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ImmunoComb Canine VacciCheck

This page contains information on ImmunoComb Canine VacciCheck for veterinary use.
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  • ImmunoComb Canine VacciCheck Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for ImmunoComb Canine VacciCheck
  • Direction and dosage information for ImmunoComb Canine VacciCheck

ImmunoComb Canine VacciCheck

This treatment applies to the following species:
Company: Aventix

INFECTIOUS HEPATITIS, PARVOVIRUS & DISTEMPER IgG ANTIBODY TEST KIT

INSTRUCTION MANUAL

Sufficient for 12/120 assays

10 OCT 2016

Biogal Galed Laboratories Acs. Ltd., tel: 972-4-9898605. fax: 972-4-9898690, e-mail:info@biogal.co.il

www.biogal.co.il

I. INTENDED USE OF THE KIT

The Canine VacciCheck Antibody Test Kit is designed to determine dog serum antibody titer to Infectious Canine Hepatitis (ICH), Canine Parvovirus (CPV) and Canine Distemper Virus (CDV). The main purpose of this kit is to provide a useful tool for assessing immunity status of dogs concerning these three pathogens. As such, it can either determine the IgG titer before and following vaccination or the duration of immunity.

It is highly recommended to test for these three pathogens titer to ensure puppy protection, check wellness and titer level on annual basis before administering a vaccine.

II. GENERAL INFORMATION

Infectious Canine Hepatitis (ICH), Canine Parvovirus (CPV) and Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) are recognized as important causes of illness and death in dogs. Puppies are most susceptible to ICH, CPV and CDV, especially after weaning when protective maternally derived antibody (MDA) levels decrease. Sometimes MDA may actually interfere with vaccinations that are given for immunization.

In many countries, vaccination programs have significantly curtailed, but not eliminated the incidence of these diseases. Thus, ICH, CPV and CDV continue to be of great clinical concern among veterinarians worldwide and still present a diagnostic challenge.

III. WHAT IS THE IMMUNOCOMB ASSAY?

The ImmunoComb test is a modified ELISA, which can be described as an enzyme labeled “dot assay”, that detects antibody levels in plasma, serum or whole blood.

The kit contains all the necessary reagents for developing the test. Results for the IgG ICH, CPV and CDV tests are obtained within 23 minutes.

IV. HOW DOES THE IMMUNOCOMB WORK?

● The ImmunoComb Kit contains 2 main components: a comb shaped plastic card, hereafter referred to as the Comb and a multi compartment developing plate.

● The Comb has 12 teeth - sufficient for 12 tests. Each tooth will be developed in a corresponding column of wells in the developing plate. Individual or multiple tests are processed by breaking off the desired number of teeth from the Comb.

● Test spots of ICH, CPV and CDV are attached to each tooth on the Comb. The upper most spot is a Positive Reference. Purified CAV antigen (for ICH testing) is attached to the upper middle spot, purified CPV antigen is attached at the lower middle spot and purified CDV antigen is attached at the lowest of the 4 spots (see figure in section X).

● The first step of the test is to deposit a serum, plasma or whole blood specimen in a well in row A of the multi-compartment developing plate.

● Next, the Comb is inserted into the well(s) with the sample(s) and transferred to the remaining wells (B-F) at timed intervals, according to the step by step instructions (see p. 4). Specific IgG antibodies from the specimen, if present, bind to the antigen at the test spots and will be labeled in row C, which contains an enzyme labeled anti-dog IgG antibody.

● At the end of the developing process, a purple-grey color results are developed in all Positive Reference spots and in any positive sample tested spot.

● The intensity of the color result corresponds directly to the antibody level in the test specimen. Results are scored using the Positive Reference spot and CombScale (see section IX).

V. DESCRIPTION OF DISEASES

Ich

Infectious Canine Hepatitis is a disease that is caused by canine adenovirus (CAV). Transmission occurs by direct contact with infected dogs or virus contaminated areas. The first sign is coughing that may progress to pneumonia. Later, when the virus enters the bloodstream, liver, kidney and/or other body organs it may cause clinical signs such as: “blue eye”, vomiting, diarrhea, increased thirst and seizures. Puppies have the highest mortality rate.

Cpv

Canine Parvovirus spread of infection can occur via exposure to contaminated surroundings. The clinical signs of CPV include lethargy, depression, inappetence, fever, vomiting and diarrhea (sometimes with blood). Fatalities are common in puppies.

Cdv

Canine Distemper Virus is naturally transmitted from dog to dog by aerosal route. Natural CDV infection may cause transient fever that can pass unnoticed. In some cases, when illness develops it is characterized by intermittent fever, depression, oculo-nasal discharge and anorexia. Respiratory and/or gastrointestinal signs may follow. In dogs that survive the acute stages of the disease, many (but not all) will develop central nervous system (CNS) signs, including optic neuritis and retinal lesions. The best known CNS signs are ataxia, paresis and seizures.

VI. DIAGNOSIS

Veterinarians typically make a presumptive diagnosis of ICH, CPV and CDV based on clinical signs which range in severity from mild to severe.

Laboratory tests can be helpful for confirming the diagnosis. In addition to hematology and blood chemistry, serology is becoming a more widely accepted diagnostic tool.

Serology provides a broader picture of the dog’s immunologic status. The humoral immune response is largely composed of 2 classes of immunoglobulins (antibodies), IgM and IgG. In the initial days following infection or vaccination, IgM antibodies are produced in large amounts. Later, IgM titers decline while IgG levels increase. Therefore, in dogs that are capable of mounting an immune response, elevated levels of IgM indicate recent infection.

The absence of IgM antibodies with an elevated IgG titer suggests that exposure to the virus occurred earlier, and the dog is currently immune. Elevated IgG levels are typically found in dogs that survive the acute phase of infection, or following vaccination (Fig. 1).

Fig. 1 - Post-Vaccination Antibody Levels to ICH, CPV & CDV in Healthy Dogs

VII. STEP BY STEP WITH THE IMMUNOCOMB

Before conducting the test, bring the developing plate to room temperature by removing all kit components from the kit carton and place them on the work bench for 60-120 minutes or incubate only the plate at 37°C/98.6°F for 25 minutes.

Perform assay at room temperature of 20° - 25° C / 68° - 77° F).

(1) Obtain blood sample from dog. When testing whole blood, collect sample in EDTA or heparin anticoagulant tube.

(2) Mix reagents by gently shaking the developing plate several times prior to use. Use the tweezers to pierce the protective aluminum cover of row A. One well for each sample/specimen.

(3) Deposit a sample into a well in row A.

For testing serum/plasma use 5µl.

For testing whole blood use 10µl*.

Raise and lower pipette plunger several times to achieve mixing.

Avoid spillage and cross-contamination of solutions.

*For whole blood only: If dispensing the sample with a fix pipette provided in this kit, use the same tip to deposit twice 5µl into the same well in row A.

Do not open any wells of row A or other rows which you do not intend to use. Do not remove aluminum cover of developing plate all at once.

(4) Remove the Comb from its protective envelope. Do not touch the teeth of ImmunoComb card. For testing less than 12 samples, cut or break the Comb by folding in allocated notches for the number of tests required.

Note: Mixing during incubation according to instructions is critical for valid results.

**To improve mixing, move the Comb up and down 3-4 times. During incubation, repeat the same mixing process 2-3 times.

Avoid scratching the front active side of the Comb by leaning it to the back while mixing.

Gently shake off excess liquid from Comb teeth onto a tissue before moving it to the next row.

● Insert the Comb into the open well(s) in row A (printed side facing you) and incubate for 5 minutes. Mix as described above.**

● Use tweezers to pierce the foil of the next well(s) in row B. Shake off excess liquid and insert Comb for 2 minutes. Mix as described above.**

● Pierce the foil of the next well(s) in row C. Shake off excess liquid and insert Comb for 5 minutes. Mix as described above.**

● Pierce the foil of the next well(s) in row D. Shake off excess liquid and insert the Comb for 2 minutes. Mix as described above.**

● Pierce the foil of the next well(s) in row E. Shake off excess liquid and insert the Comb for 2 minutes. Mix as described above.**

● Pierce the foil of the next well(s) in row F. Shake off excess liquid and insert the Comb for 5 minutes. Mix as described above.**

● Upon completion of the color development in row F, move the Comb back to row E for 2 minutes for color fixation. Take the Comb out and let it dry for 5 minutes before reading the results.

VIII. READING AND INTERPRETING THE IgG ANTIBODY RESULTS

● The upper most spot is the Positive Reference spot and it should give a distinct purple-grey color. This is the same color tone that is generated by a significant positive response of anti ICH antibodies at 1:16 V.N., anti CPV antibodies at 1:80 titer of H.I. test or of anti CDV antibodies equal to 1:32 V.N. When using the CombScale, this spot should be read as S3 (see section IX).

● The upper middle spot on the Comb gives the result of ICH IgG antibodies in the specimen.

● The lower middle spot on the Comb gives the result of CPV IgG antibodies in the specimen.

● The bottom spot on the Comb gives the result of CDV IgG antibodies in the specimen.

● Compare the color tone of ICH, CPV and CDV test spots with the Positive Reference spot (separately).

● A color tone that is equal or darker than the reference spot is considered a positive response.

● A color tone that matches with S2 is considered a weak positive result.

● A faint color tone of S1 or less is considered a negative result.

● A test spot with a washed blue appearance is invalid. Refer to Biogal for further advice.

● To evaluate the antibodies score use the CombScale provided in the kit (see section IX).

● The dry Comb may be kept as record.

IX. READING RESULTS WITH THE COMBSCALE

The CombScale S value is the number that appears in the yellow window corresponding to the color tone, when Positive Reference color is calibrated to S3.

When the Comb is completely dry, align it with the calibrated color CombScale provided in the kit. Find the tone of purple-grey on the CombScale that most closely matches the Positive Reference spot (upper spot). Slide the yellow ruler until the C+ mark appears in the window above that color you just found.

Hold the ruler in this position during the entire reading. This step actually calibrates the C+ to S3, which is the “cut-off” point to which test spots will be compared.

While holding the ruler, find the tone of purple-grey on the CombScale that most closely matches the desired test result spot (one of the lower spots). The number that appears in the window above is the CombScale score (S0-S6).

Repeat this step with every test spot separately.

Another way to read the results is by using the CombScan. This is a software program that utilizes a computer and a TWAIN compatible scanner. When a Comb is placed on the scanner, the program translates the color results into numerical values. The CombScan assists labs in reading ImmunoComb® results and conserving the data, and is supplied free of charge upon request.

X. EXAMPLE OF A DEVELOPED COMB

Tooth No.

Results of Infectious Hepatitis V.

Results of Parvovirus

Results of Distemper V.

1

S0

Negative

≥S5

High Positive

<S1

Negative

2

S4

Positive

S0

Negative

S6

High Positive

3

≥S5

High Positive

≥S5

High Positive

≥S5

High Positive

4

S0

Negative

S0

Negative

S0

Negative

5

≥S3

Positive

S0

Negative

S2

weak positive

6

S0

Negative

S2

weak positive

S4

Positive

7*

S2

weak positive

≥S5

High Positive

S0

Negative

8**

 

Invalid

 

Invalid

 

Invalid

9***

 

Invalid

 

Invalid

 

Invalid

10

<S1

Negative

S0

Negative

≥S5

High Positive

11

≥S3

Positive

≥S3

Positive

≥S3

Positive

12****

≥S3

Positive

≥S3

Positive

≥S3

Positive

Remarks:

*Considered inconclusive in case of disease suspicion.

**No Positive Reference. Repeat test.

***High background. Repeat test.

****High background with positive results.

XI. STORAGE & HANDLING

1. Store the kit under normal refrigeration (2° - 8° C / 36° - 46° F). Do not freeze the kit.

2. Do not mix reagents from different kits or from different compartments of the same kit.

3. The ImmunoComb kit contains inactivated biological material. The kit must be handled and disposed of in accordance with accepted sanitary requirements.

XII. SAMPLE HANDLING AND STORAGE

● Fresh samples are recommended for use

● Store whole blood at 2-8°C if the test is to be run within 1 day of collection. Do not freeze whole blood samples.

● Store serum and plasma samples at 2-8°C if the test is to be run within 3 days of collection. If test is delayed more than 3 days, freeze samples to -20°C or colder.

● Bring samples to room temperature and mix well before testing.

XIII. KIT CONTENTS

Components

12 Test Kit (50CVV201)

120 Test Kit (50CVV110)

A. ImmunoComb card (wrapped in aluminum foil)

1

10

B. Developing plate

1

10

C. Disposable tweezers

1

1

D. Calibrated CombScale

1

1

E. Junior fix pipette 5 µl

1

-

F. 10 µl universal grad tip

15

-

Instruction manual

1

1

XIV. REFERENCES

AAHA. Vaccine Task Force. (2006). JAAHA, 42, 80-89.

Dudley et al. (2010) Guidelines for the vaccination of dogs and cats. JSAP 51:1-32.

Dudley et al. (1998). JAVMA, 213(1), 72-75.

Pollock & Carmichael. (1982). JAVMA, 180(1), 37-42.

Waner et al. (2006). J. Vet. Dia. Invest., 18(3), 267-2

WSAVA - Vaccination Guidelines For New Puppy Owners

For further assistance please contact your local Distributor, or Biogal Galed Laboratories directly by E-mail: info@biogal.co.il or by tel: 972-4-9898605 / fax: 972-4-9898690.

Instruction Cat. No: 63CVV711

CPN: 1378024.0

AVENTIX ANIMAL HEALTH CORP.
4350 MAINWAY, BURLINGTON, ON, L7L 5R7
Telephone:   905-332-4744
Toll-Free:   877-909-2242
Fax:   905-332-4844
Website:   www.aventix.ca
Email:   aventix@aventix.ca
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the ImmunoComb Canine VacciCheck information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2019 Animalytix LLC. Updated: 2019-09-30

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