Toxic Synovitis Of The Hip In Children
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
Toxic synovitis of the hip is swelling of your child's hip joint. The hip joint is where your child's hip bone and leg bone meet. Toxic synovitis of the hip can occur at any age, but is most common in children 3 to 10 years old. It may also be called transient synovitis of the hip. Your child may have sudden pain in the hip, upper leg, or knee. The pain causes your child to limp when he walks. Toxic synovitis may go away on its own within 1 to 3 weeks.
Rest and limited leg movement may help your child improve more quickly. He may also be told to keep weight off his leg until his pain decreases.
Your child may need the following:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: This group of medicine is also called NSAIDs. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine may help decrease pain, fever, and swelling. This medicine can be bought without a doctor's order. This medicine can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. Read the medicine label and follow the directions before you give your child this medicine.
- Pain medicine: Your child may be given medicine to take away or decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you give your child his medicine.
- Acetaminophen: This medicine is available without a doctor's order. It may decrease your child's pain and fever. Ask how much medicine your child needs and how often to give it.
- Give your child's medicine as directed: Call your child's primary healthcare provider if you think the medicine is not helping or if he has side effects. Tell your child's primary healthcare provider if your child takes any vitamins, herbs, or other medicines. Keep a list of the medicines he takes. Include the amounts, and when and why he takes them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits.
- Do not give aspirin to children younger than 18 years of age: Your child could develop Reye syndrome if he takes aspirin when he is sick. Reye syndrome can cause life-threatening brain and liver damage. Check your child's medicine labels for aspirin, salicylates, or oil of wintergreen.
Follow up with your primary healthcare provider within 2 days:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
Contact your child's primary healthcare provider if:
- You think the medicine is not helping your child.
- Your child's symptoms, such as pain and limping, do not improve within 3 weeks on their own, or within 2 days with medicine.
- You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.
Return to the emergency department if:
- Your child's symptoms get worse or do not go away.
- Your child cannot put any weight on his leg.
- Your child's fever is higher than 100ºF.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.