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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Exanthem subitum is an infection caused by a virus. This condition is most common in children 2 years of age and younger.
- Ibuprofen or acetaminophen: These medicines are given to decrease your child's pain and fever. They can be bought without a doctor's order. Ask how much medicine is safe to give your child, and how often to give it.
- Give your child's medicine as directed. Call your child's healthcare provider if you think the medicine is not working as expected. Tell him if your child is allergic to any medicine. Keep a current list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs your child takes. Include the amounts, and when, how, and why they are taken. Bring the list or the medicines in their containers to follow-up visits. Carry your child's medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
- Do not give aspirin to children under 18 years of age. Your child could develop Reye syndrome if he takes aspirin. Reye syndrome can cause life-threatening brain and liver damage. Check your child's medicine labels for aspirin, salicylates, or oil of wintergreen.
Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.
Encourage your child to drink liquids:
Liquids will help prevent dehydration. Ask how much your child should drink each day. Give your child water, juice, or broth instead of sports drinks. He may need an oral rehydration solution (ORS). An ORS has the right amounts of water, salts, and sugar your child needs to replace body fluids. Ask where you can get ORS.
Wash your hands and your child's hands often:
Use soap and water. Wash your hands after you use the bathroom, change a child's diapers, or sneeze. Wash your hands before you prepare or eat food.
Keep your child away from others while he has a fever:
Your child may return to school or daycare when his fever is gone and he feels better.
Contact your child's primary healthcare provider if:
- Your child's symptoms get worse, even after treatment.
- You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.
Return to the emergency department if:
- Your child urinates less than usual or not at all.
- Your child is not able to eat or drink.
- Your child has a seizure or faints.
- Your child is confused or sleepy and you cannot wake him up.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.