Daunorubicin Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Warnings
Daunorubicin is also known as: Cerubidine
Daunorubicin Pregnancy Warnings
There is little evidence that daunorubicin is fetotoxic or teratogenic when given after 10 to 20 weeks' gestation, but the data are inadequate. There has been general acceptance of intensive chemotherapy when leukemia occurs in the second and third trimesters, although such treatment has been associated with intrauterine growth retardation (which may also have possibly been due to underlying leukemia), fetal myelosuppression, abortion, and teratogenicity. Limited data have shown that it is possible to give a single very high dose of chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia in younger women without compromising fertility. No congenital defects were observed among 22 live births (one set of twins) after the use of daunorubicin during the first trimester in 29 women. One of these 22 infants was anemic, hypoglycemic, and had multiple serum electrolyte abnormalities. Another 1 of the 22 developed severe, transient, drug-induced myelosuppression after in utero exposure to daunorubicin and 5 other antineoplastic agents. Of the 8 remaining pregnancies, there were 3 elective abortions, 3 intrauterine deaths, 1 stillborn with diffuse myocardial necrosis, and 1 maternal death. One of the intrauterine deaths was associated with severe pregnancy-induced hypertension. In one case, chromosomal abnormalities of unknown significance (gaps and a ring chromosome) were observed in a healthy female infant whose mother had received daunorubicin for 3 weeks, beginning at 22 weeks' gestation. In general, data have shown that 40% of the infants exposed to antineoplastic agents are of low birth weight, regardless of time of intrauterine exposure. Limited data from two cases suggest paternal exposure to daunorubicin may result in congenital defects, including Fallot's tetralogy, syndactyly, anencephaly, and stillbirth. Animal data have revealed evidence of clastogenic effects from daunorubicin. Use of daunorubicin in one human male who fertilized during treatment resulted in a normal and healthy infant.
Daunorubicin has been assigned to pregnancy category D by the FDA. Animal data have revealed evidence of teratogenicity, fetotoxicity, and decreased post-delivery growth rate. Daunorubicin may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman because of its teratogenic potential. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. If this drug is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus. Women of childbearing potential should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant. Use of daunorubicin during pregnancy is considered contraindicated.
Daunorubicin Breastfeeding Warnings
There are no data on the excretion of daunorubicin into human milk.
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