VOLTAROL TABLETS 25MG
Active substance(s): DICLOFENAC SODIUM
Patient Information Leaflet
What you need to know about Voltarol Tablets
Your doctor has decided that you need this medicine to help treat your condition.
Please read this leaflet carefully before you start to take your medicine. It contains
important information. Keep the leaflet in a safe place because you may want to read it
If you have any other questions, or if there is something you don’t understand, please ask your
doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine has been prescribed for you. Never give it to someone else. It may not be the
right medicine for them even if their symptoms seem to be the same as yours.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet,
please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
In this leaflet:
What Voltarol Tablets are, and what they are used for
Things to consider before you start to take Voltarol Tablets
How to take Voltarol Tablets
Possible side effects
How to store Voltarol Tablets
1. What Voltarol Tablets are, and what they are used for
Diclofenac sodium, the active ingredient in Voltarol Tablets, is one of a group of medicines
called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). NSAIDs reduce pain and
Voltarol Tablets relieve pain, reduce swelling and ease inflammation in conditions
affecting the joints, muscles and tendons including:
- Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, acute gout, ankylosing spondylitis
- Backache, sprains and strains, soft tissue sports injuries, frozen shoulder, dislocations
- Tendonitis, tenosynovitis, bursitis.
They are also used to treat pain and inflammation associated with dental and minor
In children Voltarol Tablets are used to treat juvenile chronic arthritis.
2. Things to consider before you start to take Voltarol Tablets
Some people MUST NOT take Voltarol Tablets. Talk to your doctor if:
you think you may be allergic to diclofenac sodium, aspirin, ibuprofen or any other
NSAID, or to any of the other ingredients of Voltarol Tablets. (These are listed at the end
of the leaflet.) Signs of a hypersensitivity reaction include swelling of the face and mouth
(angioedema), breathing problems, runny nose, skin rash or any other allergic type
you have now, or have ever had, a stomach (gastric) or duodenal (peptic) ulcer, or
bleeding in the digestive tract (this can include blood in vomit, bleeding when emptying
bowels, fresh blood in faeces or black, tarry faeces)
you have had stomach or bowel problems after you have taken other NSAIDs
you have severe heart, kidney or liver failure
if you have established heart disease and/or cerebrovascular disease e.g. if you have had a
heart attack, stroke, mini-stroke TIA) or blockages to blood vessels to the heart or brain or
an operation to clear bypass blockages
if you have or have had problems with your blood circulation (peripheral arterial disease)
you are more than six months pregnant.
You should also ask yourself these questions before taking Voltarol Tablets:
Do you suffer from any stomach or bowel disorders including ulcerative colitis or Crohn's
Do you have kidney or liver problems, or are you elderly?
Do you have a condition called porphyria?
Do you suffer from any blood or bleeding disorder? If you do, your doctor may ask you to
go for regular check-ups while you are taking these tablets.
Have you ever had asthma?
Are you breast-feeding?
Do you have angina, blood clots, high blood pressure, raised cholesterol or raised
Do you have heart problems, or have you had a stroke, or do you think you might be at
risk of these conditions (for example, if you have high blood pressure, diabetes or high
cholesterol or are a smoker)?
Do you have diabetes
Do you smoke
Do you have Lupus (SLE) or any similar condition?
Do you have an inherited intolerance to some sugars such as lactose? (Voltarol Tablets
contain a small amount of lactose.)
If the answer to any of these questions is YES, discuss your treatment with your doctor
or pharmacist because Voltarol Tablets might not be the right medicine for you.
Are you taking other medicines?
Some medicines can interfere with your treatment. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are
taking any of the following:
Medicines to treat diabetes
Anticoagulants (blood thinning tablets like warfarin)
Diuretics (water tablets)
Lithium (used to treat some mental problems)
Methotrexate (for some inflammatory diseases and some cancers)
Ciclosporin and tacrolimus (used to treat some inflammatory diseases and after
Trimethoprim (a medicine used to prevent or treat urinary tract infections)
Quinolone antibiotics (for infections)
Any other NSAID or COX-2 (cyclo-oxgenase-2) inhibitor, for example aspirin or ibuprofen
Mifepristone (a medicine used to terminate pregnancy)
Cardiac glycosides (for example digoxin), used to treat heart problems
Medicines known as SSRIs used to treat depression
Oral steroids (an anti-inflammatory drug)
Medicines used to treat heart conditions or high blood pressure, for example betablockers or ACE inhibitors
Voriconazole (a medicine used to treat fungal infections)
Phenytoin (a medicine used to treat seizures)
Colestipol/cholestyramine (used to lower cholesterol).
Always tell your doctor or pharmacist about all the medicines you are taking. This means
medicines you have bought yourself as well as medicines on prescription from your doctor.
Are you pregnant or planning to become pregnant? Although not common, abnormalities
have been reported in babies whose mothers have taken NSAIDs during pregnancy. You
should not take Voltarol Tablets during the last 3 months of pregnancy as it may affect
the baby’s circulation.
Are you trying for a baby? Taking Voltarol Tablets may make it more difficult to conceive.
You should talk to your doctor if you are planning to become pregnant, or if you have
problems getting pregnant.
Will there be any problems with driving or using machinery?
Very occasionally people have reported that Voltarol Tablets have made them feel dizzy, tired or
sleepy. Problems with eyesight have also been reported. If you are affected in this way, you
should not drive or operate machinery.
Other special warnings
You should take the lowest dose of Voltarol for the shortest possible time, particularly if
you are underweight or elderly.
There is a small increased risk of heart attack or stroke when you are taking any medicine
like Voltarol. The risk is higher if you are taking high doses for a long time. Always follow
the doctor’s instructions on how much to take and how long to take it for.
Whilst you are taking these medicines your doctor may want to give you a check-up from
time to time.
If you have a history of stomach problems when you are taking NSAIDs, particularly if you
are elderly, you must tell your doctor straight away if you notice any unusual symptoms.
Because it is an anti-inflammatory medicine, Voltarol may reduce the symptoms of
infection, for example, headache and high temperature. If you feel unwell and need to see
a doctor, remember to tell him or her that you are taking Voltarol.
The 50 mg tablets are not suitable for children aged under 12.
3. How to take Voltarol Tablets
The doctor will tell you how many Voltarol Tablets to take and when to take them. Always
follow his/her instructions carefully. The dose will be on the pharmacist’s label. Check the
label carefully. If you are not sure, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Keep taking your tablets
for as long as you have been told, unless you have any problems. In that case, check with your
Take the tablets before or with food.
Swallow the tablets whole with a drink of water. Do not crush or chew the tablets.
The usual doses are:
Adults and children over 12
75 mg to 150 mg daily divided into two or three doses. The number of tablets which you take
will depend on the strength the doctor has given you.
Your doctor may advise you to take a dose that is lower than the usual adult dose if you are
elderly. Your doctor may also want to check closely that the Voltarol Tablets are not affecting
Children aged 1-12 years
Doses vary with the age and weight of the child. The usual dose is 1 mg to 3 mg per kilogram
of body weight a day. This is usually divided into two or three separate doses.
The doctor may also prescribe another drug to protect the stomach to be taken at the same
time, particularly if you have had stomach problems before, or if you are elderly, or taking
certain other drugs as well.
What if you forget to take a dose?
If you forget to take a dose, take one as soon as you remember. If it is nearly time for your
next dose, though, just take the next dose and forget about the one you missed. Do not
double up on the next dose to make up for the one missed. Do not take more than 150 mg
(three 50 mg tablets or six 25 mg tablets) in 24 hours.
What if you take too many tablets?
If you, or anyone else, accidentally takes too much, tell your doctor or your nearest hospital
casualty department. Take your medicine pack with you so that people can see what you have
4. Possible side effects
Voltarol Tablets are suitable for most people, but, like all medicines, they can sometimes
cause side effects. Side effects may be minimised by using the lowest effective dose for the
shortest duration necessary.
Some side effects can be serious
Stop taking Voltarol Tablets and tell your doctor straight away if you notice:
Stomach pain, indigestion, heartburn, wind, nausea (feeling sick) or vomiting (being sick)
Any sign of bleeding in the stomach or intestine, for example, when emptying your
bowels, blood in vomit or black, tarry faeces
Allergic reactions which can include skin rash, itching, bruising, painful red areas, peeling
Wheezing or shortness of breath (bronchospasm)
Swollen face, lips, hands or fingers
Yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes
Persistent sore throat or high temperature
An unexpected change in the amount of urine produced and/or its appearance
Mild cramping and tenderness of the abdomen, starting shortly after the start of the
treatment with Voltarol Tablets and followed by rectal bleeding or bloody diarrhoea
usually within 24 hours of the onset of abdominal pain.
If you notice that you are bruising more easily than usual or have frequent sore throats or
infections, tell your doctor.
The side effects listed below have also been reported.
Common side effects (These may affect between 1 and 10 in every 100 patients):
Stomach pain, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, indigestion, wind, loss of appetite
Headache, dizziness, vertigo
Skin rash or spots
Raised levels of liver enzymes in the blood.
Rare side effects (These may affect between 1 in every 1000 to 1 in every 10,000 patients):
Stomach ulcers or bleeding (there have been very rare reported cases resulting in death,
particularly in the elderly)
Gastritis (inflammation, irritation or swelling of the stomach lining)
Diarrhoea with blood in it or bleeding from the back passage
Black, tarry faeces or stools
Hypotension (low blood pressure, symptoms of which may include faintness, giddiness or
Skin rash and itching
Fluid retention, symptoms of which include swollen ankles
Liver function disorders, including hepatitis and jaundice.
Very rare side effects (These may affect less than 1 in every 10,000 patients):
Effects on the nervous system:
Tingling or numbness in the fingers, tremor, visual disturbances such as blurred vision,
blurred or double vision, hearing loss or impairment, tinnitus (ringing in the ears),
sleeplessness, nightmares, mood changes, depression, anxiety, mental disorders,
disorientation and loss of memory, fits, headaches together with a dislike of bright lights, fever
and a stiff neck, disturbances in sensation.
Effects on the stomach and digestive system:
Constipation, inflammation of the tongue, mouth ulcers, inflammation of the inside of the
mouth or lips, taste changes, lower gut disorders (including inflammation of the colon or
worsening of ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease).
Effects on the heart, chest or blood:
Palpitations (fast or irregular heart beat), chest pain, hypertension (high blood pressure),
inflammation of blood vessels (vasculitis), inflammation of the lung (pneumonitis), heart
disorders, including congestive heart failure or heart attack, blood disorders (including
Effects on the liver or kidneys:
Kidney or severe liver disorders including liver failure, presence of blood or protein in the
Effects on skin or hair:
Serious skin rashes including Stevens-Johnson syndrome and Lyell’s syndrome and other skin
rashes which may be made worse by exposure to sunlight.
Other side effects that have also been reported include:
Inflammation of the pancreas, impotence. Facial swelling, inflammation of the lining of the
brain (meningitis), stroke, throat disorders, confusion, hallucinations, malaise (general feeling
of discomfort), inflammation of the nerves of the eye.
Do not be alarmed by this list - most people take Voltarol Tablets without any
If any of the symptoms become troublesome, or if you notice anything else not
mentioned here, please go and see your doctor. He/she may want to give you a
How to store Voltarol Tablets
Store in a dry place, below 30°C. Keep the tablets in their original pack.
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
Do not take Voltarol Tablets after the expiry date which is printed on the outside of the pack.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking the tablets, please take any unused tablets back to your
pharmacist to be destroyed. Do not throw them away with your normal household water or
waste. This will help to protect the environment.
The tablets contain 25 mg of the active ingredient, diclofenac sodium. The tablets are entericcoated. This special coating prevents absorption of diclofenac sodium in the stomach,
reducing the risk of stomach irritation. It is absorbed when it reaches the intestine.
The tablets also contain the inactive ingredients silicon dioxide, lactose, maize starch, sodium
starch glycollate, povidone, microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate,
hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, polyethoxylated castor oil, talc, titanium dioxide, methacrylic
acid copolymer, polyethylene glycol, silicone, yellow iron oxide, red iron oxide (50 mg tablets
The 25 mg tablets come in blister packs containing 84 tablets.
The Product licence holder is Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Limited trading as Geigy
Pharmaceuticals, Frimley Business Park, Frimley, Camberley, Surrey GU16 7SR, England.
Voltarol Tablets are released on to the market by Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Limited,
Horsham, West Sussex RH12 5AB, England.
This leaflet was revised in August 2016
If you would like any more information, or would like the leaflet in a different format, please
contact Medical Information at Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd, telephone number 01276
VOLTAROL is a registered trade mark
Copyright Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Limited
Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.