Febrile Seizure In Children
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
A febrile seizure is a convulsion (uncontrolled shaking) caused by a fever of 102.2°F (39°C) or higher. They are common in children between the ages of 3 months to 5 years. Febrile seizures can be scary but they are usually not harmful with no long-term effects.
If your child has another seizure:
- Do not panic.
- Make sure your child's clothing is loose around the neck.
- Place your child on his side to help prevent him from swallowing saliva or vomit.
- Do not give your child any medicines or liquids by mouth during the seizure.
- Time the length of the seizure.
- Ibuprofen or acetaminophen: These medicines are given to decrease your child's pain and fever. They can be bought without a doctor's order. Ask how much medicine is safe to give your child, and how often to give it.
- Give your child's medicine as directed: Call your child's healthcare provider if you think the medicine is not helping or if he has side effects. Tell your child's healthcare provider if your child takes any vitamins, herbs, or other medicines. Keep a list of the medicines he takes. Include the amounts, and when and why he takes them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits.
- Do not give aspirin to children under 18 years of age. Your child could develop Reye syndrome if he takes aspirin. Reye syndrome can cause life-threatening brain and liver damage. Check your child's medicine labels for aspirin, salicylates, or oil of wintergreen.
Follow up with your child's primary healthcare provider as directed:
Write down any questions you have so you remember to ask them in your follow-up visits. Febrile seizure is usually not harmful and has no long-term effects.
Call your child's primary healthcare provider if:
- Your child's fever does not go down even after you have given him fever medicine.
- Your child has diarrhea or is vomiting.
- You have questions or concerns about your child's medicine or care.
Return to the emergency department if:
- Your child is not responding within a few minutes after the seizure.
- Your child's seizure lasts more than 5 minutes.
- Your child has more than 1 seizure before he is fully awake or aware.
- Your child has trouble breathing or is not fully awake or aware.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.