VITAROS 3 MG/G CREAM
Active substance(s): ALPROSTADIL
it contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others.
It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or phamacist. This includes any
possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet:
1. What VITAROS is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you use VITAROS
3. How to use VITAROS
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store VITAROS
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. What Vitaros is and what it is used for
Vitaros is available in two dosage strengths of 200 and 300 mcg alprostadil in 100
mg of cream.Vitaros is used to treat erectile dysfunction (ED) in men 18 years of
age or older. ED is the inability to attain or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual
intercourse. There are several causes of ED including medications that you may
be taking for other conditions, poor blood circulation in the penis, nerve damage,
emotional problems, too much smoking or alcohol use, and hormonal problems.
Often ED is due to more than one cause. Treatments for ED include switching
medications, if you are taking a medication that causes ED, prescription medications,
medical devices that produce an erection, surgical procedures to correct blood
flow to the penis, penile implants and psychological counseling. After application of
Vitaros the onset of erection is within 5 to 30 minutes. You should not stop taking any
prescription medications, unless told to do so by your doctor.
2. What you need to know before you use Vitaros
Do not use Vitaros
− if you have underlying disorders such as drop in blood pressure when going
from a lying/sitting to a standing position, history of a heart attack, and syncope
− if you are allergic to alprostadil or any of the other ingredients of this medicine
(listed in section 6).
− if you have a condition that might result in a long-lasting erection or a condition
such as sickle cell anaemia or trait, thrombocythemia, polycythemia, multiple
myeloma, or leukaemia
− if you have an abnormally formed penis
− if you have an inflammation or infection of the penis
− if you are prone to a venous thrombosis
− if you have a hyperviscosity syndrome which could result in a long-lasting erection
− if you have been told not to have sex for health reasons such as heart problems or
a recent stroke.
− if your partner is pregnant, breast feeding or of childbearing potential unless you
use a condom barrier.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before using Vitaros if you have a history of the
following local effects that have been observed with the use of Vitaros:
- Prolonged erections lasting >4 hours (priapism)
- Symptomatic hypotension (dizziness)
- Hepatic and/or renal insufficiency, a lowered dose due to impaired metabolism may
A condom should be used in the following situations:
- Your partner is pregnant or breastfeeding
- Your partner is of childbearing potential
- To prevent sexually transmitted diseases
- During oral sex and anal sex
Only latex condoms have been studied. It is not known if condoms made of other
materials may be damaged.
Other medicines and Vitaros
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take
any other medicines.
The use of Vitaros with other drugs used to treat Erectile Dysfunction have not been
studied. Therefore, if you are taking other drugs for ED, do not combine with Vitaros
as there could be signs including dizziness, fainting and prolonged erections. Vitaros
has not been tested for use with penile implants or smooth muscle relaxants such
as papaverine; drugs used to induce erections such as alpha blocking drugs (e.g.
intracavernosal phentolamine, thymoxamine). There is a risk of priapism (painful
prolonged abnormal erection) when used in combination.
Although not studied, it is possible that Vitaros may have less of an effect when taken
in combination with treatments for high blood pressure, decongestants and appetite
If you are taking drugs to prevent blood clots, do not take Vitaros as there may be an
increased risk for bleeding or blood found in the urine.
In combination with high blood pressure medication, Vitaros use may increase
symptoms of dizziness and fainting, especially in the elderly.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding and fertility
There are no data on the use of Vitaros in pregnant women. Pregnant women should
not be exposed to Vitaros.
It is not recommended to use Vitaros while breastfeeding.
It is not known whether Vitaros has an effect on human male fertility.
Driving and using machines
Vitaros may make you feel dizzy or faint. Do not drive or operate machinery within 1
to 2 hours after administration.
3. How to use Vitaros
Always use this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your
doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Vitaros is available in two dosage strengths of 200 and 300 mcg alprostadil in 100
mg of cream. Vitaros should be used as needed to achieve an erection. Each Vitaros
AccuDose container is for single use only and should be properly discarded after
For an erection: the starting dose should be recommended by a physician.
Do not adjust your dose yourself. Talk to your doctor who will instruct you on
proper technique for administration and accomodation of your dose.
Do not apply Vitaros more than 2-3 times a week and only once per 24 hour
The onset of effect is within 5 to 30 minutes after administration. The duration of
effect is approximately 1 to 2 hours. But, the actual duration can vary from patient to
It is recommended to urinate before applying the drug. After removing the cap,
apply all the contents of Vitaros into the opening at the tip of the penis, 5 to 30
minutes before attempting intercourse by following the instructions below:
Wash your hands before applying Vitaros. Remove the
AccuDose container (see Fig. 1) from the sachet by tearing fully
down the seal from the middle of the top edge. Save the sachet
for discarding the used AccuDose container later.
Bring the content of the AccuDose container to room
temperature by rolling the container between your hands (see
Fig. 2). This step can be avoided if the sachet was removed
from the refrigerator earlier (within the time limits stated in
Section 5 How to store Vitaros) and the contents have already
reached room temperature.
Twist the plunger several times to make sure it will glide easily
(see Fig. 3). Then remove the cap from the tip of the AccuDose
Grasp the tip of the penis with one hand and gently squeeze to
widen the opening at the tip of the penis, while holding it in an
upright vertical position (see Fig. 4). Note: if you are not
circumcised, first retract and hold the foreskin back prior to
widening the opening of the penis
Hold the barrel of the AccuDose container between your fingers
and without inserting it inside the penis (see Fig. 5), place the
tip of the container as close as possible to the opening at the tip
of the penis for the cream to go down the urethra (the tube that
leads from the bladder and transports and discharges urine and
semen outside the body). Remember to push out all the cream
from the AccuDose container. Slowly, but firmly, push down the
plunger with your thumb or finger until all the cream is expelled
into the opening at the tip of the penis and down the urethra.
Note: While it is important that all the cream goes down the
urethra, take care not to insert the tip of the AccuDose
container into the opening at the tip of the penis.
Hold the penis in an upright position for approximately 30
seconds to allow the cream to penetrate. There will likely be
some cream that does not initially fit into the opening at
the tip of the penis. Any excess cream covering the opening at
the tip of the penis should be gently moved into the opening with
the tip of a finger (see Fig. 6). Do not use a second AccuDose to
compensate for cream not expelled into the opening at the tip of
the penis. Do not urinate immediately after application, due to
the risk that drug could come out before the effect takes place.
7. Remember each Vitaros dose is suitable for a single administration only. Replace
the cap on the tip of the AccuDose container and place in the opened foil sachet,
fold and discard in accordance with local requirements.
8. Vitaros may be irritating to the eyes. Wash your hands after applying Vitaros.
Children and adolescents
Vitaros is not indicated for children or men below 18 years of age.
If you use more Vitaros than you should
Overdose with Vitaros requiring treatment has not been reported. Overdose with
Vitaros may result in a drop in blood pressure, fainting, dizziness, persistent pain
in the penis, and possible prolonged erection lasting longer than 4 hours. This can
result in permanent worsening or erectile function. Call your doctor promptly if you
suffer with any of these effects.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, VITAROS can cause side effects, although not everybody gets
If you get a long-lasting erection of more than 4 hours, contact your doctor
immediately. Your doctor may reduce your dose of Vitaros and disontinue your
Common side effects (may affect more than 1 in 10 patients):
− mild to moderate local aching, burning or pain and redness of the penis,
− genital pruritus,
− penile oedema
− inflammation of the glans penis (balanitis)
− penile tingling, throbbing numbness, burning
- Mild vaginal burning or itching, vaginitis
This effect may be due to the drug or to the act of vaginal penetration. Using a waterbased lubricant can help to make vaginal penetration easier.
Uncommon but potentially serious side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 patients):
− prolonged erection for more than 4 hours
− low blood pressure or rapid pulse
− pain at the application site or in extremity
− urethral stenosis
− increase in sensitivity
− penile itching
− genital rash
− scrotal pain
− fullness in genital
− lack of sensation to penis
− Urinary tract inflammation
Your partner: vulvovaginal pruritus
*Increased sexual/physical activity in combination with Vitaros my increase the risk of
heart attack or stroke in patients with underlying disease/risk factors (see Section 2).
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet,
please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
Duration of side effects:
Most effects are short acting and resolve within 1-2 hours
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the MHRA
website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard. By reporting side effects you can help
provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5. How to store Vitaros
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use VITAROS after the expiry date which is stated on the carton, sachet and
AccuDose container label after Exp.
The expiry date refers to the last day of the month.
Store in a refrigerator (2°C - 8°C).
Do not freeze.
Unopened sachets may be kept out of the refrigerator by the patient, at a
temperature below 25°C for up to 3 days prior to use.
At the end of this period, the product should be discarded if not used..
Each dispenser is for single use only.
Once opened, use immediately, discard any unused portion.
Store in the original sachet in order to protect from light.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your
pharmacist to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help
protect the environment.
6. Contents of the pack and other information
What VITAROS contains
The active substance is Alprostadil
Each single container contains 300 micrograms of alprostadil in 100 mg of cream
Vitaros is available in unit cartons with four (4) single dose containers.
The other ingredients are purified water; ethanol, anhydrous; ethyl laurate;
hydroxypropyl guar gum; dodecyl-2-N,N-dimethylaminopropionate hydrochloride;
potassium dihydrogen phosphate; sodium hydroxide, for pH adjustment; phosphoric
acid, for pH adjustment.
What VITAROS looks like and contents of the pack
Vitaros is a white to off-white cream supplied in AccuDose, a single dose container.
AccuDose is a container consisting of a plunger, barrel, and protective cap.
Each container is provided in a protective sachet.
The sachets are composed of aluminium foil/laminate. The container components are
composed of polypropylene and polyethylene.
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Ferring Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Drayton Hall, Church Road, West Drayton, UB7 7PS, UK
Wittland 11, 24109 Kiel, Germany
This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the
Vitaros 3mg/g cream
Proposed product name
Vitaros HEXAL 300 Mikrogramm/100 mg Creme
Vitaros 3 mg/g cream
Vitaros 300 microgrammes, crème
Virirec3 mg/g Crema
Vitaros 300 microgram Crème
This leaflet was last revised in September 2017
Other Sources of Information
Detailed information on this medicine is available on the MHRA website:
EFFECTS AFTER APPLICATION:
Vitaros requires between 5 to 30 minutes to begin working before you can have
sexual intercourse. After administration you can engage in foreplay, which helps
arousal and the process of developing an erection. An effective dose of Vitaros
should produce an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. The duration of the
effect is approximately 1 to 2 hours. However, the actual duration will vary from
patient to patient and the dose of the drug. Vitaros may not create an erection
comparable to those you experienced when you were younger. Some patients may
experience some mild pain, a burning sensation, and aching in the penis or groin
area. Also, your erection may continue for a time after orgasm or ejaculation. After
your erection is over your penis may feel full, warm, and somewhat sensitive to the
touch. These effects are normal and may last for a few hours.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION AND PRACTICAL TIPS:
You and your doctor will determine the appropriate dose of Vitaros. If your erection
cannot be maintained for the time need to have foreplay and sexual intercourse,
you may need to have your dose increased. Similarly, if an erection last longer than
desired or if the side effects are not well tolerated you may need your dose reduced.
Call your doctor if you suspect that you may require an adjustment of your dose.
Factors that may enhance your erection:
- Being well rested.
- Sexual foreplay with your partner or self-stimulation while sitting or lying after
application of Vitaros.
- Pelvic exercises such as tightening and releasing your pelvic and buttock
muscles. These are the muscles you use to stop urination.
- Various positions that may favour and not restrict blood flow to the penis.
Factors which may reduce your erection:
- Anxiety, fatigue, tension, and too much alcohol.
- Urination immediately after application may result in loss of medication.
Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.