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Hyponatremia

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Hyponatremia occurs when the amount of sodium (salt) in your blood is lower than normal. Sodium is an electrolyte (mineral) that helps your muscles, heart, and digestive system work properly. It helps control blood pressure and fluid balance.

INSTRUCTIONS:

Follow up with your primary healthcare provider (PHP) as directed:

You may need to return for more tests. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Nutrition:

You may need to increase your intake of sodium. Foods that are high in sodium include milk, packaged snacks such as pretzels, or processed meats (bacon, sausage, and ham). Ask your dietitian to help you create a meal plan that is right for you.

Liquids:

Follow your PHP's advice if you need to limit the amount of liquid you drink. Ask how much liquid to drink each day and which liquids are best for you. You may be asked to drink liquids that have water, sugar, and salt, such as juices, milk, or sports drinks. These liquids help your body hold in fluid and prevent dehydration.

Contact your PHP if:

  • You have muscle cramps or twitching.

  • You feel very weak or tired.

  • You have nausea or are vomiting.

  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • You have a seizure.

  • You have an irregular heartbeat.

  • You have trouble breathing.

  • You cannot move your arms and legs.

  • You are confused or cannot think clearly.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Hyponatremia (Aftercare Instructions)

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