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Cocaine Abuse

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Cocaine Abuse (Discharge Care) Care Guide

Cocaine is a type of illegal drug. It is a white powder that is snorted (sniffed) or mixed with water and injected. It may also be made into free base (crack) and smoked. It may also be put on areas such as the gums or vagina.

AFTER YOU LEAVE:

Signs of cocaine abuse:

Cocaine abuse may lead to problems being around others, doing your job, or new medical problems. You may have the following problems:

  • You use more cocaine than you first wanted to.

  • You are unable to decrease or control your use of cocaine.

  • You spend much of your time using cocaine, or dealing with a hangover after you use cocaine.

  • You spend less time around others, at work, or doing activities that you enjoy.

  • You keep using cocaine, even when it causes physical or mental problems.

How cocaine may affect your baby:

  • Cocaine may harm your unborn baby's brain, heart, stomach, and bowels. It also increases your risk of a miscarriage, early delivery, or stillbirth. Cocaine can cause long-term medical problems for your baby.

  • Your baby may go through withdrawal after he is born. He may have seizures, problems waking, or feeding. He may overreact to sounds or movement by violently jerking or jumping. He may vomit or have diarrhea. He may have learning difficulties or other behavior problems when he gets older.

Signs and symptoms of cocaine withdrawal:

Cocaine withdrawal happens when you have used cocaine for a long period of time, and you suddenly take less or stop taking it. Symptoms may begin within a few hours after you decrease or stop taking cocaine and may include the following:

  • Severe sadness or fatigue

  • Restlessness, nervousness, or anxiety

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Trouble sleeping or difficulty waking up

  • Unpleasant dreams that seem real

  • Seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not really there

  • Sweating, shaking, or a fast heartbeat

  • Seizure

Follow up with your primary healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

For support and more information:

  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
    PO Box 2345
    Rockville , MD 20847-2345
    Web Address: http://www.samhsa.gov
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse
    6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 5213
    Bethesda , MD 20892-9561
    Phone: 1- 301 - 443-1124
    Web Address: www.nida.nih.gov

Contact your primary healthcare provider if:

  • You feel you cannot cope with your problems.

  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You feel like hurting yourself or someone else.

  • You have a seizure.

  • You have a temperature over 101°F (38.3°C) after you use cocaine.

  • You cough or spit up blood.

  • You have severe abdominal pain.

  • You have a severe headache, confusion, or feel very nervous.

  • You have weakness on one side of your body.

  • You have chest pain, sweating, or shortness of breath.

© 2013 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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