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XYZAL 0.5MG/ML ORAL SOLUTION

Active substance(s): LEVOCETIRIZINE DIHYDROCHLORIDE

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Package leaflet: Information for the patient

CIA74415E

0.5 mg/ml oral solution

For adults and children aged 2 years and above
Levocetirizine dihydrochloride
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
– Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
– If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
– This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
– If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet:
1. What Xyzal is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Xyzal
3. How to take Xyzal
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Xyzal
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. What Xyzal is and what it is used for
Levocetirizine dihydrochloride is the active ingredient of Xyzal.
Xyzal is an antiallergic medication.
For the treatment of signs of illness (symptoms) associated with:
– allergic rhinitis (including persistent allergic rhinitis);
– nettle rash (urticaria).
2. What you need to know before you take Xyzal
Do not take Xyzal
if you are allergic to levocetirizine dihydrochloride, to cetirizine, to hydroxyzine , or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed
in section 6).
– if you have a severe impairment of kidney function (severe renal failure with creatinine clearance below 10 ml/min).
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Xyzal.
If you are likely to be unable to empty your bladder (with conditions such as spinal cord injury or enlarged prostate), please ask your
doctor for advice.
Children
The use of Xyzal is not recommended for infants and children under 2 years of age.
Other medicines and Xyzal
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
Xyzal with food, drink and alcohol
Caution is advised if Xyzal is taken at the same time as alcohol or other agents acting on the brain.
In sensitive patients, the concurrent administration of Xyzal and alcohol or other agents acting on the brain may cause additional
reductions in alertness and impairment of performance.
Xyzal can be taken with or without food.

Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice
before taking this medicine.
Driving and using machines
Some patients being treated with Xyzal may experience drowsiness, tiredness and exhaustion. Use caution when driving or operating
machinery untill you know how this medicine affects you. However, special tests have revealed no impairment of mental alertness, the
ability to react or the ability to drive in healthy test persons after taking levocetirizine in the recommended dosage.
Xyzal contains maltitol liquid, methyl parahydroxybenzoate and propyl parahydroxybenzoate
– This medicine contains maltitol liquid. If you have been told by your doctor that you have intolerance to some sugars, contact your
doctor before taking Xyzal.
– Methyl parahydroxybenzoate and propyl parahydroxybenzoate may cause allergic reactions (possibly delayed), such as headache,
stomach upset, and diarrhoea.
3. How to take Xyzal
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
The recommended dose is:
Adults and adolescents from the age of 12 years: 10 ml solution once daily.
Special dosage instructions for specific populations:
Renal and hepatic impairment
Patients with impaired kidney function may be given a lower dose according to the severity of their kidney disease, and in children the
dose will also be chosen on the basis of body weight; the dose will be determined by your doctor.
Patients who have severe impairment of kindney function must not take Xyzal.
Patients who only have impaired liver function should take the usual prescribed dose.
Patients who have both impaired liver and kidney function may be given a lower dose depending on the severity of the kidney disease,
and in children the dose will also be chosen on the basis of body weight; the dose will be determined by your doctor.
Elderly patients aged 65 years and above
No adaptation of the dose is necessary in elderly patients, provided their renal function is normal.
Use in children
Children from the age of 6 to 12 years: 10 ml solution once daily
Children from the age of 2 to 6 years: 2.5 ml solution twice daily.
The administration of Xyzal to infants and toddlers aged less than 2 years is not recommended.
How and when should you take Xyzal ?
For oral use only.
An oral syringe is supplied with the pack. The solution can be taken undiluted or diluted in a glass of water.
Xyzal may be taken with or without food.
Handling of the oral syringe
Dip the oral syringe into the bottle and draw the plunger up to the mark which corresponds to the dose in millilitres (ml) prescribed by
your doctor. For use in children below 6 years of age, the daily dose of 5 ml is
measured by removing 2.5 ml of solution from the bottle twice daily (i.e. please
cautiously refer to the syringe graduation).
Remove the oral syringe from the bottle and empty its contents into
a spoon or into a glass of water by pressing the plunger down.
The oral intake of the medicinal product should be performed right after dilution.
Rinse the plunger with water after every use.

How long should you take Xyzal?
The duration of use depends on the type, duration and course of your complaints and is determined by your physician.
If you take more Xyzal than you should
If you take more Xyzal than you should, somnolence can occur in adults. Children may initially show excitation and restlessness
followed by somnolence.
If you think you have taken an overdose of Xyzal, please tell your doctor who will then decide what action should be taken.
If you forget to take Xyzal
If you forget to take Xyzal, or if you take a dose lower than that prescribed by your doctor, do not take a double dose to make up for
a forgotten dose. Proceed with administration taking the next dose in time.
If you stop taking Xyzal
Stopping treatment should have no negative effects. Symptoms may return, but they should not be any worse than they were prior
to the treatment.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Common: may affect up to 1 in 10 people
Dry mouth, headache, tiredness and somnolence/drowsiness
Uncommon: may affect up to 1 in 100 people
Exhaustion and abdominal pain
Not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data
Other side effects such as palpitations, increased heart rate, fits, pins and needles, dizziness, syncope, tremor, dysgeusia (distortion
of the sense of taste), sensation of rotation or movement, visual disturbances, blurred vision, painful or difficult urination, inability to
completely empty the bladder, oedema, pruritus (itchiness), rash, urticaria (swelling, redness and itchiness of the skin), skin eruption,
shortness of breath, weight increase, muscular pain, joint pain, aggressive or agitated behaviour, hallucination, depression, insomnia,
recurring thoughts of or preoccupation with suicide, hepatitis, abnormal liver function, vomiting, increased appetite, nausea and
diarrhoea have also been reported.
At the first signs of a hypersensitivity reaction, stop taking Xyzal and tell your doctor. Hypersensitivity reaction symptoms may include:
swelling of the mouth, tongue, face and/or throat, breathing or swallowing difficulties (chest tightness or wheezing), hives, sudden
fall in blood pressure leading to collapse or shock, which may be fatal.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can
also report side effects directly via Yellow Card Scheme, Website:
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5. How to store Xyzal
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the label and carton after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day
of that month.
This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.
Do not use 3 months after first opening
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no
longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Xyzal contains
– The active substance is levocetirizine dihydrochloride. 1 ml of oral solution contains 0.5 mg levocetirizine dihydrochloride.
– The other ingredients are sodium acetate trihydrate, glacial acetic acid, methyl parahydroxybenzoate(E218), propyl parahydroxybenzoate (E216), glycerol 85%, maltitol liquid (E965), saccharin sodium,tutti frutti flavouring agent (triacetin (E1518),
benzaldehyde, orange oil, vanillin, ethyl butyrate, orange oil concentrated, isoamyl acetate, allyl hexanoate, gamma-undecalactone,
citral, geraniol, citronellol, alpha tocopherol (E307)), purified water
What Xyzal looks like and contents of the pack
The oral solution is a clear and colourless solution presented in a glass bottle with a white polypropylene child-resistant closure.
The bottle of solution is provided in a cardbox containing also an oral syringe.
Pack sizes: 75 ml, 150 ml and 200 ml.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
UCB Pharma Ltd
208 Bath Road
Slough
Berkshire
SL1 3WE
This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following names:
Belgium: Xyzall
Cyprus: Xyzal
Czech Republic: Xyzal
Denmark: Xyzal
Estonia: Xyzal
Finland: Xyzal
France: Xyzall
Germany: Levocetirizin Saft / Xusal Saft
Greece: Xozal
Hungary: Xyzal
Ireland: Xyzal
Italy: Xyzal
Latvia: Xyzal
Lithuania: Xyzal
Luxembourg: Xyzall
Malta: Xyzal
Netherlands: Xyzal
Norway: Xyzal
Poland: Xyzal
Portugal: Xyzal
Slovakia: Xyzal
Slovenia: Xyzal
Spain: Xyzal
United Kingdom: Xyzal
This leaflet was last revised in 09/2015
CIA74415E

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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