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BRAVECTO 1400 mg (Canada)

This page contains information on BRAVECTO 1400 mg for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • BRAVECTO 1400 mg Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for BRAVECTO 1400 mg
  • Direction and dosage information for BRAVECTO 1400 mg

BRAVECTO 1400 mg

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: Merck Animal Health

Fluralaner Chewable Tablet, 112.5 mg, 250 mg, 500 mg, 1000 mg, 1400 mg

Veterinary Use Only

DIN 02425068, 02425076, 02425084, 02425092, 02425106

Description

BRAVECTO (Fluralaner Chewable Tablet) for dogs is a light to dark brown flavoured chewable tablet containing 112.5 mg, 250 mg, 500 mg, 1000 mg or 1400 mg of fluralaner respectively.

Each tablet is formulated to provide a minimum dose of 25 mg/kg body weight.

The chemical name of Fluralaner is 4 - [5 - (3,5 - dichlorophenyl) - 5 - (trifluoromethyl) - 4,5 - dihydro - 1,2 - oxazol - 3 - yl] - 2 - methyl - N - {2 - oxo - 2 - [(2,2,2 - trifluoroethyl)amino]ethyl}benzamide.

THERAPEUTIC CLASSIFICATION:

Antiparasitic

BRAVECTO 1400 mg Indications

BRAVECTO kills fleas and is indicated for the treatment and prevention of flea infestations (Ctenocephalides felis) and for the treatment and control of tick infestations with Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick) for 12 weeks.

BRAVECTO is also indicated as an aid in the treatment and control of tick infestations with Ixodes scapularis (black-legged tick) and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (brown dog tick) for 12 weeks.

BRAVECTO is indicated for dogs and puppies 6 months of age and older and weighing 2 kg or greater.

Dosage and Administration

BRAVECTO should be administered orally as a single dose every 12 weeks according to the Dosage Schedule below to provide a minimum dose of 25 mg/kg body weight.

BRAVECTO should be administered with food.

Dosage Schedule

Body Weight Ranges

(kg)

Chewable Tablet weight

(g)

Fluralaner content

(mg)

Chewable Tablets Administered

Package colour

2 - 4.5

0.82

112.5

One

Yellow

> 4.5 - 10

1.83

250

One

Orange

> 10 - 20

3.67

500

One

Green

> 20 - 40

7.33

1000

One

Blue

> 40 - 56*

10.26

1400

One

Pink

* Dogs over 56 kg should be administered the appropriate combination of chewable tablets

Treatment with BRAVECTO may begin at any time of the year. Due to climate variations across the country, Canada has highly variable distributions and abundance of flea and tick infestations. A comprehensive plan, based on regional risk assessment is recommended to determine an appropriate dosing interval.

Contraindications

This product should not be given to dogs with known or suspected allergy or intolerance to fluralaner or other components of this product.

CAUTIONS:

BRAVECTO has not been shown to be effective for 12-weeks duration in puppies less than 6 months of age.

Warnings

Not for human use. Keep out of the reach of children. Keep the product in the original packaging until use, in order to prevent children from getting direct access to the product. Do not eat, drink or smoke while handling the product. Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water immediately after use of the product.

Adverse Reactions

In a well-controlled US field study, which included 294 dogs (224 dogs were administered BRAVECTO every 12 weeks and 70 dogs were administered an oral active control every 4 weeks and were provided with a tick collar); there were no serious adverse reactions. All potential adverse reactions were recorded in dogs treated with BRAVECTO over a 182-day period and in dogs treated with the active control over an 84-day period. The most frequently reported adverse reaction in dogs in the BRAVECTO and active control groups was vomiting.

Percentage of Dogs with Adverse Reactions in the Field Study

Adverse Reaction

(AR)

BRAVECTO Group:

Percentage of Dogs with the AR During the 182-Day Study

(n=224 dogs)

Active Control Group:

Percentage of Dogs with the AR During the 84-Day Study

(n=70 dogs)

Vomiting

7.1

14.3

Decreased Appetite

6.7

0.0

Diarrhea

4.9

2.9

Lethargy

5.4

7.1

Polydipsia

1.8

4.3

Flatulence

1.3

0.0

In a well-controlled laboratory dose confirmation study, one dog developed edema and hyperemia of the upper lips within one hour of receiving BRAVECTO. The edema improved progressively through the day and had resolved without medical intervention by the next morning.

Clinical Pharmacology

Peak fluralaner concentrations are achieved between 2 hours and 3 days following oral administration and the elimination half-life ranges between 9.3 to 16.2 days. Quantifiable drug concentrations can be measured (lower than necessary for effectiveness) through 112 days. Due to reduced drug bioavailability in the fasted state, fluralaner should be administered with food.

MODE OF ACTION:

Fluralaner is for systemic use and belongs to the class of isoxazoline-substituted benzamide derivatives. Fluralaner is an inhibitor of the arthropod nervous system. The mode of action of fluralaner is the antagonism of the ligand-gated chloride channels (gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) -receptor and glutamate-receptor). Fleas and ticks must attach to the host and commence feeding in order to be exposed to the active substance. For fleas (C. felis) and ticks (I. ricinus) the onset of effect (defined as ≥ 90% reduction in the number of fleas and ticks compared to control) is within 12 hours of infestation for 12 weeks.

Effectiveness

BRAVECTO began to kill fleas within two hours after administration in a well-controlled laboratory study. In a European laboratory study, BRAVECTO killed fleas and Ixodes ricinus ticks and reduced the numbers of live fleas and I. ricinus ticks by > 96% within 12 hours for 12 weeks. In a well-controlled laboratory study, BRAVECTO demonstrated 100% effectiveness against adult fleas 48 hours post-infestation for 12 weeks. In well-controlled laboratory studies, BRAVECTO demonstrated > 97% effectiveness against Dermacentor variabilis 48 hours post-infestation for 12 weeks. BRAVECTO demonstrated > 96% effectiveness against Ixodes scapularis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus 48 hours post-infestation for 8 weeks. However, ≥ 90% efficacy was not consistently demonstrated beyond 8 weeks.

Efficacy of BRAVECTO tablets against fleas and ticks in laboratory studies

 

Study

% Efficacy*

2 days

4 weeks

8 weeks

12 weeks

Ctenocephalides felis

1

100 (100)

100 (100)

100 (100)

100 (100)

Dermacentor variabilis

1

100 (100)

100 (100)

100 (100)

97.7 (98.7)

2

100 (100)

100 (100)

100 (100)

98.1 (99.0)

Ixodes scapularis

1

97.7 (98.9)

96.7 (97.7)

99.2 (99.4)

93.1 (96.6)

2

100 (100)

100 (100)

100 (100)

87.6 (97.6)

Rhipicephalus sanguineus

1

100 (100)

100 (100)

99.5 (99.6)

89.4 (93.9)

2

100 (100)

98.5 (98.9)

96.6 (98.6)

68.0 (87.6)

3

100 (100)

100 (100)

99.5 (99.6)

88.0 (97.4)

* arithmetic mean (geometric mean). Note: the arithmetic mean was used to assess efficacy

In a well-controlled U.S. field study, a single dose of BRAVECTO reduced fleas by ≥ 99.7% for 12 weeks. Dogs with signs of flea allergy dermatitis showed improvement in erythema, alopecia, papules, scales, crusts, and excoriation as a direct result of eliminating flea infestations.

Palatability: In a well-controlled U.S. field study, which included 559 doses administered to 224 dogs, 80.7% of dogs voluntarily consumed BRAVECTO within 5 minutes, an additional 12.5% voluntarily consumed the product within 5 minutes when offered with food, and 6.8% refused the dose or required forced administration.

ANIMAL SAFETY:

Margin of Safety Study: In a margin of safety study, BRAVECTO was administered orally to 8- to 9-week-old puppies at 1, 3, and 5X the maximum labeled dose of 56 mg/kg three times at 8-week intervals. The dogs in the control group (0X) were untreated. There were no clinically-relevant, treatment-related effects on physical examinations, body weights, food consumption, clinical pathology (hematology, clinical chemistries, coagulation tests, and urinalysis), gross pathology, histopathology, or organ weights. Diarrhea, mucoid and bloody feces were the most common observations in this study, occurring at a similar incidence in the treated and control groups. Five of the twelve treated dogs that experienced one or more of these signs did so within 6 hours of the first dosing. One dog in the 3X treatment group was observed to be dull, inappetant, with evidence of bloody diarrhea, vomiting, and weight loss beginning five days after the first treatment. One dog in the 1X treatment group vomited food 4 hours following the first treatment.

Reproductive Safety Study: BRAVECTO was administered orally to intact, reproductively-sound male and female Beagles at a dose of up to 168 mg/kg (equivalent to 3X the maximum treatment dose) on three to four occasions at 8-week intervals. The dogs in the control group (0X) were untreated.

There were no clinically-relevant, treatment-related effects on the body weights, food consumption, reproductive performance, semen analysis, litter data, gross necropsy (adult dogs) or histopathology findings (adult dogs and puppies). One adult treated dog suffered a seizure during the course of the study (46 days after the second treatment). Abnormal salivation was observed on 17 occasions: in six treated dogs (11 occasions) after dosing and four control dogs (6 occasions).

The following abnormalities were noted in 7 pups from 2 of the 10 dams in only the treated group during gross necropsy examination: limb deformity (4 pups), enlarged heart (2 pups), enlarged spleen (3 pups), and cleft palate (2 pups). During veterinary examination at Week 7, two pups from the control group had inguinal testicles, and two and four pups from the treated group had inguinal and cryptorchid testicles, respectively. No undescended testicles were observed at the time of necropsy (days 50 to 71).

In a well-controlled field study BRAVECTO was used concurrently with other medications, such as vaccines, anthelmintics, antibiotics, and steroids. No adverse reactions were observed from the concurrent use of BRAVECTO with other medications.

STORAGE CONDITIONS:

Do not store above 30°C.

How Supplied

BRAVECTO (Fluralaner Chewable Tablet) is available in five strengths (112.5 mg, 250 mg, 500 mg, 1000 mg, and 1400 mg fluralaner per tablet). Each tablet is packaged individually into aluminum foil blister packs sealed with a peelable paper backed foil lid stock. Product may be packaged in 1, 2, or 4 tablets per package.

Intervet Canada Corp., subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., 16750, route Transcanadienne, Kirkland, QC H9H 4M7

1 866 683-7838

® Trade-mark of Intervet International B.V. Used under license.

14MAY2015

NAC No.: 1208266.1

MERCK ANIMAL HEALTH
Intervet Canada Corp.

16750 ROUTE TRANSCANADIENNE, KIRKLAND, QC, H9H 4M7
Order Desk:   514-428-7013
Toll-Free:   866-683-7838
Fax:   Toll-free 888-498-4444; local 514-428-7014
Website:   www.merck-animal-health.ca
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the BRAVECTO 1400 mg information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the Canadian product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2016 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2016-10-31

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