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TRILEPTAL 300MG TABLETS

Active substance(s): OXCARBAZEPINE

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CUSTOMER:

Waymade

PRODUCT:

Trileptal 300mg tabs

CODE:

6464/0993E

PRE-PRESS NO.:

06 1257

ARTWORKER:

DT

DATE OF PROOF:

17/03/14

Q.A.
APPROVED:

CUSTOMER
APPROVED:

DATE:

DATE:

PROOF HISTORY:
v.1 - waymade - 17/03/14

£‹„µ†æ
Leaflet Flat Size = 296 x 317
ARIAL REGULAR FONT SIZE 8
ARIAL BOLD FONT SIZE 10
BRIDGED TO
TRANSTEC 6464/2327 2328 2329

UK PIL DATED APRIL 2013
REPORTING OF SIDE EFFECTS

Pg 1

Pg 4

Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not
listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at:
www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.

5. How to store Trileptal
There are no special storage instructions for Trileptal 300mg tablets.
Do not use after the expiry date printed on the blister strip or carton. The expiry date refers to the last day of
that month.
KEEP OUT OF THE SIGHT AND REACH OF CHILDREN.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking the tablets, please return them to your pharmacist for safe disposal. Only
keep the tablets if your doctor tells you to.
If your tablets become discoloured or show any other signs of deterioration, you should seek the advice of your
doctor or pharmacist who will advise you what to do.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose
of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.

6. Further information
What Trileptal contains
Your medicine is called Trileptal 300mg tablets.
Each film-coated tablet contains 300mg of the active ingredient, oxcarbazepine
It also contains as inactive ingredients:
colloidal anhydrous silica, hypromellose, microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, talc, macrogol 8000,
yellow iron oxide (E172), titanium dioxide (E171) and crospovidone.
What Trileptal looks like and contents of the pack
Trileptal 300mg tablets are yellow, capsule-shaped tablets marked 'TE' either side of the breakline on one side
and 'CG' either side of the breakline on the reverse.
Trileptal 300mg tablets are available as packs of 50 and 100 tablets.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
POM

PL: 6464/0993 300mg

This product is manufactured by Novartis Pharma GmbH, Nuremberg, Germany, and/or, Novartis
Farmaceutica S.A., Ronda Santa Maria, 158, 08210 Barbera del Valles, Spain and procured from within the EU
and repackaged by the Product Licence holder:
Waymade PLC, Miles Gray Road, Basildon, Essex. SS14 3FR
Leaflet revision and issue date (Ref.) 17.03.2014
Trileptal® is a registered trademark of Novartis AG.
You can get more information about your epilepsy by contacting these independent patient groups:
Telephone
N.S.E.The National Society for Epilepsy
01494 601400
B.E.A.The British Epilepsy Association
0808 8005050
E.A.S.The Epilepsy Association of Scotland
0808 8002200

TRILEPTAL® 300mg Tablets
(Oxcarbazepine)
Patient Information Leaflet

Your medicine is known by the above name, but will be referred to as Trileptal throughout this leaflet. Other
strengths (150mg and 600mg) are also available.
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine.

Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.

If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

This medicine has been prescribed for you or your child. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm
them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.

If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please
tell your doctor or pharmacist.
In this leaflet:
1. What Trileptal is and what it is used for
2. Before you take Trileptal
3. How to take Trileptal
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Trileptal
6. Further information

1. What Trileptal is and what it is used for
What Trileptal is
The active ingredient of Trileptal is oxcarbazepine.
Trileptal belongs to a group of medicines called anticonvulsants or antiepileptics.
What Trileptal is used for
Medicines such as Trileptal are the standard treatment for epilepsy.
Patients diagnosed with epilepsy have had repeated seizures, or convulsions. Seizures happen because of a
temporary fault in the brain’s electrical system. Normally brain cells coordinate body movements by sending out
signals through the nerves to the muscles in an organised, orderly way. In epilepsy, brain cells send out too
many signals in a disorderly fashion. The result can be uncoordinated muscular activity that is called an
epileptic seizure.
Trileptal is used to treat partial seizures with or without secondarily generalised tonic-clonic seizures.
Partial seizures involve a limited area of the brain, but may spread to the whole brain and may cause a
generalised tonic-clonic seizure. There are two types of partial seizures: simple and complex. In simple partial
seizures, the patient remains conscious, whereas in complex partial seizures, patients consciousness is
altered.
Trileptal works by keeping the brain’s “overexcitable” nerve cells under control. This suppresses or reduces the
frequency of such seizures.
Trileptal can be used alone or in combination with other antiepileptic medicines.
Usually, the doctor will try to find the one medicine that works best for you or for your child. However, with more
severe epilepsy, a combination of two or more medicines may be needed to control seizures.
Trileptal is for use in adults and in children of 6 years of age and above.

2. Before you take Trileptal
Follow all instructions given to you by your doctor carefully, even if they differ from the information contained in
this leaflet.
Do not take Trileptal

if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to oxcarbazepine or to any other ingredients of Trileptal tablets
(listed in section 6 Further information).
Take special care with Trileptal
If any of the following apply to you, tell your doctor before you take Trileptal:

if you have ever shown unusual sensitivity (rash or any other signs of allergy) to carbamazepine or to
any other medicines. If you are allergic to carbamazepine, the chances are approximately 1 in 4
(25%) that you could also have an allergic reaction to oxcarbazepine (Trileptal).

if you have a kidney disease.

if you have a serious liver disease.

if you are taking diuretics (medicines used to help the kidneys get rid of salt and water by increasing
the amount of urine produced).

if you have a heart disease, shortness of breath and/or swelling of the feet or legs due to fluid
build-up.

if your blood level of sodium is low as shown by blood tests (see section 4 Possible side effects).

if you are a woman taking a hormonal contraceptive, such as the pill, Trileptal may stop your
contraceptive from working. Use a different or extra (non-hormonal) method of contraception while
taking Trileptal. This should help to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. Tell your doctor immediately if
you get irregular vaginal bleeding or spotting. If you have any questions about this, ask your doctor or
health professional.
The risk of serious skin reactions in patients of Han Chinese or Thai origin associated with carbamazepine or
chemically-related compounds may be predicted by testing a blood sample of these patients. Your doctor
should be able to advise if a blood test is necessary before taking oxcarbazepine.

Pg 2 !

WARNING!

WE CANNOT ACCEPT RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY ERRORS IN THIS PROOF AFTER APPROVAL. THE ARTWORK RECEIVED HAS BEEN SIGNIFICANTLY
ADJUSTED, REVISED OR RESET BY US FROM DISK OR HARD COPY. WHILST WE TAKE EXTREME CARE AT ALL TIMES TO ENSURE ACCURACY, THE FINAL RESPONSIBILITY
MUST BE TAKEN BY OUR CUSTOMER. IF YOU SIGN THIS PROOF YOU ARE SIGNIFYING FULL APPROVAL OF DESIGN AND TEXT.

&2v2[ª
‘¢>§ƒ(

[v>ƒÌ

WARNING!

THE COLOURS SHOWN ON THIS PROOF ARE FOR GENERAL REPRESENTATION PURPOSES ONLY. THEY ARE NOT ACCURATE AND MUST NOT BE
USED AS A COLOUR MATCH FOR THE FINISHED JOB. PLEASE REFER TO THE PANTONE COLOUR GUIDES FOR ACCURATE COLOUR REFERENCES.

CUSTOMER:

Waymade

PRODUCT:

Trileptal 300mg tabs

CODE:

6464/0993E

PRE-PRESS NO.:

06 1257

ARTWORKER:

DT

DATE OF PROOF:

17/03/14

Q.A.
APPROVED:

CUSTOMER
APPROVED:

DATE:

DATE:

PROOF HISTORY:
v.1 - waymade - 17/03/14

£‹„µ†æ
Leaflet Flat Size = 296 x 317
ARIAL REGULAR FONT SIZE 8
ARIAL BOLD FONT SIZE 10
BRIDGED TO
TRANSTEC 6464/2327 2328 2329

UK PIL DATED APRIL 2013
REPORTING OF SIDE EFFECTS

Pg 2

If you develop any of the following symptoms after starting Trileptal, tell your doctor immediately or go
to the emergency department at your nearest hospital:

if you experience an allergic reaction after starting Trileptal. Symptoms include swelling of lips,
eyelids, face, throat, mouth, or sudden breathing problems, fever with swollen glands, rash or skin
blistering.

if you notice symptoms of hepatitis, such as jaundice (yellowing of skin or the whites of the eyes).

if you notice possible symptoms of blood disorders such as tiredness, being short of breath when
exercising, looking pale, headache, chills, dizziness, frequent infections leading to fever, sore throat,
mouth ulcers, bleeding or bruising more easily than normal, nose bleeds, reddish or purplish patches,
or unexplained blotches on the skin.

a small number of people being treated with antiepileptics such as Trileptal have had thoughts of
harming or killing themselves. If at any time you have these thoughts, immediately contact your
doctor.
If you develop the following symptoms after starting Trileptal, tell your doctor as soon as possible:

if you have a fast or unusually slow heart beat.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines. This includes
medicines bought without a prescription.
This applies especially to:

Hormonal contraceptives, such as the pill (see Take special care with Trileptal).

Other antiepileptic medicines, such as carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin or lamotrigine.

Medicines that reduce the level of sodium in your blood, such as diuretics (used to help the kidneys
get rid of salt and water by increasing the amount of urine produced), desmopressin and non-steroidal
anti-inflammatory drugs, such as indometacin.

Lithium and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (medicines used to treat mood swings and some types of
depression).

Medicines that control the body’s immune system, such as ciclosporin and tacrolimus.
Taking Trileptal with food and drink
Trileptal can be taken with or without food.
Alcohol may increase the sedative effects of Trileptal. Avoid alcohol as much as possible and ask your doctor
for advice.
Pregnancy
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.
It is important to control epileptic seizures during pregnancy.
However, there may be a risk to your baby if you take antiepileptic medicines during pregnancy. Your doctor
will tell you the benefits and potential risks involved and help you to decide whether you should take Trileptal.
Do not stop your treatment with Trileptal during pregnancy without first checking with your doctor.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine during pregnancy.
Breast-feeding
You should not breast-feed while taking Trileptal. The active substance in Trileptal passes into breast milk. This
could cause side effects for breast-fed babies. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any
medicine while you are breast-feeding.
Driving and using machines
Trileptal may make you feel sleepy or dizzy.
It is important to discuss with your doctor whether you can drive a vehicle or operate machines while taking this
medicine.

3. How to take Trileptal
Always take Trileptal exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you, even if this differs from the information
given in this leaflet.
Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
How much to take
Dose for adults

The usual starting dose of Trileptal for adults (including elderly patients) is 600 mg per day.

Take one 300 mg tablet twice daily or two 150 mg tablets twice daily.

Your doctor may increase the dose gradually to find the best dose for you. The best results are
usually with doses between 600 and 2,400 mg per day.

If you take another antiepileptic medicine, the dose is the same.

If you have kidney disease (with impaired kidney function), the starting dose is half the usual starting
dose.

If you have severe liver disease, your doctor may adjust your dose.
Dose for children
Trileptal can be taken by children aged 6 years or above.
The dosage for children depends on their weight.

The starting dose is 8 to 10 milligrams per kilogram of bodyweight per day given in two divided doses.
For example, a 30-kg child would start treatment with one 150 mg tablet twice daily.

Your doctor may increase the dose gradually to find the best dose for your child. The best results are
usually with a dose of 30 milligrams per kilogram of bodyweight per day. The maximum dose for a
child is 46 milligrams per kilogram of bodyweight per day.
How to take Trileptal

Swallow the tablets with a little water.

If necessary, the tablets can be broken in half to help swallow them. Do not break the tablets to take
only half of the dose. The score line was not designed for dividing the tablet into equal doses.

For small children who cannot swallow tablets, or who cannot be given the necessary dose in tablet
form, Trileptal is available as an oral suspension.
When and for how long to take Trileptal
Take Trileptal twice a day, every day, at about the same time of day, unless the doctor tells you otherwise. This
will have the best effect on controlling epilepsy. It will also help you to remember when to take the tablet(s).
Your doctor will tell you how long your or your child’s treatment with Trileptal will last. The length of treatment
will depend on your or your child’s seizure type. Treatment may be needed for many years to control the
seizures. Do not change the dose or stop treatment without talking to your doctor.

Pg 3

If you take more Trileptal than you should
If you have taken more tablets than your doctor prescribed, contact the nearest hospital or your doctor
immediately.
Symptoms of overdose with Trileptal may include: drowsiness, dizziness, feeling sick (nausea), being sick
(vomiting), increased uncontrolled movements, lethargy, confusion, muscular twitching or significant worsening
of convulsions, problems with coordination and/or involuntary movement of the eyes.
If you forget to take Trileptal
If you have forgotten one dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is time for your next dose, do
not take the missed dose. Go back to your regular dosing timetable. Do not double the dose at any time.
If you are unsure or have forgotten to take several doses, contact your doctor.
If you stop taking Trileptal
Do not stop taking your medicine unless your doctor tells you to.
To prevent sudden worsening of your seizures, never discontinue your medicine abruptly.
If your treatment is stopped, it should be done gradually as instructed by your doctor.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, Trileptal can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
These side effects may occur with certain frequencies, which are defined as follows:

Very common: affects more than 1 patient in 10

Common: affects 1 to 10 patients in 100

Uncommon: affects 1 to 10 patients in 1,000

Very rare: affects less than 1 patient in 10,000

Not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data
Some side effects could be serious: get medical help immediately
The following are signs of very rare, but potentially serious side effects that may require urgent medical
treatment.

Swelling of the lips, eyelids, face, throat or mouth, accompanied by difficulty in breathing, speaking or
swallowing (signs of anaphylactic reactions and angioedema) or other signs of hypersensitivity
reactions such as skin rash, fever, and pain in the muscles and joints.

Severe blistering of the skin and/or mucous membranes of the lips, eyes, mouth, nasal passages or
genitals (signs of serious allergic reaction including Lyell’s syndrome, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and
erythema multiforme).

Tiredness, shortness of breath when exercising, looking pale, headache, chills, dizziness, frequent
infections leading to fever, sore throat, mouth ulcers, bleeding or bruising more easily than normal,
nose bleeds, reddish or purplish patches, or unexplained blotches on the skin (signs of a decrease in
the number of blood platelets or decrease in the number of blood cells).

Red blotchy rash mainly on face which may be accompanied by fatigue, fever, feeling sick (nausea)
or loss of appetite (signs of systemic lupus erythematosus).

Lethargy, confusion, muscle twitching or significant worsening of convulsions (possible symptoms of
low sodium levels in the blood) (see Take special care with Trileptal).

Flu-like symptoms with jaundice (yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes) (signs of hepatitis).

Severe upper stomach (abdominal) pain, being sick (vomiting), loss of appetite (signs of inflammation
of the pancreas).

Weight gain, tiredness, hair loss, muscle weakness, feeling cold (signs of under active thyroid gland).
Tell your doctor immediately or go to the emergency department at your nearest hospital if you get any
of the above side effects. The doctor will also decide whether Trileptal has to be stopped immediately and
how to continue further medical care.
Other side effects: tell a doctor as soon as possible
Common:

trembling; coordination problems; involuntary movement of the eyes; anxiety and nervousness;
depression; rash.
Very rare:

irregular heart beat or a very fast or slow heart rate.
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you get any of the above side effects. They may require medical
attention.
Other side effects: tell a doctor if they worry you
These are usually mild to moderate side effects of Trileptal. Most of these effects are transient and usually
diminish over time.
Very common:

tiredness; headache; dizziness; drowsiness; feeling sick (nausea); being sick (vomiting); double
vision.
Common:

weakness; memory disturbances; impaired concentration; apathy; agitation; confusion; blurred vision;
visual disturbance; constipation; diarrhoea; stomach (abdominal) pain; acne; hair loss, balance
disturbances.
Uncommon:

hives. You may also have raised levels of liver enzymes while taking Trileptal.
Not known:

high blood pressure.
Tell your doctor if any of the above side effects gets severe.
There have been reports of bone disorders including osteopenia and osteoporosis (thinning of the bone) and
fractures. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are on long-term antiepileptic medication, have a history
of osteoporosis or take steroids.
If you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
Pg 4 !

Pg 3 !

WARNING!

WE CANNOT ACCEPT RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY ERRORS IN THIS PROOF AFTER APPROVAL. THE ARTWORK RECEIVED HAS BEEN SIGNIFICANTLY
ADJUSTED, REVISED OR RESET BY US FROM DISK OR HARD COPY. WHILST WE TAKE EXTREME CARE AT ALL TIMES TO ENSURE ACCURACY, THE FINAL RESPONSIBILITY
MUST BE TAKEN BY OUR CUSTOMER. IF YOU SIGN THIS PROOF YOU ARE SIGNIFYING FULL APPROVAL OF DESIGN AND TEXT.

&2v2[ª
‘¢>§ƒ(

[v>ƒÌ

WARNING!

THE COLOURS SHOWN ON THIS PROOF ARE FOR GENERAL REPRESENTATION PURPOSES ONLY. THEY ARE NOT ACCURATE AND MUST NOT BE
USED AS A COLOUR MATCH FOR THE FINISHED JOB. PLEASE REFER TO THE PANTONE COLOUR GUIDES FOR ACCURATE COLOUR REFERENCES.

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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