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TEMOZOLOMIDE RELIANCE 250 MG HARD CAPSULES

Active substance(s): TEMOZOLOMIDE / TEMOZOLOMIDE / TEMOZOLOMIDE

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PACKAGE LEAFLET
Package leaflet: Information for the user
Temozolomide 20 mg hard capsules
Temozolomide 100 mg hard capsules
Temozolomide 140 mg hard capsules
Temozolomide 180 mg hard capsules
Temozolomide 250 mg hard capsules
Temozolomide

contraceptions and not father a child for up to 6 months after stopping treatment. It
is recommended to seek advice on conservation of sperm prior to treatment.
Driving and using machines
Temozolomide may make you feel tired or sleepy. In this case, do not drive or use
any tools or machines or cycle until you see how this medicine affects you (see
section 4).
Temozolomide contains lactose
Temozolomide contains lactose (a kind of sugar). If you have been told by your
doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before
taking this medicine.

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it
contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It
may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This
includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet
1. What Temozolomide is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Temozolomide
3. How to take Temozolomide
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Temozolomide
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Temozolomide is and what it is used for
Temozolomide contains a medicine called temozolomide. This medicine is an
antitumour agent.
Temozolomide is used for the treatment of specific forms of brain tumours:
- In adults with newly-diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme. Temozolomide is first
used together with radiotherapy (concomitant phase of treatment) and after that
alone (monotherapy phase of treatment).
- In children 3 years and older and adult patients with malignant glioma, such as
glioblastoma multiforme or anaplastic astrocytoma. Temozolomide is used in
these tumours if they return or get worse after standard treatment.

2. What you need to know before you take Temozolomide
Do not take Temozolomide
- If you are allergic to temozolomide or any of the other ingredients of this
medicine (listed in section 6).
- If you have had an allergic reaction to dacarbazine (an anticancer medicine
sometimes called DTIC). Signs of allergic reaction include feeling itchy,
breathlessness or wheezing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat.
- If certain kinds of blood cells are severely reduced (myelosuppression), such as
your white blood cell count and platelet count. These blood cells are important
for fighting infection and for proper blood clotting. Your doctor will check your
blood to make sure you have enough of these cells before you begin treatment.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse before taking Temozolomide,
- as you should be observed closely for the development of a serious form of chest
infection called Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP). If you are a newlydiagnosed patient (glioblastoma multiforme) you may be receiving Temozolomide for 42 days in combination with radiotherapy. In this case, your doctor will
also prescribe medicine to help you prevent this type of pneumonia (PCP).
- if you have ever had or might now have a hepatitis B infection. This is because
Temozolomide capsules could cause hepatitis B to become active again, which
can be fatal in some cases. Patients will be carefully checked by their doctor for
signs of this infection before treatment is started.
- if you have low counts of red blood cells (anaemia), white blood cells and
platelets, or blood clotting problems before starting the treatment, or if you
develop them during treatment. Your doctor may decide to reduce the dose,
interrupt, stop or change your treatment. You may also need other treatments. In
some cases, it may be necessary to stop treatment with Temozolomide. Your
blood will be tested frequently during treatment to monitor the side effects of
Temozolomide on your blood cells.
- as you may have a small risk of other changes in blood cells, including leukaemia.
- if you have nausea (feeling sick in your stomach) and/or vomiting which are
very common side effects of Temozolomide (see section 4), your doctor may
prescribe you a medicine (an anti-emetic) to help prevent vomiting. If you vomit
frequently before or during treatment, ask your doctor about the best time to take
Temozolomide until the vomiting is under control. If you vomit after taking your
dose, do not take a second dose on the same day.
- if you develop fever or symptoms of an infection, contact your doctor immediately.
- if you are older than 70 years of age, you might be more prone to infections,
bruising or bleeding.
- if you have liver or kidney problems, your dose of Temozolomide may need to
be adjusted.
Children and adolescents
Do not give this medicine to children under the age of 3 years because it has not
been studied. There is limited information in patients over 3 years of age who have
taken Temozolomide.
Other medicines and Temozolomide
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take
any other medicines.
Pregnancy , breast-feeding and fertility
If you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask
your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine. This is because
you must not be treated with Temozolomide during pregnancy unless clearly
indicated by your doctor.
Effective contraceptive precautions must be taken by both male and female
patients who are taking
Temozolomide (see also “Male fertility” below).
You should stop breast-feeding while receiving treatment with Temozolomide.
Male fertility
Temozolomide may cause permanent infertility. Male patients should use effective
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3. How to take Temozolomide
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check
with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Dosage and duration of treatment
Your doctor will work out your dose of Temozolomide. This is based on your size
(height and weight) and if you have a recurrent tumour and have had chemotherapy
treatment in the past.
You may be given other medicines (anti-emetics) to take before and/or after taking
Temozolomide to prevent or control nausea and vomiting.
Patients with newly-diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme:
If you are a newly-diagnosed patient, treatment will occur in two phases:
- treatment together with radiotherapy (concomitant phase) first
- followed by treatment with only Temozolomide (monotherapy phase).
During the concomitant phase, your doctor will start Temozolomide at a dose of 75
mg/m2 (usual dose). You will take this dose every day for 42 days (up to 49 days) in
combination with radiotherapy. The Temozolomide dose may be delayed or
stopped, depending on your blood counts and how you tolerate your medicine
during the concomitant phase.
Once the radiotherapy is completed, you will interrupt treatment for 4 weeks. This
will give your body a chance to recover.
Then, you will start the monotherapy phase.
During the monotherapy phase, the dose and way you take Temozolomide will be
different. Your doctor will work out your exact dose. There may be up to 6
treatment periods (cycles). Each one lasts 28 days. You will take your new dose of
Temozolomide alone once daily for the first 5 days (“dosing days”) of each cycle.
The first dose will be 150 mg/m2. Then you will have 23 days without Temozolomide. This adds up to a 28-day treatment cycle.
After Day 28, the next cycle will begin. You will again take Temozolomide once
daily for 5 days followed by 23 days without Temozolomide. The Temozolomide
dose may be adjusted, delayed or stopped depending on your blood counts and how
you tolerate your medicine during each treatment cycle.
Patients with tumours that have returned or worsened (malignant glioma, such as
glioblastoma multiforme or anaplastic astrocytoma) taking Temozolomide only:
A treatment cycle with Temozolomide lasts 28 days.
You will take Temozolomide alone once daily for the first 5 days. This daily dose
depends on whether or not you have received chemotherapy before.
If you have not been previously treated with chemotherapy, your first dose of
Temozolomide will be 200 mg/m2 once daily for the first 5 days. If you have been
previously treated with chemotherapy, your first dose of Temozolomide will be 150
mg/m2 once daily for the first 5 days.
Then, you will have 23 days without Temozolomide. This adds up to a 28-day
treatment cycle.
After Day 28, the next cycle will begin. You will again receive Temozolomide once
daily for 5 days, followed by 23 days without Temozolomide.
Before each new treatment cycle, your blood will be tested to see if the Temozolomide dose needs to be adjusted. Depending on your blood test results, your doctor
may adjust your dose for the next cycle.
How to take Temozolomide:
Take your prescribed dose of Temozolomide once a day, preferably at the same time
each day.
Take the capsules on an empty stomach; for example, at least one hour before you
plan to eat breakfast. Swallow the capsule(s) whole with a glass of water. Do not
open, crush or chew the capsules. If a capsule is damaged, avoid contact of the
powder with your skin, eyes or nose. If you accidentally get some in your eyes or
nose, flush the area with water.
Depending on the prescribed dose, you may have to take more than one capsule
together, eventually with different strengths (content of active substance, in mg).
The colour of the capsule cap is different for each strength (see in the table below).
Strength

Colour of the cap

Temozolomide 20 mg hard capsules

yellow

Temozolomide 100 mg hard capsules

pink

Temozolomide 140 mg hard capsules

blue

Temozolomide 180 mg hard capsules

Brown

Temozolomide 250 mg hard capsules

white

You should make sure you fully understand and remember the following:
• how many capsules you need to take every dosing day. Ask your doctor or
pharmacist to write it down (including the colour).
• which days are your dosing days.
Review the dose with your doctor each time you start a new cycle, since it may be
different from the last cycle.
Always take Temozolomide exactly as your doctor has told you. It is very important
to check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure. Errors in how you take
this medicine may have serious health consequences.
If you take more Temozolomide than you should
If you accidentally take more Temozolomide capsules than you were told to, contact
your doctor, pharmacist or nurse immediately.
If you forget to take Temozolomide
Take the missed dose as soon as possible during the same day. If a full day has gone
by, check with your doctor. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten
dose, unless your doctor tells you to do so.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor,
pharmacist or nurse.

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PHARMACODE
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PHARMACODE
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Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody
gets them.
Contact your doctor immediately if you have any of the following:
- a severe allergic (hypersensitive) reaction (hives, wheezing or other breathing
difficulty),
- uncontrolled bleeding,
- seizures (convulsions),
- fever,
- severe headache that does not go away.
Temozolomide treatment can cause a reduction in certain kinds of blood cells. This
may cause you to have increased bruising or bleeding, anaemia (a shortage of red
blood cells), fever, and reduced resistance to infections. The reduction in blood cell
counts is usually short-lived. In some cases, it may be prolonged and may lead to a
very severe form of anaemia (aplastic anaemia). Your doctor will monitor your
blood regularly for any changes, and will decide if any specific treatment is
needed. In some cases, your Temozolomide dose will be reduced or treatment
stopped.
Side effects from clinical studies:
Temozolomide in combination treatment with radiotherapy in newly-diagnosed
glioblastoma
Patients receiving Temozolomide in combination with radiotherapy may experience different side effects than patients taking Temozolomide alone. The following
side effects may occur, and may require medical attention.
Very common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people): loss of appetite, headache,
constipation (difficulty passing stools), nausea (feeling sick in your stomach),
vomiting, rash, hair loss, tiredness.
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people): oral infections, wound infection,
reduced number of blood cells (neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia,
leukopenia), increased sugar in the blood, loss of weight, change in mental status
or alertness, anxiety/depression, sleepiness, difficulty speaking, impaired balance,
dizziness, confusion, forgetfulness, difficulty concentrating, inability to fall asleep
or stay asleep, tingling sensation, bruising, shaking, abnormal or blurry vision,
double vision, hearing impairment, shortness of breath, cough, blood clot in the
legs, fluid retention, swollen legs, diarrhoea, stomach or abdominal pain,
heartburn, upset stomach, difficulty swallowing, dry mouth, skin irritation or
redness, dry skin, itching, muscle weakness, painful joints, muscle aches and pains,
frequent urination, difficulty with holding your urine, allergic reaction, fever,
radiation injury, face swelling, pain, abnormal taste, abnormal liver function tests.
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people): flu-like symptoms, red spots
under the skin, low potassium level in the blood, weight gain, mood swings,
hallucination and memory impairment, partial paralysis, impaired coordination,
impaired sensations, partial loss of vision, dry or painful eyes, deafness, infection
of the middle ear, ringing in the ears, earache, palpitations (when you can feel your
heart beat), blood clot in the lung, high blood pressure, pneumonia, inflammation
of your sinuses, bronchitis, a cold or the flu, swollen stomach, difficulty controlling
your bowel movements, haemorrhoids, peeling skin, increased skin sensitivity to
sunlight, change in skin colour, increased sweating, muscle damage, back pain,
difficulty in urinating, vaginal bleeding, sexual impotence, absent or heavy
menstrual periods, vaginal irritation, breast pain, hot flushes, shivering,
discolouration of your tongue, change in your sense of smell, thirst, tooth disorder.
Temozolomide monotherapy in recurrent or progressive glioma
The following side effects may occur, and may require medical attention.
Very common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people): reduced number of blood
cells (neutropenia or lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia), loss of appetite, headache,
vomiting, nausea (feeling sick in your stomach), constipation (difficulty passing
stools).
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people): loss of weight, tiredness, dizziness,
tingling sensation, shortness of breath, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, upset stomach,
rash, itching, hair loss, fever, weakness, shivering, feeling unwell, pain, change in
taste.
Uncommon (May affect up to 1 in 100 people): reduced blood cells count
(pancytopenia, anaemia, leucopenia).
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people): cough, infections including
pneumonia.
Very rare (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people): skin redness, urticaria (hives),
skin eruption, allergic reactions.
Other side effects:
Cases of elevations of liver enzymes have been commonly reported. Cases of
increased bilirubin, problems with bile flow (cholestasis), hepatitis and injury to
the liver, including fatal liver failure, have been uncommonly reported.
Very rare cases of severe rash with skin swelling, including on the palms of the
hands and soles of the feet, or painful reddening of the skin and/or blisters on the
body or in the mouth have been observed. Tell your doctor immediately if this
occurs.
Very rare cases of lung side effects have been observed with Temozolomide.
Patients usually present with shortness of breath and cough. Tell your doctor if you
notice any of these symptoms.
In very rare cases, patients taking Temozolomide and medicines like it may have a
small risk of developing secondary cancers, including leukaemia.
New or reactivated (recurring) cytomegalovirus infections and reactivated hepatitis
B virus infections have been uncommonly reported.
Cases of brain infections caused by herpes virus (meningoencephalitis herpetic),
including fatal cases, have been uncommonly reported.
Cases of diabetes insipidus have been uncommonly reported. Symptoms of
diabetes insipidus include passing a lot of urine and feeling thirsty.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes
any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects
directly via the yellow card scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellow card. By
reporting side effects you can provide more information on the safety of this
medicine.

Bottle presentation
Do not store above 30 °C.
Store in the original bottle in order to protect from moisture.
Keep the bottle tightly closed.
Do not use this medicine if you notice any change in the appearance of the capsules.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your
pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will
help protect the environment.

6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Temozolomide contains
The active substance is Temozolomide.
Temozolomide 20mg hard capsules: Each capsule contain 20mg of Temozolomide
Temozolomide 100mg capsules: Each capsule contains 100mg Temozolomide.
Temozolomide 140 mg hard capsules: Each capsule contains 140 mg
temozolomide.
Temozolomide 180 mg hard capsules: Each capsule contains 180 mg
temozolomide.
Temozolomide 250 mg hard capsules: Each capsule contains 250 mg
temozolomide.
The other ingredients are:
capsule content:
anhydrous lactose, colloidal anhydrous silica, sodium starch glycolate type A,
tartaric acid, stearic acid (see section 2 "Temozolomide contains lactose").
capsule shell:
Temozolomide 20 mg hard capsules: gelatin, titanium dioxide (E 171), sodium
lauryl sulfate, yellow iron oxide (E 172),
Temozolomide 100 mg hard capsules: gelatin, titanium dioxide (E 171), sodium
lauryl sulfate, red iron oxide (E 172),
Temozolomide 140 mg hard capsules: gelatin, titanium dioxide (E 171), sodium
lauryl sulfate, carmosine (E 122), patent blue V (E131)
Temozolomide 180 mg hard capsules: gelatin, titanium dioxide (E 171), sodium
lauryl sulfate, yellow iron oxide (E 172), and red iron oxide (E 172),
Temozolomide 250 mg hard capsules: gelatin, titanium dioxide (E 171), sodium
lauryl sulfate.
printing ink:
shellac, dehydrated alcohol; Isopropyl alcohol; butyl alcohol; propylene glycol;
strong ammonia solution, potassium hydroxide, purified water and black iron oxide
(E 172).
What Temozolomide looks like and contents of the pack
Temozolomide 20 mg hard capsules have an opaque white body, an opaque yellow
cap, and are imprinted with black ink.
Temozolomide 100 mg hard capsules have an opaque white body, an opaque pink
cap, and are imprinted with black ink.
Temozolomide 140 mg hard capsules have an opaque white body, a blue cap and
are imprinted with black ink.
Temozolomide 180 mg hard capsules have an opaque white body, an opaque brown
cap, and are imprinted with black ink.
Temozolomide 250 mg hard capsules have a opaque white body and cap and are
imprinted with black ink.
Bottle presentation
The hard capsules for oral use are dispensed in amber glass bottles containing 5
capsules.
The carton contains 1 or 4 bottles.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Reliance Genemedix Ltd
8th floor 105
Wigmore street
London, W1U 1QY, UK.
Manufacturer:
Mawdsley Brooks and Co. Ltd
Unit 22, Quest Park, Wheatley hall Road,
Doncaster DN2 4LT UK
Distributor: Cipla (EU) Limited
20 Balderton Street, London,
W1K, 6TL, United Kingdom
This leaflet was last revised in 06/2017
Other sources of information
Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines
Agency web site: http://www.ema.europa.eu.

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children, preferably in a locked
cupboard. Accidental ingestion can be lethal for children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the label and
carton. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
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99300760

5. How to store Temozolomide

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Cipla Inventory Code

4. Possible side effects

Expand Transcript

Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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