Dosage Form: Irrigation Baxter
0.9% Sodium Chloride Irrigation, USP
Baxter Sterile Container System
Sodium Chloride Description
0.9% Sodium Chloride Irrigation, USP in the Baxter Sterile Container System is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, isotonic solution for the preparation of slushed solution. It contains no antimicrobial agents. Composition, osmolarity, pH and ionic concentration are shown in Table 1.
|Size (mL)||Composition (g/L)||Osmolarity (mOsmol/L) (calc)||pH||Ionic Concentration |
|Sodium Chloride, USP (NaCl)||Sodium||Chloride|
|0.9 % Sodium Chloride Irrigation, USP||1000||9||308||5.0 (4.5 to 7.0)||154||154|
The Baxter Sterile Container System is designed to provide a slush container with a sterile exterior surface for use within the surgical field. Within the overwrap, the unit is packaged in a dispensing bag which maintains the sterility of this surface.
The flexible plastic slush container is fabricated from a specially formulated polyvinyl chloride (PL 146 Plastic). The amount of water that can permeate from inside the container into the overwrap is insufficient to affect the solution significantly. Solutions in contact with the plastic container can leach out certain of its chemical components in very small amounts within the expiration period, e.g., di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), up to 5 parts per million. However, the safety of the plastic has been confirmed in tests in animals according to USP biological tests for plastic containers as well as by culture toxicity studies.
Sodium Chloride - Clinical Pharmacology
Slushed solution is used to induce regional hypothermia in conditions such as certain open heart and kidney surgical procedures by direct application of slushed solution. The objective of regional hypothermia is to reduce cellular metabolic activity so that body tissues can tolerate a period of total or relative ischemia thereby inhibiting the formation and buildup of destructive autolytic enzymes and anaerobic by-products usually produced and accumulated in ischemic tissues.
Indications and Usage for Sodium Chloride
Slushed solution is used to create regional hypothermia in order to reduce and minimize manifestations of warm-temperature ischemia. Temperature probes may be used to determine requirements for replacement or addition of slushed solution.
Carcinogenesis and Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility
Pregnancy Category C
Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with slushed 0.9% Sodium Chloride Irrigation, USP. It is also not known whether slushed 0.9% Sodium Chloride Irrigation, USP can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Slushed 0.9% Sodium Chloride Irrigation, USP should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when slushed 0.9% Sodium Chloride Irrigation, USP is administered to a nursing mother.
Safety and effectiveness of slushed 0.9% Sodium Chloride Irrigation, USP in pediatric patients have not been established by adequate and well controlled trials; however, the use of electrolyte solutions in the pediatric population is referenced in the medical literature. The warnings, precautions and adverse reactions identified in the label copy should be observed in the pediatric population.
Sodium Chloride Dosage and Administration
How is Sodium Chloride Supplied
Exposure of pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized. Avoid excessive heat. Avoid freezing except during controlled slushing procedure. It is recommended that this product be stored at room temperature (25ºC); brief exposure up to 40ºC does not adversely affect this product.
DIRECTIONS FOR USE OF THE BAXTER STERILE CONTAINER SYSTEM
Guidelines for Preparation of Slush
The following instructions are intended only as guidelines for the preparation of slush using the Baxter Sterile Container System. The specific procedure necessary to achieve the desired slush consistency will depend on the type of freezer used, location of the product in the freezer, and the utilization of freezer capacity.
- Remove product from shipping carton and place in freezer at a temperature between minus 4ºC and minus 15ºC for 2 to 6 hours. Note: A pre-cooled product will require less time to slush.
- During the freezing process, remove product from freezer periodically and carefully massage to break up large frozen chunks of solution.
- Return product to freezer and repeat procedure until desired slush consistency is obtained.
To Open: Use Aseptic Technique
- Tear overwrap down side at slit and remove dispensing bag which contains the slush container.
- Allow unit to stand at room temperature for approximately 10 minutes to allow container material to regain flexibility.
- Check that all the seals of the dispensing bag are intact including the tamper evident button. If any broken seals or holes are detected, discard unit as sterility may be impaired.
- Grasp tab of dispensing bag and peel open (Figure 1). Remove wrapped inner slush container.
- Grasp point of sterile transfer wrap (Figure 2), and pull forward then back to expose sterile slush container (Figure 3). Caution should be exercised to avoid touch contamination.
- Using sterile gloved hands, remove slush container from the sterile transfer wrap (Figure 4). Place on surgical field or use immediately.
- Grasp tab at top of slush container and peel directly across the width of the container with a steady motion (Figure 5).
- Slush is ready for dispensing.
|SODIUM CHLORIDE |
Sodium Chloride irrigant
|Labeler - Baxter Healthcare Corporation|