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Osurnia

This page contains information on Osurnia for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • Osurnia Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Osurnia
  • Direction and dosage information for Osurnia

Osurnia

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: Elanco US (Novartis)

(florfenicol•terbinafine•betamethasone acetate)

Otic gel

Antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory

For Otic Use in Dogs Only

Osurnia Caution

Federal (USA) law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

Description

OSURNIA contains 10 mg florfenicol, 10 mg terbinafine and 1 mg betamethasone acetate per mL and the inactive ingredients propylene carbonate, glycerol formal, hypromellose, phospholipid, oleic acid and BHT in an off-white to slightly yellow translucent gel.

Indication:

OSURNIA is indicated for the treatment of otitis externa in dogs associated with susceptible strains of bacteria (Staphylococcus pseudintermedius) and yeast (Malassezia pachydermatis).

Dosage and Administration

OSURNIA should be administered in the clinic. Clean and dry the external ear canal before administering the initial dose of the product. Administer one dose (1 tube) per affected ear(s) and repeat administration in 7 days.

Do not clean the ear canal for 45 days after the initial administration to allow contact of the gel with the ear canal. Cleaning the ear may affect product effectiveness (see Effectiveness). If alternative otic therapies are required it is recommended to clean the ear(s) before application.

Open tube by twisting the soft tip. Insert the flexible tip into the affected external ear canal(s) and squeeze entire tube contents into the external ear canal(s). After application, gently massage the base of the ear to allow the gel to penetrate to the lower part of the ear canal.

Contraindications

Do not use in dogs with known tympanic perforation (see Precautions).

Do not use in dogs with a hypersensitivity to florfenicol, terbinafine or corticosteroids.

Warnings

Not for use in humans. Keep this and all medications out of reach of children. Consult a physician in case of accidental ingestion by humans. In case of accidental skin contact, wash area thoroughly with water. Avoid contact to the eyes.

Precautions

Do not administer orally.

The use of OSURNIA in dogs with perforated tympanic membranes has not been evaluated. The integrity of the tympanic membrane should be confirmed before administering this product. Reevaluate the dog if hearing loss or signs of vestibular dysfunction are observed during treatment.

Use of topical otic corticosteroids has been associated with adrenocortical suppression and iatrogenic hyperadrenocorticism in dogs (see Animal Safety).

Use with caution in dogs with impaired hepatic function (see Animal Safety and Adverse Reactions).

The safe use of OSURNIA in dogs used for breeding purposes, during pregnancy, or in lactating bitches, has not been evaluated.

Adverse Reactions

The following adverse reactions were reported during the course of a US field study for treatment of otitis externa in dogs treated with OSURNIA with 1 tube per affected ear(s) and repeated after 7 days:

Frequency of Adverse Reaction by Treatment

Adverse Reaction

 

 

 

OSURNIA (n=190)

Placebo (n=94)

Elevated Alkaline Phosphatase

15 (7.9%)

3 (3.2%)

Vomiting

7 (3.7%)

1 (1.1%)

Elevated AST, ALT, ALP*

2 (1.1%)

0 (0.0%)

Weight loss (>10% body weight)

1 (0.53%)

0 (0.0%)

Hearing Decrease/Loss

1 (0.53%)

1 (1.1%)

*Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Two dogs with pre-existing elevations in ALP were reported to have an increase in liver enzymes (ALP, ALT and/or AST) at study exit. Subsequent clinical chemistries returned to pre-treatment levels in one dog, while no follow up was performed for the second dog.

To report suspected adverse drug events, contact Novartis Animal Health at 1-800-332-2761. For additional information about adverse drug experience reporting for animal drugs, contact the FDA at 1-888-FDA-VETS or http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/SafetyHealth For technical assistance, contact Novartis Animal Health at 1-800-332-2761.

Clinical Pharmacology

OSURNIA is a fixed combination of three active substances: florfenicol (antibacterial), terbinafine (antifungal) and betamethasone acetate (steroidal anti-inflammatory). Florfenicol is a bacteriostatic antibiotic which acts by inhibiting protein synthesis. Its spectrum of activity includes Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Terbinafine is an antifungal which selectively inhibits the early synthesis of ergosterol. Betamethasone acetate is a glucocorticosteroid with anti-inflammatory activity.

OSURNIA dissolves in ear wax and is slowly eliminated from the ear mechanically. Ear inflammation can increase the percutaneous absorption of active substances in OSURNIA.

In a laboratory study conducted in healthy dogs (see Animal Safety), low plasma concentrations of florfenicol, terbinafine, and betamethasone acetate were measurable during the first 2-4 days after administration of 1X dose, and during the first 2-7 days after administration of 5X dose. No quantifiable plasma concentrations of any of the three active ingredients were observed in the pre-dose samples of most dogs prior to second and third administrations. Although total and peak exposure in the blood tended to be highly variable between dogs, systemic drug concentrations tended to increase in a less than dose-proportional manner as the administered dose increased from 1X to 5X.

Microbiology:

The compatibility and additive effect of each of the components in OSURNIA was demonstrated in a component effectiveness and non-interference study. An in vitro study of organisms collected from clinical cases of otitis externa in dogs determined that florfenicol and terbinafine inhibit the growth of bacteria and yeast commonly associated with otitis externa in dogs. No consistent synergistic or antagonistic effect of the two antimicrobials was demonstrated. The addition of betamethasone acetate to the combination did not impair antimicrobial activity to any clinically significant extent.

In a field study (see Effectiveness), the minimum of 10 isolates from successfully treated cases with OSURNIA was met for Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, Malassezia pachydermatis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. However, there were only three dogs where P. aeruginosa was the only pathogen cultured and they were all treatment failures. Therefore, OSURNIA may not be effective in treating otitis externa in which P. aeruginosa is the only pathogen present.

Effectiveness

Effectiveness was evaluated in 235 dogs with otitis externa. The study was a double-masked field study with a placebo control (vehicle without the active ingredients). One hundred and fifty-nine dogs were treated with OSURNIA and seventy-six dogs were treated with the placebo control. All dogs were evaluated for safety. Treatment (1 mL) was administered to the affected ear(s) and repeated 7 days later. Prior to the first administration, the ear(s) were cleaned with saline but not prior to the Day 7 administration. Six clinical signs associated with otitis externa were evaluated: pain, erythema, exudate, swelling, odor and ulceration. Total clinical scores were assigned for a dog based on the severity of each clinical sign on Days 0, 7, 14, 30 and 45. Success was determined by clinical improvement at Day 45. The success rates of the two groups were significantly different (p=0.0094); 64.78% of dogs administered OSURNIA were successfully treated, compared to 43.42% of the dogs in the placebo control group.

Animal Safety:

In a target animal safety study, 24 mixed breed dogs (4 dogs/sex/group) were aurally administered 0X, 1X (1 mL/ear or 2 mL/dog with repeated administration in 7 days) or 5X (5 mL/ear or 10 mL/dog with repeated administration in 7 days) doses of OSURNIA for a total of 6 administrations in 5 weeks. All dogs remained in good health with normal hearing throughout the study. Decreased weight gain was noted in the 1X and 5X groups compared to the control group. Clinical findings included post-administration ear wetness in 1X and 5X groups and unilateral, transient brown/red discharge from one ear each in two 5X dogs, with erythema in one dog after the 4th application. Local microscopic changes in ears (without clinical effects) included: slight or moderate unilateral vesicle formation within the epithelium of the tympanic membrane in two 1X and four 5X dogs, and unilateral mucosal ulceration in the lining of the middle ear cavity in three 5X dogs. Three 5X dogs had slightly elevated ALT activity, accompanied by minimal or mild microscopic hepatocellular vacuolation (in two dogs). Cortisol response to ACTH stimulation was decreased, but within the normal reference range, in 1X dogs. The 5X dogs had a decrease in serum cortisol levels after ACTH stimulation (below normal reference range) accompanied by decreased adrenal gland and thymic weights with minimal adrenal cortical atrophy and slight (in three dogs) or moderate (in one dog also noted with slightly lower lymphocyte counts) lymphoid depletion of the thymus. The ACTH stimulation test results are consistent with systemic absorption of betamethasone resulting in a likely reversible suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis as seen with administration of exogenous corticosteroids.

Storage Conditions:

OSURNIA should be stored under refrigerated conditions between 36° - 46° F (2° - 8° C). To facilitate comfort during administration, OSURNIA may be brought to room temperature and stored for up to three months.

How Supplied

OSURNIA is a gel in a single use tube with a flexible soft tip, supplied in cartons containing 2 or 20 tubes.

NADA # 141-437, Approved by FDA

© 2013 Novartis Animal Health US, Inc.

OSURNIA is a registered trademark of Novartis AG

Manufactured for: Novartis Animal Health US, Inc., Greensboro, NC 27408 USA

Made in UK

NAH/OSU-GEL/VI/2

617786 USA 921849

617745

NAC No.: 1131036.0

ELANCO US, INC.
Distributed by ELANCO ANIMAL HEALTH
2500 INNOVATION WAY, GREENFIELD, IN, 46140
Main Switchboard:   317-433-4800
Customer Service:   317-276-1262
Small Animal Product Customer Service:   888-545-5973
Technical Services:   800-428-4441
Fax:   317-276-2270
Website:   www.elanco.com
Email:   elanco@elanco.com
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Osurnia information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2016 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2016-10-31

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