Plasma-Lyte A

Generic Name: sodium chloride, sodium gluconate, sodium acetate, potassium chloride and magnesium chloride
Dosage Form: injection, solution

Plasma-Lyte A Injection
pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP)
in VIAFLEX Plastic Container

Plasma-Lyte A Description

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) is a sterile, nonpyrogenic isotonic solution in a single dose container for intravenous administration. Each 100 mL contains 526 mg of Sodium Chloride, USP (NaCl); 502 mg of Sodium Gluconate (C6H11NaO7); 368 mg of Sodium Acetate Trihydrate, USP (C2H3NaO2•3H2O); 37 mg of Potassium Chloride, USP (KCl); and 30 mg of Magnesium Chloride, USP (MgCl2•6H2O). It contains no antimicrobial agents. The pH is adjusted with sodium hydroxide. The pH is 7.4 (6.5 to 8.0).

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) administered intravenously has value as a source of water, electrolytes, and calories. One liter has an ionic concentration of 140 mEq sodium, 5 mEq potassium, 3 mEq magnesium, 98 mEq chloride, 27 mEq acetate, and 23 mEq gluconate. The osmolarity is 294 mOsmol/L (calc). Normal physiologic osmolarity range is 280 to 310 mOsmol/L. The caloric content is 21 kcal/L.

The VIAFLEX plastic container is fabricated from a specially formulated polyvinyl chloride (PL 146 Plastic). The amount of water that can permeate from inside the container into the overwrap is insufficient to affect the solution significantly. Solutions in contact with the plastic container can leach out certain of its chemical components in very small amounts within the expiration period, e.g., di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), up to 5 parts per million. However, the safety of the plastic has been confirmed in tests in animals according to USP biological tests for plastic containers as well as by tissue culture toxicity studies.

Plasma-Lyte A - Clinical Pharmacology

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) has value as a source of water and electrolytes. It is capable of inducing diuresis depending on the clinical condition of the patient.

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) produces a metabolic alkalinizing effect. Acetate and gluconate ions are metabolized ultimately to carbon dioxide and water, which requires the consumption of hydrogen cations.

Indications and Usage for Plasma-Lyte A

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) is indicated as a source of water and electrolytes or as an alkalinizing agent.

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) is compatible with blood or blood components. It may be administered prior to or following the infusion of blood through the same administration set (i.e., as a priming solution), added to or infused concurrently with blood components, or used as a diluent in the transfusion of packed erythrocytes. Plasma-Lyte A Injection and 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP are equally compatible with blood or blood components.

Contraindications

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to the product.

Warnings

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) is not indicated for the primary treatment of severe metabolic acidosis.

Hypersensitivity/infusion reactions, including anaphylactoid reactions, have been reported with Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP).

Stop the infusion immediately if signs or symptoms of a hypersensitivity reaction develop, such as tachycardia, chest pain, dyspnea and flushing. Appropriate therapeutic countermeasures must be instituted as clinically indicated.

Depending on the volume and rate of infusion, the intravenous administration of Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) can cause fluid and/or solute overloading resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states, pulmonary edema or acid-base imbalance. The risk of dilutional states is inversely proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injection. The risk of solute overload causing congested states with peripheral and pulmonary edema is directly proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injection.

Clinical evaluation and periodic laboratory determinations are necessary to monitor changes in fluid balance, electrolyte concentrations, and acid base balance during prolonged parenteral therapy or whenever the condition of the patient or the rate of administration warrants such evaluation.

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be administered with particular caution, if at all, to hypervolemic or overhydrated patients.

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be administered with particular caution, if at all, to patients with conditions that may cause sodium retention, fluid overload and edema.

Solutions containing magnesium should be used with caution, if at all, in patients with hypermagnesemia or conditions predisposing to hypermagnesemia, including but not limited to severe renal impairment or magnesium therapy such as for eclampsia and myasthenia gravis.

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) is not indicated for the treatment of hypomagnesemia.

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be administered with particular caution, if at all, to patients with hyperkalemia or conditions predisposing to hyperkalemia (such as severe renal impairment or adrenocortical insufficiency, acute dehydration, or extensive tissue injury or burns) and in patients with cardiac disease.

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be administered with particular caution, if at all, to patients with alkalosis or at risk for alkalosis. Excess administration of Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) can result in metabolic alkalosis. Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) is not indicated for the treatment of hypochloremic hypokalemic alkalosis and should be used with caution, if at all, in patients with hypochloremic hypokalemic alkalosis.

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) contains no calcium, and an increase in plasma pH due to its alkalinizing effect may lower the concentration of ionized (not protein-bound) calcium. Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be administered with particular caution, if at all, to patients with hypocalcemia. Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be administered with particular caution, if at all, to patients with hyperkalemia or conditions predisposing to hyperkalemia (such as severe renal impairment or adrenocortical insufficiency, acute dehydration, or extensive tissue injury or burns) and in patients with cardiac disease.

Although Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) has a potassium concentration in plasma, it is insufficient to produce a useful effect in case of severe potassium deficiency; therefore, it should not be used for correction of severe potassium deficiency.

In patients with diminished renal function, administration of Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) may result in sodium and/or potassium or magnesium retention.

Precautions

Do not use plastic containers in series connections. Such use could result in air embolism due to residual air being drawn from the primary container before administration of the fluid from the secondary container is completed.

Pressurizing intravenous solutions contained in flexible plastic containers to increase flow rates can result in air embolism if the residual air in the container is not fully evacuated prior to administration.

Use of a vented intravenous administration set with the vent in the open position could result in air embolism. Vented intravenous administration sets with the vent in the open position should not be used with flexible plastic containers.

The administration of acetate ions should be done with great care in those conditions in which there is an increased level or an impaired utilization of these ions, such as severe hepatic insufficiency.

Drug Interactions

Caution is advised when administering Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) to patients treated with drugs that may increase the risk of sodium and fluid retention, such as corticosteroids.

Caution is advised when administering Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) to patients treated with drugs for which renal elimination is pH dependent. Due to its alkalinizing effect (formation of bicarbonate), Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) may interfere with the elimination of such drugs.

  • Renal clearance of acidic drugs such as salicylates and barbiturates may be increased.
  • Renal clearance of alkaline drugs such as sympathomimetics (e.g., ephedrine, pseudoephedrine), quinidine, or dextroamphetamine (dexamphetamine) sulfate, may be decreased.

Renal clearance of lithium may also be increased. Caution is advised when administering Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) to patients treated with lithium.

Because of its potassium content, Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be administered with caution in patients treated with agents or products that can cause hyperkalemia or increase the risk of hyperkalemia, such as potassium sparing diuretics (amiloride, spironolactone, triameterene), with ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor antagonists, or the immunosuppressants tacrolimus and cyclosporine.

Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

There have been reports of positive test results using the Bio-Rad Laboratories Platelia Aspergillus EIA test in patients receiving Baxter gluconate containing Plasmalyte solutions. These patients were subsequently found to be free of Aspergillus infection. Therefore, positive test results for this test in patients receiving Baxter gluconate containing Plasmalyte solutions should be interpreted cautiously and confirmed by other diagnostic methods.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Studies with Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential, mutagenic potential, or effects on fertility.

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects

Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP). It is also not known whether Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) is administered to a nursing mother.

Pediatric Use

The use of Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) in pediatric patients is based on clinical practice.

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

Adverse Reactions

Post-Marketing Adverse Reactions

The following adverse reactions have been reported with PLASMA-LYTE products without Dextrose. Adverse reactions are listed by MedDRA System Organ Class (SOC), then by Preferred Term in order of severity, where feasible.

  • Immune System Disorders: Hypersensitivity/infusion reactions, including Anaphylactoid reaction, and the following manifestations: Tachycardia, Palpitations, Chest pain, Chest discomfort, Dyspnea, Respiratory rate increased, Flushing, Hyperemia, Asthenia, Feeling abnormal, Piloerection, Edema peripheral, Pyrexia
  • General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: Infusion site reactions (e.g., Infusion site pain, Burning sensation)

Other adverse reactions reported with PLASMA-LYTE products with Dextrose are:

  • Other manifestations of hypersensitivity/infusion reactions: Hypotension, Wheezing, Urticaria, Cold sweat, Chills
  • Hyperkalemia

Overdose

Excessive administration of Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) may lead to metabolic alkalosis. Metabolic alkalosis may be accompanied by hypokalemia as well as a decrease in ionized serum calcium and magnesium.

An excessive volume of Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) may lead to fluid and sodium overload with a risk of edema (peripheral and/or pulmonary), particularly when renal sodium excretion is impaired.

Excessive administration of potassium may lead to the development of hyperkalemia, especially in patients with severe renal impairment.

Excessive administration of magnesium may lead to hypermagnesemia.

When assessing an overdose, any additives in the solution must also be considered.

The effects of an overdose may require immediate medical attention and treatment.

Plasma-Lyte A Dosage and Administration

All injections in VIAFLEX plastic containers are intended for intravenous administration using sterile and nonpyrogenic equipment.

As directed by a physician. Dosage, rate and duration of administration are to be individualized and dependent upon the indication for use, the patient’s age, weight, concomitant treatment and clinical condition of the patient as well as laboratory determinations.

After opening the container, the contents should be used immediately and should not be stored for a subsequent infusion. Do not reconnect any partially used containers.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit.

Do not administer unless the solution is clear and seal is intact.

Additives may be incompatible with Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP). As with all parenteral solutions, compatibility of the additives with the solution must be assessed before addition. Before adding a substance or medication, verify that it is soluble and/or stable in water and that the pH range of Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) is appropriate. After addition, check for a possible color change and/or the appearance of precipitates, insoluble complexes or crystals.

The instructions for use of the medication to be added and other relevant literature must be consulted. Additives known or determined to be incompatible must not be used.When introducing additives to Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP), aseptic technique must be used. Mix the solution thoroughly when additives have been introduced. Do not store solutions containing additives.

How is Plasma-Lyte A Supplied

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) in VIAFLEX plastic containers is available as shown below:

Code Size
(mL)
NDC
2B2544 1000 NDC 0338-0221-04
2B2543 500 NDC 0338-0221-03

Exposure of pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized. Avoid excessive heat. It is recommended the product be stored at room temperature (25°C); brief exposure up to 40°C does not adversely affect the product.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE OF VIAFLEX PLASTIC CONTAINER

For Information on Risk of Air Embolism – see PRECAUTIONS

To Open

Tear overwrap down side at slit and remove solution container. Some opacity of the plastic due to moisture absorption during the sterilization process may be observed. This is normal and does not affect the solution quality or safety. The opacity will diminish gradually. Check for minute leaks by squeezing inner bag firmly. If leaks are found, discard solution as sterility may be impaired. If supplemental medication is desired, follow directions below.

Preparation for Administration

  1. Suspend container from eyelet support.
  2. Remove protector from outlet port at bottom of container.
  3. Attach administration set. Refer to complete directions accompanying set.

To Add Medication

To add medication before solution administration

  1. Prepare medication site.
  2. Using syringe with 19 to 22 gauge needle, puncture resealable medication port and inject.
  3. Mix solution and medication thoroughly. For high density medication such as potassium chloride, squeeze ports while ports are upright and mix thoroughly.

To add medication during solution administration

  1. Close clamp on the set.
  2. Prepare medication site.
  3. Using syringe with 19 to 22 gauge needle, puncture resealable medication port and inject.
  4. Remove container from IV pole and/or turn to an upright position.
  5. Evacuate both ports by squeezing them while container is in the upright position.
  6. Mix solution and medication thoroughly.
  7. Return container to in use position and continue administration.

Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Deerfield, IL 60015 USA

Printed in USA

*BAR CODE POSITION ONLY
071968963

07-19-68-963

Rev. September 2013

Baxter, PLASMA-LYTE, VIAFLEX, and PL 146 are trademarks of Baxter International Inc.

PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

PLASMA-LYTE® A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) Carton Label

2B2544X 14-1000 ML

VIAFLEX® CONTAINER

PLASMA-LYTE® A INJ PH 7.4 (MULTIPLE

ELECTROLYTES INJ, TYPE 1, USP)

EXP

XXXXX

SECONDARY BAR CODE

(17) YYMM00 (10) XXXXX

LOT

XXXXX

PRIMARY BAR CODE

(01) 50303380221047

NOTE: YY=Year, MM=Month and date will always be 00. Lot and Exp. Date added at time of printing.

Secondary bar code human readable is variable and will be

added at time of printing. The parenthesis are not

encoded in actual bar code.

Plasma-Lyte A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection Type 1 USP) 1000mL Container Label

2B2544

NDC 0338-0221-04

Plasma-Lyte A

Injection pH 7.4

(Multiple Electrolytes Injection

Type 1 USP)

1000 mL

Each 100 mL contains 526 mg Sodium Chloride USP 502

mg Sodium Gluconate USP 368 mg Sodium Acetate

Trihydrate USP 37 mg Potassium Chloride USP 30 mg

Magnesium Chloride USP pH adjusted with Sodium

Hydroxide ph 7.4 (6.5 to 8.0) mEq/L Sodium 140

Potassium 5 Magnesium 3 Chloride 98 Acetate 27

Gluconate 23 Osmolarity 294 mOsmol/L (calc) Sterile

Nonpyrogenic Single dose container Additives may be

incompatible Consult with pharmacist if available When

introducing additives use aseptic technique Mix thoroughly

Do not store Dosage Intravenously as directed by a

physician See directions Cautions Squeeze and inspect

inner bag which maintains product sterility Discard if leaks

are found Must not be used in series connections Do not

use unless solution is clear Rx Only Store unit in

moisture barrier overwrap at room temperature

(25°C/77°F) until ready to use Avoid excessive heat See

insert

VIAFLEX container PL 146 plastic

BAXTER PLASMA-LYTE VIAFLEX and PL 146 are

trademarks of Baxter International Inc

For product information 1-800-933-0303

Baxter

Baxter Healthcare Corporation

Deerfield IL 60015 USA

Made in USA

Plasma-Lyte A 
sodium chloride, sodium gluconate, sodium acetate, potassium chloride and magnesium chloride injection, solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0338-0221
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
SODIUM CHLORIDE (SODIUM CATION and CHLORIDE ION) SODIUM CHLORIDE 526 mg  in 100 mL
SODIUM GLUCONATE (GLUCONIC ACID) SODIUM GLUCONATE 502 mg  in 100 mL
SODIUM ACETATE (ACETIC ACID) SODIUM ACETATE 368 mg  in 100 mL
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE (POTASSIUM CATION and CHLORIDE ION) POTASSIUM CHLORIDE 37 mg  in 100 mL
MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE (MAGNESIUM CATION and CHLORIDE ION) MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE 30 mg  in 100 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
WATER  
SODIUM HYDROXIDE  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0338-0221-03 500 mL in 1 BAG
2 NDC:0338-0221-04 1000 mL in 1 BAG
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA017378 02/02/1979
Labeler - Baxter Healthcare Corporation (005083209)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Baxter Healthcare Corporation 059140764 ANALYSIS(0338-0221), LABEL(0338-0221), MANUFACTURE(0338-0221), PACK(0338-0221), STERILIZE(0338-0221)
Revised: 09/2013
 
Baxter Healthcare Corporation
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