.012)

Bladder

5

1.7

(0.17)

1.7

(0.17)

2.9

(0.29)

15

1.6

(0.16)

1.6

(0.16)

2.7

(0.27)

25

1.4

(0.14)

1.5

(0.15)

2.4

(0.24)

Skeleton

5

0.11

(0.011)

0.16

(0.016)

0.12

(0.012)

15

0.12

(0.012)

0.18

(0.018)

0.18

(0.018)

25

0.14

(0.014)

0.21

(0.021)

0.24

(0.024)

Total Body

5

0.11

(0.011)

0.16

(0.016)

0.24

(0.024)

15

0.14

(0.014)

0.25

(0.025)

0.47

(0.047)

25

0.17

(0.017)

0.35

(0.035)

0.70

(0.070)

How is Sodium Iodide, i-123 Supplied

Sodium Iodide I 123 is supplied as capsules for oral administration in strengths of 3.7 MBq (100 µCi), 7.4 MBq (200 µCi) and 14.8 MBq (400 µCi) at time of calibration. Each gelatin capsule contains 0.45 - 0.65 g of sucrose. The capsules are packaged in plastic vials containing either one or five capsules of a single strength per vial. The plastic vial is packaged in a lead shield with a label identical to that affixed to the plastic vial. A package insert is supplied with each lead shield.

The -I (Iodine) content for a 100 µCi capsule is 5.2 ng the -I content for a 200 µCi capsule is 10.4 ng the -I content for a 400 µCi capsule is 20.8 ng at TOC.

Dispense and preserve capsules in well-closed containers that are adequately shielded. Store at room temperature, below 86°F.

The contents of the capsules are radioactive. Adequate shielding and handling precautions must be maintained.

THIS PACKAGE INSERT ISSUED NOVEMBER 2007

CardinalHealth
Denver, CO 80011     (303) 343-6800

Sodium Iodide I 123
1-020-15

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 100 µCi CAPSULE

100 µCi Capsule

CardinalHealth
Denver, CO 80011

NUMBER OF CAPSULES: 1

ASSAY: 3.7 MBq (100 uCi) Per Capsule

TOTAL ACTIVITY: 3.7 MBq (100 uCi)

CALIB. DATE:

CALIB. TIME:

BATCH NO.:

SODIUM IODIDE I 123
3.7 MBq (100 uCi) CAPSULES
DIAGNOSTIC
FOR ORAL USE ONLY

EXPIRATION: 30 hours from the Date
and Time of Calibration.

Rx only

READ PACKAGE INSERT
FOR DIRECTIONS FOR USE.

Iodine 123 Radioactive
Half-life 13.2 hours,
carrier free.
Calculate correct
dosage from Date and
Time of Calibration

STORE AT ROOM TEMPERATURE (BELOW 86° F)

CAUTION RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL

1-001-10

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 200 µCi CAPSULE

200 µCi Capsule

CardinalHealth
Denver, CO 80011

NUMBER OF CAPSULES: 1

ASSAY: 7.4 MBq (200 uCi) Per Capsule

TOTAL ACTIVITY: 7.4 MBq (200 uCi)

CALIB. DATE:

CALIB. TIME:

BATCH NO.:

SODIUM IODIDE I 123
7.4 MBq (200 uCi) CAPSULES
DIAGNOSTIC
FOR ORAL USE ONLY

EXPIRATION: 30 hours from the Date
and Time of Calibration.

Rx only

READ PACKAGE INSERT
FOR DIRECTIONS FOR USE.

Iodine 123 Radioactive
Half-life 13.2 hours,
carrier free.
Calculate correct
dosage from Date and
Time of Calibration

STORE AT ROOM TEMPERATURE (BELOW 86° F)

CAUTION RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL

1-002-10

SODIUM IODIDE I 123 
sodium iodide i 123 capsule, gelatin coated
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:48815-1001
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
SODIUM IODIDE I-123 (IODIDE ION I-123) IODIDE ION I-123 100 uCi
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
SUCROSE  
SODIUM THIOSULFATE  
Product Characteristics
Color PURPLE, GRAY Score no score
Shape CAPSULE Size 20mm
Flavor Imprint Code
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:48815-1001-1 1 VIAL, PLASTIC in 1 CAN
1 1 CAPSULE, GELATIN COATED in 1 VIAL, PLASTIC
2 NDC:48815-1001-5 1 VIAL, PLASTIC in 1 CAN
2 5 CAPSULE, GELATIN COATED in 1 VIAL, PLASTIC
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA018671 01/02/2003
SODIUM IODIDE I 123 
sodium iodide i 123 capsule, gelatin coated
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:48815-1002
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
SODIUM IODIDE I-123 (IODIDE ION I-123) IODIDE ION I-123 200 uCi
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
SUCROSE  
SODIUM THIOSULFATE  
Product Characteristics
Color BLUE, ORANGE Score no score
Shape CAPSULE Size 20mm
Flavor Imprint Code
Contains         
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:48815-1002-1 1 VIAL, PLASTIC in 1 CAN
1 1 CAPSULE, GELATIN COATED in 1 VIAL, PLASTIC
2 NDC:48815-1002-5 1 VIAL, PLASTIC in 1 CAN
2 5 CAPSULE, GELATIN COATED in 1 VIAL, PLASTIC
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA018671 01/02/2003
Labeler - Cardinal Health 418, Inc (149029253)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Cardinal Health 418, Inc. 149029253 MANUFACTURE(48815-1001, 48815-1002)
Revised: 09/2014
 
Cardinal Health 418, Inc
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