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Psoriasis

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Psoriasis (Inpatient Care) Care Guide

Psoriasis is a long-term skin disease in which the skin cells grow faster than normal. This abnormal growth causes a buildup of cells on the surface of the skin. Red, raised patches of skin that are covered with silver-colored scales form on your skin.

CARE AGREEMENT:

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

RISKS:

Certain medicines used to treat psoriasis can cause burning, redness, and irritation of your skin. They can also cause drowsiness, high blood pressure, or birth defects. Without treatment, your signs and symptoms may worsen. Psoriasis may cause severe itching, swelling, and infection. You may also bleed more easily.

WHILE YOU ARE HERE:

Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

Medicines:

  • Topical medicine: These medicines can be ointments, creams, and pastes and are applied on the skin.

    • Moisturizers: These soothe your skin by keeping it moist and preventing dryness.

    • Steroids: This medicine may be given to decrease inflammation.

    • Vitamin D and retinoids: These are vitamin-based creams that are used to clear plaques.

    • Anthralin: This medicine decreases swelling and excess skin cells that form scales.

    • Salicylic acid: This peeling agent helps decrease scaling of the skin and scalp.

    • Tar preparations: These medicines decrease your itching, scaling, and inflammation. They may be shampoos, creams, or bath oils.

  • Systemic medicine: These medicines are used to treat serious types of psoriasis. They may taken by mouth or given to you through IV or a shot. These medicines include steroids or retinoids. They may also include medicines that decrease the rate of growth of your skin cells or that affect your immune system.

Tests:

  • Blood tests: You may need blood taken to give caregivers information about how your body is working. The blood may be taken from your hand, arm, or IV.

  • Joint x-ray: This is a picture of the bones and tissues in your joints. Joints are the places in your body where two bones meet. You may be given dye as a shot into your joint before the x-ray. This dye will help your joint show up better on the x-ray. A joint x-ray with dye is called an arthrogram.

Treatments:

  • Phototherapy: You may need ultraviolet (UV) light treatments if your psoriasis is severe. Your skin is exposed to UV light for the period of time that your caregiver prescribes.

© 2013 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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