1200 Calorie Diabetic Diet, Basic
What is it? A 1200 calorie diabetic diet means eating no more than 1200 calories of food each day. You may need this diet to control your blood sugar or lose weight. Or lower your risk for heart problems.
- Blood sugar is the amount of glucose (simple sugar) in your blood. Glucose is the main source of energy for your body. Glucose comes from carbohydrates in your diet.
- A diabetic diet limits how much carbohydrate (kar-bo-hi-drate), fat, and protein you eat. A 1200 calorie diet is low in calories and fat.
- Ask your caregiver for the CareNote about the diabetic exchange diet to learn more about serving sizes. Your caregiver will tell you when to eat meals and snacks to control your diabetes. Talk with your caregiver if your blood sugar levels are too low or too high.
- A sample of a 1200 calorie diet is listed below. You can exchange or trade one food for another from the same food group. For example, you can choose 1 slice of bread instead of 3/4 cup of another dry cereal. Or you can choose 1/2 cup fruit juice instead of 1-1/4 cups of melon.
Serving Sizes: Use the list below to measure foods and serving sizes. A serving size means the size of food after it is cooked or prepared.
- 1 pint or 2 cups (16 fluid ounces) of liquid is the size of 1-1/3 soda-pop cans.
- 1-1/2 cup (12 fluid ounces) of liquid is the size of a soda-pop can.
- 1 cup of food is the size of a large handful, or 8 fluid ounces of liquid.
- 1/2 cup of food is about half of a large handful, or 4 fluid ounces of liquid.
- 2 tablespoons (Tbsp) is about the size of a large walnut.
- 1 tablespoon (Tbsp) is about the size of the tip of your thumb (from the last crease).
- 1 teaspoon (tsp) is about the size of the tip of your little finger (from the last crease).
- 3 ounces of cooked meat, fish, or poultry is about the size of a deck of cards.
- 1 ounce of cooked meat, fish, or poultry is about 1/4 cup (c).
- One ounce of hard cheese is about a 1 inch cube.
- A serving of vegetables is 1/2 cup (1/2 handful) cooked, or 1 cup (1 handful) raw.
SAMPLE 1200 CALORIE MENU:
- 1 bread or starch, such as 3/4 cup (6 ounces) bran flakes
- 1 fruit, such as 1 small banana (5 inch) or 1/2 of a 9 inch banana
- 1 milk, such as 1 cup skim or 1% milk
- 1 meat or meat substitute, such as 1/4 cup cottage cheese or 1 poached egg
- The following can be combined to make 1/2 sandwich:
- 2 ounces meat or protein, such as 1/2 cup drained water-packed tuna
- 1 fat, such as 1 tsp regular or 2 tsp lowfat mayonnaise
- 1/2 vegetable, such as 1/2 cup chopped celery
- 1 vegetable, such as 2 tomato slices
- 1 free vegetable, such as 1 lettuce leaf on a sandwich
- 1 bread or starch, such as 1 slice bread
- Add the following foods for lunch:
- 1 fruit, such as 1 medium orange
- 1 free food, such as 1 can (12 ounces) diet soda
- 2 ounces meat or protein, such as 2 ounces lean chicken breast
- 1 starch, such as 1/2 cup cooked pasta
- 1 fat, such as 1 tsp margarine
- 1 vegetable, such as 1 cup steamed broccoli
- 1 fruit, such as 1-1/4 cup melon (watermelon or cantaloupe) cubes
- 1 milk, such as 1 cup skim milk
- 1 bread, such as 3 (2-1/2 inch) squares graham crackers
CALL YOUR CAREGIVER IF:
- You have questions about the serving sizes on this diet.
- You have questions about how to prepare or cook foods on this diet.
- You have questions about how or where to buy foods on this diet.
- You have questions or concerns about your illness, medicine, or this diet.
You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your diet or illness. You can then discuss your treatment options with your caregiver. You can work with your caregiver to decide what care will be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.