What is an umbilical hernia?
An umbilical hernia is a bulge through the abdominal muscles in the area of the navel (belly button). The hernia may contain tissue from the abdomen, part of an organ (such as the intestine), or fluid.
What increases my risk for an umbilical hernia?
Umbilical hernias usually happen because of a hole or a weak area in the muscles of the abdominal wall. This can happen at any age. Umbilical hernias happen more often in women than in men. You may be more likely to have a hernia if other family members have them. You may also have an increased risk if you have any of the following:
- Ascites, which is fluid in the abdomen
- A large growth in your abdomen
- Pregnancy now or at any time in the past
- A very long labor when delivering your baby
What are the signs and symptoms of an umbilical hernia?
- The most common sign is a bulge or swelling in the area of the navel. You may be able to see the lump, or you may feel it when you gently press on your navel.
- The bulge may get bigger when you bend, cough, or strain to have a bowel movement. The bulge may get smaller and hurt less when you lie down.
- You may have pain or burning in your abdomen. The pain may get worse when you cough, sneeze, lift, or stand for a long time.
- The skin over the bulge may be swollen and red, gray, or blue.
How is an umbilical hernia diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will usually find the hernia during an exam. Your healthcare provider may check to see if the hernia can be reduced (gently pushed back into the abdomen). You may need tests, such as x-rays of the abdomen or an ultrasound. These tests will help healthcare providers decide how to treat your hernia.
How is an umbilical hernia treated?
- Surgery: Most adults with umbilical hernias will need surgery to fix their hernias. Always tell your healthcare provider if you have new or worse pain in the area of your hernia. You may need emergency surgery if a loop of intestine becomes trapped in the hernia.
- Ibuprofen or acetaminophen: These medicines decrease pain. They are available without a doctor's order. Ask your healthcare provider which medicine is right for you. Ask how much to take and how often to take it. Follow directions. These medicines can cause stomach bleeding if not taken correctly. Ibuprofen can cause kidney damage. Do not take ibuprofen if you have kidney disease, an ulcer, or allergies to aspirin. Acetaminophen can cause liver damage. Do not drink alcohol if you take acetaminophen.
What are the risks of an umbilical hernia?
If your hernia is not treated, the following serious problems may happen:
- Incarcerated hernia: This happens when your healthcare provider cannot push your hernia back into your abdomen. The tissue becomes stuck or trapped, which can cause serious problems. Umbilical hernias have a high risk of becoming incarcerated. If this happens, your intestines may become blocked. You may have very bad pain in your abdomen. You may also have nausea or vomiting.
- Strangulated hernia: A loop of intestine in the hernia may become pinched or strangulated. This means that the blood supply to that area of intestine is decreased or cut off. If this happens, you may feel very bad pain in your abdomen. Other signs include nausea, vomiting, or a fever. You may have constipation or blood in your bowel movements. If your intestine becomes blocked, you may not be able to pass gas or have a bowel movement. If the hernia is not treated right away, that part of your intestine may die. This is called gangrene, and it can be life-threatening.
When should I contact my healthcare provider?
- You have nausea or vomiting.
- You cannot gently push your hernia back into your abdomen.
- You are constipated or have blood in your bowel movements.
- Your hernia is getting bigger.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
When should I seek immediate care or call 911?
- You have a fever.
- Your hernia is stuck outside the abdomen and is painful, swollen, or feels hard.
- You completely stop having bowel movements and stop passing gas.
- Your abdominal pain is bad or getting worse.
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