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Methamphetamine Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Warnings

Methamphetamine is also known as: Desoxyn, Desoxyn Gradumet

Methamphetamine Pregnancy Warnings

Infants born to mothers dependent on amphetamines have an increased risk of premature delivery and low birth weight. These infants may experience symptoms of withdrawal including dysphoria, agitation, weakness, and exhaustion.

Methamphetamine has been assigned to pregnancy category C by the FDA. One study on the effects of methamphetamine abuse on pregnancy outcome reported that body weight, length, and head circumference were significantly decreased in neonates born to mothers who abused methamphetamines during pregnancy. The study also noted that the frequency of congenital anomalies was not significantly increased. Methamphetamine should only be given during pregnancy when benefits outweigh risks.

See references

Methamphetamine Breastfeeding Warnings

Methamphetamine is excreted into human milk. Methamphetamine is considered contraindicated during breast-feeding by the manufacturer.

One woman was convicted of killing her 2 month old infant. According to the prosecution, she administered a lethal quantity of methamphetamine by breast-feeding. This is the first case in which an infant's death has been attributed to ingestion of a drug in breast milk.

See references

References for pregnancy information

  1. "Product Information. Desoxyn (methamphetamine)" Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  2. Little BB, Snell LM, Gilstrap LC 3d "Methamphetamine abuse during pregnancy: outcome and fetal effects." Obstet Gynecol 72 (1988): 541-4

References for breastfeeding information

  1. Steiner E, Villen T, Hallberg M, Rane A "Amphetamine secretion in breast milk." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 27 (1984): 123-4
  2. "Product Information. Desoxyn (methamphetamine)" Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  3. Ariagno R, Karch SB, Middleberg R, Stephens BG, Valdes-Dapena M "Methamphetamine ingestion by a breast-feeding mother and her infant's death: people v Henderson." JAMA 274 (1995): 215

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