2400 Calorie Diabetic Diet, Basic

What is it? A 2400 calorie diabetic diet means eating no more than 2400 calories of food each day. You may need this diet to control your blood sugar or lose weight. Or lower your risk for heart problems.

  • Blood sugar is the amount of glucose (simple sugar) in your blood. Glucose is the main source of energy for your body. Glucose comes from carbohydrates in your diet.


  • A diabetic diet limits how much carbohydrate (kar-bo-hi-drate), fat, and protein you eat. A 2400 calorie diet is low in calories and fat.


Care:

  • Ask your caregiver for the diabetic exchange diet CareNote to learn more about serving sizes. Your caregiver will tell you when to eat meals and snacks to control your diabetes. Talk with your caregiver if your blood sugar levels are too low or too high.


  • A sample of a 2400 calorie diet is listed below. You can exchange or trade one food for another from the same food group. For example, you can choose 1 slice of bread instead of 3/4 cup of another dry cereal. Or you can choose 1/2 cup fruit juice instead of 1-1/4 cups of melon.


Serving Sizes: Use the list below to measure foods and serving sizes. A serving size means the size of food after it is cooked or prepared.

  • 1 pint or 2 cups (16 fluid ounces) of liquid is the size of 1-1/3 soda-pop cans.


  • 1-1/2 cup (12 fluid ounces) of liquid is the size of a soda-pop can.


  • 1 cup of food is the size of a large handful, or 8 fluid ounces of liquid.


  • 1/2 cup of food is about half of a large handful, or 4 fluid ounces of liquid.


  • 2 tablespoons (Tbsp) is about the size of a large walnut.


  • 1 tablespoon (Tbsp) is about the size of the tip of your thumb (from the last crease).


  • 1 teaspoon (tsp) is about the size of the tip of your little finger (from the last crease).


  • 3 ounces of cooked meat, fish, or poultry is about the size of a deck of cards.


  • 1 ounce of cooked meat, fish, or poultry is about 1/4 cup (c).


  • One ounce of hard cheese is about a 1 inch cube.


  • A serving of vegetables is 1/2 cup (1/2 handful) cooked, or 1 cup (1 handful) raw.


SAMPLE 2400 CALORIE MENU:

Breakfast:

  • 2 breads or starches, like 1 cup bran cereal or 1 cup cooked oatmeal


  • 2 ounces meat or protein, like 1/2 cup scrambled egg substitute or 1/2 cup lowfat cottage cheese


  • 2 fruits, like 1 large banana or 1-1/2 cups of fresh fruit salad


  • 1 milk, like 1 cup skim, 1%, or nonfat sugar-free yogurt


  • 1 fat, like 1 tsp margarine


Morning Snack:

  • 1 bread or starch, like 3/4 ounce pretzels or 2 nonfat rice cakes


  • 1 ounce meat or protein, like 1/4 cup lowfat ricotta cheese or 1 ounce lean turkey breast


Lunch:

  • The following foods can be combined to make a sandwich:


    • 3 ounces meat or protein, like 3 ounces lean roast beef or 3/4 cup tuna (canned in water)


    • 2 breads or starches, like 2 slices whole wheat bread


    • 1 vegetable, like 2 lettuce leaves with 2 slices tomato


    • 1 fat, like 1 tsp mayonnaise or 1 Tbsp salad dressing


  • Add the following foods for lunch:


    • 1 vegetable, like 1/2 cup vegetable soup or 1 cup carrot sticks


    • 1 fruit, like 1 medium (2-1/2 inch) apple or peach


    • 1 free food, like 12 ounces sugar-free soft drink


Afternoon Snack:

  • 1 milk, like 1 cup skim milk or 1 cup nonfat sugar-free yogurt


  • 1 bread, like three 2-1/2 inch squares graham crackers or 6 saltine crackers


Dinner:

  • 3 ounces meat or protein, like grilled chicken breast or salmon


  • 2 starches, like 1 large baked potato or 1 cup cooked pasta


  • 1 starch, like 1 small dinner roll (1 ounce)


  • 2 vegetables, like 1 cup steamed asparagus and 1 cup tossed salad


  • 1 fat, like 1 tsp margarine or 1 Tbsp salad dressing


  • 1 fruit, like 1-1/4 cup fresh strawberries or 4 fresh apricots


  • 1 milk, like 1 cup skim milk or 1 cup nonfat sugar-free yogurt


Evening Snack:

  • 1 bread, like 3 cups air-popped popcorn or 6 whole wheat crackers


  • 1 meat or protein, like 1 ounce lowfat cheese or 1 ounce lowfat ham


  • 1 milk, like 1 cup skim milk or 1 cup nonfat sugar-free yogurt


CALL YOUR CAREGIVER IF:

  • You have questions about the serving sizes on this diet.


  • You have questions about how to prepare or cook foods on this diet.


  • You have questions about how or where to buy foods on this diet.


  • You have questions or concerns about your illness, medicine, or this diet.


Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan you must learn about your diet or illness and how it is treated. You can then discuss your treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care will be used to treat your or illness. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

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